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Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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2
votes
3answers
171 views

How do you properly pronounce 풀?

As a native English speaker this sound is really hard for me. It's like half an "Pu" sound and half an "ool" sound. The last bit is what trips me up, how do you pronounce that &...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

I am a native French speaker and I have enormous issue to pronounce ㅏ VS ㅓ

I just started 2 weeks ago to learn Korean language (first on Duolingo then I bought a book) and I cannot figure out how to pronounce properly the vowel ㅓ which should be [uh, eo] like the "a&...
4
votes
1answer
405 views

description of intonation variation with exclamative sentences (various cases envisaged)

In the question "description of intonation variation with declarative, interrogative, propositive, imperative, exclamative, …?" topo morto said that exclamative intonations intonations are ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Are there factors other than VOT that distinguish the three types of Korean occulsives?

I mean 예사소리 (plain), 된소리 (tense), and 거센소리 (aspirated) by "the three types", in regard of voiceless occulsives, of course. As for voice onset time (VOT), it is well-known that 된소리 (ㄲ,ㄸ,ㅃ,ㅉ) ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography” and “rules on pronunciations?”

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography and rules on pronunciations?”
8
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3answers
1k views

What is the pronunciation of ㄺ

For the double consonant ending ㄺ, here is what I have learned so far: Pronounced as ㄱ basically, yet when followed by a ㄱ solid consonant, the pronunciation changes to ㄹ. However I've heard at ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Pronunciation of ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅆ, ㅉ) before ㄱ

I can't find information about right pronunciation of patchim ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅌ, ㅊ) before ㄱ. From what I can hear ㄷ should be silent. But I am not sure about it. For example in words like 웃겨 I hear 우껴 ...
0
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1answer
69 views

the sound change following ㄹ

According to Naver dictionary, 볼거리 [볼꺼리] vs 갈기다 [갈기다] 일당 [일땅] vs 일다 [일:다] (For this pair, I guess it is because 일 in the second one is long. If that is true, since many Koreans do not differentiate ...
6
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1answer
166 views

Is ㅎ ‘labial’, glottal or both?

It appears to me that ㅎ isn’t always pronounced the same way, and that it sometimes – apparently only word-initially – is pronounced almost labially. (Note the quotation marks in the title.) I first ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

How is the polite particle 요 pronounced?

To me it sounds more like 여 (wider mouth) when used at the end of words, while standalone or mid-word 요 is pronounced with a more closed mouth. Example https://soundcloud.com/talktomeinkorean/ttmik-...
3
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3answers
204 views

Words like 호랑이/고양이/아지랭이 vs. words like 호박잎/콩잎/부엌일, what is the difference regarding the consonant(s) before the final "ㅣ"?

It all started with this song titled 호박잎 (starts at 11:02 in the video, lyrics here) on Youtube, and I noticed that the singer's pronunciation of 호박잎 is different from the supposed "standard"...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

About the pronunciation of 시

Is the pronunciation of 시 same as "x" as in Mandarin ? It's sound similar to me, but I'm not sure if they are exactly the same. Do they have the same tongue position and mouth shape, having ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 호박잎?

Is it /호방닙/ or /호방깁?/ I think it is the first one because of there is an insertion of ㅅ and ㄴ: 호박+ㅅ+ㄴ+잎, the ㅅ disappears and the ㄱ nasalizes under the influence of ㄴ. But in this children's song ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Particle 로 or 으로 after consonant?

I stumbled upon what seems to be a contradiction in my beginner's course textbook. The book explains that the particle which indicates direction, "로", must be replaced by its variant "...
4
votes
3answers
121 views

How to transliterate 中文 in Mandarin pronunciation to Korean?

I am working on an art project that I would like to collect the hundreds of different transliterations of 「中文」 zhōng wén in Mandarin Chinese. (Pronunciation available, for example, through Google ...
13
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4answers
12k views

Pronunciation of 의

Since I've started studying Korean, for me the vowel cluster 의 seems to not have a standard pronunciation. Sometimes I hear it like eu-i, IPA [ɰi] and sometimes as ye, IPA [je] There are some ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Korean dictionary (online or offline) showing the pronunciation

Do you know any dictionary of Korean showing the pronunciation of each word like the example below? That would be a great resource. 까맣다 [까ː마타] Another question: is there any equivalent version of ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants

What are the exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants, e.g. ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄸ, ㄹ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅌ? The passive articulators are dental, alveolar, or postalveolar, and the active articulators are apical ...
1
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2answers
103 views

What are the correct translations and pronunciations for "It's a lot, isn't it?"

I came across this sample for the above phrase; when I tried it on google translate, I got 많지 않나요 ... which might be right, I suppose - it looks close, but Google translate seems off. Obviously in the ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Is the ㅆ in 씌 palatalized or not?

The passive form of 쓰다 is 쓰이다, whose contraction is 씌다. 씌 also appears in 씌우다, which is the causative form of 쓰다. The 표준 발음법 states that ㅢ following a consonant is pronounced as [ㅣ]. That means 씌 is ...
4
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0answers
254 views

더 sounds like tteo (fortis) instead of deo (lenis) in a rapping part of K-Pop?

Here it is from 1:20-1:21. link It at least sounds like fortis to me. This part is rapped by a Japanese person (Sakura), but I figure K-Pop has some regulations to make sure they pronounce it at least ...
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Why does ㅗ *o* sometimes sound like ㅜ *u*?

When I listen to 오 on Naver Dict (or 오다 or 오늘), it sounds the same as 우. 오 sounds like a [u] sound, not an [o] sound like in Spanish como [komo]. (Click the speech icon with round, not vertical, sound ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Pronunciation of syllable 와

In an app I use to learn keorean, I noticed that in the sentence "사과와 바나나", the word '사과' is pronounced like '사가'(saga in the place of sagwa). Another instance where I noticed this was in ...
1
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1answer
121 views

How to pronounce -다 in dictionary form?

From what I've learnt, ㄷ is pronounced /t/ at the start of a word or end of a syllable, and /d/ if it's at the start of a syllable. So I am a bit confused as to why the -다 at the end of some verbs (in ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the rule and for how "ㅏ" + "ㄹ" can sound like "ㅐ" in words like 팔각형?

Specifically in the above example, I'm referring to the syllable 팔 sounding as though it has an ㅐ - why is that, or is it just me? I'm sure there is a subtle difference that I don't understand, so I'd ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Vowel for Yanbian Dialect

What are the vowels used in the Yanbian dialect of Korean? I've read in this article (https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-4.html) that Hamgyeong dialect, related to Yanbian dialect, has ...
2
votes
1answer
972 views

Why is 우 often romanized as "woo"?

Especially with names I have often seen this romanization, but also with other words. Here is an example where the word 우리 is transliterated as "woori". Other examples are the Korean bank &...
2
votes
2answers
300 views

Why is ㅂ sometimes pronounced as ㅁ? What are the rules?

I'm brand new to learning Korean -- I have studied a little bit of Hangul to learn the sounds, and I just started Lesson 1 of Elementary Korean, 2nd ed. by King & Yeon. In this lesson there is a ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to translate a Chinese name 泽 to Korean?

I would like to convert my name to korean, but I am having trouble with "泽" which can be 석 or 택. I would assume the name would be 하석민 or 하택민 after conversion. Does it matter which one I use?
6
votes
4answers
437 views

How can I understand the three extremely similar sounds, like 기, 키, and 끼?

In Korean the sound differences are very subtle and it is incredibly difficult to distinguish them unless your native language also includes them. For me, it is very difficult to distinguish 기, 키, and ...
1
vote
3answers
307 views

How is 깨끗하다 pronounced?

I can pronounce it both ways below: 깨끋타다 깨끄타다 I think #2 is the correct way but when I listen to this word's pronunciation on Google Translate, which you can slow down, it sounds like #1.
0
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0answers
89 views

Extended consonant sounds in Korean

I noticed that many Korean speakers in order to emphasize some words tend to make the syllables longer and more intense (pretty much just like any other language). But this applies specially some to ...
0
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1answer
101 views

받침 and following 이응

Until recently, I was under the impression that if a syllable ended in a 받침 (e.g. 작) and the next syllable started with 이응 (e.g. 아), then the 받침 would move to the start of the next syllable (so 작아 is ...
0
votes
2answers
182 views

Why are Korean females so strict about pronunciation, grammar and language is general?

Example #1: https://youtu.be/9BNN4tlBy-g?t=209 A group of people are sitting around a table in a North Korean pizzeria. An American white female says: "Picante". The (very charming and beautiful) ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Has [ʕ] ever been present in Korean?

I noticed that whenever I say 낳아, whose standard pronunciation is [나아], ㅎ assimilates to [ʕ] rather than vanishing. The exact same phenomenon occurs whenever I say 쌓아 or 닿아. I presume I add [ʕ] to ...
0
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2answers
69 views

Pronunciation of 옥류관(玉流館)

玉流館 is a famous North Korean restaurant with many overseas branches. The name of the restaurant is written in hangul as 옥류관, and transliterated as “Okryu-gwan”. If that is so, why is it pronounced ...
3
votes
2answers
316 views

What is the standard pronunciation of 닫린집합?

I asked this on 온라인가나다, but 국립국어원 said this word is not on the standard dictionary and thus it cannot be answered: here. 닫린집합 is a term in Topology, and is a translation of 'clopen set'. Just like '...
8
votes
1answer
341 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
3
votes
2answers
329 views

Pronunciation of 받침 when speaking slowly

When you are saying a word or sentence deliberately slowly, speaking syllable by syllable in Korean (e.g., when spelling a text to students in a classroom, or talking on the phone), do the 받침 rules ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

기/지 in Yanbian dialect

I've heard that in Yanbian or North Korea ㅈ is pronounced as "ts" rather than "j". However, in this article about Yanbian Korean it also describes it as "j" . Which is more common in Yanbian? Is there ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Vowel Harmony and Umlaut in Korean

I've been reading up about the Yanbian dialect of Korean, and came across the concept of vowel harmony in this article. https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-8.html e.g. 모두 = 모도, 배우다 = 배오다, ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

Is it natural to pronounce ‘기억’ as ‘기역’?

I am just a beginner in Korean, and noticed a kind of pattern, which the following examples should suffice to illustrate: 좋아하다 sounds like 조와하다 피어나다 sounds like 피여나다 Noteworthily, even Naver ...
6
votes
2answers
265 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
1
vote
2answers
177 views

How 꽃차례 is pronounced?

How 꽃차례 is pronounced? Kkot-charye or kkoch-charye? For example, 있다 is pronounced "itta", but 있습니다 isn't pronounced "itseumnida".
3
votes
2answers
575 views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

How should ㄱ be pronounced?

To my ears, ㄱ is pronounced as g or k depending on the word. 강남 -> k 내과 -> k 아기 -> g Is there any simple rule-of-the-thumb? Note. This is not a duplicate of this as that thread discussed ...
1
vote
1answer
258 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
1
vote
0answers
404 views

Where can I learn to pronounce Revised Romanization of Korean

I am a starter for learning Korean. From these two websites: 1) https://www.wattpad.com/37798905-learn-korean-language-reading-romanized-korean ,and, 2) https://lifeoutsideoftexas.com/2014/05/...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

Is the initial ㅎ not pronounced sometimes?

Sometimes I could not hear the initial "h" sound in the character ㅎ. For example, when I learned a word 회전 (rotation) in Memrise today, it sounds like "we-jheon", and I could not hear any "h" sound. (...
1
vote
1answer
581 views

The pronunciation of ㄴ + ㄹ combination

For example, if you pronounce the word 문리, the ㄴ turned into ㄹ because it is put right before ㄹ. However, the rule of the pronunciation of ㄹ is: (according to a Reddit page) ㄹ has two different ...