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Questions tagged [verb]

For questions regarding verbs. Words used to describe an action or state.

2
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1answer
63 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
3
votes
1answer
37 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Verb endings usage in DPRK

In the Korean language learning book, published in Pyongyang, the appendix shows Korean verb endings, including 네, 리라, 아라/어라/여라, 리, 마, which I met only in North Korean patriotic songs. Are these ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Construction of Verb + 나가다

As I know, the verb 나가다 means "to leave", "to get out", "to exit". I met many usages of this verb added to some other verbs, but I can't figure out it's functionality. 자주통일의 앞길을 힘차게 열어나가자! (open + ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What do the different forms of 있다 mean?

있다 means: to be to lie to take place In the text book I only learnt 있어요 While watching K-dramas, I saw SOOOO many forms that I've no idea what they mean: 있어: Is this because the 요 is dropped? 있는, ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Imperative form -다주십시오 instead of -주십시오

How do you explain the sentences like 집에 데려다주십시오 or 옷을 가져다주십시오? Don't we say 데려주십시오 or 가져주십시오?
1
vote
2answers
65 views

How to expand the verb 불러일으키시였습니다?

How can I understand the verb 불러일으키시였습니다? As I see, it consists of 부르다 and is in past honorific form. How can I recognize the second component? I cannot find any form containing 일으키 in the vocabulary. ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

About adding -주 to the verb stem

As I know, the ending -시 is added to the verb stem to show a courtesy to somebody. But also I faced some cases with 1) -주 endings instead of -시 (미래도 희망도 다 맡아주는), 2) -주시 endings (for example 찾아주시면서/...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

How do you tell if a verb is irregular? What are the best dictionaries for things like this?

I didn't start learning too long ago so I don't know what a lot of the best Korean resources are. I've just been learning about irregulars, but it hasn't told me how to find out what the exceptions ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

How did 아프다 conjugate to 아파?

When conjugating the word 아프다, how did we drop the vowel before 다(-da) and add the 아 (-a) to it? Is it a normal conjugation rule for verbs? E.g. in the sentence 하네요 여기가 아파. I'm just saying, it ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

How do i conjugate 공부하다?

I am learning Korean and am practicing verb conjugation. I decided to write "I study a book". Following the conjugation for "하다" verbs, i wrote: 나는 책을 공부해. But when i checked a translation ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Which form is correct, 책 읽기 or 책을 읽기?

Adding ~기 to the stem of a verb changes that verb into a noun. I read somewhere that when the verb phrase has an object we have to omit the object particle(을/를) before adding 기. Let's look at the ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다? Both of these verbs have the meaning to drink or to eat.
5
votes
1answer
84 views

How does 말다 become 마

It is obvious for other forms (마세요, 마십시오) because of the ㄹ 받침 and 으, but 마 is 말 + 아, which means it should be 말아. However, I have never seen that (and in speech it would be heard as 마라 anyway). Does ...
6
votes
2answers
166 views

ㅂ irregular verbs

Korean irregulars are, sometimes, kind of regular, because of rules for conjugation of different patchims. However, I realized today I don't know how to conjugate "regular" irregulars with a ㅂ patchim....
9
votes
2answers
427 views

Is there a Korean equivalent to the verb “to google”?

Google search engine being dominant, the verb "to google" is commonly used to mean "to search using Google", or more generally "to search on Internet". Is there a Korean equivalent fo this verb in ...
5
votes
1answer
910 views

Future tense verb conjugation

What are the different ways of expressing future tense in Korean? When do I use which way? For example, I'm not aware of the difference between 먹을게 and 먹겠다.
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Is there any other verb except 하다 that conjugates with 여?

하 + 여 -> 해 (하여), but most other verbs (in fact, all of the ones I know about, if I'm not mistaken) take 아/어. Is there any other verb that conjugates with 여?
8
votes
1answer
229 views

Verbs that flip their meaning when '이' is inserted (e.g 죽다 vs 죽이다)

There's a pattern in Korean where one verb changes from passive to active or vice versa when '이' is inserted. For example, 죽다 (to die) : 죽이다 (to kill) 먹다 (to eat) : 먹이다 (to feed) 살다 (to live) : 살리다 (...
4
votes
4answers
168 views

Compound verbs : Is it possible to generate them, or are they limited to those already commonly known?

Korean contains many compound verbs consisting of two parts: 뛰놀다, meaning to frolic or gambol, comes from 뛰다 (run, jump) and 놀다 (play). 날아다니다, meaning to fly around, combines 날다 (fly), and 다니다 ...
4
votes
3answers
76 views

Why do some words show XX-X다 (들어-오다) form in a dictionary?

I wonder why some verbs display its dictionary form as XX-X다 (hyphen in the center). For example, enter in English can be looked up as 들어-오다. At first I thought these verbs should be used in split in ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Function of '주리다' in '굶주리다'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '굶주리다' means: 동사 (verb) 먹을 것이 없어서 배를 곯다. Starve without anything to eat. The verb seems to be related with '굶다' which means: 동사 (verb) 「…을」 ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요?

What is the Difference between 되었어요 and 됐어요? For example: -서울에 산 지 얼마나 되었어요? -오 년 됐어요. Or -일 년 육 개월 정도 되었어요. I know both answers are correct.
6
votes
1answer
805 views

What is the difference between 싫다 and 싫어하다?

In What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? the difference between 좋다/좋아하다 can easily be explained both through "good" vs. "like" and through plentiful examples of both in daily life. However, 싫다 ...
6
votes
2answers
231 views

What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다? What is the standard language?

This is an example question in Area 51. What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다?
5
votes
1answer
226 views

Using Verbs as Nouns (gerunds, word forms, complementizers, verbal nouns?)

As far as I know, a gerund is a verb modified to be used as a noun. For example in English, by adding -ing, I like eating, eating is the object to like, but eat is itself a verb. However this is not ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다?

This is a question from the proposal phase. What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? How do we distinguish between them?