Questions tagged [verb]

For questions regarding verbs. Words used to describe an action or state.

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Spacing rules for the verb 이다

Recently I was studying and saw the verb 이다 being written along with the object, like 저는 한국 사람입니다, but I have also seen it written apart (as I thought was the correct form), like this 저는 한국 사람 입니다. ...
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Which is the correct verb for ‘to correct (straighten) one’s uniform’?

Using zKorean, I came across numerous entries when searching for the verb ‘to correct’: 정정하다 (jeongjeonghada) 정오하다 (jeong-o-hada) 첨삭하다 (cheomsaghada) 교정하다 (gyojeonghada) 수정하다 (sujeonghada) 보정하다 (...
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2 votes
3 answers
64 views

Is 없다 a "descriptive verb"?

Previously I thought there is no structural difference between adjectives and verbs in Korean, since all Korean words which are translated as adjectives into English are actually verbs which express ...
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Why 갖다 instead of 가져 in "차를 갖다 드릴까요"

Even though I've already asked a question about 갖다 as shown here, I just stumbled upon a usage of 갖다 which I find intriguing. The concerned phrase is 차를 갖다 드릴까요?. I know this means "Shall I bring ...
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갖다 vs 가지다: much like 해 instead of 하?

I'm a post-beginner in Korean. Before I go to the point, I guess I should summarize what I know about Korean grammar likely related to this question. I know that, in Korean, the radical of the verbs (...
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3 votes
2 answers
48 views

What is the morphemic analysis of "헤엄치다"?

I am curious whether 헤엄치다 and 헤다 are related. However, if they really are related, where does that 어 in 헤엄치다 come from?
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1 answer
59 views

Is the irregular verb 몰라요 an exception?

I am wondering why the infinitive verb 모르다 (do not know) is conjugated as 몰라요 in informal style and standard politeness? 모르다 is an irregular verb because the base form 모르 ends with ㅡ so the vowel ㅡ is ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How the honorific verb 뵙다 becomes 봬요 in informal style & standard politeness?

I am struggling to understand the conjugation rule to conjugate 뵙다 in present tense, informal style & standard politeness. Here's what I would expect: 1) 뵙다 (to see) is the honorific verb of 보다. 2)...
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3 votes
2 answers
68 views

Why the verb 'meet' is not at the end in the sentence 만나서 반갑습니다?

This sentence: '만나서 반갑습니다' means 'I am glad to meet you'. The word '만나서' means 'meet' and then '반갑습니다' if we takes its dictionary base form '반갑다' means 'glad or joyful'. 만나서 is a verb and 반갑다 is an ...
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Three instances of the 은 particle in a row

I'm having a hard time trying to guess the meaning of the third 은 in this sentence: 남산은 놉은 산은 아니지만 참 아름답습니다. I know that this sentence means "Namsan is not a tall mountain, but it's really ...
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63 views

What is the informal/impolite interrogative form of 이다?

What is the interrogative informal form of 이다? Is it 냐/이냐? I wasn't able to find this answer anywhere so here I am asking ^^
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1 answer
54 views

Usage of the 요 form for verbs

If I'm talking with a friend that is a few years older than me should I use the 요 form for verbs or should I use the completely informal speech?
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2 answers
103 views

Should I use ㅂ니다 in the sentence "this is an apple"?

Is it correct to say "이거는 사괍니다?
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2 votes
1 answer
424 views

How are the honorific forms of the verb 이다 created?

From what I understood, for the present tense there are the following forms that can be used depending on the situation. Here I've made some examples of these with the verb 하다 and I've written the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How is the honorific informal form of verbes created?

From what I understood, if I want to talk about my teacher with my friend I have to use the honorific informal form, but how do I create this form? Do I just remove 다 from the verb to then make it ...
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1 answer
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되 conjugated: 돼, 되어 both acceptable?

For verbs ending in 되다: Can all such verbs conjugated as ~돼 for the infinitive form? And similarly can all such verbs also be conjugated as ~되어 for the infinitive form? Does it depend on the verb as ...
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How do you say 'Are you laughing?' in Korean + Verb Question

I'm a few weeks into learning Korean and I learned how to write statemnts and questions via (습니 까 & 습니다). We take verbs, drop the -다 and apply the correct formula. However, my textbook also showed ...
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156 views

What does ...지군 하다 mean? When is it used?

What is ...지군 하다 ending used for? For example, 이어지군 하는데 or 하였다. 자기 일터에 대한 많고많은 자랑을 하나둘 꼽아갈 때마다 종업원들의 이야기는 저도모르게 직장장에 대한 이야기로 이어지군 하였다.
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When we can use the construction ...로 하여금?

그로 하여금 편지를 쓰게 하다 - to make him write a letter. Can't we just use 그가 편지를 쓰게 하다?
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1 vote
3 answers
173 views

What is the meaning of 담겨져있다?

담기다 means to be put, so it's already a passive voice. But what means 담겨지다 and 담겨져있다? Where they can be used?
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1 vote
1 answer
131 views

Difference between 모르다 and 몰라하다

What's the difference between 모르다 and 몰라하다? Some adjectives can form verbs by adding -어/여/아 하다, but in this case, 모르다 is verb.
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1 answer
32 views

What is construction of 그러시고는?

What means 그러시고는 (I guess, it means "after that") and what construction it has? E.g. 그러시고는 몸소 그 탁아소를 찾아주시였다 I guess, it is formed by verb 그렇다, but does the "h" disappear before 시?
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1 vote
2 answers
268 views

Future tense for “buy”

I started learning Korean recently and I’m learning future tense. I need some help regarding my approach to a word. 사다 - to buy Since 사 ends with a vowel, I assume it’s future tense would be: 살 거예요 ...
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1 answer
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Meaning of 애써 아무렇다

In Sunmi's Who Am I, the first words of the song are 애써 아무렇지 않은 척 / 쿨한 척 센 척은 필요 없어 which is apparently translated as "You don't need to pretend nothing's wrong, you don't need to pretend to be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
199 views

Valid usage of -"십니다"?

I came across this sentence in a textbook. 김선생님은 차 타고 서울로 가십니다. Meaning "Mr. Kim goes to Seoul by car". My doubt concerns the suffix -shimnida. Previously I came across the interrogative -...
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Use of 싫다/좋다 as affirmation/negation

In (G)I-DLE's Put It Straight, lyrics include the following lines: 싫다고 말해 / 사랑하지 않는다고 말해 봐 / 내 맘이 떠날 거 같이 / 너가 미워질 거 같이 좋다고 말해 / 아니 사랑하고 있다고 말해 줘 / 좋았던 그때와 같이 / 이제 사랑할 순 없니 I read 싫다고 말해 and 좋다고 말해 ...
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1 answer
72 views

Doubt about "Both X and Y"

As a beginner in Korean but with a knowledge of basic Japanese grammar, so far I tried to draw analogies between the grammars of both languages. Maybe it's not the right approach, but even so, I would ...
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1 vote
1 answer
108 views

"Must not" and "don't have to"

Could someone tell me how to say in Korean: mustn't [it is forbidden] {One mustn't kill people.} don't have to [it isn't forbidden but unnecessary] {I don't have to clean my room.}
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3 votes
1 answer
242 views

Does the suffix 다 identify verbs and adjectives?

Even though I've read this article, I would still like to clarify something about the 다 particle/suffix (not sure of the terminology, as a beginner). So far, and as someone with a basic knowledge of ...
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2 votes
1 answer
104 views

Absence of subject marker?

This sentence with a relative clause is intriguing me: 비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] I know that this means "There are many people who are looking at the ...
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  • 237
1 vote
2 answers
211 views

Separation in verbs with 고

Now that I'm a bit more into the Korean language I've noticed that some verbs that have 고 in the middle are separated there. For instance, I've seen 보고싶다 used like 보고 싶다 or 보고 싶어. I was wondering, ...
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2 votes
3 answers
299 views

What does “계실겁니다” mean?

everyone. I am new here, so I hope that you will not mind if I ask you a question. I am currently reading a Korean comic titled “문신”. If you wish to read the original version, please see the following ...
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0 votes
0 answers
104 views

What's the specific verb for listening to/enjoying a concert?

What's the verb specifically for listening to/enjoying a concert/music? I think there is a (Hanja) based verb for listening to/enjoying a concert/music. Unfortunately, dictionaries/translation tools ...
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1 vote
1 answer
744 views

How is 뵙다 conjugated to 뵐게요?

뵐게요 means (I)'ll see (you), but I am struggling to see how to arrive in this form. Applying the most general verb conjugation rule for 해요체 to 뵙다 (to humbly meet/see), I expect to get 뵙어요. But if we ...
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2 votes
1 answer
174 views

How do you write “conquer” in Korean?

I want to get a tattoo in Korean that means “conquer”. Conquer as in overcoming a weakness or conquering your fears. Please let me know. Thank you for your help!
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0 votes
2 answers
526 views

전공한 or 전공하는 - Present tense modifier

I am wondering whether 중국어을 전공한 학생 or 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be more correct? Is -는 used in verbs, so 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be right?
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1 answer
270 views

When to use 되다?

I learned from a Talk to Me in Korean lesson that the verb 되다 means "to be done" or "to be possible," and is often used in the format (verb)+ 야 + 되다 to describe what one must or should do. However, I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
346 views

What is the dictionary form of 깁니다?

I'm learning on Duolingo, and the sentence is 영화가 깁니다. I also use a Memrise deck to help me remember the words, but I always put verbs in their dictionary form. To make sure I'm using the right ...
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1 vote
2 answers
293 views

What's the difference between 보내다 and 보내여오다?

In news articles, I often face 보내여오다 past form instead of 보내다. 김정은동지께 우간다대통령이 선물을 보내여왔다. But I cannot find it in vocabulary. What is the difference? Why can not be just 보냈다?
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1 vote
1 answer
202 views

present tense of "deceive" in this sentence using "속았으며"

I'm taking this sentence and making it present tense, but the verb may be taking the passive form (피동사) here, so I'm unsure of the dictionary form since I don't know if it's passive. Please don't ...
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1 answer
1k views

Conjugation of 이시다

Could you please tell me if this is correct? 이다 --> 이시다 Present tense 야 / 이야 --> 셔 / 이셔 예요 / 이에요 --> 세요 / 이세요 인다 --> 이시다 입니다 --> 이십니다 Past tense 였어 --> 였셔 였어요 --> 였세요 였다 --> ...
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0 votes
1 answer
417 views

What is the difference between 타고나다 and 태어나다?

Both of these words - 타고나다 and 태어나다 seem to mean "be born". This pair seems to not be in the category of transitive/intransitive verb which is common in Korean. Also, both seem to be often used to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
489 views

How to say "something is broken (in the past)"?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
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1 vote
1 answer
519 views

Is the compound verb used only for the third-person subject?

According to the following explanation on the compound verb section on Duolingo: It can also mean "to act like..." For example, 슬프다="to be sad" while 슬퍼하다="to act sad." Usually this aspect of ~하다 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
339 views

Auxiliary verb VS. light verb

How do I distinguish between auxiliary verbs and light verbs in Korean? And, is there a difference between the definition of these two between English and Korean?
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3 votes
1 answer
164 views

Passive "to be brought" in Korean

If the verb "bring" is 가져오다 or 가져가다, what will be the passive of it? Because it seems there is no passive form for 오다 or 가다.
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  • 1,220
3 votes
2 answers
273 views

Difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다

Is there any difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다? In official style I have faced 도착하게 되다 several times. Why this verb is used instead of 도착하다?
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3 votes
1 answer
208 views

Passive form of verbs which end in 하다 and 주다

In general, how can we build the passive forms from verbs which end in 하다 and 주다? Can we always use 되다 as passive of 하다? E.g. 시작하다-시작되다 or 청소하다-청소되다? What will be the passive of 영향 주다? Can we use 영향 ...
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4 votes
3 answers
404 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
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6 votes
1 answer
463 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
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