Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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3
votes
1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of patchim in 맛있다 and 맛없다

I am wondering how Korean pronounce the patchim ㅅ in 맛 of the adjectives below. 맛있다 맛없다 When read words (맛, 있, 다) separately the ㅅ in 맛 sounds like ㄷ. However, because the word after 맛 (...
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3answers
184 views

Pronunciation of number 7 in native Korean number

I am a bit confused about the pronunciation of number 7 in native Korean number. As in the video here (at 27:47), the Korean teacher pronounced it as 일 리 겁. Could anyone confirm if this is correct or ...
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2answers
2k views

Pronunciation of 잘 - /jal/ or /jai/

I am wondering about the pronunciation of Korean sentence before eating below. 잘 먹겠습니다 - (Jal moke get sum nida) I am confused about the pronunciation of 잘. Is it /jal/ or /jai/? As I learned ㄹ ...
8
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1answer
453 views

Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida?

Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida as in the picture below? Thanks.
5
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1answer
1k views

Korean hangul with voiced, unvoiced and aspirated or not aspirated

Does anyone know where can I find Korean alphabet which tells if a vowel or consonant is voiced or unvoiced, aspirated or not? Thanks.
4
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1answer
405 views

description of intonation variation with exclamative sentences (various cases envisaged)

In the question "description of intonation variation with declarative, interrogative, propositive, imperative, exclamative, …?" topo morto said that exclamative intonations intonations are ...
4
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1answer
154 views

difference of prononciation between both Koreas because of absence of 사이시옷 in North Korea?

In the question "Chronology of orthography before and after the separation of North and South Korea", MujjinGun has said that 사이시옷 is abolished by the last writing reform in North Korea. However, I ...
4
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3answers
983 views

description of intonation variation with declarative, interrogative, propositive, imperative, exclamative, ...?

It is said that there are 5 kinds of sentences : declarative, interrogative, propositive (exhortative), imperative and exclamative sentences. But is it true ? How can the intonation variation be ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Does standard Korean still contain any signs of being a tonal language?

This answer mentions that some dialects have tones even in modern Korean, but I've always assumed that standard Korean is essentially a non-tonal language. However, I've read in this source that this ...
3
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2answers
195 views

In which cases does pronunciation change when a character ending in a consonant is followed by a character starting with a vowel?

(A rule I recall reading has affected how I pronounce words and I want confirmation on whether it is correct.) When you have a 'character' that ends with a consonant and is followed 'character' that ...
6
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3answers
4k views

When to use single (ㅅ) or double (ㅆ) consonants?

Is there a rule generally to help remember when we would write double consonants like ㅆ, ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅉ instead of single consonants like ㅅ? For example, remembering to write 땀 for sweat, and not 담. Is ...
7
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2answers
5k views

Intonations in Korean

Some languages have tones (i.e. intonation rules) by default, for example Mandarin (4), Thai (5), Lao (6), Vitenamese (6), Cantonese (6), etc. Other languages do not have fixed rule on tones, but ...
4
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3answers
6k views

Why is 'ㅂ' in '박물관' pronounced as /p/ instead of /b/?

I heard the consonant 'ㅂ' in '박물관 (museum)' pronounced /p/ instead of /b/. In some words containing 'ㅂ', I sometimes hear it pronounced /p/ instead of /b/. When does that happen?
2
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1answer
164 views

Why does Google Translate Pronounce '일' like hi'je?

Google pronounces 일 like [hi'je]. But according to what I've read, ㅇ is silent, ㅣis [i] and ㄹ is [r/l] . Shouldn't it be something like [il]?
6
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1answer
492 views

Pronunciation rules regarding ㄷ and 이 (palatalization)

I am currently learning with the book "Elementary Korean" by Tuttle. According to the book, when ㅌ appears before 이, it should be pronounced as ㅊ, when it appears at the end of a morpheme or word (...
5
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3answers
402 views

Is it possible to tell a vowel from another just by listening?

I wonder whether it is feasible to tell one vowel from another with similar sound by just listening to it. For example, can you tell them apart when you hear '을' and see whether it is 'ㅡ' or 'ㅜ'? Or ...
8
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2answers
245 views

Pronunciation of '주가 (stock price)' and '효과 (effect)'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '주가' is pronounced [주까], not [주가], but '효과' is pronounced [효ː과], not [효ː꽈]. I heard and am still hearing many native Korean speakers pronounce '효과' as [효ː꽈] and ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of ㅚ

How is the 'ㅚ' vowel pronounced in Korean? According to Wikipedia, it seems to be analyzed as /ø/, a monophthong, but to my ears, it sounds like /we/, or a 'ㅗ' followed by a 'ㅔ' sound. This /ø/ ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Rules for condensing down two vowels

According to this question, when we have two 이, we can delete one and have one 이. Is there special rules in these cases in writing and prounancing? Is there any rules for other vowels? Example: ...
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3answers
1k views

Pronunciation of two consecutives ㅇ

The letter ㅇ at the beginning of a syllable isn't pronounced and the letter ㅇ acts as a filler letter. In addition, when a syllable starts with ㅇ and the previous syllable ends with a consonant, the ...
11
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2answers
589 views

Why is "려권" North Korean for "passport?"

I just noticed the North Korean passport says "려권". Indeed, Naverdic says "려권" is North Korean for "여권". Apparently both words use the same hanja, just pronouncing it differently. Can anyone explain ...
6
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2answers
777 views

Pronunciation of '자' vs '쟈'

To my ears, '자' and '쟈' seem to be pronounced the same. Are they pronounced differently, and if so, what do you perceive to be the difference?
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2answers
711 views

How do you pronounce 너 + 가 = 네가?

Similar to the changing of [저 + 가] to 제가 and [나 + 가] to 내가 (adding the subject marker to the two forms of 'I'), when adding the subject marker 가 to 너 (you), we get 네가. How is this pronounced? ...
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1answer
988 views

Pronunciation of ㄼ

For the double final consonant ㄼ, I found two versions: It is pronounced as ㄹ except 밟다 + 고,다,소,는,지,게 and 넓죽하다, 넓둥글다. It is pronounced as ㅂ unless followed by a solid ㄱ consonant. It is pronounced as ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the pronunciation of ㄺ

For the double consonant ending ㄺ, here is what I have learned so far: Pronounced as ㄱ basically, yet when followed by a ㄱ solid consonant, the pronunciation changes to ㄹ. However I've heard at ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Why is 꽃잎 pronounced as 꼰잎?

I have heard a few times 꽃잎 being pronounced as 꼰잎. For instances that I can actually remember, Eunji of Apink sang it this way in Hopefully Sky, and Taeyeon of Girls' Generation did the same in Why. ...
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2answers
364 views

Did actual 한글 characters have different sounds?

I was wondering, if, when hangeul was first invented, Did any of the characters that survived until today have sounds that are not the same as the ones they have nowadays, or, Were they pronounced ...
4
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1answer
353 views

Is there an offensive word or phrase a learner might accidentally say by mispronouncing "젓가락"?

When I was last in Korea a few years ago a local friend of mine told me that I was actually saying something like "F*ck off" whenever I tried to say "chopsticks", "젓가락". Was my friend just having a ...
13
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4answers
12k views

Pronunciation of 의

Since I've started studying Korean, for me the vowel cluster 의 seems to not have a standard pronunciation. Sometimes I hear it like eu-i, IPA [ɰi] and sometimes as ye, IPA [je] There are some ...
4
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5answers
8k views

Pronunciation of 으 and 우?

I hear 우 instead of 으 and am told I pronounce them the same. (I'm a French native) This is a question from the definition stage. How are 으 and 우 pronounced?
4
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2answers
463 views

Why do the pronunciation for Vowels assume the Consonant ㅇ?

Pronunciation for vowels such as ㅐ, ㅡ, and ㅏ assume the consonant ㅇ, sounding identical to 애, 으, and 아. In what way is the consonant ㅇ special from others?
9
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2answers
536 views

How can we infer the pronunciation of now obsolete Hangul characters?

The original Hangul system contained several characters that stopped being used before audio recordings became available. What can we infer about their former pronunciation, and on what basis? This ...
5
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1answer
594 views

Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Korean text?

Neither Dragon NaturallySpeaking nor Microsoft Speech Recognition allows dictation to Korean text. Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Korean text? I am aware that there exist ...
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3answers
2k views

When to use ㅐ, ㅒ as opposed to ㅔ,ㅖ?

I'm sure everyone will agree that they sound similar enough to their own counterparts to be interchangeable. If there are no tangible rules that separate their usage, what are some tips to spot their ...
23
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2answers
2k views

What are the biggest pronunciation / intonation features of English-speakers speaking Korean?

What pronunciation problems distinguish native speakers of English when they are speaking in Korean? I'm especially interested in the things that non-beginners of Korean use. There are two aspects of ...
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5answers
166 views

ㅗ and ㅛ sound about the same to me. Can they be used interchangeably?

Is it a problem if I mispronounce ㅗ for ㅛ or vise versa? Will the person I am speaking to still understand me?
9
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3answers
869 views

How exactly is "ㄱ" pronounced/romanized?

As it's said almost everywhere, "ㄱ" is pronounced with a G sound and transliterated as G. However, it's very common to come across situations where ㄱ is romanized as K, specially in names, like Kim, ...
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2answers
1k views

When are ㅅ and ㅆ pronounced as stops?

I thought that ㅅ is pronounced /t̚/ at the end of a syllable block, but it seems to be an /s/ in 것은, even though 것 on its own is /kʌ̹t̚/. Does it depend on word boundaries, or is it just irregular?
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3answers
5k views

Plain vs aspirated consonants (ㄱㄷㅂㅈ vs ㅋㅌㅍㅊ)

I have a hard time distinguishing between plain consonants (ㄱㄷㅂㅈ) and aspirated ones (ㅋㅌㅍㅊ). My understanding is that ㄱㄷㅂㅈ are voiceless unaspirated and ㅋㅌㅍㅊ are voiceless aspirated. So, for example, ...
13
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3answers
395 views

Correct pronunciation when a syllable ends with two consonants

When a syllable ends with two consonants, such as 헑 or 닭, which do you pronounce?
23
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1answer
661 views

How was the obsolete character ㅿ pronounced?

The character ㅿ is now obsolete. How was it pronounced when it was used?
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1answer
314 views

When is ㄹ pronounced as L and when as R?

How do I know when to know the L pronunciation or the R pronunciation for ㄹ ?
3
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1answer
125 views

Is there a pronunciation rule or sound change for the word 협력?

How do I pronounce 협력? Are there any rules that apply to it to change its immediately apparent pronunciation?
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1answer
113 views

Are there rules that govern how certain characters are pronounced and when?

I'm just starting learning to spell and pronounce various Korean words. One thing that's tripping me up is the pronunciation of the characters ㄹ and ㅅ. I've seen different words in which ㄹ is ...

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