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What does 다할 from 다하다 mean and what is '-ㄹ' after '다하'?

It's one of attributive endings (관형 어미) which transform a predicate (verbs, adjectives) into a modifier of the following noun. When attached to a sentence, they make the sentence something like a ...
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Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

One ending that expresses that is the ending -ㄹ라: 넘어질라! (Careful you don't fall!) 늦을라! (Careful, you're going to be late!) 다칠라! (Careful, you'll get hurt!) I've heard this mostly with adults ...
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ㅂ irregular verbs

Sources: 한국어의 불규칙 활용 [Grammar] ‘ㅂ’ 불규칙 : ‘ㅂ’ irregular verb/adjective I tried searching the internet, but 돕다 and 곱다 likely seem to be the only irregularities (of ㅂ irregulars,) and I personally too ...
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Why is the 겠 particle used in '알겠습니다'?

겠 is an 어미(語尾 - 'Ending') that has five meanings. It is used to: Convey future prediction/speculation. Ex: "지금 공부를 시작하면 밤 8시에 끝내겠어요." - "If I begin studying now, I will be able to finish by 8 o'...
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When to use -세요 and when -(으)ㅂ니다?

You're mixing two slightly different aspects of speech. One (합쇼체: ~습니다/ㅂ니다) is more of a level of formality due to setting and the other(시) is a level of respect towards the subject of your sentences. ...
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Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Not always, at least not in the English grammar sense of a passive verb form being one that shows that its grammatical subject is the "...
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What is the difference between 할래요 and 하고 싶어요?

I think -ㄹ래요 is more like "I'm going to...": you announce your intention to do something, implying that you will do it. E.g., (a) (식당에서) 비빔밥 먹을래요. = I'll choose bibimbap. (b) 비빔밥 먹고 싶어요. = ...
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Difference ㄹ래요 vs ㄹ까요

Both have a range of different possible meanings in English - there is some overlap but they are not necessarily the same. (으)ㄹ래요 is an ending meaning 'want to', which can be used as a question. ...
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Difference between negating with 안 and -지 않다

안 comes from the shortened form of 아니다 The negation 않 comes from the shortened form of 아니하다 Both work the same way in terms of negating verbs or adjectives, but the longer form ~지 않다 is used ...
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How many verb/adjective endings are there?

In this Korean endings dictionary there are over 2000 endings. That includes 조사 (noun endings), but most of them are 어미 (verb endings) or 어미 + dependent nouns (like -ㄹ 것이다).
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What is the difference in speaking between the question endings 나, (으/느)냐, and (는/ㄴ)가?

Let's look at the dictionary definitions first. -냐 (‘이다’의 어간, 용언의 어간 또는 어미 ‘-으시-’, ‘-었-’, ‘-겠-’ 뒤에 붙어)  해라할 자리에 쓰여, 물음을 나타내는 종결 어미. -나 (주로 동사 어간이나 어미 ‘-으시-’, ‘-었-’, ‘-겠-’ 뒤에 붙어) ...
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What is the difference between ~다면서 and ~다며

Hi random Korean passing by :D Your question is reeeeealllllly tricky..... 그는 A다면서 B했다. : He did B, even though A. (OR the same meaning as below) 그는 A다며 B했다. : He did B, saying/doing/etc A. So, ...
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Imperative forms ending in -ᄉ/것

Adding a consonant to a sentence-ending predicate often changes overall air of the sentence. A stop sound would make an imperative perfectly restrained and well regulated, I think. As a result, you ...
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What's the difference between [아/어]서, ~다가 and ~ㅆ다가 when describing one event happening after another?

~어/아서 When the second clause is sequentially dependent on the first clause 슈퍼에 가서 장을 본다. "I go to the supermarket and buy groceries". In this example, you can't buy groceries before going to the ...
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Difference between negating with 안 and -지 않다

Prepending 안 is more casual while appending 지 않다 is more formal. But under many situations you can use them interchangeably. One another trend is that for long verbs, appending 지 않다 is preferred. For ...
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Is there any difference in meaning between the ~더라도 and ~도 verb endings?

This answer comes from Korean Grammar in Use: Advanced: Both expressions can be replaced with each other, however the following difference is noted: 어/아도: Used when hypothetical meaning is relatively ...
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Negative form of verbs. -하지 않다 versus -치 않다

In this particular case you ask about, "-하지 않다", This is the case of (as I dub it) "Intense Consonance Phenomenon." By "Intense Consonance" I mean 격음(激音). ㅎ sound and ㅈ sound come together to create ...
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What's the meaning of -아/어 가지고, which I hear a lot in spoken language?

By using "가지고", you can describe "찌개를 끓였다" as a result of "고기를 잡아". Then, you can infer that the speaker used "고기" as an ingredient of "찌개". If you write "고기를 잡고 찌개를 끓였다", then there can be no ...
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What is the difference in speaking between the question endings 나, (으/느)냐, and (는/ㄴ)가?

On -나, we need to distinguish at least two different types of situation. In type I, it is used between two equals. A: 가 보았나? B: 난 아직 못 가 보았네. A군, 자네는 가 보았나? You see this type of use in the ...
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Negatives: 안- vs -지 못하다

In general, 안 + Verb is a general "do not + Verb", whereas 못 + Verb means "can not + Verb"; however, 못하다 is much broader in meaning than the English "cannot", so that it is used instead of 안 in many ...
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What's the meaning of -아/어 가지고, which I hear a lot in spoken language?

We could say 가지고 is a compound word of '가지다' + '고'. Words or word forms ending with '고' usually have connective meaning: 그리고, ~하고, ~있고, ~주고, ~받고, ... Actually, we can append '고' to any(?) words. 가지다 ...
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What does 다할 from 다하다 mean and what is '-ㄹ' after '다하'?

(Disclaimer: I'm not an expert in Korean grammar, but just a native speaker.) It transforms a verb into an adjective form that qualifies the following noun. In the case of "다할 때", it qualifies "때" ...
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Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

In addition to great answers, I would like to provide possible translations for "Be careful what you wish for, it might come true." 말 조심해. 진짜로 일어날지도 몰라. Literally: Be careful what you say. It may ...
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Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

You can express "~ 않게 ~ 해 (Do(Be) something not to do(be) something)." For example: 미끄러지지 않게 조심해 (Watch you steps not to slip)! 사고나지 않게 (or 않도록) 조심해서 운전해 (Drive safely not to have a traffic ...
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Can the -ㅁ nominalizer ending be attached to all 용언?

Yes, virtually all verbs/adjectives, and also 이다 and 아니다, allow -ㅁ, but not all of them are a noun in its own right. The situation is similar to English -ing: some -ing forms are separate words (a ...
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Multiple `(으)시` in a sentence for honoring target?

I've been told that essentially the more (으)시's you put in, the more polite you're being. As with English, if you go super-polite, you might be in danger of over-egging the pudding, or sounding ...
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