Questions tagged [verb]

For questions regarding verbs. Words used to describe an action or state.

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1answer
68 views

Meaning of 애써 아무렇다

In Sunmi's Who Am I, the first words of the song are 애써 아무렇지 않은 척 / 쿨한 척 센 척은 필요 없어 which is apparently translated as "You don't need to pretend nothing's wrong, you don't need to pretend to be ...
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1answer
62 views

Valid usage of -“십니다”?

I came across this sentence in a textbook. 김선생님은 차 타고 서울로 가십니다. Meaning "Mr. Kim goes to Seoul by car". My doubt concerns the suffix -shimnida. Previously I came across the interrogative -...
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1answer
73 views

Use of 싫다/좋다 as affirmation/negation

In (G)I-DLE's Put It Straight, lyrics include the following lines: 싫다고 말해 / 사랑하지 않는다고 말해 봐 / 내 맘이 떠날 거 같이 / 너가 미워질 거 같이 좋다고 말해 / 아니 사랑하고 있다고 말해 줘 / 좋았던 그때와 같이 / 이제 사랑할 순 없니 I read 싫다고 말해 and 좋다고 말해 ...
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1answer
56 views

Doubt about “Both X and Y”

As a beginner in Korean but with a knowledge of basic Japanese grammar, so far I tried to draw analogies between the grammars of both languages. Maybe it's not the right approach, but even so, I would ...
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1answer
71 views

“Must not” and “don't have to”

Could someone tell me how to say in Korean: mustn't [it is forbidden] {One mustn't kill people.} don't have to [it isn't forbidden but unnecessary] {I don't have to clean my room.}
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1answer
64 views

Does the suffix 다 identify verbs and adjectives?

Even though I've read this article, I would still like to clarify something about the 다 particle/suffix (not sure of the terminology, as a beginner). So far, and as someone with a basic knowledge of ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Absence of subject marker?

This sentence with a relative clause is intriguing me: 비행기를 보는 사람이 많습니다. [pihaenggi-reul po-neun saram-i manh-seumni-da] I know that this means "There are many people who are looking at the ...
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2answers
131 views

Separation in verbs with 고

Now that I'm a bit more into the Korean language I've noticed that some verbs that have 고 in the middle are separated there. For instance, I've seen 보고싶다 used like 보고 싶다 or 보고 싶어. I was wondering, ...
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3answers
171 views

What does “계실겁니다” mean?

everyone. I am new here, so I hope that you will not mind if I ask you a question. I am currently reading a Korean comic titled “문신”. If you wish to read the original version, please see the following ...
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0answers
92 views

What's the specific verb for listening to/enjoying a concert?

What's the verb specifically for listening to/enjoying a concert/music? I think there is a (Hanja) based verb for listening to/enjoying a concert/music. Unfortunately, dictionaries/translation tools ...
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1answer
200 views

How is 뵙다 conjugated to 뵐게요?

뵐게요 means (I)'ll see (you), but I am struggling to see how to arrive in this form. Applying the most general verb conjugation rule for 해요체 to 뵙다 (to humbly meet/see), I expect to get 뵙어요. But if we ...
2
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1answer
111 views

How do you write “conquer” in Korean?

I want to get a tattoo in Korean that means “conquer”. Conquer as in overcoming a weakness or conquering your fears. Please let me know. Thank you for your help!
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2answers
266 views

전공한 or 전공하는 - Present tense modifier

I am wondering whether 중국어을 전공한 학생 or 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be more correct? Is -는 used in verbs, so 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be right?
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1answer
132 views

When to use 되다?

I learned from a Talk to Me in Korean lesson that the verb 되다 means "to be done" or "to be possible," and is often used in the format (verb)+ 야 + 되다 to describe what one must or should do. However, I ...
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1answer
204 views

What is the dictionary form of 깁니다?

I'm learning on Duolingo, and the sentence is 영화가 깁니다. I also use a Memrise deck to help me remember the words, but I always put verbs in their dictionary form. To make sure I'm using the right ...
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2answers
164 views

What's the difference between 보내다 and 보내여오다?

In news articles, I often face 보내여오다 past form instead of 보내다. 김정은동지께 우간다대통령이 선물을 보내여왔다. But I cannot find it in vocabulary. What is the difference? Why can not be just 보냈다?
1
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1answer
135 views

present tense of “deceive” in this sentence using “속았으며”

I'm taking this sentence and making it present tense, but the verb may be taking the passive form (피동사) here, so I'm unsure of the dictionary form since I don't know if it's passive. Please don't ...
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1answer
525 views

Conjugation of 이시다

Could you please tell me if this is correct? 이다 --> 이시다 Present tense 야 / 이야 --> 셔 / 이셔 예요 / 이에요 --> 세요 / 이세요 인다 --> 이시다 입니다 --> 이십니다 Past tense 였어 --> 였셔 였어요 --> 였세요 였다 --> ...
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1answer
217 views

What is the difference between 타고나다 and 태어나다?

Both of these words - 타고나다 and 태어나다 seem to mean "be born". This pair seems to not be in the category of transitive/intransitive verb which is common in Korean. Also, both seem to be often used to ...
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2answers
338 views

How to say “something is broken (in the past)”?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
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1answer
214 views

Is the compound verb used only for the third-person subject?

According to the following explanation on the compound verb section on Duolingo: It can also mean "to act like..." For example, 슬프다="to be sad" while 슬퍼하다="to act sad." Usually this aspect of ~하다 ...
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1answer
225 views

Auxiliary verb VS. light verb

How do I distinguish between auxiliary verbs and light verbs in Korean? And, is there a difference between the definition of these two between English and Korean?
3
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1answer
125 views

Passive “to be brought” in Korean

If the verb "bring" is 가져오다 or 가져가다, what will be the passive of it? Because it seems there is no passive form for 오다 or 가다.
3
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2answers
222 views

Difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다

Is there any difference between 도착하다 and 도착하게 되다? In official style I have faced 도착하게 되다 several times. Why this verb is used instead of 도착하다?
3
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1answer
135 views

Passive form of verbs which end in 하다 and 주다

In general, how can we build the passive forms from verbs which end in 하다 and 주다? Can we always use 되다 as passive of 하다? E.g. 시작하다-시작되다 or 청소하다-청소되다? What will be the passive of 영향 주다? Can we use 영향 ...
4
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3answers
337 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
6
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1answer
331 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
4
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2answers
609 views

The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I try to understand how will "I know that you know" and "I know what you know" be translated. In both cases I would say 나는 네가 아는것을 안다, but as I am a newbie, I guess I am wrong. How these kind of ...
3
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1answer
369 views

춤추다 conjugated to 춤을 춥니다 rather than 춤춥니다

The uninflected verb "to dance" is 춤추다, yet Duolingo has informed me that if I wish t say that "subject dances" (with a deferential ending) then the sentence will be "subject 춤을 춥니다" Why is this ...
3
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2answers
129 views

How come 네 and 아니다 are different “parts of speech?”

"네" and "아니요" are often paired together as opposites ("yes"/"no"). However, I just noticed they are different parts of speech. What I mean is: 아니요 has a verb stem that you can add Korean verb endings ...
3
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1answer
713 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
4
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1answer
131 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
2
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1answer
131 views

Verb endings usage in DPRK

In the Korean language learning book, published in Pyongyang, the appendix shows Korean verb endings, including 네, 리라, 아라/어라/여라, 리, 마, which I met only in North Korean patriotic songs. Are these ...
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1answer
1k views

Construction of Verb + 나가다

As I know, the verb 나가다 means "to leave", "to get out", "to exit". I met many usages of this verb added to some other verbs, but I can't figure out it's functionality. 자주통일의 앞길을 힘차게 열어나가자! (open + ...
4
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2answers
383 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
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1answer
92 views

What do the different forms of 있다 mean?

있다 means: to be to lie to take place In the text book I only learnt 있어요 While watching K-dramas, I saw SOOOO many forms that I've no idea what they mean: 있어: Is this because the 요 is dropped? 있는, ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Imperative form -다주십시오 instead of -주십시오

How do you explain the sentences like 집에 데려다주십시오 or 옷을 가져다주십시오? Don't we say 데려주십시오 or 가져주십시오?
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2answers
115 views

How to expand the verb 불러일으키시였습니다?

How can I understand the verb 불러일으키시였습니다? As I see, it consists of 부르다 and is in past honorific form. How can I recognize the second component? I cannot find any form containing 일으키 in the vocabulary. ...
2
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2answers
264 views

About adding -주 to the verb stem

As I know, the ending -시 is added to the verb stem to show a courtesy to somebody. But also I faced some cases with 1) -주 endings instead of -시 (미래도 희망도 다 맡아주는), 2) -주시 endings (for example 찾아주시면서/...
4
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1answer
235 views

How do you tell if a verb is irregular? What are the best dictionaries for things like this?

I didn't start learning too long ago so I don't know what a lot of the best Korean resources are. I've just been learning about irregulars, but it hasn't told me how to find out what the exceptions ...
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1answer
875 views

How did 아프다 conjugate to 아파?

When conjugating the word 아프다, how did we drop the vowel before 다(-da) and add the 아 (-a) to it? Is it a normal conjugation rule for verbs? E.g. in the sentence 하네요 여기가 아파. I'm just saying, it ...
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2answers
375 views

How do i conjugate 공부하다?

I am learning Korean and am practicing verb conjugation. I decided to write "I study a book". Following the conjugation for "하다" verbs, i wrote: 나는 책을 공부해. But when i checked a translation ...
2
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1answer
324 views

Which form is correct, 책 읽기 or 책을 읽기?

Adding ~기 to the stem of a verb changes that verb into a noun. I read somewhere that when the verb phrase has an object we have to omit the object particle(을/를) before adding 기. Let's look at the ...
3
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2answers
726 views

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다?

In 맛있게 드세요 what is the dictionary form of the verb, 드시다 or 들다? Both of these verbs have the meaning to drink or to eat.
4
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1answer
131 views

How does 말다 become 마

It is obvious for other forms (마세요, 마십시오) because of the ㄹ 받침 and 으, but 마 is 말 + 아, which means it should be 말아. However, I have never seen that (and in speech it would be heard as 마라 anyway). Does ...
5
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2answers
412 views

ㅂ irregular verbs

Korean irregulars are, sometimes, kind of regular, because of rules for conjugation of different patchims. However, I realized today I don't know how to conjugate "regular" irregulars with a ㅂ patchim....
8
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2answers
2k views

Is there a Korean equivalent to the verb “to google”?

Google search engine being dominant, the verb "to google" is commonly used to mean "to search using Google", or more generally "to search on Internet". Is there a Korean equivalent fo this verb in ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Future tense verb conjugation

What are the different ways of expressing future tense in Korean? When do I use which way? For example, I'm not aware of the difference between 먹을게 and 먹겠다.
3
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1answer
650 views

Is there any other verb except 하다 that conjugates with 여?

하 + 여 -> 해 (하여), but most other verbs (in fact, all of the ones I know about, if I'm not mistaken) take 아/어. Is there any other verb that conjugates with 여?
9
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1answer
757 views

Verbs that flip their meaning when '이' is inserted (e.g 죽다 vs 죽이다)

There's a pattern in Korean where one verb changes from passive to active or vice versa when '이' is inserted. For example, 죽다 (to die) : 죽이다 (to kill) 먹다 (to eat) : 먹이다 (to feed) 살다 (to live) : 살리다 (...