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1
vote
1answer
924 views

A way to remember the natural Korean numbers 스물 (20), 서른 (30), 마흔 (40) and so on?

I don't have any problem remembering the natural Korean numbers up to 12, as they are used in telling the time - and it's easy to work out those up to 19. But I have problems remembering 스물 (20), 서른 (...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Is the 하소서체 speech level used in any modern setting?

Would I ever hear 하소서체 language used naturally in any modern setting, or is it just something that was used historically for talking to royalty?
22
votes
3answers
3k views

How are mathematical symbols read in Korean?

Mathematical symbols are used internationally but each country read them in its own way. Moreover it is often difficult to find a comprehensive list. I know that this question is very broad but I ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the difference between 드세요 and 잡수세요?

I thought 드세요 was the honorific way to say 'eat', but I've also heard '잡수세요'. What's the difference?
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Natural translation of 숨을 곳도 찾지 못해 나는

숨을 곳도 찾지 못해 나는 피하려고 애써 봐도 거부조차 할 수 없는 네게 갇혀버린 나 These are the opening lines of Shinee's Lucifer. What would be a natural way to precisely translate this phrase? Something like "I, who can't ...
10
votes
8answers
10k views

Why don't Koreans call their country 'Korea'?

The Wikipedia article on Korea states that South Koreans call Korea 한국, while north Koreans call it 조선. Do 'Korea', '한국', and '조선' all refer to the same thing? If so, how did the three different names ...
4
votes
1answer
492 views

What's the difference between [아/어]서, ~다가 and ~ㅆ다가 when describing one event happening after another?

These 3 verb endings can all be used when one event follows another, but what's the difference between them? [아/어]서 can be used causally, but I'm specifically talking about when it is used to say ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Difference between negating with 안 and -지 않다

There are two ways to negate Korean verbs: By prepending 안 ("안 춥다") By appending -지 않다 ("춥지 않다") Are there rules for which one to use? Or does the method used change the meaning of the sentence?
9
votes
2answers
523 views

How can we infer the pronunciation of now obsolete Hangul characters?

The original Hangul system contained several characters that stopped being used before audio recordings became available. What can we infer about their former pronunciation, and on what basis? This ...
5
votes
1answer
582 views

Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Korean text?

Neither Dragon NaturallySpeaking nor Microsoft Speech Recognition allows dictation to Korean text. Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Korean text? I am aware that there exist ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

When to use ㅐ, ㅒ as opposed to ㅔ,ㅖ?

I'm sure everyone will agree that they sound similar enough to their own counterparts to be interchangeable. If there are no tangible rules that separate their usage, what are some tips to spot their ...
10
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between -지 않다, -지 못하다, and -ㄹ/을 수 없다?

One aspect of Korean that seems to cause issues for beginners is how to correctly say they will not/cannot do something. (Personally, I feel I use them correctly, but this is a really common issue I ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Should I worry about local dialect (satoori)?

I'm going over to Korea to study in a few months. I'm going to be staying in Busan but I heard that they have a local dialect (satoori). I'm just a beginner. I'm going to be attending a language ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How is 들어가다 used as a farewell greeting?

From what I understand 들어가다 means "to go inside" (with 들어오다 meaning come inside) But I have seen conversations like this is basic Korean books: 가: 먼저 들어가겠습니다. 안녕히 계세요. 나: 안녕히 가세요. 조심히 들어가세요....
6
votes
3answers
962 views

Are there any online tools available for entering Korean text?

This issue came up somtime during the commitment phase. How do I go about entering Hanguel?
6
votes
2answers
6k views

What's the difference between the ways to say “try”, 시도하다, 노력하다, 하려고 하다, and 해 보다?

There's some confusion between different ways to say "try": 시도하다 노력하다 ~려고 하다 ~어/아 보다 Are they used differently, or are the interchangeable?
15
votes
3answers
24k views

What's the meaning of -아/어 가지고, which I hear a lot in spoken language?

I hear "가지고" used a lot in spoken language (almost never in written language); for example: 고기를 잡아 가지고 찌개를 끓였다. ([He] caught a fish and made jjigae (stew).) It's not hard for me to understand ...
10
votes
4answers
794 views

How do you count Korean age

Koreans count their age in a different way from Western people. What are the exact rules to count your Korean age? Is it just Western age + 2? A person born on Feb. 10, 1986 is 30 years old in ...
13
votes
2answers
18k views

When do I need to use the native vs Sino-Korean numerals?

The Korean language uses 2 sets of numerals: The native Korean numerals The Sino-Korean numerals When I want to express myself in Korean, I am often wondering which numeral system I should use. I ...
5
votes
1answer
703 views

Is hanja opposed in North Korea?

I've heard here and there that hanja was opposed in North Korea for some ideological reason or another, but the English language Wikipedia article on hanja seems to present a more nuanced situation, ...
10
votes
2answers
336 views

Are ordinary native Korean speakers capable of understanding individual Japanese kanji words in written form?

While learning Japanese, I've learnt some individual Chinese characters, and some Japanese words made out of Chinese characters. Are ordinary native Korean speakers, as opposed to someone who has ...
16
votes
4answers
6k views

When should I use Hanja instead of Hangul?

How can I know when to use Hanja over Hangul, or vice-versa? Answers giving a bit of history/thorough explanation would be greatly appreciated.
13
votes
2answers
636 views

Which do I choose “그” or “그녀”?

In English, we use "he" to indicate a man, and "she" a woman. If we use "he" to indicate women, it is grammatically incorrect. Let John be a male and Anna a female. John did an operation on the ...
16
votes
4answers
982 views

Is there any word that varies in length when written in hanja or hangul?

I've learned that due to Korean syllable structure, every hanja has exactly one hangul block long. Is there any Sino-Korean word (한자어) deviates from the rule (by colloquial sound change etc.) that ...
17
votes
3answers
410 views

How to translate generic “you” or “one” in Korean?

Generalities in English are often introduced using a generic "you" or "one". For example, "when one is hungry, everything tastes good" "when you are a young teacher, you have a lot of work" Is ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the biggest pronunciation / intonation features of English-speakers speaking Korean?

What pronunciation problems distinguish native speakers of English when they are speaking in Korean? I'm especially interested in the things that non-beginners of Korean use. There are two aspects of ...
24
votes
1answer
2k views

Do 같이 and 함께 mean the same thing?

Do 같이 and 함께 mean the same thing? If they are different then how do I know which one to use?
13
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between 일, 하루 and 날?

Do both 일 and 하루 mean today and 날 means the next day or does it depend on context?
10
votes
2answers
132 views

What is the correct past tense of 이다?

What is the correct past tense of 이다? Is it 이었어요 or 였어요 or something else? If there one correct answer or does it depend on the context?
19
votes
3answers
4k views

When should spaces be used between words?

This was one of our definition questions. The Korean language has different uses for spaces than something like the English language, what are some of the rules for spacing in Korean?
7
votes
5answers
162 views

ㅗ and ㅛ sound about the same to me. Can they be used interchangeably?

Is it a problem if I mispronounce ㅗ for ㅛ or vise versa? Will the person I am speaking to still understand me?
20
votes
1answer
1k views

What does it mean when someone writes 드림 at the end of an email?

What does it mean when someone writes 드림 at the end of an email? Does it have a specific meaning in that context?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the differences between 그러나, 그런데 and 그렇지만?

All three words can be translated by "but" or "however" but how do they differ in meaning and in use? My question applies also to the shortened form of them used to merge two sentences in one: -러나, -...
18
votes
2answers
597 views

When transliterating English words to Korean, why does the first F become a ㅎ?

This is one of the questions from the definition phase and I would like to get asked in the main site. (It has also be asked and answered in Linguistics.se) When transliterating English words to ...
9
votes
1answer
419 views

When to use -세요 and when -(으)ㅂ니다?

This is one the questions from the definition phase and I would like to get it discussed in the main site. (으)세요 and (으)ㅂ니다 are both honorific ending. When should we use one over the other?
8
votes
2answers
630 views

Do we use honorifics when talking about seniors in the third person?

This is a question from the definition stage and I would like to get it discussed in the main site. What are the rules for using honorifis when we are talking about someone in the third person? For ...
9
votes
3answers
853 views

How exactly is “ㄱ” pronounced/romanized?

As it's said almost everywhere, "ㄱ" is pronounced with a G sound and transliterated as G. However, it's very common to come across situations where ㄱ is romanized as K, specially in names, like Kim, ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

When are ㅅ and ㅆ pronounced as stops?

I thought that ㅅ is pronounced /t̚/ at the end of a syllable block, but it seems to be an /s/ in 것은, even though 것 on its own is /kʌ̹t̚/. Does it depend on word boundaries, or is it just irregular?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the meaning and etymology of 본 적 (없다/있다)?

In my continued adventures through K-pop, I've been hearing hhe phrase "본 적 없는" a bunch lately. http://endic.naver.com is unusually unhelpful - though it references the french phrase "jamais vu", ...
9
votes
2answers
281 views

Which Korean words or sounds have been used as a shibboleth?

A shibboleth is (according to Wikipedia) a word or custom whose variations were used to differentiate members of ingroups from those of outgroups The English Wikipedia also has a long list of ...
14
votes
3answers
37k views

Hangul — printed vs handwritten

I learned to read/write hangul from printed text. I was very surprised that the hangul written by my Korean friends looks completely different! There seem to be many shortcuts, lines missing or ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

Plain vs aspirated consonants (ㄱㄷㅂㅈ vs ㅋㅌㅍㅊ)

I have a hard time distinguishing between plain consonants (ㄱㄷㅂㅈ) and aspirated ones (ㅋㅌㅍㅊ). My understanding is that ㄱㄷㅂㅈ are voiceless unaspirated and ㅋㅌㅍㅊ are voiceless aspirated. So, for example, ...
6
votes
1answer
759 views

Is it more polite to say '고맙습니다' or '감사합니다'? Is there any other difference in meaning?

Are '고맙습니다' or '감사합니다' interchangeable, or is there a difference in meaning or politeness?
3
votes
2answers
898 views

Is there any difference in meaning between the ~더라도 and ~도 verb endings?

I think the ~더라도 and ~도 endings both mean 'if' (roughly speaking). Are there any differences in meaning? If they're not interchangeable, when would I use one or the other?
13
votes
3answers
384 views

Correct pronunciation when a syllable ends with two consonants

When a syllable ends with two consonants, such as 헑 or 닭, which do you pronounce?
8
votes
2answers
182 views

Two lines from Bibara bibara (Japanese song): do they even make sense?

Bibara bibara is a Japanese song, so you might be wondering why I am asking on Korean SE. At a certain point, the lyrics go: ヨボセヨペゴパヨチキンピリョヘヨ Yoboseyopegopayochikinpiryoheyo And further on, a slight ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Difference ㄹ래요 vs ㄹ까요

Example: 뭐 먹을래요? 뭐 먹을까요? I have been told that I can use both questions to ask the same thing. Is it exactly the same? When should I use one or the other? How would you translate this exactly?
16
votes
3answers
9k views

What is a polite term of address to use for a friend's mother?

What is a polite term of address to use for a friend's mother? Is it impolite to call her by name?
23
votes
1answer
646 views

How was the obsolete character ㅿ pronounced?

The character ㅿ is now obsolete. How was it pronounced when it was used?
18
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I ask someone to repeat a statement in Korean?

I have a hard time grasping the meaning of certain Korean phrases the first time I hear them, especially when they are quickly. How can I politely ask someone to repeat something they just said?

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