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Questions tagged [verb-endings]

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2
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1answer
63 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
5
votes
1answer
54 views

When does 시 become 세?

In my Talk To Me In Korean book 'Real Life Conversations For Beginners', there is a dialog which includes the translation: "Are you a student?" / 학생 이세요 I was expecting the sentence to be 학생 이시에요, if ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
4
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2answers
55 views

Negatives: 안- vs -지 못하다

I haven't met my colleagues yet: My attempt: 내 동료들이 아직 안만(난/나요) Naver: 아직 동료들을 만나지 못했어 This I kind of don't get why you use 못하다... To be honest, I'm really puzzled by the use of this verb. I see it ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Translation of “My colleagues have never been to Europe”

I've recently come back to Korean after a (fairly) long break and I'm surprised by how much I've forgotten. I got back into some vocab word lists and making sentences with them. I had a few questions ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What do the different forms of 있다 mean?

있다 means: to be to lie to take place In the text book I only learnt 있어요 While watching K-dramas, I saw SOOOO many forms that I've no idea what they mean: 있어: Is this because the 요 is dropped? 있는, ...
1
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2answers
56 views

Why does this word not get an irregular conjugation?

웃다 conjugated in the past tense is 웃었어요 There is a rule that says if the verb stem ends in a ㅅ then you drop the ㅅ if the conjugation being added starts with a vowel. (For example, 짓다 -> 지었어요) Why ...
5
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2answers
52 views

Imperative forms ending in -ᄉ/것

Can somebody explain the construction of imperative forms like 섯 (stop) and 담배피우지 말것 (don't smoke)? Because ᄉ and 것 aren't considered to be imperative endings. Are these forms popular in everyday ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

How did 아프다 conjugate to 아파?

When conjugating the word 아프다, how did we drop the vowel before 다(-da) and add the 아 (-a) to it? Is it a normal conjugation rule for verbs? E.g. in the sentence 하네요 여기가 아파. I'm just saying, it ...
2
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1answer
179 views

What does 줬는데요 mean?

What does 줬는데요 mean? What's the root word for 줬는데요? For example in this sentence from the vlive video 유니콘 인형도 있어요. 제가 이름도 붙여줬는데요. I have a unicorn doll. I gave a name to it. 이름도 붙여줬는데요 here means ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Is 학습할 a participle in the following extract?

각 단원에서, 학습할 한글 자모의 획순과 발음, 음절 구성을 제시합니다. ● 각 단원에서 In each chapter, ● 학습할 한글 자모의 획순과 the Hanguel character order THAT WILL BE learnt, and * (한글 자모의 획순) = Korean character order * (학습할)...
1
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2answers
48 views

In this sentence, does 되는 function as an adjective? verb?

한국어의 모든 자음은, 받침으로 사용할 수 있지만, 음절의 끝소리가 되는 자음은 ‘ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅇ’의 7가지입니다. This question is about 되는. Usually 는 is is a marker for subjects or adjectives. I thought 되는 자음은 might be an ...
3
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3answers
691 views

What is the difference between ~다면서 and ~다며

Lately I have been listening to the song 좋아 that 민서 sings. The first part of the song goes: 이제 괜찮니 너무 힘들었다며 너의 그 마무리가 고작 이별뿐일 거라 우린 괜찮다면서 I was wondering if someone could explain to me the usage ...
2
votes
1answer
307 views

meaning of 입니까?

I saw this post where someone asked about the meaning of 지금 다른 나라는 며칠입니까. And I was wondering what does 입니까 mean and is it okay to use 지금 다른 나라는 며칠이에요? And can you also say 나라에 or 나라에서 (not sure when ...
3
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1answer
172 views

Meaning of 어야 되다 with 이다

I am quite confused with the precise meaning of 어야 되다/하다 with the copula 이다. I know that 어야 되다/하다 means an obligation or that a certain condition has to be met. But consider the following examples: ...
2
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3answers
109 views

Making Future Adnominals (Using ㄹ) With Descriptive Verbs

Are there any restrictions on using (으)ㄹ with descriptive verbs? For example, could I use 넓을 거리 (a street that will be wide) or 굵을 나무 (a tree that will be big and thick) and so on? Is there any ...
3
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2answers
209 views

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다? Both of these verbs have the meaning to drink or to eat.
6
votes
2answers
166 views

ㅂ irregular verbs

Korean irregulars are, sometimes, kind of regular, because of rules for conjugation of different patchims. However, I realized today I don't know how to conjugate "regular" irregulars with a ㅂ patchim....
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Multiple `(으)시` in a sentence for honoring target?

I find that I am anxious about making sure to honor the person that I'm speaking about, especially if they are the person I am speaking to or are of a high position. Take this interrogative sentence ...
6
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2answers
2k views

기로 하다 VS. (으)려 하다

Are these two ending forms pretty much interchangable? Someone suggested that it is a matter of degree, with 기로 하다 being a strong intention (or promise) while (으)려 하다 being more a bit weaker, maybe ...
8
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2answers
382 views

What is the difference in speaking between the question endings 나, (으/느)냐, and (는/ㄴ)가?

I've read and been told divergent and confusing information regarding these three question ending styles. Note that I'm not asking about their neutral use in academic and other written contexts, just ...
5
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2answers
328 views

Grammar/meaning of 나 봐 / 보나 봐

I sometimes hear this phrase but I don't understand what the grammar/meaning is. It's a construction with 보다, right? I didn't find anything for A/V + 나보다 or 보나보다 or anything like that. Where does it ...
6
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1answer
235 views

Usage of -더니 for reason or cause

I am trying to understand how -더니 or ㅆ더니 is used for reason or cause. I read somewhere that ㅆ더니 (as in 잤더니 below) is for talking about yourself. Is it right? I think tense should be considered while ...
6
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1answer
607 views

What is the difference between 할래요 and 하고 싶어요?

Or more specifically, the difference between V + (으)ㄹ래요 V + 고 싶어요 They both seem to express intention in doing something, equivalent to "I want to do" in English. What is the difference?
5
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3answers
169 views

Can the -ㅁ nominalizer ending be attached to all 용언?

As far as I understand, the -ㅁ ending can be added to a verb to make a noun representing a ‘completed’ or ‘embodied’ action. for example: 말하다 means to speak, 말씀 means speech. 만나다 means to meet;...
5
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2answers
179 views

What does 다할 from 다하다 mean and what is '-ㄹ' after '다하'?

I came across this sentence 힘이 다할 때까지 which means as I understood "until (your) strength runs out". 힘이 means power/strength, and once I looked for 다할, it says it comes from the verb 다하다. But what ...
7
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4answers
738 views

Korean sentence ending that implies “Be careful! <X> might happen”?

I would like to express "Be careful. < Something > might happen" in Korean. Is there a sentence ending or any special construct in Korean grammar that implies this? I am sorry if the question ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

How can I use endings like -네요 and -거든요 when using 합쇼체 or 해라체?

The sentence endings -네(요) and -거든(요) can easily be used when speaking in 해요체 and 해체: 비가 오네 A: 정장 입었네요... B: 면접 있거든요. But how can I express the same meaning if I'm speaking in 합쇼체 or 해라체? (...
2
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1answer
75 views

What are the relationships (if any) between the endings -(으)ㄹ 거예요, -(으)ㄹ게(요), -게(요), and -(으)ㄹ게 까(요)?

There are four endings in Korean that as a learner I tend to confuse as they seem to share some similarities in form and meaning: (으)ㄹ 거예요 is the 해요체 form of the (으)ㄹ 것이다 construction, which can be ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Are ㄹ게(요) and ㄹ께(요) grammatically the same ending?

The ㄹ게(요) construction is said to denote a promise: 제가 시간을 낼게요. I will make time. However, I have seen a construction that seems to have a similar meaning, but is spelled slightly differently: ...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

Why is the 겠 particle used in '알겠습니다'?

알겠습니다 seems to translate to something like "certainly, sir" or "very good, sir" - a formal way to show that you have understood what has been said or asked. Does the 겠 particle here have its normal ...
4
votes
1answer
305 views

How many verb/adjective endings are there?

Every time I turn a page of a textbook, there's a new verb/adjective ending. How many are there, and is there an authoritative, complete list of them anywhere? I found one extensive list, but there's ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

What's the difference between [아/어]서, ~다가 and ~ㅆ다가 when describing one event happening after another?

These 3 verb endings can all be used when one event follows another, but what's the difference between them? [아/어]서 can be used causally, but I'm specifically talking about when it is used to say ...
10
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2answers
794 views

Difference between negating with 안 and -지 않다

There are two ways to negate Korean verbs: By prepending 안 ("안 춥다") By appending -지 않다 ("춥지 않다") Are there rules for which one to use? Or does the method used change the meaning of the sentence?
9
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between -지 않다, -지 못하다, and -ㄹ/을 수 없다?

One aspect of Korean that seems to cause issues for beginners is how to correctly say they will not/cannot do something. (Personally, I feel I use them correctly, but this is a really common issue I ...
13
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3answers
8k views

What's the meaning of -아/어 가지고, which I hear a lot in spoken language?

I hear "가지고" used a lot in spoken language (almost never in written language); for example: 고기를 잡아 가지고 찌개를 끓였다. ([He] caught a fish and made jjigae (stew).) It's not hard for me to understand ...
8
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1answer
251 views

When to use -세요 and when -(으)ㅂ니다?

This is one the questions from the definition phase and I would like to get it discussed in the main site. (으)세요 and (으)ㅂ니다 are both honorific ending. When should we use one over the other?
3
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2answers
635 views

Is there any difference in meaning between the ~더라도 and ~도 verb endings?

I think the ~더라도 and ~도 endings both mean 'if' (roughly speaking). Are there any differences in meaning? If they're not interchangeable, when would I use one or the other?
9
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1answer
494 views

Difference ㄹ래요 vs ㄹ까요

Example: 뭐 먹을래요? 뭐 먹을까요? I have been told that I can use both questions to ask the same thing. Is it exactly the same? When should I use one or the other? How would you translate this exactly?
10
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1answer
653 views

Negative form of verbs. -하지 않다 versus -치 않다

In my Korean readings, I occasionally come across the verb ending -치 않다. As I understand it, this is a shortened form of -하지 않다. However, I have never seen this used with action verbs, only ...