Questions tagged [verb-endings]

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54 views

The Propositive mood in different speech levels

I want to use thee verb 살다 and express: "let us live together" [literally: with-me together let's-live] Formal Levels: Hasoseo-che (하소서체) 저랑 같이 사사사이다 Hasipsio-che (하십시오체) 저랑 같이 사십니다 저랑 ...
1 vote
2 answers
80 views

What is the etymology of the question ending `ㄴ가`/`는가`/`ㄹ가(ㄹ까)`?

Since for the ending ㄴ가/는가/ㄹ가(ㄹ까), there is an obligatorily incorporated "relativiser-looking" particle (ㄴ/는/ㄹ), I am wondering whether this expression has evolved from a "relative ...
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1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Could someone clarify the use of -(아/어)하다 with adjectives?

I know that (아/어)하다 is used for other people’s desires (3rd person). For 1st and 2nd, you would just use the regular form. However, it is acceptable to use (아/어)하다 in 1st person if you are referring ...
2 votes
3 answers
133 views

Is 없다 a "descriptive verb"?

Previously I thought there is no structural difference between adjectives and verbs in Korean, since all Korean words which are translated as adjectives into English are actually verbs which express ...
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1 vote
1 answer
75 views

How the honorific verb 뵙다 becomes 봬요 in informal style & standard politeness?

I am struggling to understand the conjugation rule to conjugate 뵙다 in present tense, informal style & standard politeness. Here's what I would expect: 1) 뵙다 (to see) is the honorific verb of 보다. 2)...
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

What purpose does 기 serve in this context?

I was watching a Kpop group answer some questions and one of the questions they got was “what do you want to do this year?” Their answer was to meet their fans (팬 만나기). So what purpose does the 기 ...
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

Usage of the 요 form for verbs

If I'm talking with a friend that is a few years older than me should I use the 요 form for verbs or should I use the completely informal speech?
2 votes
1 answer
770 views

How are the honorific forms of the verb 이다 created?

From what I understood, for the present tense there are the following forms that can be used depending on the situation. Here I've made some examples of these with the verb 하다 and I've written the ...
1 vote
2 answers
164 views

How do you say 'Are you laughing?' in Korean + Verb Question

I'm a few weeks into learning Korean and I learned how to write statemnts and questions via (습니 까 & 습니다). We take verbs, drop the -다 and apply the correct formula. However, my textbook also showed ...
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1 vote
1 answer
878 views

How is 뵙다 conjugated to 뵐게요?

뵐게요 means (I)'ll see (you), but I am struggling to see how to arrive in this form. Applying the most general verb conjugation rule for 해요체 to 뵙다 (to humbly meet/see), I expect to get 뵙어요. But if we ...
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1 vote
1 answer
221 views

How to pronounce -다 in dictionary form?

From what I've learnt, ㄷ is pronounced /t/ at the start of a word or end of a syllable, and /d/ if it's at the start of a syllable. So I am a bit confused as to why the -다 at the end of some verbs (in ...
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1 vote
3 answers
816 views

Meaning of 시죠 in 강아지 안 키우시죠

The translation I have for the sentence is "You don't have a dog": 강아지 안 키우시죠. After investigating the ending "시죠", I came to the conclusion that the translation was wrong and it ...
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1 vote
1 answer
193 views

아니요, 남자아이는 여자가 아닙니다. Is this sentence gramatically correct with respect to the honorofics used?

아니요, 남자아이는 여자가 아닙니다 : Why would the sentence start with '요 ' (아니요) and end with 'ㅂ니다' (아닙니다)? I thought both were used in different levels of formality. Is it correct for the same sentence to use both ...
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0 votes
2 answers
609 views

전공한 or 전공하는 - Present tense modifier

I am wondering whether 중국어을 전공한 학생 or 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be more correct? Is -는 used in verbs, so 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be right?
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1 vote
1 answer
259 views

Difference between -지/죠 and -(으)ㄴ가(요)?

The title summerises my dilemma... What is the difference between -지/죠 and -(으)ㄴ가(요)? I know 지/죠 but I've read that 은가 is more like I'm reflecting on something and asking for people's opinion ...
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1 vote
1 answer
379 views

What is the dictionary form of 깁니다?

I'm learning on Duolingo, and the sentence is 영화가 깁니다. I also use a Memrise deck to help me remember the words, but I always put verbs in their dictionary form. To make sure I'm using the right ...
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0 votes
1 answer
531 views

Grammar: -러 가다 with 가러 가다?

I have a question about -러 가다 grammar. I wanted to write a small text and one sentence sounds 사람들은 바다에 가러 여행을 자주 가요. Is this possible? or do I need to change the form of 가러 to 가려 and 가요 to 해요? Thank ...
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0 votes
1 answer
187 views

space: ~verb해 드립니다 or verb해드립니다

How does the space work in verb + 해드립니다? Please let us know whether it should be case 1 or case 2. Example 1. case 1. 반송해 드립니다 vs case 2. 반송해드립니다. Example 2. case 1. 포워드해 드립니다 vs case 2. ...
1 vote
2 answers
827 views

What is the meaning of the ~ㄹ까나 ending?

I have heard that it's (1) meaningless and (2) a more playful version of ㄹ까. Not considering pronunciation, it also seems to be somewhat similar to the Japanese ending ~かな. Examples 그래서 우리 슬로건이라고 할까나?...
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2 votes
1 answer
368 views

Auxiliary verb VS. light verb

How do I distinguish between auxiliary verbs and light verbs in Korean? And, is there a difference between the definition of these two between English and Korean?
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Correct usage of '~다' and '~이다'

Of course, '~이다' is followed by a noun ends with a letter with a final consonant whereas '~다' is followed by a noun ends with a letter without final consonants. Let this rule be (*) for reference. For ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
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5 votes
1 answer
232 views

When does 시 become 세?

In my Talk To Me In Korean book 'Real Life Conversations For Beginners', there is a dialog which includes the translation: "Are you a student?" / 학생 이세요 I was expecting the sentence to be 학생 이시에요, if ...
4 votes
2 answers
506 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
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4 votes
2 answers
434 views

Negatives: 안- vs -지 못하다

I haven't met my colleagues yet: My attempt: 내 동료들이 아직 안만(난/나요) Naver: 아직 동료들을 만나지 못했어 This I kind of don't get why you use 못하다... To be honest, I'm really puzzled by the use of this verb. I see it ...
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2 votes
2 answers
93 views

Translation of "My colleagues have never been to Europe"

I've recently come back to Korean after a (fairly) long break and I'm surprised by how much I've forgotten. I got back into some vocab word lists and making sentences with them. I had a few questions ...
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1 vote
1 answer
121 views

What do the different forms of 있다 mean?

있다 means: to be to lie to take place In the text book I only learnt 있어요 While watching K-dramas, I saw SOOOO many forms that I've no idea what they mean: 있어: Is this because the 요 is dropped? 있는, ...
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1 vote
2 answers
300 views

Why does this word not get an irregular conjugation?

웃다 conjugated in the past tense is 웃었어요 There is a rule that says if the verb stem ends in a ㅅ then you drop the ㅅ if the conjugation being added starts with a vowel. (For example, 짓다 -> 지었어요) Why ...
6 votes
2 answers
124 views

Imperative forms ending in -ᄉ/것

Can somebody explain the construction of imperative forms like 섯 (stop) and 담배피우지 말것 (don't smoke)? Because ᄉ and 것 aren't considered to be imperative endings. Are these forms popular in everyday ...
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1 vote
1 answer
2k views

How did 아프다 conjugate to 아파?

When conjugating the word 아프다, how did we drop the vowel before 다(-da) and add the 아 (-a) to it? Is it a normal conjugation rule for verbs? E.g. in the sentence 하네요 여기가 아파. I'm just saying, it ...
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2 votes
1 answer
767 views

What does 줬는데요 mean?

What does 줬는데요 mean? What's the root word for 줬는데요? For example in this sentence from the vlive video 유니콘 인형도 있어요. 제가 이름도 붙여줬는데요. I have a unicorn doll. I gave a name to it. 이름도 붙여줬는데요 here means ...
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3 votes
1 answer
102 views

Is 학습할 a participle in the following extract?

각 단원에서, 학습할 한글 자모의 획순과 발음, 음절 구성을 제시합니다. ● 각 단원에서 In each chapter, ● 학습할 한글 자모의 획순과 the Hanguel character order that will be learnt, and * (한글 자모의 획순) = Korean character order * (학습할)...
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2 votes
2 answers
187 views

In this sentence, does 되는 function as an adjective? verb?

한국어의 모든 자음은, 받침으로 사용할 수 있지만, 음절의 끝소리가 되는 자음은 ‘ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅇ’의 7가지입니다. This question is about 되는. Usually 는 is is a marker for subjects or adjectives. I thought 되는 자음은 might be an ...
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3 votes
4 answers
7k views

What is the difference between ~다면서 and ~다며

Lately I have been listening to the song 좋아 that 민서 sings. The first part of the song goes: 이제 괜찮니 너무 힘들었다며 너의 그 마무리가 고작 이별뿐일 거라 우린 괜찮다면서 I was wondering if someone could explain to me the usage ...
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

meaning of 입니까?

I saw this post where someone asked about the meaning of 지금 다른 나라는 며칠입니까. And I was wondering what does 입니까 mean and is it okay to use 지금 다른 나라는 며칠이에요? And can you also say 나라에 or 나라에서 (not sure when ...
4 votes
1 answer
856 views

Meaning of 어야 되다 with 이다

I am quite confused with the precise meaning of 어야 되다/하다 with the copula 이다. I know that 어야 되다/하다 means an obligation or that a certain condition has to be met. But consider the following examples: ...
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2 votes
3 answers
211 views

Making Future Adnominals (Using ㄹ) With Descriptive Verbs

Are there any restrictions on using (으)ㄹ with descriptive verbs? For example, could I use 넓을 거리 (a street that will be wide) or 굵을 나무 (a tree that will be big and thick) and so on? Is there any ...
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다? Both of these verbs have the meaning to drink or to eat.
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5 votes
2 answers
503 views

ㅂ irregular verbs

Korean irregulars are, sometimes, kind of regular, because of rules for conjugation of different patchims. However, I realized today I don't know how to conjugate "regular" irregulars with a ㅂ patchim....
5 votes
1 answer
196 views

Multiple `(으)시` in a sentence for honoring target?

I find that I am anxious about making sure to honor the person that I'm speaking about, especially if they are the person I am speaking to or are of a high position. Take this interrogative sentence ...
6 votes
2 answers
8k views

기로 하다 VS. (으)려 하다

Are these two ending forms pretty much interchangable? Someone suggested that it is a matter of degree, with 기로 하다 being a strong intention (or promise) while (으)려 하다 being more a bit weaker, maybe ...
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference in speaking between the question endings 나, (으/느)냐, and (는/ㄴ)가?

I've read and been told divergent and confusing information regarding these three question ending styles. Note that I'm not asking about their neutral use in academic and other written contexts, just ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Grammar/meaning of 나 봐 / 보나 봐

I sometimes hear this phrase but I don't understand what the grammar/meaning is. It's a construction with 보다, right? I didn't find anything for A/V + 나보다 or 보나보다 or anything like that. Where does it ...
5 votes
1 answer
840 views

Usage of -더니 for reason or cause

I am trying to understand how -더니 or ㅆ더니 is used for reason or cause. I read somewhere that ㅆ더니 (as in 잤더니 below) is for talking about yourself. Is it right? I think tense should be considered while ...
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5 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the difference between 할래요 and 하고 싶어요?

Or more specifically, the difference between V + (으)ㄹ래요 V + 고 싶어요 They both seem to express intention in doing something, equivalent to "I want to do" in English. What is the difference?
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6 votes
3 answers
575 views

Can the -ㅁ nominalizer ending be attached to all 용언?

As far as I understand, the -ㅁ ending can be added to a verb to make a noun representing a ‘completed’ or ‘embodied’ action. for example: 말하다 means to speak, 말씀 means speech. 만나다 means to meet;...
5 votes
2 answers
676 views

What does 다할 from 다하다 mean and what is '-ㄹ' after '다하'?

I came across this sentence 힘이 다할 때까지 which means as I understood "until (your) strength runs out". 힘이 means power/strength, and once I looked for 다할, it says it comes from the verb 다하다. But what ...
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Korean sentence ending that implies "Be careful! <X> might happen"?

I would like to express "Be careful. < Something > might happen" in Korean. Is there a sentence ending or any special construct in Korean grammar that implies this? I am sorry if the question ...
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4 votes
1 answer
691 views

How can I use endings like -네요 and -거든요 when using 합쇼체 or 해라체?

The sentence endings -네(요) and -거든(요) can easily be used when speaking in 해요체 and 해체: 비가 오네 A: 정장 입었네요... B: 면접 있거든요. But how can I express the same meaning if I'm speaking in 합쇼체 or 해라체? (Or in ...
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3 votes
1 answer
489 views

What are the relationships (if any) between the endings -(으)ㄹ 거예요, -(으)ㄹ게(요), -게(요), and -(으)ㄹ게 까(요)?

There are four endings in Korean that as a learner I tend to confuse as they seem to share some similarities in form and meaning: (으)ㄹ 거예요 is the 해요체 form of the (으)ㄹ 것이다 construction, which can be ...