Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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23
votes
2answers
3k views

What are the biggest pronunciation / intonation features of English-speakers speaking Korean?

What pronunciation problems distinguish native speakers of English when they are speaking in Korean? I'm especially interested in the things that non-beginners of Korean use. There are two aspects of ...
23
votes
1answer
674 views

How was the obsolete character ㅿ pronounced?

The character ㅿ is now obsolete. How was it pronounced when it was used?
19
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2answers
370 views

Did actual 한글 characters have different sounds?

I was wondering, if, when hangeul was first invented, Did any of the characters that survived until today have sounds that are not the same as the ones they have nowadays, or, Were they pronounced ...
13
votes
3answers
400 views

Correct pronunciation when a syllable ends with two consonants

When a syllable ends with two consonants, such as 헑 or 닭, which do you pronounce?
13
votes
4answers
13k views

Pronunciation of 의

Since I've started studying Korean, for me the vowel cluster 의 seems to not have a standard pronunciation. Sometimes I hear it like eu-i, IPA [ɰi] and sometimes as ye, IPA [je] There are some ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Does standard Korean still contain any signs of being a tonal language?

This answer mentions that some dialects have tones even in modern Korean, but I've always assumed that standard Korean is essentially a non-tonal language. However, I've read in this source that this ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

When to use ㅐ, ㅒ as opposed to ㅔ,ㅖ?

I'm sure everyone will agree that they sound similar enough to their own counterparts to be interchangeable. If there are no tangible rules that separate their usage, what are some tips to spot their ...
12
votes
1answer
115 views

Are there rules that govern how certain characters are pronounced and when?

I'm just starting learning to spell and pronounce various Korean words. One thing that's tripping me up is the pronunciation of the characters ㄹ and ㅅ. I've seen different words in which ㄹ is ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

Plain vs aspirated consonants (ㄱㄷㅂㅈ vs ㅋㅌㅍㅊ)

I have a hard time distinguishing between plain consonants (ㄱㄷㅂㅈ) and aspirated ones (ㅋㅌㅍㅊ). My understanding is that ㄱㄷㅂㅈ are voiceless unaspirated and ㅋㅌㅍㅊ are voiceless aspirated. So, for example, ...
11
votes
2answers
594 views

Why is "려권" North Korean for "passport?"

I just noticed the North Korean passport says "려권". Indeed, Naverdic says "려권" is North Korean for "여권". Apparently both words use the same hanja, just pronouncing it differently. Can anyone explain ...
10
votes
1answer
323 views

When is ㄹ pronounced as L and when as R?

How do I know when to know the L pronunciation or the R pronunciation for ㄹ ?
10
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2answers
1k views

When are ㅅ and ㅆ pronounced as stops?

I thought that ㅅ is pronounced /t̚/ at the end of a syllable block, but it seems to be an /s/ in 것은, even though 것 on its own is /kʌ̹t̚/. Does it depend on word boundaries, or is it just irregular?
9
votes
2answers
557 views

How can we infer the pronunciation of now obsolete Hangul characters?

The original Hangul system contained several characters that stopped being used before audio recordings became available. What can we infer about their former pronunciation, and on what basis? This ...
9
votes
3answers
894 views

How exactly is "ㄱ" pronounced/romanized?

As it's said almost everywhere, "ㄱ" is pronounced with a G sound and transliterated as G. However, it's very common to come across situations where ㄱ is romanized as K, specially in names, like Kim, ...
9
votes
1answer
508 views

Why is 눈 pronounced the way it is?

The word 눈 is pronounced differently to what I expect it would, with regards to the first consonant. Fluent Forever mentions that pronunciation rules for Korean are fairly complex, but I don't ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is 꽃잎 pronounced as 꼰잎?

I have heard a few times 꽃잎 being pronounced as 꼰잎. For instances that I can actually remember, Eunji of Apink sang it this way in Hopefully Sky, and Taeyeon of Girls' Generation did the same in Why. ...
9
votes
1answer
497 views

Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida?

Is there any rule for the pronunciation of 닫히다 as tachida not tathida as in the picture below?
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the pronunciation of ㄺ

For the double consonant ending ㄺ, here is what I have learned so far: Pronounced as ㄱ basically, yet when followed by a ㄱ solid consonant, the pronunciation changes to ㄹ. However I've heard at ...
8
votes
2answers
249 views

Pronunciation of '주가 (stock price)' and '효과 (effect)'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '주가' is pronounced [주까], not [주가], but '효과' is pronounced [효ː과], not [효ː꽈]. I heard and am still hearing many native Korean speakers pronounce '효과' as [효ː꽈] and ...
8
votes
1answer
418 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
7
votes
5answers
178 views

ㅗ and ㅛ sound about the same to me. Can they be used interchangeably?

Is it a problem if I mispronounce ㅗ for ㅛ or vise versa? Will the person I am speaking to still understand me?
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Pronunciation of two consecutives ㅇ

The letter ㅇ at the beginning of a syllable isn't pronounced and the letter ㅇ acts as a filler letter. In addition, when a syllable starts with ㅇ and the previous syllable ends with a consonant, the ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Do all Sino-Korean words have exactly one reading?

In Mandarin, if you see "風車", you know it says "fēngchē". But in Japanese, if you see the same two characters, you don't know if it's "kazaguruma" or "fūsha". Roughly, those Japanese words are two ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Intonations in Korean

Some languages have tones (i.e. intonation rules) by default, for example Mandarin (4), Thai (5), Lao (6), Vitenamese (6), Cantonese (6), etc. Other languages do not have fixed rule on tones, but ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of ㅚ

How is the 'ㅚ' vowel pronounced in Korean? According to Wikipedia, it seems to be analyzed as /ø/, a monophthong, but to my ears, it sounds like /we/, or a 'ㅗ' followed by a 'ㅔ' sound. This /ø/ ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

When to use single (ㅅ) or double (ㅆ) consonants?

Is there a rule generally to help remember when we would write double consonants like ㅆ, ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅉ instead of single consonants like ㅅ? For example, remembering to write 땀 for sweat, and not 담. Is ...
6
votes
2answers
794 views

Pronunciation of '자' vs '쟈'

To my ears, '자' and '쟈' seem to be pronounced the same. Are they pronounced differently, and if so, what do you perceive to be the difference?
6
votes
4answers
480 views

How can I understand the three extremely similar sounds, like 기, 키, and 끼?

In Korean the sound differences are very subtle and it is incredibly difficult to distinguish them unless your native language also includes them. For me, it is very difficult to distinguish 기, 키, and ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

Is ㅎ ‘labial’, glottal or both?

It appears to me that ㅎ isn’t always pronounced the same way, and that it sometimes – apparently only word-initially – is pronounced almost labially. (Note the quotation marks in the title.) I first ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Korean dictionary (online or offline) showing the pronunciation

Do you know any dictionary of Korean showing the pronunciation of each word like the example below? That would be a great resource. 까맣다 [까ː마타] Another question: is there any equivalent version of ...
6
votes
1answer
499 views

Pronunciation rules regarding ㄷ and 이 (palatalization)

I am currently learning with the book "Elementary Korean" by Tuttle. According to the book, when ㅌ appears before 이, it should be pronounced as ㅊ, when it appears at the end of a morpheme or word (...
6
votes
1answer
161 views

Exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants

What are the exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants, e.g. ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄸ, ㄹ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅌ? The passive articulators are dental, alveolar, or postalveolar, and the active articulators are apical ...
6
votes
2answers
236 views

What's the correct pronunciation of 몰라요?

I know the hangul ㅁ is equivalent to "m", but I've also heard it sounds more like "b" This is based on anecdotal observation where the former is usually the case in song lyrics and the latter in ...
6
votes
2answers
277 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
5
votes
2answers
346 views

In the pronunciation of 잘할게, the 할 sounds likeㄱ+ㅏ+ㄹ, and 게 sounds like ㄲ + ㅔ, and I'm confused

This is the full sentence: 넌 아무 말 안 해 아 제발 내가 잘할게 I don't know any Korean, but just trying to pronounce. I hear "Chalgalkke" via Google Translate pronounce. The initial position makes the ㅈ sound like ...
5
votes
4answers
429 views

is the pronunciation of "아저씨"same as "아젓시"?

Is the pronunciation of "아저씨" same as "아젓시"? I know that the word 아젓시 does not exist but just curious about pronunciation.
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Korean hangul with voiced, unvoiced and aspirated or not aspirated

Does anyone know where can I find Korean alphabet which tells if a vowel or consonant is voiced or unvoiced, aspirated or not? Thanks.
5
votes
3answers
411 views

Is it possible to tell a vowel from another just by listening?

I wonder whether it is feasible to tell one vowel from another with similar sound by just listening to it. For example, can you tell them apart when you hear '을' and see whether it is 'ㅡ' or 'ㅜ'? Or ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

Pronunciation of 낯익다

When looking up the word 낯익다 in the dictionary, I was surprised to find it was pronounced [난닉따]. I would have expected the ㅊ to have been voiced in the second syllable because of its initial ㅇ, and ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

Pronouncing last digit as 하나

I was saying my license plate number to someone the other day, and when the clerk repeated it back to me, she used Sino-Korean numbers for everything (as I would expect) except she said 하나 (native ...
5
votes
4answers
230 views

How to pronounce 닝겐?

I was wondering if 닝겐 is pronounced 닌껜, same for 멋대로 as 머때로 and so on? Is the "g" in ㅇ pronounced differently than the "g" in ㄱ?
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of ㄼ

For the double final consonant ㄼ, I found two versions: It is pronounced as ㄹ except 밟다 + 고,다,소,는,지,게 and 넓죽하다, 넓둥글다. It is pronounced as ㅂ unless followed by a solid ㄱ consonant. It is pronounced as ...
5
votes
1answer
730 views

Pronunciation differences of ᄌ/ᄎ, ᄀ/ᄏ, 애/에, 어/오 etc

Do koreans clearly distinguish between ᄀ/ᄏ, ᄃ/ᄐ, ᄇ/ᄑ, ᄌ/ᄎ, ᄉ/ᄊ, 애/에, 어/오 while hearing a native speech? I have tried to catch the difference between these sounds, but I cannot find any pronunciation ...
5
votes
1answer
605 views

Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Korean text?

Neither Dragon NaturallySpeaking nor Microsoft Speech Recognition allows dictation to Korean text. Is there any program for Microsoft Windows for dictating Korean text? I am aware that there exist ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Why is 'ㅂ' in '박물관' pronounced as /p/ instead of /b/?

I heard the consonant 'ㅂ' in '박물관 (museum)' pronounced /p/ instead of /b/. In some words containing 'ㅂ', I sometimes hear it pronounced /p/ instead of /b/. When does that happen?
4
votes
2answers
471 views

Why do the pronunciation for Vowels assume the Consonant ㅇ?

Pronunciation for vowels such as ㅐ, ㅡ, and ㅏ assume the consonant ㅇ, sounding identical to 애, 으, and 아. In what way is the consonant ㅇ special from others?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to pronounce "나, 너" etc. correctly

When watching Korean dramas, I've often heard 나, 너 pronounced as either "na, no" or "da, do". Isn't it associated with the "n" sound? Have I misheard or is it OK to pronounce in both ways?
4
votes
2answers
509 views

Pronunciation of 옷이 with linking sound

I am wondering if is there any pronunciation rule for 받침 when linking sound is involved. For example, the word 옷이 in the sentence below. 시장에 옷이 많았습니다 When we read the word 옷이 slowly (so not using ...
4
votes
2answers
167 views

섭리 pronounced as 섬니? Is this another sound assimilation to make it easier to pronounce?

I'm not used to two consonants changing sounds. It's usually just one of them that changes, so just to verify, is what I heard correct?
4
votes
3answers
125 views

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Korean?

I am working on an art project that I would like to collect the hundreds of different transliterations of 「中文」 zhōng wén in Mandarin Chinese. (Pronunciation available, for example, through Google ...