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Questions tagged [speech-levels]

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2
votes
1answer
138 views

What cues can I use to tell whether someone is speaking 반말 (banmal) or 존댓말 (jondaemal)?

I often have to distinguish whether someone is speaking 반말 banmal or 존댓말 jondaemal. Usually I pay attention to the ending, if I hear a -요, -니다 or -니까 I assume it's jondaemal otherwise banmal, but I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
906 views

Do 반말 and 존댓말 have precise definitions?

Most students of Korean have heard of 반말 and 존댓말 and understand roughly what they mean. But how far can we go to defining exactly what they mean? Can each of the Korean speech levels be categorised ...
6
votes
3answers
925 views

Using polite speech (존대말) to children

When I was living in Korea for a few years, one of my responsibilities was teaching new workers some Korean. As to not upset clients (adults mainly) by speaking to them too informally, we always ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

How can I use endings like -네요 and -거든요 when using 합쇼체 or 해라체?

The sentence endings -네(요) and -거든(요) can easily be used when speaking in 해요체 and 해체: 비가 오네 A: 정장 입었네요... B: 면접 있거든요. But how can I express the same meaning if I'm speaking in 합쇼체 or 해라체? (...
5
votes
2answers
158 views

When would the 하오체 style be used?

I have read that 하오체 is a somewhat archaic style that is heard in historical dramas, but has also become used as an 'Internet style'. I think signs such as '당기시오' and '미시오' are also 하오체. These seem ...
11
votes
2answers
167 views

How should I use the pronoun 당신?

This is an issue I run into occasionally when teaching others Korean, especially those who learned some Korean via music. I know that 당신 is an intimate form of "you." Since we avoid explicitly using ...
6
votes
2answers
391 views

What's the honorific to represent a female's older sister?

I got to know that Korean grammar uses an extensive system of honorifics and those are used to differentiate between formal and informal speech. So ways to formal speech is to honorific nouns and ...
4
votes
3answers
173 views

Is it true that Koreans might sometimes be cautious about actually saying the verb in a sentence?

Richard Harris, in his book Roadmap to Korean, makes an observation (under the heading 'Cautious to Conjugate') that Koreans in some situations try to avoid clearly saying a verb and its ending, ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is the 하소서체 speech level used in any modern setting?

Would I ever hear 하소서체 language used naturally in any modern setting, or is it just something that was used historically for talking to royalty?