5 votes
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Absence of subject marker?

비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] Presumably, 이 is the verb "to be" Here, 이 is the subject marker. 많습니다 on its own conveys the full meaning of 'there are a ...
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4 votes

A subject marker question

"저는 여기가 처음이에요" actually has a very interesting structure, called 서술절: it seems this term is translated into English as "predicative clause" or "predicate clause". Basically, "여기가 처음이에요" (literally, "...
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  • 7,024
4 votes
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What does 는 refer to in this sentence?

Usually words that end in 는 are "subjects" or "adjectives". It's probably worth distinguishing between two completely different '는' you will see (i.e. they are homonyms - they look the same, but are ...
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4 votes

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

This might be distinct from the three you mention. See the second element in each of the following: 나는 배가 아프다. (Literally, 'I am sick of the abdomen,' but meaning, 'My stomach hurts') 미영이는 ...
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  • 1,277
3 votes
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When using descriptive verbs (형용사), does adding the subject particle 이/가 onto the thing being described make any difference?

"그 여자 예뻐요" can be considered as a shortened form of "그 여자가 예뻐요". Therefore, there is almost no meaning difference (가 is optional). However, in a formal (and often informal) writing, "그 여자가 예쁘다." is ...
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3 votes

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

Omg... Why do you want to know about the twelve meanings? I mean, why do you need that? I think many Koreans don't know about that. I heven't heard '은/가' has 12 meanings!!! haha. Unless you are not ...
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  • 957
2 votes

In this sentence, does 되는 function as an adjective? verb?

Saying that the -는 ending creates an adjective can be a bit confusing. Technically, it creates a participle, which is the form of the verb which acts like an adjective, that is, by modifying a ...
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  • 5,904
2 votes

I'm confused about subject and topic markers

Q1. There could be a number of motivations. In A1-5, it is possible to use 가, 는 or no particle at all. 는 is used to give the effect of contrast or comparison. It is like saying "How about exit six ...
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1 vote

만 vs 는/은 Difference in meaning

"오늘은 일찍 왔어요" is similar to "Today I came early." You probably wouldn't say that if you come early every day: the sentence implies that it's something worth talking about.[1] At ...
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  • 7,024
1 vote

누구 omission of the subject marker

누구예요 can't have subject marker (-가) because -가 is not compatible with -예요. Consider the basic form: X는/X가 Y예요. = X is Y. E.g., [이 책]은 [제 거]예요. / [이 책]이 [제 거]예요. Here, X is the subject. In ...
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  • 7,024
1 vote

Usage of object marking particle '을'

-을 after time duration usually gives a sense that this time duration is a fresh topic that is being brought up. I don't consider this -을 to be object marker. For instance, if someone asked you about ...
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1 vote

A subject marker question

Why is 여기 the subject? Shouldn't "I"(저) be the subject? Because, as other users have said, the sentence has two subjects. Why is 여기 a subject in sentence A but not the subject in sentence B? ...
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1 vote

When to use 은/는 or 이/가 after subject

이/가 is used to "mark" the subject (preceding 가) that you're attempting to direct a little more attention to. Often omitted. 은/는 is a "stronger" marker, I would say. It can be used to direct your ...
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1 vote

When to use 은/는 or 이/가 after subject

The subject marker 이/가 is for new information or focusing on subject. The topic marker 은/는 is an auxiliary particle 보조사 and can replace 주격조사 이, 가. It is for old information, contrast/comparison or ...
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1 vote

Usage of subject markers and topic markers

Those terms, subject markers and topic markers, do not reflect the other use of 이/가 and 은/는. I would not use them. A1: Let's assume that you are talking to your close friend. 내 남동생이 예전에 노란 카나리아 한 마리를 ...
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  • 3,238
1 vote

I'm confused about subject and topic markers

Please read these examples first and read my long answer given below. 6번 출구는 어디로 가야 하나요? (✘) This is an incorrect sentence because it has to be the same as either "6번 출구는 제가 어디로 가야 하나요?" ...
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  • 3,238
1 vote

A subject marker question

Reference : 관용 표현과 이중 주어 Usage expression and double subject (1) Chulsoo has a long leg. ㄱ. 철수가 다리가 길다. ㄱ'. 다리가 철수가 길다. It has two subjects and switching is possible. (2) Kim boss showed his ...
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  • 3,013
1 vote

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

Since they're the fundamentals of our language, it's hard to explain their usage. It's very hard- so hard that even we don't understand and sometimes make mistakes when using them. EDIT: This means ...
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