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8
votes
1answer
480 views

Why do product labels often have emphasized 한자?

헛개차 uses 茶 instead of 차 for 'tea', and there is also an exaggerated 男 (남) meaning man: 백세주 has a stylised 百 meaning 100: I've heard that 한자 are often used to disambiguate 한글 representing Chinese ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I use the form X + 답다?

남자답다 was translated in another answer as 'manly'. What is the underlying construction here? Can I use any noun + 답다? If I want to describe someone as 'like a snake', can I say '그는 뱀다워요'?
8
votes
1answer
148 views

Where did Korean get its reading of 秒?

The Korean reading for "second" (of which there are 60 in a minute) is 초. Is this a native word unrelated to 秒, or is it somehow a reading of 秒? The expected reading would be 묘 and I don't know of ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How widely spoken was Korean during the Japanese occupation?

During the Japanese occupation of Korea in the first half of the 20th century, how widely spoken was Korean, and how widely spoken was Japanese? How quickly after WWII did Japanese get relegated to ...
8
votes
1answer
376 views

Is there a special name in Korean for adverbs like '반짝반짝', '흔들흔들', '빙글빙글'?

There seems to be a group of 'doubled' words in Korean that often describe how something looks or moves, e.g. : 반짝반짝 - 'twinkle' or 'sparkle' 흔들흔들 - 'shake' or 'wobble' 빙글빙글 - to go round and ...
8
votes
1answer
232 views

Difference between 앉으세요 and 앉으실게요

I hear very often an office (bank) clerk or a nurse say 손님 / 환자분, 여기 앉으실게요. (Literally) Customer / Patient, please sit here. Even if it sounds more polite than '앉으세요', I am not sure if it is ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between 끝나다 and 끝내다?

I saw both verbs here and there, and both seems to mean "to finish" (according to Google translate). What are the differences between them?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between 목표 and 목적?

I think the words 목표 and 목적 have slightly different nuances. Which word would be better to describe the goal of a new plan? Is there some other word that would be even better? I've heard one of these ...
8
votes
1answer
197 views

How to spell final "shhhh!" in gangster speak?

South Korean movies that deal with or involve gangsters, often feature gangter-speak, where every sentence ends with -shh!. I always thought that stood for an expletive, shibal, is that correct? In ...
8
votes
3answers
981 views

What does “짐” mean?

Not as a burden, luggage, etc. I noticed it as a way of a king/emperor to refer someone, does it mean to refer it as himself or the other person he talk to?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Anyone know some sites that have a korean short stories?

I'm hunting for some sites that has korean short stories. I'm trying to find them coz' I want vocabularies and construction I am an intermediate learner but can't find find some sites with such short ...
8
votes
2answers
246 views

Pronunciation of '주가 (stock price)' and '효과 (effect)'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '주가' is pronounced [주까], not [주가], but '효과' is pronounced [효ː과], not [효ː꽈]. I heard and am still hearing many native Korean speakers pronounce '효과' as [효ː꽈] and ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a female equivalent of '인마'?

koreanwikiproject states that '인마' is short for '이놈아', and is usually used towards males (which would make sense as '놈' is an impolite way of saying 'man'). Is there a female equivalent, or is there ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding "-ㄹ 정도면"

네가 작아보일 정도면 친구들이 걸리버야 A family member wrote this sentence to me after seeing a photo of me with some friends. From the 'Gulliver' reference I think the sentence means something like 'your friends ...
8
votes
1answer
193 views

Which Korean country names originate from Japanese?

According to this answer, [Some country names] are borrowed from other languages, like 브라질 (Brazil) is borrowed from the English variant of Brasil, or 독일 is borrowed from the Japanese name for ...
8
votes
2answers
466 views

Korean Dvorak or at least more efficient keyboard?

Is there an equivalent to Dvorak for Korean? I think it is interesting that I find no frequency maps on Google for the Korean alphabet at least in English that is.
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Looking for a Korean Thesaurus

Are there any online thesauruses available for Korean, where I can search for synonyms (유의어) of a given word? After searching online, I found hints that there might be one on Naver 국어사전, but couldn'...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between 때 and 에?

What is the difference between these two sentences? 1 저녁에 봐요. 2 저녁때 봐요. Are 때 and 에 interchangeable?
8
votes
1answer
154 views

How do I denote an object in a sentence?

I'm trying to say "Can you clone X?" So far I've gotten this sentence: 복제 할 수 있어요? Which to me sounds like "Can you clone?" But what I really want to say is, Can you clone X?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Should I worry about local dialect (satoori)?

I'm going over to Korea to study in a few months. I'm going to be staying in Busan but I heard that they have a local dialect (satoori). I'm just a beginner. I'm going to be attending a language ...
8
votes
1answer
228 views

Would 동경 and 북경 be commonly understood as ways of saying 'Tokyo' and 'Beijing'?

As I understand it, 동경 and 북경 are the Korean pronunciations of the 한국어 forms of 'Tokyo' and 'Beijing'. However, the transliterations from English - 도쿄 and 베이징 - seem more common. My question: are 동경 ...
8
votes
1answer
549 views

How to distinguish between unavoidable obligations and strong recommendations?

In English, have to is used for strong obligations. For example, I have the obligation (by the rules of the house) to study when my mother says "You have to study". See here for example. On the other ...
8
votes
2answers
595 views

Is the word '딴' related to 다르다?

Superficially, 딴 meaning (an)other sounds like a shortened version of 다른 (different). Is there an etymological relationship or is the similarity in sound and meaning just a coincidence?
8
votes
1answer
961 views

Usage of the plural -들 on adverbs and verbs

I've noticed that the plural form -들 is sometimes used in surprising places, i.e. following adverbs and verbs. For example: 어서들 와! (Come quickly [to more than one person]) 잘들 했다. (Everyone did ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Are there any other honorific particles apart from 께서 and 께?

께서 is an honorific version of 이/가 : 아버님께서는 무엇을 하세요? What does your father do? 께 is an honorific version of 에게/한테: 할머님께 편지를 썼습니다. I wrote Grandmother a letter. examples from http://...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the differences between 그러나, 그런데 and 그렇지만?

All three words can be translated by "but" or "however" but how do they differ in meaning and in use? My question applies also to the shortened form of them used to merge two sentences in one: -러나, -...
8
votes
1answer
372 views

How many Korean speakers are there world wide?

Of those who speak Korean, how many are native speakers versus those who learn speak it as a secondary language?
8
votes
1answer
391 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
8
votes
2answers
356 views

What's the difference between 특징 and 특점?

I tried using 특점 in a sentence but was told 특징 might be more appropriate. Is there a difference? Here are the definitions from Naver's dictionary: 특점: [명사] 특별히 다른 점. 특징: 다른 것에 비하여 특별히 눈에 뜨이는 점....
8
votes
1answer
323 views

How to say or suggest in an informal (and possibly rude) way that someone can be disregarded?

Warning: the English language I would like to know of a Korean equivalent for is rude, and contained in the examples below. From this example, we can understand that B wishes to disregard John's ...
8
votes
1answer
10k views

The particle (이)야 and its exact meaning

I am new to this particle and I found that its meaning varies. Currently, here is my interpretation: Emphasizing a difference (Please explain this one, I don't quite get it) Ex. 남이야 하나 마나 우린 꼭 합시다. -...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

필요하다, 필요 있다, 필요로 하다 : what's the difference in meaning and usage?

I was aware of '필요하다' '필요 있다' both meaning 'to be necessary', and on Naver Dictionary saw that the first translation of 'need' is '필요로 하다'. What is the difference in meaning and usage, if any, ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Can 있다 and 없다 be negated (with 안 or -지 않다)?

Clearly, if something is not present or does not exist, it's usually natural to say 없다, and likewise, it's usually natural to use 있다 when something exists or is there. But my question is — is it ...
8
votes
2answers
651 views

Do we use honorifics when talking about seniors in the third person?

This is a question from the definition stage and I would like to get it discussed in the main site. What are the rules for using honorifis when we are talking about someone in the third person? For ...
8
votes
1answer
251 views

Games with hands, talking/chanting, rhythm, etc

I've played or observed a handful of games involving some sort of hand/rhythm/chanting component. Crucially they all have no equipment/items needed to play. Examples: 가위바위보 "rock, paper, scissors"...
8
votes
2answers
181 views

Assuming relative status is known, how do I know when I should 'honor' someone gramatically?

It's possible to honor someone by use of 드리다 rather than 주다 when they receive a favour, use of honorific nouns such as 말씀 instead of 말, and honorific particles like 께서 and 께. I used to think that I ...
7
votes
4answers
548 views

How to say "neutral flavor" in Korean

I was eating this bread, and the thought that came to my mind was "wow, this bread doesn't taste like anything; there's no particular flavor." It had a very light, neutral taste. I want to say "bland,"...
7
votes
4answers
786 views

"Don't be" in Korean

지 마세요 is used with a verb V to mean "Don't do V". For example 이거를 먹지 마세요! 맛 없어요. Don't eat this! It is not good. Or 가위를 들고 뛰지 마세요 Don't run with scissors With an adjective A, the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What does 초고수 mean?

A friend sent the following text: 네 ㅋㅋㅋ 곧, 한국어 초고수 되곘어요 I tried to look up 초고수, but couldn't find it in the dictionary. What does it mean here? I assume it is somehow related to 고수?
7
votes
5answers
6k views

What's the nuance of meaning of 마음을 먹다 (literally, 'to eat one's mind'), and how does the metaphor work?

I've heard '마음을 먹다' translated as to 'make up one's mind' or to 'have a mind' (to do something). Is it neutral in feeling, or does it imply hiding or deadening one's emotions in preparation for doing ...
7
votes
3answers
354 views

Are there equivalent to 때문에 with a positive/negative connotation?

If I am correct, the 'Noun+때문에 / Verb+기 때문에' structure is a neutral way to express a cause. For example, 비 때문에 늦었어요 (I was late because of the rain) expresses a negative cause, whereas 여자친구 때문에 행복해요 (...
7
votes
5answers
171 views

ㅗ and ㅛ sound about the same to me. Can they be used interchangeably?

Is it a problem if I mispronounce ㅗ for ㅛ or vise versa? Will the person I am speaking to still understand me?
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How to express "I will do it for you" in Korean

I want to say "I will do it for you" in Korean, to express to the listener that I will do a favor to him. I see at least 4 ways to express it: 저는 너를 위해서 할 거예요. 저는 너를 위해서 할 게요. 저는 너를 위해서 해 줄 거예요. 저는 ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Maximum number of characters in a syllable block

I've seen a number of Hangul syllables that contain 4 characters (닭, for example) - is it possible to have syllables with 5 (or even more) characters in them? The Wikipedia page on Hangul suggests it'...
7
votes
2answers
480 views

The use of 는 after 에

I have read the following sentence: 휴게실에는 누가 있습니까? However, I don't understand why 는 is required here. Isn't it that 에 is enough to express the location, right? What is the difference between 에 ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Pronunciation of two consecutives ㅇ

The letter ㅇ at the beginning of a syllable isn't pronounced and the letter ㅇ acts as a filler letter. In addition, when a syllable starts with ㅇ and the previous syllable ends with a consonant, the ...
7
votes
3answers
847 views

What is the difference between 비 and 요금?

Both words are usually translated by "fee" or "fare" or "charge" or "expenses". Here are some examples of usages of 비: 참가비: participation fee 회비: membership fee 관리비: management expenses 생활비: living ...
7
votes
2answers
929 views

의존명사인 '대' (dependent noun)

I have asked through the app Hello Talk the meaning of the word 대 in this picture and I got a very kind girl (Eunyoung 은영) who told me it is probably a 의존명사 which I later found to be called "dependent ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Does howtostudykorean.com really do what it says?

Background How to study Korean. Hmm... I'm interested in learning Korean... I know how to read it... Maybe I'll click on that... 99.9999% of Korean grammar and 9000+ Korean words?! Whoah! That ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you ask for someone's shoe size in Korean?

How do you ask for someone's shoe size in Korean? I've heard it before at bowling allies. I think it is something like: 몇 씨이에요?

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