gaeguri
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Why is this download progress bar worded in the past tense?
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12 votes

In English, "remain" is a state verb, describing the current state, so it's natural to think that the Korean word 남다, often translated as "remaining", is the same. However, I think it's best to think ...

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How does 15th Century Hangul writing/type differ from modern Hangul?
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12 votes

What direction is the text supposed to be read in? Until recently, Korean text was written in columns going down, reading the right-most column first and proceeding leftward. Why are some of the ...

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Correct pronunciation when a syllable ends with two consonants
12 votes

With the following pairs, the first consonant is pronounced: ㄳ, ㄵ, ㅄ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, + any with ㅎ (ㄶ, ㅀ) 앉다 -> 안는다, 여덟 -> 여덜 핥다 -> 할다 With the following pairs, the second consonant is pronounced: ㄺ, ㄻ, ...

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Why is 'ㅂ' in '박물관' pronounced as /p/ instead of /b/?
11 votes

The Korean sound ㅂ does not correspond exactly to the English sounds /p/ and /b/. In fact, while the Revised Romanization uses a 'b' to represent initial ㅂ, the McCune-Reischauer romanization uses a '...

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Pronunciation of ㅚ
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11 votes

Nowadays, it is almost always pronounced as a diphthong just like 왜, i.e. as /wɛ/. In the past it was often pronounced as the monophthong /ø/ but has almost completely been replaced now by the ...

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What is the difference between adjectives and verbs?
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11 votes

One big grammatical difference between adjective verbs is in the participle endings (which turn the verb / adjectives into modifiers). For verbs, there are 4 participle endings: Past -ㄴ/은, Present ...

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Why do product labels often have emphasized 한자?
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10 votes

First of all, they are used for graphical purposes. It's an easy way to make a more catchy design. Second, it can give more impact to the meaning. 한자 like 茶 (차 - tea) are well-known even to Koreans ...

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How do you count Korean age
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10 votes

The traditional way of counting age is like this: You are 1 years old (한 살) when you're born. You gain a year on January 1st. So technically, a baby born in December will become 두 살 - two years ...

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Is there a special name in Korean for adverbs like '반짝반짝', '흔들흔들', '빙글빙글'?
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9 votes

They are mimetic words. They're called 음성상징어, and can be further classified into two categories: 의성어 are words that reflect the sound of something (phonomimes / onomatopoeia): 후루룩 (the sound of ...

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Are all words from Chinese characters (한자어) nouns?
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9 votes

No. There are some adverbs (부사) that are 한자어: 역시 (亦是) - also, likewise 내일 (來日) - tomorrow (this is sometimes a noun, sometimes an adverb) 심지어 (甚至於) - even as far as 항상 (恒常) - always Also, numbers ...

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Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida?
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8 votes

This is called 구개음화 (palatalization), and it's one of several assimilation rules in Korean. It occurs when ㄷ or ㅌ is in the 받침, and is followed by a syllable beginning with 이: 같- + 이 = 같이 [가치] 굳- + ...

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Intonations in Korean
8 votes

Be careful not to mix up tones and intonation. A language with tones will distinguish words with different pitches or pitch contours - this means that you can have two words with the same phonemes, ...

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Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?
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8 votes

One ending that expresses that is the ending -ㄹ라: 넘어질라! (Careful you don't fall!) 늦을라! (Careful, you're going to be late!) 다칠라! (Careful, you'll get hurt!) I've heard this mostly with adults ...

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불안(不安) 부(不), 안(安) why is this liul inserted?
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7 votes

First, Hangeul was not originally written as Kanji. Kanji is the term for Chinese characters used in the Japanese language; Hanja is the term for these characters used in Korean language. Hangeul is ...

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How helpful is knowing Russian vocabulary for knowing vocabulary which only occurs in North Korean?
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7 votes

There are some words borrowed from Russian in North Korean, but not nearly as many as there are words from English in South Korean. The North Korean government has really emphasized their ...

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Etymology of '띄어쓰기 (word spacing)'
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7 votes

Originally, it's based on the word 뜨다 which has many meanings, but it seems the meaning that applies is an intransitive verb meaning "to come apart or be apart" (in Korean, the dictionary says "거리가 ...

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Importance of learning Hanja (한자) for Korean learners
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7 votes

Hanja certainly isn't necessary, but it can be helpful. Many Koreans say they don't know any/many Hanja - they may have learned them in school, but they've forgotten most of them since. Certain ...

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In the expression '탈코르셋', what is the meaning of '탈'?
6 votes

탈 is from the 한자 character 脫 (called 벗을 탈), meaning to take off, shed, get out of, escape. We can see it in many words: 탈북 (脫北) - "escape North" - escaping from North Korea 탈출 (脫出) - escape, running ...

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Is ㅎ ‘labial’, glottal or both?
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6 votes

You're right, the consonant ㅎ is pronounced differently depending on the following vowel. In linguistical terminology, ㅎ has several allophones: When followed by ㅜ, ㅟ, ㅝ, ㅞ, possibly ㅗ, ㅘ, ㅚ, ㅙ: it ...

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What does 자차 mean in terms of driving?
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6 votes

자차 (自車) means "own car". It's normally heard in the expression 자차보험 "own car insurance" - which means auto insurance in which your own car is covered. I haven't heard it used outside of that ...

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two subjects in 당신은 이름이 뭐예요?
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6 votes

There are different ways to analyse the grammar, but one common way employed is to say that this sentence has a Topic - Comment structure. In a topic - comment sentence, the topic does not necessarily ...

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When to use single (ㅅ) or double (ㅆ) consonants?
6 votes

There's no rule for when to use ㅆ vs. ㅅ, just as there's no rule for when to use /b/ and when to use /p/ in English - they are separate phonemes, so you just have to memorize it. One thing that is ...

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Why is 꽃잎 pronounced as 꼰잎?
6 votes

There is a rule that words cannot begin with ㄴ/ㄹ+[i/j], as explained in this question. That is, they cannot begin with 니, 냐, 녀, 리, 료, 류, etc. Exceptions are recent borrowings. But this rule was not ...

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What is the difference between 목표 and 목적?
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6 votes

There's some overlap between them and the nuances are difficult, but I think some major differences can be summarized as: 목적 is often the objective or purpose of something. It is thus often used in ...

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How do you write “conquer” in Korean?
5 votes

I think 극복 will be the best word. 정복/정복하다 also means conquest/conquer, but is used more for conquests of war, conquering other countries, etc. 극복 is used for overcoming difficulties, fears, etc. ...

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How many different "blocks" can be formed from the letters of the korean alphabet?
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5 votes

Theoretically, there are 11,172 possible Hangeul syllable blocks (in modern Hangeul). There are 19 possible initial consonants: ㄱㄴㄷㄹㅁㅂㅅㅇㅈㅊㅋㅌㅍㅎㄲㄸㅃㅆㅉ There are 21 possible vowels: ㅏㅐㅑㅒㅓㅔㅕㅖㅗㅘㅙㅚㅛㅜㅝㅞㅟㅠㅡㅢ ...

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how I can say I am dizzy in korean : 자꾸 어지러워?
5 votes

The word for dizzy in Korean is 어지럽다. You don't need to use 자꾸 - this word indicates something that "keeps happening" - I think you would say "자꾸 어지러워" if you were getting dizzy a lot, as in ...

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비빔밥 - Examples of 비비다 outside of "Bi-bim-bap"
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5 votes

I've mostly heard 비비다 used for food and for body parts: 밥 비벼 주세요! - Please mix my rice [with the sauce] - note this doesn't have to be 비빔밥, but any sauce; my children ask for it with 불고기 sauce. 눈을 ...

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What's the difference between gieok (기억) and chueok (추억)?
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5 votes

기억 has a more general meaning, and is used to mean just the fact that you remember something. If you're talking about cognitive memory, you will use 기억. It can be used for remembering facts, events, ...

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Why is 'long time no see' expressed as 오랜만이에요?
5 votes

-만 can be a suffix meaning "only", but it can also be a dependent noun (의존명사) meaning "after a period of time". The 표준국어사전 defines it this way: 동안이나 얼마간 계속되었음을 나타내는 말. 예) 심 년 만의 귀국 The example ...

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