Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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10
votes
2answers
1k views

When are ㅅ and ㅆ pronounced as stops?

I thought that ㅅ is pronounced /t̚/ at the end of a syllable block, but it seems to be an /s/ in 것은, even though 것 on its own is /kʌ̹t̚/. Does it depend on word boundaries, or is it just irregular?
12
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3answers
2k views

Does standard Korean still contain any signs of being a tonal language?

This answer mentions that some dialects have tones even in modern Korean, but I've always assumed that standard Korean is essentially a non-tonal language. However, I've read in this source that this ...
9
votes
1answer
508 views

Why is 눈 pronounced the way it is?

The word 눈 is pronounced differently to what I expect it would, with regards to the first consonant. Fluent Forever mentions that pronunciation rules for Korean are fairly complex, but I don't ...
13
votes
4answers
13k views

Pronunciation of 의

Since I've started studying Korean, for me the vowel cluster 의 seems to not have a standard pronunciation. Sometimes I hear it like eu-i, IPA [ɰi] and sometimes as ye, IPA [je] There are some ...
23
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1answer
674 views

How was the obsolete character ㅿ pronounced?

The character ㅿ is now obsolete. How was it pronounced when it was used?
6
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4answers
480 views

How can I understand the three extremely similar sounds, like 기, 키, and 끼?

In Korean the sound differences are very subtle and it is incredibly difficult to distinguish them unless your native language also includes them. For me, it is very difficult to distinguish 기, 키, and ...
23
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2answers
3k views

What are the biggest pronunciation / intonation features of English-speakers speaking Korean?

What pronunciation problems distinguish native speakers of English when they are speaking in Korean? I'm especially interested in the things that non-beginners of Korean use. There are two aspects of ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Korean dictionary (online or offline) showing the pronunciation

Do you know any dictionary of Korean showing the pronunciation of each word like the example below? That would be a great resource. 까맣다 [까ː마타] Another question: is there any equivalent version of ...
12
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3answers
2k views

When to use ㅐ, ㅒ as opposed to ㅔ,ㅖ?

I'm sure everyone will agree that they sound similar enough to their own counterparts to be interchangeable. If there are no tangible rules that separate their usage, what are some tips to spot their ...
8
votes
1answer
417 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
7
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2answers
6k views

Intonations in Korean

Some languages have tones (i.e. intonation rules) by default, for example Mandarin (4), Thai (5), Lao (6), Vitenamese (6), Cantonese (6), etc. Other languages do not have fixed rule on tones, but ...
6
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2answers
277 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
1
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1answer
390 views

Which one is correct: ‘갈 데까지 가다’ or ‘갈 때까지 가다’?

PSY's <강남 스타일 (Gangnam style)>. It's kind of famous, you know. This is what its lyrics say: 지금부터 갈 데까지 가 볼까? Shall we go all the way through from now on? But is it really 데 here? Isn't it ...
11
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2answers
594 views

Why is "려권" North Korean for "passport?"

I just noticed the North Korean passport says "려권". Indeed, Naverdic says "려권" is North Korean for "여권". Apparently both words use the same hanja, just pronouncing it differently. Can anyone explain ...
9
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2answers
557 views

How can we infer the pronunciation of now obsolete Hangul characters?

The original Hangul system contained several characters that stopped being used before audio recordings became available. What can we infer about their former pronunciation, and on what basis? This ...
8
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2answers
249 views

Pronunciation of '주가 (stock price)' and '효과 (effect)'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '주가' is pronounced [주까], not [주가], but '효과' is pronounced [효ː과], not [효ː꽈]. I heard and am still hearing many native Korean speakers pronounce '효과' as [효ː꽈] and ...
5
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1answer
203 views

Pronunciation of 낯익다

When looking up the word 낯익다 in the dictionary, I was surprised to find it was pronounced [난닉따]. I would have expected the ㅊ to have been voiced in the second syllable because of its initial ㅇ, and ...
3
votes
2answers
987 views

If ㅆ meets the consonant ㅅ, will the resulting sound be a double " ss "?

i was just wondering if its okay to transliterate or pronounce it to kuossumnida 그었습니다 or should it sound like kuot sumnida with the t stops ? or is it okay if this two ㅆ+ㅅ = ㅆ or double ss ? hence it ...
3
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1answer
86 views

Pronunciation differences between 어 and 오, 애 and 에 in DPRK

Is there any difference in pronunciation between 어 and 오, 애 and 에 in DPRK? As I hear from news or documentary films, the announcer speech spells these vowels in different way. Anyway, is there any ...
9
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3answers
894 views

How exactly is "ㄱ" pronounced/romanized?

As it's said almost everywhere, "ㄱ" is pronounced with a G sound and transliterated as G. However, it's very common to come across situations where ㄱ is romanized as K, specially in names, like Kim, ...
6
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2answers
236 views

What's the correct pronunciation of 몰라요?

I know the hangul ㅁ is equivalent to "m", but I've also heard it sounds more like "b" This is based on anecdotal observation where the former is usually the case in song lyrics and the latter in ...
4
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4answers
1k views

Why is there no 't' sound in 맞네요, and there is in 맞다?

I am learning from TTMINK. I'm in the first workbook level but they continued using the ending “-네요”, so I went to Lv3 Lesson 25 to find out what it means. In one of their examples they use 맞다, and I ...
4
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1answer
130 views

I am a native French speaker and I have enormous issue to pronounce ㅏ VS ㅓ

I just started 2 weeks ago to learn Korean language (first on Duolingo then I bought a book) and I cannot figure out how to pronounce properly the vowel ㅓ which should be [uh, eo] like the "a&...
4
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3answers
1k views

description of intonation variation with declarative, interrogative, propositive, imperative, exclamative, ...?

It is said that there are 5 kinds of sentences : declarative, interrogative, propositive (exhortative), imperative and exclamative sentences. But is it true ? How can the intonation variation be ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Pronunciation of patchim in 맛있다 and 맛없다

I am wondering how Korean pronounce the patchim ㅅ in 맛 of the adjectives below. 맛있다 맛없다 When read words (맛, 있, 다) separately the ㅅ in 맛 sounds like ㄷ. However, because the word after 맛 (...
3
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2answers
120 views

Why is the initial consonant of the second syllable of 현장 not tensed (된소리)?

Early on in my Korean studies, I learned that in multi-syllabic words, the first consonant of a subsequent syllable is typically tensed (된소리) if the preceding syllable ends in a consonant (받침). For ...
2
votes
1answer
612 views

When used as particles, do 의 and 에 sound the same?

I've recently begun learning Korean and I just learned that 의 is often pronounced like 에, hence why 저의 becomes 제. If this is the case, how can I tell the difference between 의 and 에 in speech?
2
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2answers
160 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 호박잎?

Is it /호방닙/ or /호방깁?/ I think it is the first one because of there is an insertion of ㅅ and ㄴ: 호박+ㅅ+ㄴ+잎, the ㅅ disappears and the ㄱ nasalizes under the influence of ㄴ. But in this children's song ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography” and “rules on pronunciations?”

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography and rules on pronunciations?”
1
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2answers
75 views

Websites or software showing pronunciation guide of a phrase or sentence

I am wondering if there is any website to show the pronunciation as below. 어떻습니까 --> [어 떠 씀 니 까] 좋슴니다 --> [조 씀 니 다] 따뜻합니다 --> [따 뜨 탐 니 다] With single word, there are some excellent ...