Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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62 views

Are there factors other than VOT that distinguish the three types of Korean occulsives?

I mean 예사소리 (plain), 된소리 (tense), and 거센소리 (aspirated) by "the three types", in regard of voiceless occulsives, of course. As for voice onset time (VOT), it is well-known that 된소리 (ㄲ,ㄸ,ㅃ,ㅉ) ...
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35 views

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography” and “rules on pronunciations?”

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography and rules on pronunciations?”
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2answers
121 views

Pronunciation of ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅆ, ㅉ) before ㄱ

I can't find information about right pronunciation of patchim ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅌ, ㅊ) before ㄱ. From what I can hear ㄷ should be silent. But I am not sure about it. For example in words like 웃겨 I hear 우껴 ...
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66 views

the sound change following ㄹ

According to Naver dictionary, 볼거리 [볼꺼리] vs 갈기다 [갈기다] 일당 [일땅] vs 일다 [일:다] (For this pair, I guess it is because 일 in the second one is long. If that is true, since many Koreans do not differentiate ...
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1answer
163 views

How is the polite particle 요 pronounced?

To me it sounds more like 여 (wider mouth) when used at the end of words, while standalone or mid-word 요 is pronounced with a more closed mouth. Example https://soundcloud.com/talktomeinkorean/ttmik-...
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1answer
135 views

About the pronunciation of 시

Is the pronunciation of 시 same as "x" as in Mandarin ? It's sound similar to me, but I'm not sure if they are exactly the same. Do they have the same tongue position and mouth shape, having ...
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202 views

Words like 호랑이/고양이/아지랭이 vs. words like 호박잎/콩잎/부엌일, what is the difference regarding the consonant(s) before the final “ㅣ”?

It all started with this song titled 호박잎 (starts at 11:02 in the video, lyrics here) on Youtube, and I noticed that the singer's pronunciation of 호박잎 is different from the supposed "standard"...
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2answers
156 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 호박잎?

Is it /호방닙/ or /호방깁?/ I think it is the first one because of there is an insertion of ㅅ and ㄴ: 호박+ㅅ+ㄴ+잎, the ㅅ disappears and the ㄱ nasalizes under the influence of ㄴ. But in this children's song ...
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2answers
137 views

How do you properly pronounce 풀?

As a native English speaker this sound is really hard for me. It's like half an "Pu" sound and half an "ool" sound. The last bit is what trips me up, how do you pronounce that &...
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99 views

Particle 로 or 으로 after consonant?

I stumbled upon what seems to be a contradiction in my beginner's course textbook. The book explains that the particle which indicates direction, "로", must be replaced by its variant "...
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128 views

Exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants

What are the exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants, e.g. ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄸ, ㄹ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅌ? The passive articulators are dental, alveolar, or postalveolar, and the active articulators are apical ...
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1answer
135 views

Is the ㅆ in 씌 palatalized or not?

The passive form of 쓰다 is 쓰이다, whose contraction is 씌다. 씌 also appears in 씌우다, which is the causative form of 쓰다. The 표준 발음법 states that ㅢ following a consonant is pronounced as [ㅣ]. That means 씌 is ...
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1answer
161 views

Why does ㅗ *o* sometimes sound like ㅜ *u*?

When I listen to 오 on Naver Dict (or 오다 or 오늘), it sounds the same as 우. 오 sounds like a [u] sound, not an [o] sound like in Spanish como [komo]. (Click the speech icon with round, not vertical, sound ...
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79 views

Pronunciation of syllable 와

In an app I use to learn keorean, I noticed that in the sentence "사과와 바나나", the word '사과' is pronounced like '사가'(saga in the place of sagwa). Another instance where I noticed this was in ...
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2answers
102 views

What are the correct translations and pronunciations for “It's a lot, isn't it?”

I came across this sample for the above phrase; when I tried it on google translate, I got 많지 않나요 ... which might be right, I suppose - it looks close, but Google translate seems off. Obviously in the ...
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1answer
100 views

How to pronounce -다 in dictionary form?

From what I've learnt, ㄷ is pronounced /t/ at the start of a word or end of a syllable, and /d/ if it's at the start of a syllable. So I am a bit confused as to why the -다 at the end of some verbs (in ...
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1answer
108 views

What is the rule and for how “ㅏ” + “ㄹ” can sound like “ㅐ” in words like 팔각형?

Specifically in the above example, I'm referring to the syllable 팔 sounding as though it has an ㅐ - why is that, or is it just me? I'm sure there is a subtle difference that I don't understand, so I'd ...
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2answers
254 views

Why is ㅂ sometimes pronounced as ㅁ? What are the rules?

I'm brand new to learning Korean -- I have studied a little bit of Hangul to learn the sounds, and I just started Lesson 1 of Elementary Korean, 2nd ed. by King & Yeon. In this lesson there is a ...
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1answer
869 views

Why is 우 often romanized as “woo”?

Especially with names I have often seen this romanization, but also with other words. Here is an example where the word 우리 is transliterated as "woori". Other examples are the Korean bank &...
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1k views

How to translate a Chinese name 泽 to Korean?

I would like to convert my name to korean, but I am having trouble with "泽" which can be 석 or 택. I would assume the name would be 하석민 or 하택민 after conversion. Does it matter which one I use?
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82 views

Extended consonant sounds in Korean

I noticed that many Korean speakers in order to emphasize some words tend to make the syllables longer and more intense (pretty much just like any other language). But this applies specially some to ...
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1answer
164 views

Has [ʕ] ever been present in Korean?

I noticed that whenever I say 낳아, whose standard pronunciation is [나아], ㅎ assimilates to [ʕ] rather than vanishing. The exact same phenomenon occurs whenever I say 쌓아 or 닿아. I presume I add [ʕ] to ...
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2answers
67 views

Pronunciation of 옥류관(玉流館)

玉流館 is a famous North Korean restaurant with many overseas branches. The name of the restaurant is written in hangul as 옥류관, and transliterated as “Okryu-gwan”. If that is so, why is it pronounced ...
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2answers
178 views

Why are Korean females so strict about pronunciation, grammar and language is general?

Example #1: https://youtu.be/9BNN4tlBy-g?t=209 A group of people are sitting around a table in a North Korean pizzeria. An American white female says: "Picante". The (very charming and beautiful) ...
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2answers
310 views

What is the standard pronunciation of 닫린집합?

I asked this on 온라인가나다, but 국립국어원 said this word is not on the standard dictionary and thus it cannot be answered: here. 닫린집합 is a term in Topology, and is a translation of 'clopen set'. Just like '...
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327 views

Pronunciation of 받침 when speaking slowly

When you are saying a word or sentence deliberately slowly, speaking syllable by syllable in Korean (e.g., when spelling a text to students in a classroom, or talking on the phone), do the 받침 rules ...
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1answer
94 views

받침 and following 이응

Until recently, I was under the impression that if a syllable ended in a 받침 (e.g. 작) and the next syllable started with 이응 (e.g. 아), then the 받침 would move to the start of the next syllable (so 작아 is ...
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68 views

Vowel Harmony and Umlaut in Korean

I've been reading up about the Yanbian dialect of Korean, and came across the concept of vowel harmony in this article. https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-8.html e.g. 모두 = 모도, 배우다 = 배오다, ...
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1answer
181 views

기/지 in Yanbian dialect

I've heard that in Yanbian or North Korea ㅈ is pronounced as "ts" rather than "j". However, in this article about Yanbian Korean it also describes it as "j" . Which is more common in Yanbian? Is there ...
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1answer
61 views

Vowel for Yanbian Dialect

What are the vowels used in the Yanbian dialect of Korean? I've read in this article (https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-4.html) that Hamgyeong dialect, related to Yanbian dialect, has ...
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1answer
258 views

Is it natural to pronounce ‘기억’ as ‘기역’?

I am just a beginner in Korean, and noticed a kind of pattern, which the following examples should suffice to illustrate: 좋아하다 sounds like 조와하다 피어나다 sounds like 피여나다 Noteworthily, even Naver ...
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2answers
170 views

How 꽃차례 is pronounced?

How 꽃차례 is pronounced? Kkot-charye or kkoch-charye? For example, 있다 is pronounced "itta", but 있습니다 isn't pronounced "itseumnida".
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536 views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
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1answer
319 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
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1answer
115 views

How should ㄱ be pronounced?

To my ears, ㄱ is pronounced as g or k depending on the word. 강남 -> k 내과 -> k 아기 -> g Is there any simple rule-of-the-thumb? Note. This is not a duplicate of this as that thread discussed ...
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2answers
255 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
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1answer
244 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
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393 views

Where can I learn to pronounce Revised Romanization of Korean

I am a starter for learning Korean. From these two websites: 1) https://www.wattpad.com/37798905-learn-korean-language-reading-romanized-korean ,and, 2) https://lifeoutsideoftexas.com/2014/05/...
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1answer
221 views

Is the initial ㅎ not pronounced sometimes?

Sometimes I could not hear the initial "h" sound in the character ㅎ. For example, when I learned a word 회전 (rotation) in Memrise today, it sounds like "we-jheon", and I could not hear any "h" sound. (...
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1answer
548 views

The pronunciation of ㄴ + ㄹ combination

For example, if you pronounce the word 문리, the ㄴ turned into ㄹ because it is put right before ㄹ. However, the rule of the pronunciation of ㄹ is: (according to a Reddit page) ㄹ has two different ...
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1answer
127 views

Is there any difference in pronunciation between 학교 and 하교?

I have very hard time in writing the words by hearing the sounds. Now when I heard the word "school", I thought the word should be written as follows: 하교 But I found out the correct spelling is: ...
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1answer
88 views

Are consonants put at the last block of the character aspirated or tense?

Some characters have consonants parts at the last part of them. For example: 같, not 갇 갘, not 각 갔, not 갓 In these characters, do you pronounce the last consonant aspirate or tense, or just pronounce ...
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2answers
472 views

When to pronounce as [dz] and [dʑ] in Korean ㅈ (IPA)?

I'm looking at the Korean IPA chart and found out the two symbols for ㅈ: dz ㅈ j beds dʑ ㅈ j roughly like gee But what is the difference and when I should pronounce them over the other? ...
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2answers
170 views

Is 최 ever pronounced like it rhymes with “boy”?

You might know of well-known Soviet musician Viktor Tsoi, whose name in Hangul is 최 and in Cyrillic is Цой. The thing is that now his name seems to be written as 초이. My guess is that it has something ...
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1answer
98 views

In which dialect are 애 and 에 pronounced differently?

I found the following sentence in Duolingo: Due to recent sound changes, 애(얘) and 에(예) are pronounced the same in most Korean dialects. However, according to Wikipedia Korean IPA article, the ...
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4answers
413 views

How can I understand the three extremely similar sounds, like 기, 키, and 끼?

In Korean the sound differences are very subtle and it is incredibly difficult to distinguish them unless your native language also includes them. For me, it is very difficult to distinguish 기, 키, and ...
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2answers
1k views

Do all Sino-Korean words have exactly one reading?

In Mandarin, if you see "風車", you know it says "fēngchē". But in Japanese, if you see the same two characters, you don't know if it's "kazaguruma" or "fūsha". Roughly, those Japanese words are two ...
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2answers
113 views

Silencing 는 of 만나는 in rap to 만난? When is it okay to silence parts of a word without changing meaning?

1:47-1:48 See You Again - Produce 48 https://youtu.be/ogUI4eeHsCg?t=108 From the phrase "만나는 날" I played it at 20% speed to see if there was any soft enunciating for the "neun" part of 만나는, but there ...
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0answers
246 views

더 sounds like tteo (fortis) instead of deo (lenis) in a rapping part of K-Pop?

Here it is from 1:20-1:21. link It at least sounds like fortis to me. This part is rapped by a Japanese person (Sakura), but I figure K-Pop has some regulations to make sure they pronounce it at least ...
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1answer
672 views

Pronunciation differences of ᄌ/ᄎ, ᄀ/ᄏ, 애/에, 어/오 etc

Do koreans clearly distinguish between ᄀ/ᄏ, ᄃ/ᄐ, ᄇ/ᄑ, ᄌ/ᄎ, ᄉ/ᄊ, 애/에, 어/오 while hearing a native speech? I have tried to catch the difference between these sounds, but I cannot find any pronunciation ...