Questions tagged [verb-endings]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Are ㄹ게(요) and ㄹ께(요) grammatically the same ending?

The ㄹ게(요) construction is said to denote a promise: 제가 시간을 낼게요. I will make time. However, I have seen a construction that seems to have a similar meaning, but is spelled slightly differently: ...
8
votes
4answers
987 views

Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

I would like to express "Be careful. < Something > might happen" in Korean. Is there a sentence ending or any special construct in Korean grammar that implies this? I am sorry if the question ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Difference between negating with 안 and -지 않다

There are two ways to negate Korean verbs: By prepending 안 ("안 춥다") By appending -지 않다 ("춥지 않다") Are there rules for which one to use? Or does the method used change the meaning of the sentence?
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Negative form of verbs. -하지 않다 versus -치 않다

In my Korean readings, I occasionally come across the verb ending -치 않다. As I understand it, this is a shortened form of -하지 않다. However, I have never seen this used with action verbs, only ...
10
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between -지 않다, -지 못하다, and -ㄹ/을 수 없다?

One aspect of Korean that seems to cause issues for beginners is how to correctly say they will not/cannot do something. (Personally, I feel I use them correctly, but this is a really common issue I ...
6
votes
3answers
459 views

Can the -ㅁ nominalizer ending be attached to all 용언?

As far as I understand, the -ㅁ ending can be added to a verb to make a noun representing a ‘completed’ or ‘embodied’ action. for example: 말하다 means to speak, 말씀 means speech. 만나다 means to meet;...
4
votes
2answers
443 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
6
votes
1answer
711 views

Why is the 겠 particle used in '알겠습니다'?

알겠습니다 seems to translate to something like "certainly, sir" or "very good, sir" - a formal way to show that you have understood what has been said or asked. Does the 겠 particle here have its normal ...
5
votes
1answer
769 views

Usage of -더니 for reason or cause

I am trying to understand how -더니 or ㅆ더니 is used for reason or cause. I read somewhere that ㅆ더니 (as in 잤더니 below) is for talking about yourself. Is it right? I think tense should be considered while ...
5
votes
2answers
559 views

What does 다할 from 다하다 mean and what is '-ㄹ' after '다하'?

I came across this sentence 힘이 다할 때까지 which means as I understood "until (your) strength runs out". 힘이 means power/strength, and once I looked for 다할, it says it comes from the verb 다하다. But what ...
3
votes
2answers
938 views

Is there any difference in meaning between the ~더라도 and ~도 verb endings?

I think the ~더라도 and ~도 endings both mean 'if' (roughly speaking). Are there any differences in meaning? If they're not interchangeable, when would I use one or the other?
2
votes
2answers
112 views

In this sentence, does 되는 function as an adjective? verb?

한국어의 모든 자음은, 받침으로 사용할 수 있지만, 음절의 끝소리가 되는 자음은 ‘ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅇ’의 7가지입니다. This question is about 되는. Usually 는 is is a marker for subjects or adjectives. I thought 되는 자음은 might be an ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

아니요, 남자아이는 여자가 아닙니다. Is this sentence gramatically correct with respect to the honorofics used?

아니요, 남자아이는 여자가 아닙니다 : Why would the sentence start with '요 ' (아니요) and end with 'ㅂ니다' (아닙니다)? I thought both were used in different levels of formality. Is it correct for the same sentence to use both ...