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8
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding “-ㄹ 정도면”

네가 작아보일 정도면 친구들이 걸리버야 A family member wrote this sentence to me after seeing a photo of me with some friends. From the 'Gulliver' reference I think the sentence means something like 'your friends ...
3
votes
2answers
671 views

How do you pronounce 너 + 가 = 네가?

Similar to the changing of [저 + 가] to 제가 and [나 + 가] to 내가 (adding the subject marker to the two forms of 'I'), when adding the subject marker 가 to 너 (you), we get 네가. How is this pronounced? ...
8
votes
2answers
575 views

Is the word '딴' related to 다르다?

Superficially, 딴 meaning (an)other sounds like a shortened version of 다른 (different). Is there an etymological relationship or is the similarity in sound and meaning just a coincidence?
3
votes
2answers
165 views

What is a good friendly way to say 'goodbye' to my mother or father in law on the phone?

Finishing with 안녕히 계십시오 or 주말 잘 보내세요 sounds extremely stilted and formal to me when they are just saying '안녕!' to me. How can I show respect and still sound friendly and cheerful when saying goodbye? ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Is '노인을 위한 나라는 없다' a sensible translation of the film tile 'No Country for Old Men'?

The poster for the Korean release of the film No Country for Old Men translated the title as '노인을 위한 나라는 없다'. This seemed an odd translation to me, as I felt that the phrase meant something more like ...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Can 저 be used for abstract things?

According to most simple explanations, the demonstrative 이 can be used to talk about real physical things close to the speaker, 그 for things nearer the listener, and 저 things far from both. But 이 ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why 만약에 before -면?

만약에 is often translated as if, in the event that. I figure 만약 itself would then refer to a hypothetical situation, though I know that it's generally attached to -에 and not used alone. On the other ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

When must I / may I use the plural -들 on nouns / pronouns?

Unlike English, the plural suffix -들 is not always used even when the word indicates more than one of something: 포도 먹자! (Not "let's eat a grape" but "let's eat some grapes!" In general, it seems ...
8
votes
1answer
883 views

Usage of the plural -들 on adverbs and verbs

I've noticed that the plural form -들 is sometimes used in surprising places, i.e. following adverbs and verbs. For example: 어서들 와! (Come quickly [to more than one person]) 잘들 했다. (Everyone did ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Is (으)시 sometimes used just to disambiguate between the first and second person?

From casual observation, it seemed to me that people sometimes use (으)시 in sentences to make it clear that they are talking about a second or third person, rather than themselves - even in situations ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

How should I choose speech levels and honorifcs if talking to (or about) a group of people of mixed status?

If, for example, I am talking to (or about) a group of children and adults, would I normally use honorifics that were appropriate for the highest-status members of the group? Assuming that is the ...
5
votes
1answer
931 views

Pronunciation of ㄼ

For the double final consonant ㄼ, I found two versions: It is pronounced as ㄹ except 밟다 + 고,다,소,는,지,게 and 넓죽하다, 넓둥글다. It is pronounced as ㅂ unless followed by a solid ㄱ consonant. It is pronounced as ...
13
votes
3answers
8k views

Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요?

What is the Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요? For example: -서울에 산 지 얼마나 되었어요? -오 년 됐어요. Or -일 년 육 개월 정도 되었어요. I know both answers are correct.
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the pronunciation of ㄺ

For the double consonant ending ㄺ, here is what I have learned so far: Pronounced as ㄱ basically, yet when followed by a ㄱ solid consonant, the pronunciation changes to ㄹ. However I've heard at ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is 꽃잎 pronounced as 꼰잎?

I have heard a few times 꽃잎 being pronounced as 꼰잎. For instances that I can actually remember, Eunji of Apink sang it this way in Hopefully Sky, and Taeyeon of Girls' Generation did the same in Why. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

When can I use 전데요 instead of 접니다?

When can I use 전데요 instead of 접니다? For example my teacher asked "우리 반에 IT 전공 하는 사람 누구예요?". Is it OK to answer "전데요"?
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Need clarification on use of 아무래도 and 어쩌면

As far as I know, 아무래도 is used to emphasize the grammar 는 것 같다. 어쩌면 is used to emphasize the grammar ㄹ지 모른다. But the point is, I have seen these words being used also in other situations. That ...
9
votes
1answer
484 views

Korean word for “marketing,” other than “마케팅”

What word would Koreans use to describe marketing before the language was influenced by English? (So can't use "마케팅") I am talking about the business sense: "process of moving goods from producer to ...
5
votes
1answer
411 views

Meaning of 유리아이

유리아이 is the Korean name of the song 'Lost in Love' by Taeyeon and Tiffany of Girls' Generation. I know that 유리 琉璃 means glass, and I know that 아이 means child. However, when put together, Glass Child ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the difference between ways to say “motivation”, e.g. 자극 and 동기 부여?

It seems that both 자극 and 동기 부여 can be translations for "motivation". How do these words differ and what are example usages?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Can you use -ㄹ려고 instead of -려고?

Recently, a Korean woman insisted to me that these are correct sentences: 한국어를 배울려고 했어요 (I intended to learn Korean) 카페에 갈려고 했어요 (I intended to go to a cafe) As far as I learned, the grammar is -...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the difference between 요즘 and 요새?

요즘 is an everyday word. 요새 means the same thing, but is used far less often, and (in my experience) people that use 요새 use it consistently. Why is this, and when should I use 요새?
19
votes
2answers
353 views

Did actual 한글 characters have different sounds?

I was wondering, if, when hangeul was first invented, Did any of the characters that survived until today have sounds that are not the same as the ones they have nowadays, or, Were they pronounced ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between 목표 and 목적?

I think the words 목표 and 목적 have slightly different nuances. Which word would be better to describe the goal of a new plan? Is there some other word that would be even better? I've heard one of these ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Is there an offensive word or phrase a learner might accidentally say by mispronouncing “젓가락”?

When I was last in Korea a few years ago a local friend of mine told me that I was actually saying something like "F*ck off" whenever I tried to say "chopsticks", "젓가락". Was my friend just having a ...
9
votes
1answer
524 views

Difference between 나는 and 저는

I know that they are both pronouns, meaning "I". But people appear to use them in specific situations. How different are they?
4
votes
2answers
107 views

How can I use ~(이)ㄹ랑 (or should I avoid it)? Is it only used for people?

너일랑 참견하지 말고 저리 가 있거라. – you stop interfering and go away! What meaning does this particle add? Is it just making the tone more aggressive, and if so, how aggressive is it? What would be some other ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Is there any difference between ~에 대한 and ~에 관한?

동물에 대한 책을 샀어요. – I bought a book about animals 전쟁에 관한 책 – a book about war. From these examples, these two constructions seem to have similar meanings; are they exactly the same? If not, when ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Are both 집에 있다 and 집에서 있다 correct? Is there a difference in meaning?

I believe that as well as meaning 'from', -에서 is used to mean 'doing an action in a place', while 에 is used to denote motion 'to' or 'into'. By this logic, 집에서 있다 seems more correct than 집에 있다, but ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Does 즉슨 have any literal meaning on its own? What should I understand by the (이)ㄴ즉(슨) construction?

Here are three example sentences I have read with this construction, with possible translations: 사실인즉 : to tell the truth 말인즉 옳소 : what he says is true. 기회인즉 좋은 기회다 : about the ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the difference between 싫다 and 싫어하다?

In What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? the difference between 좋다/좋아하다 can easily be explained both through "good" vs. "like" and through plentiful examples of both in daily life. However, 싫다 ...
6
votes
2answers
883 views

What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다? What is the standard language?

This is an example question in Area 51. What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다?
3
votes
1answer
623 views

“단어를 쓰려고 or 쓸려고 합니다” [duplicate]

I saw this sentence while surfing websites: 유의어를 짜내서라도 다른 단어를 쓸려고 합니다. Is this sentence grammatically and orthographically correct?
13
votes
4answers
11k views

Pronunciation of 의

Since I've started studying Korean, for me the vowel cluster 의 seems to not have a standard pronunciation. Sometimes I hear it like eu-i, IPA [ɰi] and sometimes as ye, IPA [je] There are some ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How is 니까 used in this sentence?

I stumbled on this question: 집에 __________ 비가 내리기 시작했다. (1) 도착하거나 (2) 도착하니까 (3) 도착하거든 (4) 도착하려고 The right answer is (2). But I don't understand the reason. What is the meaning of '니까' in this ...
4
votes
5answers
7k views

Pronunciation of 으 and 우?

I hear 우 instead of 으 and am told I pronounce them the same. (I'm a French native) This is a question from the definition stage. How are 으 and 우 pronounced?
7
votes
1answer
256 views

Where does “약방의 감초” originate and what does it mean exactly?

I heard quite often Korean people say "약방의 감초" which literally translates to "licorice (root) of drugstore (pharmacy)" to refer to a person or thing that is indispensable. Where does this proverb ...
9
votes
3answers
242 views

Why are 다이 and 쓰메끼리 unprofessional?

My friend told me that 다이 (podium) and 쓰메끼리 (nail clippers) are not appropriate for use in a professional setting and that I should use the words 받침 and 손톱깎이 instead. What is unprofessional about ...
10
votes
9answers
481 views

Wiki: List of songs that are useful for learning Korean

Please add one song per answer, including A link to the song A link to the lyrics Reasons why you think it is a good song to learn from
4
votes
2answers
446 views

Why do the pronunciation for Vowels assume the Consonant ㅇ?

Pronunciation for vowels such as ㅐ, ㅡ, and ㅏ assume the consonant ㅇ, sounding identical to 애, 으, and 아. In what way is the consonant ㅇ special from others?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Where can I find some jokes in Korean online?

Is there any website that lists some Korean jokes? It may be a funny short story or funny one liners or anything written entirely in Korean, and should be understandable to a native speaker. ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

When listing many objects, use one 과/나 or many?

When I have a sentence where I want to list many objects using and/or, like I have an apple, an orange, a pear, a watermelon, and a papaya. should the (ㄱ)와 or (이)나 be used after each object, or ...
6
votes
1answer
287 views

What is the difference between “회사원” and “회사 사람”?

Both '회사원' and '회사 사람' roughly translates to "company person" or a person working for a company. But there seems to be a subtle difference that I can't quite pin point. How are those two different?
10
votes
2answers
152 views

What is the natural way to refer to in-laws of an unexpected gender?

If my father's sister has a husband, I call him 고모부. If my father's younger brother has a wife, I call her 숙모. If my father's sister has a wife, what do I call her? If my father's younger brother ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there any clear differences in how women and men speak Korean?

Apart from the normal differences in pitch and tone between male and female voices, are there any different words, different intonations, or other linguistic habits that tend to be used more by men or ...
13
votes
1answer
351 views

Why is 金 differentially written as 김 and 금?

Everyone knows the surname 김, which is 金 in hanja. However, 金 is written as 금 everywhere except the surname, e.g. 금요일 Friday, 금성 Venus, 백금 platinum, 합금 alloy, 기금 fund. Why is the surname 김 written ...
6
votes
1answer
707 views

Dropping of initial ㄹ and ㄴ before /j/ and /i/ in hanja

In many hanja words, initial 리을 and 니은 are dropped before a "y" /j/ or "i" /i/ sound, which correspond to the vowels ㅣ ㅕ ㅑ ㅖ ㅠ ㅛ. This often happens if the hanja constitutes the first syllable of a ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Need clarification on 는 셈이다

I have seen 는 셈이다 in the grammar list, and the documentation explained that it means 는 것 같다. However, I am confused on the difference in usage between them. Usually I would see 는 것 같다 in texts, but ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

Words or phrases which reflect gender stereotype about driving

In general, the prejudice that women can't drive well is common. Are there single words or phrases belittling female drivers in Korean?
8
votes
1answer
195 views

How to spell final “shhhh!” in gangster speak?

South Korean movies that deal with or involve gangsters, often feature gangter-speak, where every sentence ends with -shh!. I always thought that stood for an expletive, shibal, is that correct? In ...

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