13 votes
Accepted

What is the correct past tense of 이다?

였다 follows a vowel, and 이었다 follows a consonant(batchim). Examples: 그는 경찰이었다. (He was a policeman) 그는 아직 아기였다. (He was still a baby)
MujjinGun's user avatar
  • 7,527
11 votes
Accepted

Why is this download progress bar worded in the past tense?

In English, "remain" is a state verb, describing the current state, so it's natural to think that the Korean word 남다, often translated as "remaining", is the same. However, I think it's best to think ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004
5 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning (or meanings) of the double past construction '-었/았+었-'?

The double past tense (past-perfect or "past-past") is indeed a valid grammatical form. As has been expressed, it is used to express an event or action that occurred, but is no longer occurring. ...
Vladhagen's user avatar
  • 3,979
4 votes
Accepted

저 영화는 아주 슬퍼요/슬펐어요. 그래서 많이 울었어요

I think they are both correct, and I reckon the difference in meaning is similar to the difference between "The film is very sad" and "The film was very sad" in English - the first statement is a more ...
Нет войне's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

How to say "something is broken (in the past)"?

You cannot take tense from one language, apply to another language, and expect no change. Remember, there's no such thing as "pure past tense". What you're asking about is an English ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,402
3 votes
Accepted

Future tense verb conjugation

There are quite a few future tense constructions in Korean, each with a slightly different nuance. -겠- I like to call this the "assertion future". This is the most general in terms of ...
Michaelyus's user avatar
  • 2,418
3 votes
Accepted

What might be the difference between 하고 있지 않다 and 하지 않고 있다?

I think there's a difference, although the difference is not black-and-white and people might have different judgements. (A) 나는 [시험 준비를 하고 있지] 않다. (B) 나는 [시험 준비를 하지 않고] 있다. (A) is a simple negation ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,402
2 votes

What is the correct past tense of 이다?

I believe 이었다 is the more 'correct' form, but they are both correct, one is just a shortened form of the other. The same thing happens with 되었다 and 됐다
choicehoney's user avatar
2 votes

Are both these sentences correct?

In English, in a phrase like "winter ended and spring started," tense must apply to both verbs. However, in Korean, tense is required only for the last verb: for the preceding verb(s), ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,402
2 votes
Accepted

Past continuous

To describe a continuous act in the past, we can combine -고 + 있었다. For example: 내가 들어갔을 때, 그는 바닥에 뛰고 있었어요. In general, when we have a chain of verbs, tense markers like 았/었 and 겠 will usually go ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004
1 vote

Present progressive

For a present progressive, in my thought, 고 있다 is one of typical ways. I am asking 나는 질문하고 있다 @ exception : I know 나는 알고 있다. Hence honorific form is : Others are asking 다른 분들은 질문을 하시고 계신다.
HK Lee's user avatar
  • 3,051
1 vote

Is 학습할 a participle in the following extract?

Is 학습할 a participle ...? I think so, yes. It's a form of a verb that is used in this sentence to modify a noun, and plays a role similar to an adjective - which agrees with most definitions of '...
Нет войне's user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible