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Questions tagged [spoken-korean]

For questions regarding Korean as it is spoken, as opposed to written.

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2 votes
1 answer
142 views

What's the best way to learn Korean for someone who grew up understanding it?

My parents are Korean and growing up they spoke to me in Korean and in English, and I mainly responded in English (which I highly regret now). Some of the 'beginner' tutorials and tutors are not great ...
2 votes
1 answer
72 views

How would a younger Korean person (child/teen/minor/younger generation) address his/her parents' close friends?

Say the parents are close friends with other Korean parents. They all have their own kids. The kids hang out together and are close friends as well. Now, how would a Korean kid address his/her own ...
0 votes
1 answer
35 views

Happiness, Love, and Death

I have to translate this sentence. 사람은 죽을 만큼 사랑하는 사람을 만나거나 죽을 만큼 사랑하는 일을 만날 때 행복합니다. Note that the translation is preparatory for a live translation; and as such, leading with the same word as the ...
1 vote
1 answer
62 views

How to end conversation due to my own limitations?

I am learning Korean and I have just about enough knowledge to say greetings and order my food in a restaurant (spoken and written). But sometimes my server will assume I know more and I wont be able ...
0 votes
3 answers
152 views

The use of Pure Korean words like 가람 [river]?

Are pure Korean words like 가람 still used in speech or writing instead of Chinese borrowings like 강 ?
1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Difference in tones between 이러면 안돼요 and 그러지 마세요

So, the latter (그러지 마세요 = Don't do this please) is more like an order since it's direct. But would the former (이러면 안돼요 = shouldn't do this) sound less like an order and more like a suggestion? How ...
2 votes
2 answers
6k views

How do you convert chinese name to korean name

I would like to convert my chinese name into korean name ,how do i do it? My chinese name is 梁博勋
2 votes
1 answer
81 views

그러지 마세요 Is this polite or annoyed?

I am confused because of the addition of 세요 to the end. Since this means "please" I thought this could mean a polite request. However 그러지 마 sounds a strong,assertive way to tell someone to ...
0 votes
1 answer
82 views

알았으니까 What does this mean?

I understand this means "okay. I got it". But is this phrase actually an impolite way of saying so? Like when if you are annoyed or frustration with someone telling you the same thing over ...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

When used between spouses is 당신 seen as polite or endearing?

I understand 당신 is a very intimate form of "you" when used between spouses. But is it only used as a term to convey romantic feelings? Could it also be used as a kind or polite personal ...
0 votes
1 answer
249 views

How would a North Korean say 고생 끝에 낙이 온다?

How would a Korean speaker from the North say 고생 끝에 낙이 온다 in his native dialect?
2 votes
1 answer
172 views

Is it really impossible to speak [쳐]?

Phonetically, the IPA transcription of [처] and [치어] is [ʨʰʌ] and [ʨʰi.ʌ]. Their phonetical difference is the number of syllables and the presence of [i]. But what is the phonological difference? ...
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Addressing someone on the street you have never met and who is of ambiguous age

I was visiting Korea (강원도 춘천시) recently and needed to ask directions to a building on a college campus. (강원대학교 for those who are interested). I was on foot and I did not immediately see a campus map ...
0 votes
1 answer
180 views

Is syllabic L present in Korean?

I'm a native Korean speaker. I noticed that, whenever I say "너를 나를", my tongue directly releases from the onset ㄹ to the coda ㄹ, eliminating the ㅡ in-between. To transcribe in IPA, /ɾɯl/ ...
1 vote
1 answer
115 views

What is earliest known usage of 불교의 만자 in Korea?

There are many Buddhist temples with the usage of 불교의 만자, but I can't find any informaiton about where the oldest symbol is. The book by Thomas Wilson addresses the history (pre-history) but does not ...
1 vote
2 answers
397 views

What do these korean workplace titles mean?

I'm here to ask a question, what do 실장 and 팀장 mean in a company scale like celebrity agency? Thanks in advance
0 votes
1 answer
63 views

열 짱라고요? (열 + 장 = 열 짱?)

I was watching a drama and the character who was buying lottery tickets said: 열 장이요 but it sounded to my ears like /열 짱이요/. I have never seen fortis (i.e. tensing) happen this way and would like ...
4 votes
1 answer
125 views

So, I found this word (한 ) / HAN / HANN. I first encountered it on a KPOP song ((G)-IDLE). Can I use it?

I wanted to use the (한 ) / HAN / HANN word as the title of my story. But, when I searched the meaning of that word I got the results that it is rooted in Korean culture, I wanted to ask if it's okay ...
6 votes
4 answers
9k views

How are 선배 and 후배 classified in Korean (age, position or both)?

could anyone especially Korean native speakers have a look at this excerpt and tell me whether it is correct or not? As the book said 선배 and 후배 are classified based on two criteria, age and position. ...
0 votes
1 answer
280 views

Difference between Patchim swallowing & consonant shift

I didn't quite understand what the difference between Patchim swallowing & consonant shift is. Please explain with simple English and examples
1 vote
2 answers
167 views

는 at the end of a sentence?

I'm watching a video on 부산사투리 (https://youtu.be/jtlodca6UN4) and a couple of people have used 는 at the end of a sentence. Here are the exact phrases: 주변에 시선이 좀 느껴지는? 산맥이나 큰 강같이 교통과 교류의 장애가 되는. 그런 ...
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Does this sentence sound natural? how can it be further improved?

남동생을하고 같이 공원에서 운동했어요. I mean to say that my younger brother and I went to a park and exercised together. Thanks sm!
9 votes
1 answer
661 views

Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida?

Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida as in the picture below?
4 votes
2 answers
193 views

How is 멘탈 잡아 used?

I was watching this show, and the situation starts at 7:06. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5gowWjwlm10&t=555s I understand that they're embarassed but I don't get the nuance of this expression... ...
2 votes
2 answers
538 views

What is the difference between 줄다 and 줄어들다?

I understand that 들다 can be added to some verbs to give emphasis of the direction of the verbs (ex: 날아들다 = fly into), but I got confused with the word 'decrease' (도시의 인구가 계속 줄어들고 있다) What exactly 들다 ...
2 votes
2 answers
361 views

Pronunciation of ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅆ, ㅉ) before ㄱ

I can't find information about right pronunciation of patchim ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅌ, ㅊ) before ㄱ. From what I can hear ㄷ should be silent. But I am not sure about it. For example in words like 웃겨 I hear 우껴 ...
0 votes
2 answers
229 views

Why does the North Korean guide in this video not seem to understand written Korean letters?

Ever since I first saw this seven-and-a-half-minute video five years ago, I've been puzzled over a certain moment, at 2:30: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9BNN4tlBy-g&t=150 The guide appears to ...
0 votes
1 answer
334 views

What's the use of ~기 in sentences?

So I learnt that we add 기 to verbs to make them nouns. I know that some structures require verbs to be changed to nouns like ~때문에 but what is/are the actual use(s) and need of this addition? Please ...
1 vote
2 answers
4k views

Why is 있는 added here?

I understood that 있는 + noun means 'having the noun mentioned' ,however this sentence is not making sense which I saw in a video: 또한 프랑스에 있는 한국 회사에서 일을 하고 있습니다.
0 votes
1 answer
4k views

How to use the grammar 을/ㄹ 게 아니라?

It looks like the future form of 는 게 아니라, I just want to know how different are its nuances compared to 는 게 아니라. It's difficult to find examples, so that's something that has kept me from fully ...
1 vote
2 answers
72 views

which picture book translation is better?

I'm having a children's picture book translated into Korean. I have a couple questions about the translations for i) the title and ii) the first two sentences. I would appreciate any advice possible....
0 votes
1 answer
63 views

Great Korean Learning Textbooks: i.e TTMIK

So I'm looking for a good textbook that will have auditory and comprehensive applications. I tried the Integrated Korean, but I did not feel like it helped me with speaking Korean proficiently as well ...
2 votes
2 answers
603 views

What is the difference between ~ 수 있다 and 순 있다?

I was watching a show and it seem like there is a slight difference between them. So the conversation was A:3번 파트 할 수 있어? B:저요? 할 순 있어요. I get it that 순 is a short form of 수는 but why would you word it ...
9 votes
4 answers
4k views

How is 시 pronounced?

Is '시' pronounced as 'shi' or 'si'? With 'ㅅ,' I thought it depended on the following character as I've seen it written as 'sh' or 's' For example, 시간 (time) is pronounced as 'shigan' or 'sigan'? I'...
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Negative Sentences [duplicate]

I want to know the difference between 지 않다 and the short form 안 to negate a sentence. • Why 안 can only be used to selected verb/adjective? And what are those verbs/adjectives in general? • Between the ...
1 vote
3 answers
400 views

How is 깨끗하다 pronounced?

I can pronounce it both ways below: 깨끋타다 깨끄타다 I think #2 is the correct way but when I listen to this word's pronunciation on Google Translate, which you can slow down, it sounds like #1.
2 votes
2 answers
662 views

Can homophones confuse Koreans?

When we use the homophones in sentence, usually the meaning is clear. But anyway, do Koreans face situations, when the meaning of any word can remain unclear? Being a beginner, I heard 석탄의 삼분의 이를 ...
-2 votes
2 answers
221 views

Why are Korean females so strict about pronunciation, grammar and language is general? [closed]

Example #1: https://youtu.be/9BNN4tlBy-g?t=209 A group of people are sitting around a table in a North Korean pizzeria. An American white female says: "Picante". The (very charming and beautiful) ...
3 votes
3 answers
6k views

Saying years in Korean

I was having trouble the other day with discussing life events in Korean. I was trying to say things like "In 2010, my daughter was born" "In 1976, I was born" I understand that for the first one I ...
0 votes
3 answers
505 views

When to use 은/는 or 이/가 after subject

I keep missing questions bc I don't know when to use 은/는 or 이/가 after the subject. Ex. 엄마가 냉면을 좋아합니다. 저도 컴퓨터가 있습니다. 이 컴퓨터는 얼마 입니까? 할아버지는 선생님 입니다. Can you help?
0 votes
1 answer
94 views

Which one of these sentences is correct?

For 'I forgot how to swim',will it be: 자는 수영하기 잊었어요. 저는 수영하는 (것을) 잊었어요. 저는 수영하를 잊었어요.
0 votes
1 answer
190 views

How say in Korean 'I learnt to ride a bike'?

Also 법 is a related word to its translation,how is it used?
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Difference between (으)ㄹ 거예요 and ~겠

From what I know they both are used for future tense, what's the difference and can they be used interchangeably?
2 votes
1 answer
550 views

How to say 'Is this you in this photo'?

Is it '이 사진을 너는 예요?'or '이 너의 사진 예요'? I also read somewhere that's it's '사진에 넌 예요?' If yes why 에?
1 vote
1 answer
255 views

What is the use of (으)로 here?

'오늘 그사람을 만나면 낯선 사람으로 대할 거예요' The only confusion I have here is 으로 which has the meaning of with, by or towards(a place).This sentence means 'If I meet that person today I am going to treat him like a ...
0 votes
2 answers
3k views

Please explain this sentence '요즘 뭐하고 지내세요?'

'요즘 뭐하고 지내세요?'..I know that it means how are doing but if this sentence is 뭐(what) + 하고 (and/with)+지내다(spend time)..it should mean what do you do to spend your time? Then why is 하고 added? And is this ...
1 vote
1 answer
57 views

Are both these sentences correct?

'벌써 추운 겨울이 가고 따뜻한 봄이 왔습니다' and '벌써 추운 겨울이 갔고 따뜻한 봄이 벌써 추운 겨울이 가고 따뜻한 봄이 왔습니다' In an example the first sentence was givem.. However when 오다 is in past form shouldn't we be using the past form of 가다?
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

'서울에는 인사동 있어요 ' can this also be the correct sentence for Insadong in in Seoul or I should just say ' 인사동은 서울에 있어요'?

Are both the sentences correct and can be used? I did the translation on several apps and '서울에는 인사동 있어요 ' was translated as There is Insadong in Korea.
2 votes
2 answers
145 views

Use of the word 한걸요

When and why do we use '한걸요'? Like I have seen sentences like 그대의 꿈이 너무 소중한걸요 (Your dream is so precious) and 그대의 꿈이 너무 달콤한걸요 (Your dream is so sweet). I looked up the meaning of 한걸요 and ...
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

Subtle semantic differences related to the position of the 들 plural marker

I was reading a dissertation on the syntax and semantics of the plural marker in Korean and I wanted to confirm whether I understood the differences in meaning between sentences (1) and (2) exactly ...