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Questions tagged [verb]

For questions regarding verbs. Words used to describe an action or state.

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17 votes
3 answers
14k views

What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다?

This is a question from the proposal phase. What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? How do we distinguish between them?
user17915's user avatar
  • 2,954
13 votes
3 answers
13k views

Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요?

What is the Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요? For example: -서울에 산 지 얼마나 되었어요? -오 년 됐어요. Or -일 년 육 개월 정도 되었어요. I know both answers are correct.
Hanna's user avatar
  • 876
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is there a Korean equivalent to the verb "to google"?

Google search engine being dominant, the verb "to google" is commonly used to mean "to search using Google", or more generally "to search on Internet". Is there a Korean equivalent fo this verb in ...
Taladris's user avatar
  • 2,180
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Verbs that flip their meaning when '이' is inserted (e.g 죽다 vs 죽이다)

There's a pattern in Korean where one verb changes from passive to active or vice versa when '이' is inserted. For example, 죽다 (to die) : 죽이다 (to kill) 먹다 (to eat) : 먹이다 (to feed) 살다 (to live) : 살리다 (...
Memming's user avatar
  • 1,359
7 votes
1 answer
11k views

What is the difference between 싫다 and 싫어하다?

In What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? the difference between 좋다/좋아하다 can easily be explained both through "good" vs. "like" and through plentiful examples of both in daily life. However, 싫다 ...
Teddy Cross's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
564 views

Using Verbs as Nouns (gerunds, word forms, complementizers, verbal nouns?)

As far as I know, a gerund is a verb modified to be used as a noun. For example in English, by adding -ing, I like eating, eating is the object to like, but eat is itself a verb. However this is not ...
busukxuan's user avatar
  • 1,360
7 votes
1 answer
607 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다? What is the standard language?

This is an example question in Area 51. What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다?
choco_addicted's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
570 views

ㅂ irregular verbs

Korean irregulars are, sometimes, kind of regular, because of rules for conjugation of different patchims. However, I realized today I don't know how to conjugate "regular" irregulars with a ㅂ patchim....
user2563892's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
600 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Compound verbs : Is it possible to generate them, or are they limited to those already commonly known?

Korean contains many compound verbs consisting of two parts: 뛰놀다, meaning to frolic or gambol, comes from 뛰다 (run, jump) and 놀다 (play). 날아다니다, meaning to fly around, combines 날다 (fly), and 다니다 ...
Нет войне's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
850 views

The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I try to understand how will "I know that you know" and "I know what you know" be translated. In both cases I would say 나는 네가 아는것을 안다, but as I am a newbie, I guess I am wrong. How these kind of ...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
5 votes
1 answer
243 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
Leo's user avatar
  • 125
5 votes
1 answer
682 views

How do you tell if a verb is irregular? What are the best dictionaries for things like this?

I didn't start learning too long ago so I don't know what a lot of the best Korean resources are. I've just been learning about irregulars, but it hasn't told me how to find out what the exceptions ...
hazz's user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
3 answers
201 views

Why do some words show XX-X다 (들어-오다) form in a dictionary?

I wonder why some verbs display its dictionary form as XX-X다 (hyphen in the center). For example, enter in English can be looked up as 들어-오다. At first I thought these verbs should be used in split in ...
Blaszard's user avatar
  • 2,291
4 votes
2 answers
175 views

Why the verb 'meet' is not at the end in the sentence 만나서 반갑습니다?

This sentence: '만나서 반갑습니다' means 'I am glad to meet you'. The word '만나서' means 'meet' and then '반갑습니다' if we takes its dictionary base form '반갑다' means 'glad or joyful'. 만나서 is a verb and 반갑다 is an ...
Chookitypok's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
303 views

Function of '주리다' in '굶주리다'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '굶주리다' means: 동사 (verb) 먹을 것이 없어서 배를 곯다. Starve without anything to eat. The verb seems to be related with '굶다' which means: 동사 (verb) 「…을」 ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
725 views

Is there any other verb except 하다 that conjugates with 여?

하 + 여 -> 해 (하여), but most other verbs (in fact, all of the ones I know about, if I'm not mistaken) take 아/어. Is there any other verb that conjugates with 여?
user2563892's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
502 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
4 votes
1 answer
227 views

How does 말다 become 마

It is obvious for other forms (마세요, 마십시오) because of the ㄹ 받침 and 으, but 마 is 말 + 아, which means it should be 말아. However, I have never seen that (and in speech it would be heard as 마라 anyway). Does ...
user2563892's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
81 views

What is the morphemic analysis of "헤엄치다"?

I am curious whether 헤엄치다 and 헤다 are related. However, if they really are related, where does that 어 in 헤엄치다 come from?
FSY's user avatar
  • 87
3 votes
1 answer
615 views

Does the suffix 다 identify verbs and adjectives?

Even though I've read this article, I would still like to clarify something about the 다 particle/suffix (not sure of the terminology, as a beginner). So far, and as someone with a basic knowledge of ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 283
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다? Both of these verbs have the meaning to drink or to eat.
emnha's user avatar
  • 1,903
3 votes
2 answers
374 views

Difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다

Is there any difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다? In official style I have faced 도착하게 되다 several times. Why this verb is used instead of 도착하다?
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
3 votes
2 answers
227 views

How come 네 and 아니다 are different "parts of speech?"

"네" and "아니요" are often paired together as opposites ("yes"/"no"). However, I just noticed they are different parts of speech. What I mean is: 아니요 has a verb stem that you can add Korean verb endings ...
Leftium's user avatar
  • 2,013
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
3 votes
1 answer
875 views

Which form is correct, 책 읽기 or 책을 읽기?

Adding ~기 to the stem of a verb changes that verb into a noun. I read somewhere that when the verb phrase has an object we have to omit the object particle(을/를) before adding 기. Let's look at the ...
emnha's user avatar
  • 1,903
3 votes
2 answers
5k views

Future tense verb conjugation

What are the different ways of expressing future tense in Korean? When do I use which way? For example, I'm not aware of the difference between 먹을게 and 먹겠다.
JDong's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
2 answers
259 views

What does ...지군 하다 mean? When is it used?

What is ...지군 하다 ending used for? For example, 이어지군 하는데 or 하였다. 자기 일터에 대한 많고많은 자랑을 하나둘 꼽아갈 때마다 종업원들의 이야기는 저도모르게 직장장에 대한 이야기로 이어지군 하였다.
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
3 votes
1 answer
216 views

Passive "to be brought" in Korean

If the verb "bring" is 가져오다 or 가져가다, what will be the passive of it? Because it seems there is no passive form for 오다 or 가다.
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
3 votes
1 answer
813 views

춤추다 conjugated to 춤을 춥니다 rather than 춤춥니다

The uninflected verb "to dance" is 춤추다, yet Duolingo has informed me that if I wish t say that "subject dances" (with a deferential ending) then the sentence will be "subject 춤을 춥니다" Why is this ...
Luis Banegas Saybe's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

Construction of Verb + 나가다

As I know, the verb 나가다 means "to leave", "to get out", "to exit". I met many usages of this verb added to some other verbs, but I can't figure out it's functionality. 자주통일의 앞길을 힘차게 열어나가자! (open + ...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
3 votes
1 answer
320 views

Passive form of verbs which end in 하다 and 주다

In general, how can we build the passive forms from verbs which end in 하다 and 주다? Can we always use 되다 as passive of 하다? E.g. 시작하다-시작되다 or 청소하다-청소되다? What will be the passive of 영향 주다? Can we use 영향 ...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
2 votes
3 answers
450 views

Is 없다 a "descriptive verb"?

Previously I thought there is no structural difference between adjectives and verbs in Korean, since all Korean words which are translated as adjectives into English are actually verbs which express ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 283
2 votes
1 answer
260 views

Is the irregular verb 몰라요 an exception?

I am wondering why the infinitive verb 모르다 (do not know) is conjugated as 몰라요 in informal style and standard politeness? 모르다 is an irregular verb because the base form 모르 ends with ㅡ so the vowel ㅡ is ...
Chookitypok's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
110 views

Absence of subject marker?

This sentence with a relative clause is intriguing me: 비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] I know that this means "There are many people who are looking at the ...
swrutra's user avatar
  • 283
2 votes
1 answer
207 views

How do you write “conquer” in Korean?

I want to get a tattoo in Korean that means “conquer”. Conquer as in overcoming a weakness or conquering your fears. Please let me know. Thank you for your help!
Sam's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
209 views

Verb endings usage in DPRK

In the Korean language learning book, published in Pyongyang, the appendix shows Korean verb endings, including 네, 리라, 아라/어라/여라, 리, 마, which I met only in North Korean patriotic songs. Are these ...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
2 votes
2 answers
565 views

About adding -주 to the verb stem

As I know, the ending -시 is added to the verb stem to show a courtesy to somebody. But also I faced some cases with 1) -주 endings instead of -시 (미래도 희망도 다 맡아주는), 2) -주시 endings (for example 찾아주시면서/...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

How are the honorific forms of the verb 이다 created?

From what I understood, for the present tense there are the following forms that can be used depending on the situation. Here I've made some examples of these with the verb 하다 and I've written the ...
Ema Tavox's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
400 views

What does “계실겁니다” mean?

everyone. I am new here, so I hope that you will not mind if I ask you a question. I am currently reading a Korean comic titled “문신”. If you wish to read the original version, please see the following ...
Micheal Gignac's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
473 views

Auxiliary verb VS. light verb

How do I distinguish between auxiliary verbs and light verbs in Korean? And, is there a difference between the definition of these two between English and Korean?
hangug_wannabe's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

Imperative form -다주십시오 instead of -주십시오

How do you explain the sentences like 집에 데려다주십시오 or 옷을 가져다주십시오? Don't we say 데려주십시오 or 가져주십시오?
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Which is the correct verb for ‘to correct (straighten) one’s uniform’?

Using zKorean, I came across numerous entries when searching for the verb ‘to correct’: 정정하다 (jeongjeonghada) 정오하다 (jeong-o-hada) 첨삭하다 (cheomsaghada) 교정하다 (gyojeonghada) 수정하다 (sujeonghada) 보정하다 (...
Canned Man's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
159 views

What do the different forms of 있다 mean?

있다 means: to be to lie to take place In the text book I only learnt 있어요 While watching K-dramas, I saw SOOOO many forms that I've no idea what they mean: 있어: Is this because the 요 is dropped? 있는, ...
alvas's user avatar
  • 347
1 vote
1 answer
134 views

Use of 싫다/좋다 as affirmation/negation

In (G)I-DLE's Put It Straight, lyrics include the following lines: 싫다고 말해 / 사랑하지 않는다고 말해 봐 / 내 맘이 떠날 거 같이 / 너가 미워질 거 같이 좋다고 말해 / 아니 사랑하고 있다고 말해 줘 / 좋았던 그때와 같이 / 이제 사랑할 순 없니 I read 싫다고 말해 and 좋다고 말해 ...
J. А. del Rio - слава СССР's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
186 views

Should I use ㅂ니다 in the sentence "this is an apple"?

Is it correct to say "이거는 사괍니다?
Ema Tavox's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

How is 뵙다 conjugated to 뵐게요?

뵐게요 means (I)'ll see (you), but I am struggling to see how to arrive in this form. Applying the most general verb conjugation rule for 해요체 to 뵙다 (to humbly meet/see), I expect to get 뵙어요. But if we ...
d4nyll's user avatar
  • 279
1 vote
2 answers
511 views

What's the difference between 보내다 and 보내여오다?

In news articles, I often face 보내여오다 past form instead of 보내다. 김정은동지께 우간다대통령이 선물을 보내여왔다. But I cannot find it in vocabulary. What is the difference? Why can not be just 보냈다?
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
  • 1,298
1 vote
2 answers
574 views

How to say "something is broken (in the past)"?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
Blaszard's user avatar
  • 2,291