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23 votes
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When transliterating English words to Korean, why does the first F become a ㅎ?

Using ㅍ for all /f/ sounds is the standard, and should be preferred. Using 후/호 for /f/ sounds comes from Japanese. Japanese doesn't have /f/, rather they have /ɸ/. So they use /ɸ/ for transliterating ...
MujjinGun's user avatar
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21 votes
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When should spaces be used between words?

Spaces should be put between every word, Except: There should be no space between a particle(marker) word and the word that it modifies: 집 에서 처럼(X) 집에서처럼(O) Space between the main verb and the ...
MujjinGun's user avatar
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13 votes
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Reference frame for come and go

In short: "오다" and "가다" represent the speaker's viewpoint, while "I come" and "I go" represent the listener's. So when ㄱ is asking ㄴ to come over and ㄴ responds,...
puzzlet's user avatar
  • 395
11 votes
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What is the difference between adjectives and verbs?

One big grammatical difference between adjective verbs is in the participle endings (which turn the verb / adjectives into modifiers). For verbs, there are 4 participle endings: Past -ㄴ/은, Present ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004
11 votes
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Why is this download progress bar worded in the past tense?

In English, "remain" is a state verb, describing the current state, so it's natural to think that the Korean word 남다, often translated as "remaining", is the same. However, I think it's best to think ...
gaeguri's user avatar
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10 votes
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How is 니까 used in this sentence?

That's correct. Like it's other connective counterpart, 어서/아서, it both can provide reason for something and conjoin two clauses in sequence. In (으)니까's case, however, this sequential conjoining can be ...
blimpy's user avatar
  • 999
10 votes
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Books for learning Korean grammar in detail

My suggestion is Korean Grammar In Use series, you have to start with book 1 (beginning to early intermediate). This book series is written in English, but the examples and practices are in Korean. ...
Soudabeh's user avatar
  • 403
10 votes

Easy Korean Poems for Beginners

Okay, while @ting-choe has my gratitude for something that may level me up (my wife says I will "never understand" 김소월의 진달래꽃 - I think some "easier" poems (for my level) are in order here (and my ...
제이 죤스톤's user avatar
9 votes

Problems in 에게서, 한테서 and (으)로부터

As a native Korean, X(으)로부터 feels like that a certain event or object originates from, arises from, or occurs because of X, whereas X에게서/한테서 feels just like the plain old English word 'from' with ...
Stephen Cheong's user avatar
9 votes

Difference between 앉으세요 and 앉으실게요

It doesn't sound grammatical to me, but I think they're trying to hard to sound "polite" by avoiding a command (imperative) form altogether. There are some such "over-polite" expressions that sound ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,412
9 votes

Easy Korean Poems for Beginners

진달래꽃 - 김소월 나 보기가 역겨워 가실 때에는 말없이 고이 보내 드리우리다 영변에 약산 진달래꽃 아름 따다 가실 길에 뿌리우리다 가시는 걸음 걸음 놓인 그 꽃을 사뿐히 즈려밟고 가시옵소서 나 보기가 역겨워 가실 때에는 죽어도 아니 눈물 흘리우리다 If someone doesn't know this poem, he or she is not ...
Ting Choe's user avatar
  • 957
9 votes
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Origin of dictionary form (-다)

The citation form of a verb is a particularly specific construct, tied to the requirements of a dictionary user. For inflecting languages such as Korean, it is very important that the user can deduce ...
Michaelyus's user avatar
  • 2,498
8 votes

When should spaces be used between words?

Modern Korean generally follows the spacing conventions of English. A space should come after every Part of Speech but there are lots of exceptions, particularly in the case of spacing between ...
Jun_in_Jeju's user avatar
8 votes

What does it mean when we add 이/가 on to the object of the verb?

To answer the very question asked, why would we not just use 는/은 for that (그 것은 알고 싶다 , 사과는 먹고 싶어요)? that's because it would sound very strange. I can assure you that no native speaker would say ...
Catomic's user avatar
  • 1,337
8 votes
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Using Verbs as Nouns (gerunds, word forms, complementizers, verbal nouns?)

Note: I am not Korean. So, there could be errors. But this is what I've accumulated so far. Which ones are gerunds, "other forms" of a verb, and complementizers? (으)ㅁ and 기 are the two forms here ...
blimpy's user avatar
  • 999
8 votes
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Why do we need the repetition in 춤 추다 and 꿈 꾸다?

I don't know about the "why" part, but one way to think of them is that these verbs require objects. And it doesn't have to be the exact word 춤 or 꿈. For example: 축제에서 디스코를 췄어요. [I] ...
jick's user avatar
  • 7,412
8 votes
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Why is 'long time no see' expressed as 오랜만이에요?

오랜 means 'a long time' and 이에요 is the present tense form of the verb 이다. So far so good. So far not so good, 오랜 does not mean "a long time". It's an attributive, not a noun. It can only be ...
MujjinGun's user avatar
  • 7,527
8 votes
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How to make passives with the 에게 form

I think there is a lexical sensitivity to the choice between 에게 and the more formal and universal 에 의하여 (for 'by'). That is to say, most any active form can go into the passive and take 에 의하여. Your ...
Catomic's user avatar
  • 1,337
8 votes
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How can -ㄹ래 be used to express my intentions, and also to ask someone else about their intentions?

I'm a South Korean. "해할 자리에 쓰여, 장차 어떤 일을 하려고 하는 스스로의 의사를 나타내거나 상대편의 의사를 묻는 데 쓰이는 종결 어미." This sentence is quite difficult to understand even for me. We normally don't study Korean like this. ...
Ting Choe's user avatar
  • 957
8 votes
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불안(不安) 부(不), 안(安) why is this liul inserted?

First, Hangeul was not originally written as Kanji. Kanji is the term for Chinese characters used in the Japanese language; Hanja is the term for these characters used in Korean language. Hangeul is ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004
7 votes

Which do I choose "그" or "그녀"?

Good afternoon! In short: "그" can be either male or female, but these days usually male. "그녀" is always female. I'm a native Korean in the early 30s. When I was young, "그" was used for both male and ...
JSong's user avatar
  • 1,668
7 votes
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What is the meaning of 까 in the song Gangnam Style?

The correct spelling is 지금부터 갈 데까지 가 볼까? -까 is mostly some kind of deliberation or suggestion. The example roughly translates to, "Shall we try and go all the way from now on?" or "Do you want to try ...
파울울's user avatar
  • 969
7 votes
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How can I use the form X + 답다?

X-답다: be like X, be worthy of X From my textbook: '-답다'는 명사 뒤에 붙어서 자신의 본래 특성을 잘 가지고 있음을 나타낸다 ('-답다' attached to a noun indicates having a characteristic natural to oneself) The meaning is a bit more ...
파울울's user avatar
  • 969
7 votes
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Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

One ending that expresses that is the ending -ㄹ라: 넘어질라! (Careful you don't fall!) 늦을라! (Careful, you're going to be late!) 다칠라! (Careful, you'll get hurt!) I've heard this mostly with adults ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004

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