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5 votes
Accepted

Absence of subject marker?

비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] Presumably, 이 is the verb "to be" Here, 이 is the subject marker. 많습니다 on its own conveys the full meaning of 'there are a ...
Нет войне's user avatar
4 votes

A subject marker question

"저는 여기가 처음이에요" actually has a very interesting structure, called 서술절: it seems this term is translated into English as "predicative clause" or "predicate clause". Basically, "여기가 처음이에요" (literally, "...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,412
4 votes
Accepted

What does 는 refer to in this sentence?

Usually words that end in 는 are "subjects" or "adjectives". It's probably worth distinguishing between two completely different '는' you will see (i.e. they are homonyms - they look the same, but are ...
Нет войне's user avatar
4 votes

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

This might be distinct from the three you mention. See the second element in each of the following: 나는 배가 아프다. (Literally, 'I am sick of the abdomen,' but meaning, 'My stomach hurts') 미영이는 ...
Catomic's user avatar
  • 1,337
3 votes
Accepted

When using descriptive verbs (형용사), does adding the subject particle 이/가 onto the thing being described make any difference?

"그 여자 예뻐요" can be considered as a shortened form of "그 여자가 예뻐요". Therefore, there is almost no meaning difference (가 is optional). However, in a formal (and often informal) writing, "그 여자가 예쁘다." is ...
a25bedc5-3d09-41b8-82fb-ea6c353d75ae's user avatar
3 votes

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

Omg... Why do you want to know about the twelve meanings? I mean, why do you need that? I think many Koreans don't know about that. I heven't heard '은/가' has 12 meanings!!! haha. Unless you are not ...
Ting Choe's user avatar
  • 957
2 votes

When to use 은/는 or 이/가 after subject

이/가 is used to "mark" the subject (preceding 가) that you're attempting to direct a little more attention to. Often omitted. 은/는 is a "stronger" marker, I would say. It can be used to direct your ...
PintoBox's user avatar
2 votes

In this sentence, does 되는 function as an adjective? verb?

Saying that the -는 ending creates an adjective can be a bit confusing. Technically, it creates a participle, which is the form of the verb which acts like an adjective, that is, by modifying a ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004
2 votes

I'm confused about subject and topic markers

Q1. There could be a number of motivations. In A1-5, it is possible to use 가, 는 or no particle at all. 는 is used to give the effect of contrast or comparison. It is like saying "How about exit six ...
ultimateKOREAN's user avatar
1 vote

A subject marker question

Why is 여기 the subject? Shouldn't "I"(저) be the subject? Because, as other users have said, the sentence has two subjects. Why is 여기 a subject in sentence A but not the subject in sentence B? ...
ultimateKOREAN's user avatar
1 vote

만 vs 는/은 Difference in meaning

"오늘은 일찍 왔어요" is similar to "Today I came early." You probably wouldn't say that if you come early every day: the sentence implies that it's something worth talking about.[1] At ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,412
1 vote

누구 omission of the subject marker

누구예요 can't have subject marker (-가) because -가 is not compatible with -예요. Consider the basic form: X는/X가 Y예요. = X is Y. E.g., [이 책]은 [제 거]예요. / [이 책]이 [제 거]예요. Here, X is the subject. In ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,412
1 vote
Accepted

Usage of object marking particle '을'

-을 after time duration usually gives a sense that this time duration is a fresh topic that is being brought up. I don't consider this -을 to be object marker. For instance, if someone asked you about ...
fosinsight's user avatar
1 vote

How can I tell if a sentence is missing an optional subject marker?

오늘이 기쁩니다 doesn't work. it means 'today is happy'. 이 is subject particle, so 오늘이 기쁩니다 means the subject that feels happy is 'today'. This is weird. 저는 오늘 기쁩니다 means 'I am happy today'. 오늘 describes the ...
RealKorean's user avatar
1 vote

When to use 은/는 or 이/가 after subject

The subject marker 이/가 is for new information or focusing on subject. The topic marker 은/는 is an auxiliary particle 보조사 and can replace 주격조사 이, 가. It is for old information, contrast/comparison or ...
lingodeerapp's user avatar
1 vote

Usage of subject markers and topic markers

Those terms, subject markers and topic markers, do not reflect the other use of 이/가 and 은/는. I would not use them. A1: Let's assume that you are talking to your close friend. 내 남동생이 예전에 노란 카나리아 한 마리를 ...
Klmo's user avatar
  • 3,238
1 vote

I'm confused about subject and topic markers

Please read these examples first and read my long answer given below. 6번 출구는 어디로 가야 하나요? (✘) This is an incorrect sentence because it has to be the same as either "6번 출구는 제가 어디로 가야 하나요?" ...
Klmo's user avatar
  • 3,238
1 vote

A subject marker question

Reference : 관용 표현과 이중 주어 Usage expression and double subject (1) Chulsoo has a long leg. ㄱ. 철수가 다리가 길다. ㄱ'. 다리가 철수가 길다. It has two subjects and switching is possible. (2) Kim boss showed his ...
HK Lee's user avatar
  • 3,051
1 vote

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

Since they're the fundamentals of our language, it's hard to explain their usage. It's very hard- so hard that even we don't understand and sometimes make mistakes when using them. EDIT: This means ...
Kim YuJin's user avatar
  • 119

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