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ㅿ is a voiced dental fricative, hence /z/. The sound value is apparent from multiple sources of evidence: Earliest evidence for the sound is found in the 12th century text 鶏林類事 in which Korean words are transcribed in Chinese characters. Phonetic reconstructions of these characters give clues to the Korean sound /z/. Further evidence can be seen in similar ...


5

Yes. Middle Korean did retain the Chinese tones, and Middle Chinese had four tones, 平, 上, 去, 入. Middle Korean also had four tones, 平, 上, 去, 入. So in fact, it was a perfect match. You probably thought that Middle Korean had three tones because there were two tone marks, one dot (가〮) for 去 tone, two dots (가〯) for 上 tone, and no mark for 平 tone. But this is ...


1

정화오례신의 (政和五礼新儀) - A book of etiquette/rites compiled during the reign of Emperor Huizong of Song. 주자가례 (朱子家禮) - A book of etiquette/rites of the household (common rites, coming of age rites, weddings, funerals, commemoration rites), authored by Zhu Xi. 강남농법 (江南農法) - Agricultural techniques of China's Yangtze (Yangzi) Delta region (江南 is the region of China ...


1

Koreans learn their history, and learn a bunch of Sino-things. They're even not Sino-Korean. They're totally in 漢文, Chinese writings. Sadly, it's quite different from our current language. The cultural connection as well. To me, whenever I learn the history, it was quite frustrating to be unable to understand those. For example, in schools, we learn that 정조 (...


1

You know that Korea is after Josun (roughly 1500 year - 1900 year). To understand the followings, I suggest that we would know the background. And in further, let me use non-terminology. 유학 is Confucius's study (공자). Confucius is China's scholar. Note that it is Josun's core study. This study is changed or updated through passing China's countries. ...


1

In schools, they teach that the original 훈민정음 has set of explanation for the pronunciation for the letters. And, some are not completely obsolete, due to some letters being absorbed into regional dialects. For example, ㆍ is not used in modern Korean, but Jeju's dialect still uses them.


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