Questions tagged [word-formation]

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9
votes
3answers
317 views

How to spot English loanwords and Hanja words in a text?

While studying Japanese, it's very helpful that nearly all words of foreign origin are marked by using katakana (a syllabary separate from the usual mix of hiragana and Chinese characters) and words ...
9
votes
2answers
950 views

What's the difference between '탕' and '국'?

It seems there are two kinds of Korean soups. Some of them are '국', such as 미역국, 콩나물국, 배추국. But then there are also '탕', such as 갈비탕, 삼계탕. Some even seem to have two names, e.g., '우거지국' & '우거지탕'. ...
6
votes
1answer
523 views

What are the main differences between using '-적(이다)' and '-스럽다' to generate adjectives from nouns?

Both of these suffixes are added to nouns to make an adjective that denotes that something has the qualities of the noun, e.g. 적(이다) 역사 history → 역사적(이다) historical 세계 world → 세계적(이다) ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

How many examples of the adverbial form N.x2 + 이 (e.g. 쌍쌍이, 곳곳이) are there?

쌍= a pair; 쌍쌍이 = in pairs 곳=a place; 곳곳이 = everywhere I've noticed these two examples of this pattern, but I'm wondering how many others there are? If there are lots, how can I guess which nouns I ...
4
votes
1answer
440 views

How is the word 바라건대 ('hopefully') formed?

I know the word '바라다', meaning to 'hope'. 바라건대 is translated as 'hopefully', but how is it derived from '바라다'?