Questions tagged [word-usage]

For questions about the correct usage of a given word.

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9
votes
3answers
274 views

Why use 가 in 의사가 되세요?

I'm learning about the usage on (으)세요, but my textbook explains that you cannot use 이다 in (으세요) form. So the following sentence is invalid: 의사이세요 However, the textbook says the correct form is ...
9
votes
1answer
412 views

Expressing “more and more”

So I see different forms in Korean to express the meaning "more and more", for instance: 더욱더 풍성해졌습니다 -> become more and more thrive. 더욱더, 더더욱, 더욱, 더욱이, 더욱더욱 seemed to be expressing the same thing. ...
8
votes
1answer
9k views

The particle (이)야 and its exact meaning

I am new to this particle and I found that its meaning varies. Currently, here is my interpretation: Emphasizing a difference (Please explain this one, I don't quite get it) Ex. 남이야 하나 마나 우린 꼭 합시다. -...
5
votes
2answers
12k views

How to decide which to use from 라고 and 다고?

I have read the following sentences: 의사가 뭐라고 말했어요? 이 약을 하루에 두 번 먹어야 한다고 말했어요 Why does the former sentence use 라고 while the latter uses 다고? My dictionary says both functions like a conjunction that ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Responding to unfortunate news in Korean

When I lived in Korea, a lady told me her mother had died a few days before. Being very new to the country and language, I told her "죄송합니다." This works in English to say "I'm sorry" in such a ...
11
votes
2answers
527 views

What is the difference between 지 and 걸?

I have read the following sentences: 여자는 차가 어디에 있는지 몰라요. 아이들은 아기가 자는 걸 몰라요. I guess the meaning is the following: The woman doesn't know where her car is. The children doesn't know that the infant ...
5
votes
3answers
189 views

Expressing “from A to B” in a more concise way

In Korean, the simplest way to express 'from A to B' is no doubt 'A부터 B까지', or '부터' could be replaced by '에서' as in "A에서 B까지'. However, this requires adding a particle to both nouns. Is there a ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

What does 제 mean in this sentence?

In the following sentence: 비행기가 제 시간에 출발해요? What does the 제 mean? It seems to me that my is not the correct usage here...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Use of 의존명사(dependent noun) “바”

I actually don't use 네이버 국어사전 usually, but using another dictionary, as in here: http://dict.hjenglish.com/kr/ Here, the dependent noun 바 was explained like this: Matter (I think similar to 일)(Which ...
5
votes
2answers
844 views

How can I tell if 시키다 means 'let' something happen or 'cause' something to happen?

One straightforward meaning of 시키다 is to 'order' something: 나는 냉커피를 시켰다 – I ordered an iced coffee Outside of that, it seems that it can often mean 'make' or 'cause' something to happen: 그 뉴스는 ...
5
votes
2answers
293 views

Is the figurative meaning of 걸리다 only used with illnesses?

걸리다 - meaning to be caught or 'hooked' by something - is used for illnesses: 감기에 걸리다 - to catch a cold 병에 걸리다 - to get sick Are there any common usages of this sense of 걸리다 other than with ...
4
votes
1answer
442 views

Use of the pseudo-noun 한

So, this word, according to some Korean grammar books, means "situation", and is similar to 경우, as in this: ... 법과 어긋나지 않는 한 기꺼이 양보합니다 However I am not sure when exactly this word is used, and its ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How can 이상하다 be used with 네요 grammar?

I'm a little confused about how 이상하다 can be used with 네요 grammar. For example consider you want to talk about an strange child. Is "이상한 아이네요!" a correct form? Is "아이가 이상하네요!" correct?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

춘추, 연세, 나이 meaning age

연세 is more honorific than 나이, and I could often hear people use these two words. However, I am a bit lost as to the occasions to use these two. I could only say 나이 is used to describe a third party ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Problems in 에게서, 한테서 and (으)로부터

These three words are equivalent to "from" in English, and can be applied to anything which the one benefited got benefit from. The difference of 에게서 and 한테서 are quite easy to be grasped: 에게서 used ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Difference between 지 않다 and 지가 않다

I am always confused with these two. As 가, being used as subject particle, is of no meaning at all, I wonder what are the differences in meaning or usage. I usually see 지 않다: 그녀는 예쁘지 않다. 넌 가지 않을 수 ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Difference between 대해서 and 대한?

I know there that: ~ 에 대해서 + noun or verb ~ 에 대한 + only noun but when I used: "인터뷰에 대해서 소식이 없어요?" my friend edited it like this:" 인터뷰에 대한 다른 소식 없나요?" While due to the above rule, I have used 대해서 ...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Can 저 be used for abstract things?

According to most simple explanations, the demonstrative 이 can be used to talk about real physical things close to the speaker, 그 for things nearer the listener, and 저 things far from both. But 이 ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Need clarification on use of 아무래도 and 어쩌면

As far as I know, 아무래도 is used to emphasize the grammar 는 것 같다. 어쩌면 is used to emphasize the grammar ㄹ지 모른다. But the point is, I have seen these words being used also in other situations. That ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Need clarification on 는 셈이다

I have seen 는 셈이다 in the grammar list, and the documentation explained that it means 는 것 같다. However, I am confused on the difference in usage between them. Usually I would see 는 것 같다 in texts, but ...
9
votes
1answer
8k views

Use of 주시다 and 드리다

So far I have encountered examples of using 주시다 and 드리다. And I know sometimes 주시다 used instead of 드리다 and vice versa. Like: 전해 주시겠습니까? 전해 드리겠습니까? -> wrong 알려 주셔서 감사드립니다 알려 주셔서 감사주십니다 -> wrong ...
5
votes
2answers
270 views

Using 이다 with location : how do Koreans interpret sentences like 어디야? or 집이 서울이 아니거든요

Naively translated, "어디야?" "역이야" would be something like "Where is it?" "It's the station". But it would normally be understood as "Where are you?" "I'm at the station". Somewhat similarly, I've ...
9
votes
3answers
407 views

Two lines of 사랑해 당신을

I came across a song called Sarang hae (I love you). Part of the lyrics go: 멀리 떠나버련 못 잊을 님이여 Meolli tteonabeoryeon Mot ijeul nim i yo It is rather unfortunate that this part of the lyrics only ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the meaning of 까 in the song Gangnam Style?

"Gangnam style" is a famous Korean song. At a certain point, the lyrics go: 지금부터 갈데까지 가볼 까? Jigeum buteo gal-de-kkaji gabol kka? I have managed to analyse this as follows: Jigeum means &...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Reference frame for come and go

What is the frame of reference for "come" (오다) and "go" (가다)? As in, if I'm outside a house, and a person I'm talking to is between myself and the house, should I tell him to "go" to the house or "...

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