All Questions

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
15
votes
4answers
8k views

What are the differences between 는 / 은 and 가 / 이?

I know that both are considered subject particles but when do you use one over the other?
9
votes
8answers
5k views

What is a good digital Korean-English dictionary?

Printed Korean dictionaries are often a bit out-dated in their language and impractical to take with you. Do you know any good dictionaries for Korean-English / English-Korean? May be either online ...
8
votes
9answers
2k views

Websites and internet resources for learning Korean

I am a native Korean, and I am trying to help and communicate with other people here. I'm also learning other languages and have my own list of websites teaching them. So I wonder which websites you ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

When are ㅅ and ㅆ pronounced as stops?

I thought that ㅅ is pronounced /t̚/ at the end of a syllable block, but it seems to be an /s/ in 것은, even though 것 on its own is /kʌ̹t̚/. Does it depend on word boundaries, or is it just irregular?
8
votes
6answers
2k views

What is a good online resource or app (Android,PC) to start learning Korean from the very beginning?

I am looking for resources to learn Korean. There is no big reason as to why I want to learn Korean. I read some manhwas and did a bit of tae kwon do for a while. The culture seemed interesting and ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Does standard Korean still contain any signs of being a tonal language?

This answer mentions that some dialects have tones even in modern Korean, but I've always assumed that standard Korean is essentially a non-tonal language. However, I've read in this source that this ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

When should spaces be used between words?

This was one of our definition questions. The Korean language has different uses for spaces than something like the English language, what are some of the rules for spacing in Korean?
12
votes
4answers
5k views

What does it mean when we add 이/가 on to the object of the verb?

I've seen 그 것이 알고 싶다 translated as 'that's what I want to know', and 사과가 먹고 싶어요 translated as 'It’s the apple (in particular) that I want to eat'. In both of these sentences, it looks like 이/가 is ...
9
votes
1answer
501 views

Why is 눈 pronounced the way it is?

The word 눈 is pronounced differently to what I expect it would, with regards to the first consonant. Fluent Forever mentions that pronunciation rules for Korean are fairly complex, but I don't ...
8
votes
3answers
26k views

What are the best sources to study for TOPIK?

I am going to take TOPIK II exam in a few months, but I'm not sure which books are good to study. I found out these books. Are they familiar to anyone here? What are good and quick books or online ...
3
votes
2answers
317 views

What constructions are considered not Korean and what's so bad about them?

Some say Korean people started to use grammatical constructions they weren't used to use as the language got influenced by many other languages, such as Japanese, Chinese, and English. What ...
13
votes
2answers
18k views

When do I need to use the native vs Sino-Korean numerals?

The Korean language uses 2 sets of numerals: The native Korean numerals The Sino-Korean numerals When I want to express myself in Korean, I am often wondering which numeral system I should use. I ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

When should I use 이/가 as a 'copular complement particle'?

I've read that 이/가 can be used as a particle to mark the complement of the particle 이다, its negative counterpart 아니다, and the verb 되다. I have seen examples with 아니다 : 나는 아이가 아닙니다 – I am not a ...
15
votes
5answers
15k views

Why is the Korean name 이 often Romanised as 'Lee'?

This was a question from the definition stage of this proposal Why is the Korean name 이 written as Lee in English?
6
votes
1answer
775 views

Dropping of initial ㄹ and ㄴ before /j/ and /i/ in hanja

In many hanja words, initial 리을 and 니은 are dropped before a "y" /j/ or "i" /i/ sound, which correspond to the vowels ㅣ ㅕ ㅑ ㅖ ㅠ ㅛ. This often happens if the hanja constitutes the first syllable of a ...
13
votes
4answers
12k views

Pronunciation of 의

Since I've started studying Korean, for me the vowel cluster 의 seems to not have a standard pronunciation. Sometimes I hear it like eu-i, IPA [ɰi] and sometimes as ye, IPA [je] There are some ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How does 15th Century Hangul writing/type differ from modern Hangul?

Foreign visitors to Korea will often become quickly familiar with the look of early Hangul documents and prints, as (being rather attractive!) they are often used for decorative purposes. Nevertheless,...
23
votes
1answer
669 views

How was the obsolete character ㅿ pronounced?

The character ㅿ is now obsolete. How was it pronounced when it was used?
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Are ㄹ게(요) and ㄹ께(요) grammatically the same ending?

The ㄹ게(요) construction is said to denote a promise: 제가 시간을 낼게요. I will make time. However, I have seen a construction that seems to have a similar meaning, but is spelled slightly differently: ...
8
votes
3answers
887 views

two subjects in 당신은 이름이 뭐예요?

I have just studied Korean for a short time. I am having problem with the sentence below. 당신은 이름이 뭐예요? = What is your name? My friend told me that there are two subjects in that sentence (당신 marked ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

필요하다, 필요 있다, 필요로 하다 : what's the difference in meaning and usage?

I was aware of '필요하다' '필요 있다' both meaning 'to be necessary', and on Naver Dictionary saw that the first translation of 'need' is '필요로 하다'. What is the difference in meaning and usage, if any, ...
6
votes
1answer
723 views

Besides endic.naver.com, any other good Korean-to-English dictionary site for (hangul) super-newbie learners?

Wiktionary is great for super-newbie learners of Hangul. For example, see this question re: 기계 (gigye) : 기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計 (what else?) What's another good Korean-to-English dictionary ...
6
votes
4answers
450 views

How can I understand the three extremely similar sounds, like 기, 키, and 끼?

In Korean the sound differences are very subtle and it is incredibly difficult to distinguish them unless your native language also includes them. For me, it is very difficult to distinguish 기, 키, and ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

지 in 제안하는지를 공부할 거예요

이렇게 오늘은 다른 사람에게 어떻게 제안하는지를 공부할 거예요 = Just like this, today will study proposing activities with other people What is the meaning and grammar of 지를 here? Link: https://youtu.be/zpsg4rV_uzU?t=53 ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Can you use -ㄹ려고 instead of -려고?

Recently, a Korean woman insisted to me that these are correct sentences: 한국어를 배울려고 했어요 (I intended to learn Korean) 카페에 갈려고 했어요 (I intended to go to a cafe) As far as I learned, the grammar is -...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

I do not understand the need of two subject particles in 사람의 이름이 생각이 안 나요

I do not understand the need of two subject particles in 사람의 이름이 생각이 안 나요. There is only one verb but two subjects. Is it because 생각이 나다 is a fixed expression ? TIA.
8
votes
4answers
987 views

Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

I would like to express "Be careful. < Something > might happen" in Korean. Is there a sentence ending or any special construct in Korean grammar that implies this? I am sorry if the question ...
6
votes
1answer
348 views

Etymology of '괜찮다'

The adjective '괜찮다' means: 형용사 (adjective) 별로 나쁘지 않고 보통 이상이다. Not bad and above average. When you look at the adjective '편찮다', you can know it is from another adjective '편하다' as '편찮다' is a ...
6
votes
3answers
992 views

Are there any online tools available for entering Korean text?

This issue came up somtime during the commitment phase. How do I go about entering Hanguel?
22
votes
3answers
3k views

How are mathematical symbols read in Korean?

Mathematical symbols are used internationally but each country read them in its own way. Moreover it is often difficult to find a comprehensive list. I know that this question is very broad but I ...
13
votes
5answers
7k views

What is the difference between 방금 and 금방?

As far as I know, one of them means "a short while ago", the other "in a short time". Sometimes they are used interchangeably. I'm looking for an explanation of the two words, how they differ, and a ...
27
votes
3answers
474 views

What, if any, are the primary differences between Korean as spoken in the North and that spoken in the South?

Are there any major differences between North Korean and South Korean? Is there anything that tends to cause difficulty communicating or are there just more minor issues (like accents or idioms)? ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the biggest pronunciation / intonation features of English-speakers speaking Korean?

What pronunciation problems distinguish native speakers of English when they are speaking in Korean? I'm especially interested in the things that non-beginners of Korean use. There are two aspects of ...
10
votes
9answers
488 views

Wiki: List of songs that are useful for learning Korean

Please add one song per answer, including A link to the song A link to the lyrics Reasons why you think it is a good song to learn from
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Korean dictionary (online or offline) showing the pronunciation

Do you know any dictionary of Korean showing the pronunciation of each word like the example below? That would be a great resource. 까맣다 [까ː마타] Another question: is there any equivalent version of ...
14
votes
3answers
37k views

Hangul -- printed vs handwritten

I learned to read/write hangul from printed text. I was very surprised that the hangul written by my Korean friends looks completely different! There seem to be many shortcuts, lines missing or ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Maximum number of characters in a syllable block

I've seen a number of Hangul syllables that contain 4 characters (닭, for example) - is it possible to have syllables with 5 (or even more) characters in them? The Wikipedia page on Hangul suggests it'...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How is Hangul composed with a keyboard?

The Wikipedia article on Hangul does not explain how it is typed. I understand that the 500 or so possible digraphs and trigraphs have been encoded as single unicode blocks, but I would expect that ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Difference between negating with 안 and -지 않다

There are two ways to negate Korean verbs: By prepending 안 ("안 춥다") By appending -지 않다 ("춥지 않다") Are there rules for which one to use? Or does the method used change the meaning of the sentence?
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Negative form of verbs. -하지 않다 versus -치 않다

In my Korean readings, I occasionally come across the verb ending -치 않다. As I understand it, this is a shortened form of -하지 않다. However, I have never seen this used with action verbs, only ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

When to use ㅐ, ㅒ as opposed to ㅔ,ㅖ?

I'm sure everyone will agree that they sound similar enough to their own counterparts to be interchangeable. If there are no tangible rules that separate their usage, what are some tips to spot their ...
10
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between -지 않다, -지 못하다, and -ㄹ/을 수 없다?

One aspect of Korean that seems to cause issues for beginners is how to correctly say they will not/cannot do something. (Personally, I feel I use them correctly, but this is a really common issue I ...
9
votes
3answers
353 views

How to spot English loanwords and Hanja words in a text?

While studying Japanese, it's very helpful that nearly all words of foreign origin are marked by using katakana (a syllabary separate from the usual mix of hiragana and Chinese characters) and words ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

How is 시 pronounced?

Is '시' pronounced as 'shi' or 'si'? With 'ㅅ,' I thought it depended on the following character as I've seen it written as 'sh' or 's' For example, 시간 (time) is pronounced as 'shigan' or 'sigan'? I'...
9
votes
3answers
389 views

Is it possible to make a list of the (12+?) different meanings of the 이/가 particle (and what would that list be)?

I think learners tend to get obsessed with the subject particle, and I'm no different! This answer mentions that there are 12 or more different meanings to the 이/가 particle, but I don't recall ...
8
votes
1answer
395 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do I need the 이/가 particle when negating the sentence, but not when just stating it?

My textbook ( "Elementary Korean", Tuttle) features the question (where N is a noun) 이것은 N 입니까? along with the following two answers: 네, (그것은) N 입니다 as the translation of "Yes, that is N", as well ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Intonations in Korean

Some languages have tones (i.e. intonation rules) by default, for example Mandarin (4), Thai (5), Lao (6), Vitenamese (6), Cantonese (6), etc. Other languages do not have fixed rule on tones, but ...
6
votes
2answers
270 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

What is the hangeul for the personal name 金知桓?

What is the hangeul for the personal name 金知桓? I understand that the family name is 김 but what is the given name? I have searched all the dictionaries I have and google doesn't give me anything.

15 30 50 per page