Questions tagged [verb]

For questions regarding verbs. Words used to describe an action or state.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
13
votes
3answers
8k views

Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요?

What is the Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요? For example: -서울에 산 지 얼마나 되었어요? -오 년 됐어요. Or -일 년 육 개월 정도 되었어요. I know both answers are correct.
13
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다?

This is a question from the proposal phase. What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? How do we distinguish between them?
9
votes
1answer
850 views

Verbs that flip their meaning when '이' is inserted (e.g 죽다 vs 죽이다)

There's a pattern in Korean where one verb changes from passive to active or vice versa when '이' is inserted. For example, 죽다 (to die) : 죽이다 (to kill) 먹다 (to eat) : 먹이다 (to feed) 살다 (to live) : 살리다 (...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a Korean equivalent to the verb “to google”?

Google search engine being dominant, the verb "to google" is commonly used to mean "to search using Google", or more generally "to search on Internet". Is there a Korean equivalent fo this verb in ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the difference between 싫다 and 싫어하다?

In What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? the difference between 좋다/좋아하다 can easily be explained both through "good" vs. "like" and through plentiful examples of both in daily life. However, 싫다 ...
6
votes
1answer
421 views

Using Verbs as Nouns (gerunds, word forms, complementizers, verbal nouns?)

As far as I know, a gerund is a verb modified to be used as a noun. For example in English, by adding -ing, I like eating, eating is the object to like, but eat is itself a verb. However this is not ...
6
votes
2answers
884 views

What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다? What is the standard language?

This is an example question in Area 51. What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다?
6
votes
1answer
373 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
5
votes
2answers
433 views

ㅂ irregular verbs

Korean irregulars are, sometimes, kind of regular, because of rules for conjugation of different patchims. However, I realized today I don't know how to conjugate "regular" irregulars with a ㅂ patchim....
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Compound verbs : Is it possible to generate them, or are they limited to those already commonly known?

Korean contains many compound verbs consisting of two parts: 뛰놀다, meaning to frolic or gambol, comes from 뛰다 (run, jump) and 놀다 (play). 날아다니다, meaning to fly around, combines 날다 (fly), and 다니다 ...
4
votes
3answers
153 views

Why do some words show XX-X다 (들어-오다) form in a dictionary?

I wonder why some verbs display its dictionary form as XX-X다 (hyphen in the center). For example, enter in English can be looked up as 들어-오다. At first I thought these verbs should be used in split in ...
4
votes
2answers
421 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
4
votes
2answers
651 views

The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I try to understand how will "I know that you know" and "I know what you know" be translated. In both cases I would say 나는 네가 아는것을 안다, but as I am a newbie, I guess I am wrong. How these kind of ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
4
votes
1answer
277 views

How do you tell if a verb is irregular? What are the best dictionaries for things like this?

I didn't start learning too long ago so I don't know what a lot of the best Korean resources are. I've just been learning about irregulars, but it hasn't told me how to find out what the exceptions ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Future tense verb conjugation

What are the different ways of expressing future tense in Korean? When do I use which way? For example, I'm not aware of the difference between 먹을게 and 먹겠다.
4
votes
3answers
358 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
4
votes
1answer
144 views

How does 말다 become 마

It is obvious for other forms (마세요, 마십시오) because of the ㄹ 받침 and 으, but 마 is 말 + 아, which means it should be 말아. However, I have never seen that (and in speech it would be heard as 마라 anyway). Does ...
3
votes
1answer
663 views

Is there any other verb except 하다 that conjugates with 여?

하 + 여 -> 해 (하여), but most other verbs (in fact, all of the ones I know about, if I'm not mistaken) take 아/어. Is there any other verb that conjugates with 여?
3
votes
3answers
235 views

Function of '주리다' in '굶주리다'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '굶주리다' means: 동사 (verb) 먹을 것이 없어서 배를 곯다. Starve without anything to eat. The verb seems to be related with '굶다' which means: 동사 (verb) 「…을」 ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Does the suffix 다 identify verbs and adjectives?

Even though I've read this article, I would still like to clarify something about the 다 particle/suffix (not sure of the terminology, as a beginner). So far, and as someone with a basic knowledge of ...
3
votes
2answers
818 views

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다? Both of these verbs have the meaning to drink or to eat.
3
votes
2answers
238 views

Difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다

Is there any difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다? In official style I have faced 도착하게 되다 several times. Why this verb is used instead of 도착하다?
3
votes
2answers
145 views

How come 네 and 아니다 are different “parts of speech?”

"네" and "아니요" are often paired together as opposites ("yes"/"no"). However, I just noticed they are different parts of speech. What I mean is: 아니요 has a verb stem that you can add Korean verb endings ...
3
votes
1answer
834 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Passive “to be brought” in Korean

If the verb "bring" is 가져오다 or 가져가다, what will be the passive of it? Because it seems there is no passive form for 오다 or 가다.
3
votes
1answer
423 views

춤추다 conjugated to 춤을 춥니다 rather than 춤춥니다

The uninflected verb "to dance" is 춤추다, yet Duolingo has informed me that if I wish t say that "subject dances" (with a deferential ending) then the sentence will be "subject 춤을 춥니다" Why is this ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Construction of Verb + 나가다

As I know, the verb 나가다 means "to leave", "to get out", "to exit". I met many usages of this verb added to some other verbs, but I can't figure out it's functionality. 자주통일의 앞길을 힘차게 열어나가자! (open + ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Passive form of verbs which end in 하다 and 주다

In general, how can we build the passive forms from verbs which end in 하다 and 주다? Can we always use 되다 as passive of 하다? E.g. 시작하다-시작되다 or 청소하다-청소되다? What will be the passive of 영향 주다? Can we use 영향 ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Absence of subject marker?

This sentence with a relative clause is intriguing me: 비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] I know that this means "There are many people who are looking at the ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

About adding -주 to the verb stem

As I know, the ending -시 is added to the verb stem to show a courtesy to somebody. But also I faced some cases with 1) -주 endings instead of -시 (미래도 희망도 다 맡아주는), 2) -주시 endings (for example 찾아주시면서/...
2
votes
3answers
209 views

What does “계실겁니다” mean?

everyone. I am new here, so I hope that you will not mind if I ask you a question. I am currently reading a Korean comic titled “문신”. If you wish to read the original version, please see the following ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

How do you write “conquer” in Korean?

I want to get a tattoo in Korean that means “conquer”. Conquer as in overcoming a weakness or conquering your fears. Please let me know. Thank you for your help!
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Verb endings usage in DPRK

In the Korean language learning book, published in Pyongyang, the appendix shows Korean verb endings, including 네, 리라, 아라/어라/여라, 리, 마, which I met only in North Korean patriotic songs. Are these ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

Auxiliary verb VS. light verb

How do I distinguish between auxiliary verbs and light verbs in Korean? And, is there a difference between the definition of these two between English and Korean?
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Imperative form -다주십시오 instead of -주십시오

How do you explain the sentences like 집에 데려다주십시오 or 옷을 가져다주십시오? Don't we say 데려주십시오 or 가져주십시오?
2
votes
1answer
429 views

Which form is correct, 책 읽기 or 책을 읽기?

Adding ~기 to the stem of a verb changes that verb into a noun. I read somewhere that when the verb phrase has an object we have to omit the object particle(을/를) before adding 기. Let's look at the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Use of 싫다/좋다 as affirmation/negation

In (G)I-DLE's Put It Straight, lyrics include the following lines: 싫다고 말해 / 사랑하지 않는다고 말해 봐 / 내 맘이 떠날 거 같이 / 너가 미워질 거 같이 좋다고 말해 / 아니 사랑하고 있다고 말해 줘 / 좋았던 그때와 같이 / 이제 사랑할 순 없니 I read 싫다고 말해 and 좋다고 말해 ...
1
vote
1answer
417 views

How is 뵙다 conjugated to 뵐게요?

뵐게요 means (I)'ll see (you), but I am struggling to see how to arrive in this form. Applying the most general verb conjugation rule for 해요체 to 뵙다 (to humbly meet/see), I expect to get 뵙어요. But if we ...
1
vote
2answers
193 views

What's the difference between 보내다 and 보내여오다?

In news articles, I often face 보내여오다 past form instead of 보내다. 김정은동지께 우간다대통령이 선물을 보내여왔다. But I cannot find it in vocabulary. What is the difference? Why can not be just 보냈다?
1
vote
2answers
397 views

How to say “something is broken (in the past)”?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
1
vote
2answers
430 views

How do i conjugate 공부하다?

I am learning Korean and am practicing verb conjugation. I decided to write "I study a book". Following the conjugation for "하다" verbs, i wrote: 나는 책을 공부해. But when i checked a translation ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Difference between 모르다 and 몰라하다

What's the difference between 모르다 and 몰라하다? Some adjectives can form verbs by adding -어/여/아 하다, but in this case, 모르다 is verb.
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Meaning of 애써 아무렇다

In Sunmi's Who Am I, the first words of the song are 애써 아무렇지 않은 척 / 쿨한 척 센 척은 필요 없어 which is apparently translated as "You don't need to pretend nothing's wrong, you don't need to pretend to be ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Valid usage of -“십니다”?

I came across this sentence in a textbook. 김선생님은 차 타고 서울로 가십니다. Meaning "Mr. Kim goes to Seoul by car". My doubt concerns the suffix -shimnida. Previously I came across the interrogative -...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

“Must not” and “don't have to”

Could someone tell me how to say in Korean: mustn't [it is forbidden] {One mustn't kill people.} don't have to [it isn't forbidden but unnecessary] {I don't have to clean my room.}
1
vote
1answer
286 views

Is the compound verb used only for the third-person subject?

According to the following explanation on the compound verb section on Duolingo: It can also mean "to act like..." For example, 슬프다="to be sad" while 슬퍼하다="to act sad." Usually this aspect of ~하다 ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

How to expand the verb 불러일으키시였습니다?

How can I understand the verb 불러일으키시였습니다? As I see, it consists of 부르다 and is in past honorific form. How can I recognize the second component? I cannot find any form containing 일으키 in the vocabulary. ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How did 아프다 conjugate to 아파?

When conjugating the word 아프다, how did we drop the vowel before 다(-da) and add the 아 (-a) to it? Is it a normal conjugation rule for verbs? E.g. in the sentence 하네요 여기가 아파. I'm just saying, it ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

How do you say 'Are you laughing?' in Korean + Verb Question

I'm a few weeks into learning Korean and I learned how to write statemnts and questions via (습니 까 & 습니다). We take verbs, drop the -다 and apply the correct formula. However, my textbook also showed ...