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Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요?

I have always considered 됐어요 to be a contraction of 되었어요. They are both equally correct forms of the past tense of the verb 되다. In spoken Korean, I use 됐어요 almost exclusively. In written Korean, I ...
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10 votes
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What is the difference between 싫다 and 싫어하다?

These are actually the same story grammatically as the 좋다 versus 좋아하다 case. 싫다 means to be despicable or worthy of hate, to be awful. This is a descriptive verb. 싫어하다 means to hate; it is an action ...
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9 votes
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What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다?

Derivation of 좋아하다 좋다 is an adjective that means good. Appending the 하 to its infinitive form 좋아 creates a compound, where it is given a notion of feeling. Thus, 좋아하다 has a "raw" meaning of something ...
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8 votes
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Using Verbs as Nouns (gerunds, word forms, complementizers, verbal nouns?)

Note: I am not Korean. So, there could be errors. But this is what I've accumulated so far. Which ones are gerunds, "other forms" of a verb, and complementizers? (으)ㅁ and 기 are the two forms here ...
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7 votes
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ㅂ irregular verbs

Sources: 한국어의 불규칙 활용 [Grammar] ‘ㅂ’ 불규칙 : ‘ㅂ’ irregular verb/adjective I tried searching the internet, but 돕다 and 곱다 likely seem to be the only irregularities (of ㅂ irregulars,) and I personally too ...
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6 votes
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Verbs that flip their meaning when '이' is inserted (e.g 죽다 vs 죽이다)

Causatives Your examples 죽이다 (to kill), 먹이다 (to feed), and 살리다 (to save), and 들리다 (to be heard, to 'make hear') aren't actually passive, but causative forms. Just to make the distinction clear in ...
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6 votes
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Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Not always, at least not in the English grammar sense of a passive verb form being one that shows that its grammatical subject is the "...
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5 votes

What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다? What is the standard language?

헛갈리다 - This is a word used to describe a situation where things are severely jumbled up to the point of indiscrimination. 헷갈리다 - This is a word used to describe the sensation of your mind in whirl, ...
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5 votes

Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요?

I want to add some more to Athony's answer. I would say there is no difference between 됐어요 and 되었어요 in conversation as they sound just identical if you speak quick enough. If I can imagine someone ...
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5 votes
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Is there any other verb except 하다 that conjugates with 여?

No, 하다 is the only verb that conjugates with 여. The reason is a bit grammatical. Think about regular and irregular verbs. Korean, just like English, has those 'irregular verbs' as well. When you ...
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5 votes

Is there a Korean equivalent to the verb "to google"?

Yes there is. For example, 구글링 해 봐~ googling 구글 검색 해 봤어? / 구글에 검색해 봤어? Did you search on google? 구글에 쳐 봐 means literally typing on Google, but it actually means searching on Google. 검색 means to ...
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  • 585
5 votes

How do you write “conquer” in Korean?

I think 극복 will be the best word. 정복/정복하다 also means conquest/conquer, but is used more for conquests of war, conquering other countries, etc. 극복 is used for overcoming difficulties, fears, etc. ...
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5 votes
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Absence of subject marker?

비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] Presumably, 이 is the verb "to be" Here, 이 is the subject marker. 많습니다 on its own conveys the full meaning of 'there are a ...
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4 votes
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Verb endings usage in DPRK

-네 is often used for poetic expression, but it is also used to express your confirmation of your feelings or the fact. For example, '오늘 날씨가 좋네.' -리라,아라/어라/여라, 리 are same and are used in South Korea ...
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  • 56
4 votes
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'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Unfortunately, there is no single standard or common English language equivalent to 주동 as used in Korean linguistics, as it is considered to be the "root" form. Translations used for 주동사 ...
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  • 1,999
4 votes
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The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I don't know how I should put this, so let me just give you possible constructions, both ambiguous ones and not. I know 나는 안다. I know. Pronoun “나” ― I. Marker “는” ― A subject marker. Verb “...
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4 votes
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Construction -치 못하다

금하다 1) prohibit 도박을 금해야 한다 We should prohibit gambling. 술을 완전히 금하고 있다 I have wholly given up drinking. 2) contain emotion 그 소식을 들었을때, 기쁨을 금할 수 없었다. When I heard the news, I could not contain a ...
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4 votes
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Does the suffix 다 identify verbs and adjectives?

First, the choice of -다 as "base dictionary form" is, in a sense, an arbitrary convention. Unlike English, Korean verbs always require a suffix. You will never see someone just saying "...
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  • 7,054
4 votes
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Use of 싫다/좋다 as affirmation/negation

For that lyrics, your translation is correct. But there are some cases where you can say 싫다/싫어 to mean 아니: when someone suggests you to do something, you can say "싫어/싫다/싫습니다/..." to mean 아니. ...
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4 votes
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Why the verb 'meet' is not at the end in the sentence 만나서 반갑습니다?

In Korean, it is the predicate that always ends a sentence, not necessarily a verb. A predicate can be the main verb of the sentence, or it can be an adjective, or it can be a noun with a copulative ...
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4 votes
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Is the irregular verb 몰라요 an exception?

Yes this is an exception The irregularity isn't in the verb 몰라요 but it's root 모르다. Verb stems that end in 르 follow this irregular pattern. Here are some more examples of similar verbs: https://www....
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3 votes
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In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

I believe they are the same word - 드시다 is just the honorific form of 들다 (which is rarely used with the meaning 'eat', except with the honorific 드시다 form).
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3 votes
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Future tense verb conjugation

There are quite a few future tense constructions in Korean, each with a slightly different nuance. -겠- I like to call this the "assertion future". This is the most general in terms of ...
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  • 1,999
3 votes
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Is there a Korean equivalent to the verb "to google"?

Korean verbing slang history It's a common thing in English to verb (I mean ‘verb’ as a verb.) nouns, no matter whether they can be actually done or not. For example, grenade is not a thing can be ...
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3 votes

Why do some words show XX-X다 (들어-오다) form in a dictionary?

I guess it indicates being a compound word. Because it is made of two compounds "들어"+"오다", sometimes you can even split the word and add something in between! 어서 들어들 와요. = 어서들 ...
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  • 7,054
3 votes

Function of '주리다' in '굶주리다'

According to the Daum dictionary, http://dic.daum.net/word/view.do?wordid=kkw000235678&supid=kku000301188, '주리다' and '굶주리다' has same meaning. 주리다 : 1. 먹을 만큼 먹지 못하여 배를 곯다 In english, (I'm not ...
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  • 357
3 votes

How do you tell if a verb is irregular? What are the best dictionaries for things like this?

In more than 10 years of learning Korean, the source I've found which best explains 불규칙 (irregular conjunctions) is 'Korean Grammar in Use - Beginning' by Ahn, Lee and Han (Darakwan publishers, Seoul)....
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  • 301
3 votes
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About adding -주 to the verb stem

The 아/어/여 주다 Pattern means that you are doing something for the benefit of someone. Think of cases where you would say ".... for me" or " for someone" in English. 말씀하시였다 - you said/told something. ...
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