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Questions tagged [vocabulary]

General questions about word meanings, or finding an appropriate word.

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2
votes
2answers
79 views

How is ...등 used in a sentence?

I've seen 등 inputted after listing something, and I think I understand what it means, but I can't find sentences showing what to write after that. How do I continue on the sentence after writing 등? It ...
2
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2answers
49 views

What is the difference between 줄다 and 줄어들다?

I understand that 들다 can be added to some verbs to give emphasis of the direction of the verbs (ex: 날아들다 = fly into), but I got confused with the word 'decrease' (도시의 인구가 계속 줄어들고 있다) What exactly 들다 ...
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1answer
151 views

아랜 문장안에 "지" 왜 그래?

"어머니는 자신이 어떻게 그런 교육을 받았는지 다른 개들이 놀라워하고 부러워하는 것을 보길 좋아했다." Tandem, Kakao Talk, How to Study Korean, 그리고 Korean Class 101에게 무러봤고 아무도 도움을 해줬어요. 그뿐만아니라 Zoom 한국어 교실에 갔고 선생님은 설명하러 너무 어려워하겠다고 했다.
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1answer
52 views

Meaning of 쏙 in 마음에 쏙 들었다

I came across this word in a sentence like: 마음에 쏙 들었다 It means roughly "to like", however I can't find any meaning for 쏙 apart from some unrelated shrimp creature.
2
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1answer
42 views

What are the differences between these 업소, 작업, 근무, 기업, 업체, 영업 and 사업

I understand 업소 as the place of the work, 근무 as office work, and 작업 as work that is related more to the physical work. The similarities between 기업, 업체, 영업 and 사업 confuses me Any example provided will ...
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3answers
101 views

Is there any differences between 취향, 식성, and 입맛?

Is there any differences in terms of usages and meanings? Thanks!
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4answers
5k views

Easy Korean Poems for Beginners

I just wonder if anyone could help me find few poems in Korean that are not too hard for a beginner like me. I believe it could help me improving my vocabulary and grammar usage. (I've been learning ...
0
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2answers
144 views

what does 그래서 누구냐고 무러본곤데 mean?

what does “ 그래서 누구냐고 무러본곤데” exactly mean in english? i tried translating it but it said “ Replying to @Fresh_Fresh“ in english which doesn’t make sense. please help me out!
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1answer
69 views

What purpose does 기 serve in this context?

I was watching a Kpop group answer some questions and one of the questions they got was “what do you want to do this year?” Their answer was to meet their fans (팬 만나기). So what purpose does the 기 ...
2
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1answer
4k views

Is there a list of the number of required vocabulary for each TOPIK level?

I wonder if there is any research on how many vocabulary is required for each TOPIK level. It should be something like the following: TOPIK 1: 1000 words TOPIK 2: 2500 words TOPIK 3... ... ...
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1answer
208 views

사무치다 뼈저리다 meaning

I'm trying to determine a suitable meaning for 사무치다 and 뼈저리다 in English. I understand that they have the meaning that some emotion is really strong/intense but can't find a translation in English. ...
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3answers
121 views

What books or reliable websites list commonly used Sino-Korean vocabulary in 2021?

My boss is curious how much Modern Korean he can recognize from his fluency in Cantonese and Mandarin. He plans to start by learning solely Hanja, obviously to take advantage of his fluent Cantonese ...
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1answer
52 views

Sticky Rice Culture (Korea) vs. Fluffy Rice Culture (West)

In a book I am reading, there is a reference to Korea as being '자 진밥 문화' (찹 쌀) and the U.S. '메진밥 문화'. The analogy seems to fit, but I have never heard of these phrases. Would the average Korean know ...
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1answer
72 views

How do you say "Damsel in distress" in Korean?

Damsel in distress is used as a phrase to mean a woman who needs to be rescued by a man. Damsel is a woman with victim mentality.
0
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1answer
75 views

제 번역을 확인해 주시길 바랍니다~

한국인 분들~ 다음 내용의 문법, 어휘 이용, 조사 등을 확인해 주시길 바랍니다!!!~ 감사합니다~ 베트남-한국: 25년간의 성공적인 협력 1992년 12월 22일에 베트남과 한국은 공식적으로 외교관계를 수립했습니다. 이는 양국 관계의 기반을 다지는 중요한 계기입니다. 지난 25년간 베트남과 한국은 강력한 발전을 달성했으며 모든 분야에서 큰 성과를 ...
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1answer
88 views

words about korean mythological creatures

I would like to know whats the word for "korean mythological creatures" in general and what groups are they divided into (such as ghosts, yokai, deities) and the korean words for that. Thank ...
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2answers
99 views

What does 수면풍 and 자연풍 mean on my Korean fan settings?

Living in Korea, I’ve never really changed my standing fan setting other than the fan speed but I keep accidentally pressing the 바람모드 button and turning on “수면풍”, “자연풍” or “off”. I couldn’t really ...
2
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1answer
129 views

Meaning of '수반'

I was watching one of 탐사보도 세븐's episodes today and it was about the China-North Korea border. I don't know if I can post this here but here goes. On one of the buildings was a red banner that read '...
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2answers
103 views

Difference and Sound Change

Hi I have a question about: 갇, 갓, 갔, 같 Why do these all romanize to gat, and what is the sound change between them (how can I decipher one from the other)?
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4answers
1k views

What is the difference between 기왕이면 and 이왕이면?

What is the difference between 기왕이면 and 이왕이면? And can you give the examples?
1
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1answer
69 views

Can someone make this text more "native"?

I don't know Korean very well, but it's my korean friend's birthday and I want to make a surprise to her writing this in Korean. Can any korean make this little text sound more like a native? I ...
3
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1answer
7k views

Online Resources for Korean Spelling and Grammar Check

What are your recommendations for tools that can help save time and headache when checking your Korean spelling, vocabulary, grammar, etc? I believe a well made utility can be productive in getting ...
1
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1answer
85 views

Use of 싫다/좋다 as affirmation/negation

In (G)I-DLE's Put It Straight, lyrics include the following lines: 싫다고 말해 / 사랑하지 않는다고 말해 봐 / 내 맘이 떠날 거 같이 / 너가 미워질 거 같이 좋다고 말해 / 아니 사랑하고 있다고 말해 줘 / 좋았던 그때와 같이 / 이제 사랑할 순 없니 I read 싫다고 말해 and 좋다고 말해 ...
6
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1answer
723 views

Besides endic.naver.com, any other good Korean-to-English dictionary site for (hangul) super-newbie learners?

Wiktionary is great for super-newbie learners of Hangul. For example, see this question re: 기계 (gigye) : 기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計 (what else?) What's another good Korean-to-English dictionary ...
0
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1answer
118 views

What does 선율적인 exactly mean?

I want to add the word melodious to a phrase which altogether means 'songs that are melodious' So is it right if i use the word 선율적인 with 노래 or 가곡 I want to know the exact English translation of 선율적인 ...
0
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0answers
59 views

아래 두 문장의 의미 차이는 뭐십니까? [duplicate]

공부하지못해요 / 공부할 수 없어요: 같은 의미가 있어요? I checked in the Naver/Papago translator and in Google translate for how the 2 sentences differ. However, I could not detect a difference in usage or meaning.
0
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0answers
95 views

What's the specific verb for listening to/enjoying a concert?

What's the verb specifically for listening to/enjoying a concert/music? I think there is a (Hanja) based verb for listening to/enjoying a concert/music. Unfortunately, dictionaries/translation tools ...
2
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1answer
527 views

How important are Korean idioms and phrases for TOPIK exam?

I have been going through Korean idioms and phrases. Are idioms useful for topik exam?
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0answers
27 views

The pronounciation of 존댓말 [duplicate]

I am wondering why 존댓말 is pronounced as [존댄말]? I know that if ㅅ is a final consonant that it‘s pronounced as ㄷ. And I also know that ㄷ is pronounced as ㄴ but only if the following consonant is a ㄴ. ...
3
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2answers
571 views

How do you know if 웃다 means 'to laugh' or 'to smile'?

(to) smile can be translated as 웃다 or 미소 짓다 (to) laugh can be translated as 웃다 So if I read/heard a sentence like 소피가 웃어요., how do I know if Sophie (소피) is laughing (out loud) or smiling? Do I have ...
1
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1answer
105 views

The meaning(s) of 차돌?

I heard this sentence today '따님을 차돌같이 잘 키우셨어요'. I've only ever know 차돌 being a type of meat, but looking around on the internet I've found several more meaning of this word including 'quartz', 'marble'...
1
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1answer
78 views

Difference between 박해 and 핍박?

I came across the word '핍박' a few days ago while reading an article. In the dictionary this translates to 'persecution', but I've only ever known the word '박해' having this meaning. Could anybody ...
4
votes
2answers
93 views

What are the differences in the various words for "or"?

Google translate suggests "또는". Pimsleur has, I believe, "나", or something that sounds like "na" at least. Finally, the Drops app on android uses "혹은" (sounds ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Meaning(s) of 덮치다?

I'm wondering if somebody could give me a comprehensive definition of the word 덮치다? I figured it's to do with attacking / invading, but if someone could give me a concise definition that would be ...
11
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1answer
519 views

Chronology of orthography before and after the separation of North and South Korea

In another question some differences in orthography between North and South Korea were treated. But more precisely, what is the chronology of orthography changes in Korean before the separation in the ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

What does 연화 mean?

I purchased the reword app and have found some odd translations. Particularly, 연화, which is being translated as "soft currency." Google translate translates it as softening, a google image ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Composing sentences

How do I compose a sentences using -아/어요, -ㅂ니다, -고 싶어요, -지 마세요 and -러 가요. Can someone please explain and show me examples? I’m really desperate
2
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1answer
301 views

What is the difference between 가장 and 제일?

They both mean "most" (I think?) so what's the difference between them? Are they interchangeable?
3
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3answers
237 views

The function of 만 in 바라만보다 and difference from 바라보다

After coming by the expression 바라만 보다, I spent more than two hours trying to find something on it, and just before posting that very question here, I got the bright idea of putting the whole term ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

Meaning of proverb 어물전 망신은 꼴뚜기가 시킨다

What is this 속담 (어물전 망신은 꼴뚜기가 시킨다) supposed to mean? What is its literal meaning? From what I understand, it is sort of an equivalent of the English proverb "one bad apple spoils the bunch", ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Words similar to 대여섯?

I know that 대여섯 means five or six, but I'm wondering why the '대' takes the meaning of 'five' here? Are there other words similar to this that mean 'A and A+1'. Thanks a lot.
1
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1answer
87 views

Meaning of 머슴살이 and origin?

I've come across the word 머슴살이 and read in the dictionary that it means doing farm work. But looking around on the internet I'm not sure if there's some sort of historical meaning associated with the ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Does 'Gee' (as in the 소녀시대 song) have any Korean meaning?

Simple question about an old song. Does 'Gee' in the 소녀시대 song of the same name have any meaning in Korean? If not, is it a non-lexical vocable or just a borrowing of the slightly dated English ...
1
vote
2answers
274 views

Meaning of 열악하다?

Just a simple question this time! :D What is the meaning of 열악하다? From what I figured it means poor (quality) or to be deteriorated, but I'd like to check what it means. Thanks in advance!
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Meaning of 마지노선?

I'd like to know about the meaning and usage of 마지노선. Of course, I know that this literally means Maginot Line, but I also know it must have another meaning for everyday conversation. I saw this in a ...
3
votes
2answers
303 views

Meaning of 농담이 심하다

This expression appeared on my vocabulary textbook as a collocation of the word "joke" 농담(弄談). What I could not understand is the exact meaning of 심하다(甚하다) in this collocation. Does is it ...
1
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1answer
103 views

What app do you prefer for flashcard use, pre-made?

There are plenty of Topik and flashcard apps but I'm being picky. I want decks of smaller sizes that cover most of the TOPIK books. I specifically want an app that keeps track of the flashcards I don'...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Meaning and grammar of 매달리다 and hand gestures

In this song lyrics there is the phrase "이제와 울고불고 매달리지마". What I can get from the sentence is something on the lines of "quit crying around", but I am not sure. Also, what role does the particle 와 ...
2
votes
1answer
354 views

What does the phrase 발음이 새다 mean?

발음이 새다 On the TV show Produce 48 Soyu from Sistar said this to one of the girls after she sang the song. I don't understand what it means exactly since she was saying the words when she was singing......
1
vote
3answers
806 views

Meaning/usage of 찰떡같이?

I was watching a drama today and heard the idiom '찰떡같이 말했는데 개떡같이 알아듣는다' being used. What is the meaning of this idiom and when can it be used? Also, what is the general meaning of 찰떡같이? Thanks :) ...

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