Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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1answer
35 views

How to pronounce -다 in dictionary form?

From what I've learnt, ㄷ is pronounced /t/ at the start of a word or end of a syllable, and /d/ if it's at the start of a syllable. So I am a bit confused as to why the -다 at the end of some verbs (in ...
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1answer
80 views

What is the rule and for how “ㅏ” + “ㄹ” can sound like “ㅐ” in words like 팔각형?

Specifically in the above example, I'm referring to the syllable 팔 sounding as though it has an ㅐ - why is that, or is it just me? I'm sure there is a subtle difference that I don't understand, so I'd ...
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2answers
82 views

Why is ㅂ sometimes pronounced as ㅁ? What are the rules?

I'm brand new to learning Korean -- I have studied a little bit of Hangul to learn the sounds, and I just started Lesson 1 of Elementary Korean, 2nd ed. by King & Yeon. In this lesson there is a ...
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1answer
169 views

Why is 우 often romanized as “woo”?

Especially with names I have often seen this romanization, but also with other words. Here is an example where the word 우리 is transliterated as "woori". Other examples are the Korean bank &...
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1answer
165 views

How to translate a Chinese name 泽 to Korean?

I would like to convert my name to korean, but I am having trouble with "泽" which can be 석 or 택. I would assume the name would be 하석민 or 하택민 after conversion. Does it matter which one I use?
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0answers
60 views

Extended consonant sounds in Korean

I noticed that many Korean speakers in order to emphasize some words tend to make the syllables longer and more intense (pretty much just like any other language). But this applies specially some to ...
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1answer
120 views

Has [ʕ] ever been present in Korean?

I noticed that whenever I say 낳아, whose standard pronunciation is [나아], ㅎ assimilates to [ʕ] rather than vanishing. The exact same phenomenon occurs whenever I say 쌓아 or 닿아. I presume I add [ʕ] to ...
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2answers
51 views

Pronunciation of 옥류관(玉流館)

玉流館 is a famous North Korean restaurant with many overseas branches. The name of the restaurant is written in hangul as 옥류관, and transliterated as “Okryu-gwan”. If that is so, why is it pronounced ...
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2answers
116 views

Why are Korean females so strict about pronunciation, grammar and language is general?

Example #1: https://youtu.be/9BNN4tlBy-g?t=209 A group of people are sitting around a table in a North Korean pizzeria. An American white female says: "Picante". The (very charming and beautiful) ...
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2answers
256 views

What is the standard pronunciation of 닫린집합?

I asked this on 온라인가나다, but 국립국어원 said this word is not on the standard dictionary and thus it cannot be answered: here. 닫린집합 is a term in Topology, and is a translation of 'clopen set'. Just like '...
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2answers
320 views

Pronunciation of 받침 when speaking slowly

When you are saying a word or sentence deliberately slowly, speaking syllable by syllable in Korean (e.g., when spelling a text to students in a classroom, or talking on the phone), do the 받침 rules ...
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1answer
66 views

받침 and following 이응

Until recently, I was under the impression that if a syllable ended in a 받침 (e.g. 작) and the next syllable started with 이응 (e.g. 아), then the 받침 would move to the start of the next syllable (so 작아 is ...
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0answers
43 views

Vowel Harmony and Umlaut in Korean

I've been reading up about the Yanbian dialect of Korean, and came across the concept of vowel harmony in this article. https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-8.html e.g. 모두 = 모도, 배우다 = 배오다, ...
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1answer
99 views

기/지 in Yanbian dialect

I've heard that in Yanbian or North Korea ㅈ is pronounced as "ts" rather than "j". However, in this article about Yanbian Korean it also describes it as "j" . Which is more common in Yanbian? Is there ...
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1answer
45 views

Vowel for Yanbian Dialect

What are the vowels used in the Yanbian dialect of Korean? I've read in this article (https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-4.html) that Hamgyeong dialect, related to Yanbian dialect, has ...
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1answer
167 views

Is it natural to pronounce ‘기억’ as ‘기역’?

I am just a beginner in Korean, and noticed a kind of pattern, which the following examples should suffice to illustrate: 좋아하다 sounds like 조와하다 피어나다 sounds like 피여나다 Noteworthily, even Naver ...
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2answers
127 views

How 꽃차례 is pronounced?

How 꽃차례 is pronounced? Kkot-charye or kkoch-charye? For example, 있다 is pronounced "itta", but 있습니다 isn't pronounced "itseumnida".
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2answers
331 views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
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1answer
210 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
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1answer
90 views

How should ㄱ be pronounced?

To my ears, ㄱ is pronounced as g or k depending on the word. 강남 -> k 내과 -> k 아기 -> g Is there any simple rule-of-the-thumb? Note. This is not a duplicate of this as that thread discussed ...
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2answers
220 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
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1answer
140 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
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0answers
145 views

Where can I learn to pronounce Revised Romanization of Korean

I am a starter for learning Korean. From these two websites: 1) https://www.wattpad.com/37798905-learn-korean-language-reading-romanized-korean ,and, 2) https://lifeoutsideoftexas.com/2014/05/...
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1answer
186 views

Is the initial ㅎ not pronounced sometimes?

Sometimes I could not hear the initial "h" sound in the character ㅎ. For example, when I learned a word 회전 (rotation) in Memrise today, it sounds like "we-jheon", and I could not hear any "h" sound. (...
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1answer
252 views

The pronunciation of ㄴ + ㄹ combination

For example, if you pronounce the word 문리, the ㄴ turned into ㄹ because it is put right before ㄹ. However, the rule of the pronunciation of ㄹ is: (according to a Reddit page) ㄹ has two different ...
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1answer
107 views

Is there any difference in pronunciation between 학교 and 하교?

I have very hard time in writing the words by hearing the sounds. Now when I heard the word "school", I thought the word should be written as follows: 하교 But I found out the correct spelling is: ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Are consonants put at the last block of the character aspirated or tense?

Some characters have consonants parts at the last part of them. For example: 같, not 갇 갘, not 각 갔, not 갓 In these characters, do you pronounce the last consonant aspirate or tense, or just pronounce ...
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2answers
308 views

When to pronounce as [dz] and [dʑ] in Korean ㅈ (IPA)?

I'm looking at the Korean IPA chart and found out the two symbols for ㅈ: dz ㅈ j beds dʑ ㅈ j roughly like gee But what is the difference and when I should pronounce them over the other? ...
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2answers
137 views

Is 최 ever pronounced like it rhymes with “boy”?

You might know of well-known Soviet musician Viktor Tsoi, whose name in Hangul is 최 and in Cyrillic is Цой. The thing is that now his name seems to be written as 초이. My guess is that it has something ...
2
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1answer
88 views

In which dialect are 애 and 에 pronounced differently?

I found the following sentence in Duolingo: Due to recent sound changes, 애(얘) and 에(예) are pronounced the same in most Korean dialects. However, according to Wikipedia Korean IPA article, the ...
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4answers
267 views

How can I understand the three extremely similar sounds, like 기, 키, and 끼?

In Korean the sound differences are very subtle and it is incredibly difficult to distinguish them unless your native language also includes them. For me, it is very difficult to distinguish 기, 키, and ...
6
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2answers
965 views

Do all Sino-Korean words have exactly one reading?

In Mandarin, if you see "風車", you know it says "fēngchē". But in Japanese, if you see the same two characters, you don't know if it's "kazaguruma" or "fūsha". Roughly, those Japanese words are two ...
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2answers
96 views

Silencing 는 of 만나는 in rap to 만난? When is it okay to silence parts of a word without changing meaning?

1:47-1:48 See You Again - Produce 48 https://youtu.be/ogUI4eeHsCg?t=108 From the phrase "만나는 날" I played it at 20% speed to see if there was any soft enunciating for the "neun" part of 만나는, but there ...
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1answer
188 views

더 sounds like tteo (fortis) instead of deo (lenis) in a rapping part of K-Pop?

Here it is from 1:20-1:21. link It at least sounds like fortis to me. This part is rapped by a Japanese person (Sakura), but I figure K-Pop has some regulations to make sure they pronounce it at least ...
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1answer
428 views

Pronunciation differences of ᄌ/ᄎ, ᄀ/ᄏ, 애/에, 어/오 etc

Do koreans clearly distinguish between ᄀ/ᄏ, ᄃ/ᄐ, ᄇ/ᄑ, ᄌ/ᄎ, ᄉ/ᄊ, 애/에, 어/오 while hearing a native speech? I have tried to catch the difference between these sounds, but I cannot find any pronunciation ...
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2answers
128 views

섭리 pronounced as 섬니? Is this another sound assimilation to make it easier to pronounce?

I'm not used to two consonants changing sounds. It's usually just one of them that changes, so just to verify, is what I heard correct?
3
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2answers
199 views

Does Korean pronunciation sometimes differ in singing / rapping compared to spoken language?

I notice a lot of things are pronounced differently than they would in regular spoken speech. It could just be my ears. However, here are a few examples in BTS's DNA. 1:49 https://youtu.be/t9LC-...
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2answers
299 views

In 걱정하지, why does the first ㅈ sound like ㅊ?

I read that some consonants such as ㅈ are aspirated at the beginning of a sentence or phrase or something. However, I can't really find the explanation for this particular scenario where they sound ...
2
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1answer
175 views

Why does ㄴ sometimes sound like ㄷ (first position), such as in 너의?

Why is "너의" pronounced "deo-e"? I hear a very strong and clear "d" sound, stronger than an English 'd' in the following video (1:53, but it's already embedded in the link): https://www.youtube.com/...
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2answers
261 views

In the pronunciation of 잘할게, the 할 sounds likeㄱ+ㅏ+ㄹ, and 게 sounds like ㄲ + ㅔ, and I'm confused

This is the full sentence: 넌 아무 말 안 해 아 제발 내가 잘할게 I don't know any Korean, but just trying to pronounce. I hear "Chalgalkke" via Google Translate pronounce. The initial position makes the ㅈ sound like ...
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3answers
398 views

Why is 자꾸 pronounced “Chakku” but written as “Jakku”?

I'm new to Korean, and it's possible I might have heard it wrong. But for BTS - I Need U and Forvo (pronunciation website), I hear "chakku". It doesn't seem to matter what precedes or follows the word,...
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1answer
119 views

How do you pronounce 협 correctly

How do you pronounce the syllable 협 (hyeob) correctly in Korea? I tried to listen in google translate but it is very difficult to make clear what part of the mouth that is actually being moved even ...
2
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2answers
274 views

How is ㄹ pronounced in 말하다, 일하다 etc?

According to Naver & wiktionary, 말하다 is pronounced like [말:다] Must I say it like 1. [마라다] 2. or with a ㄹㄹ sound [말라다] 3. or with a ㄹㄹ sound [말ㄹ하다]
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4answers
164 views

How to pronounce 닝겐?

I was wondering if 닝겐 is pronounced 닌껜, same for 멋대로 as 머때로 and so on? Is the "g" in ㅇ pronounced differently than the "g" in ㄱ?
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2answers
183 views

What's the correct pronunciation of 몰라요?

I know the hangul ㅁ is equivalent to "m", but I've also heard it sounds more like "b" This is based on anecdotal observation where the former is usually the case in song lyrics and the latter in ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Why do some English subtitles on youtube seem like poor romanisations of Korean?

Sometimes, a friend suggests suddenly that we would take a photo. Then we have a gesture as follow : Photo ? Why, without a reason ? (A) 사진 ? 아 왜 갑자기 ? When I watch a Korean drama in youtube, I ...
3
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2answers
84 views

Why is the initial consonant of the second syllable of 현장 not tensed (된소리)?

Early on in my Korean studies, I learned that in multi-syllabic words, the first consonant of a subsequent syllable is typically tensed (된소리) if the preceding syllable ends in a consonant (받침). For ...
5
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4answers
285 views

is the pronunciation of “아저씨”same as “아젓시”?

Is the pronunciation of "아저씨" same as "아젓시"? I know that the word 아젓시 does not exist but just curious about pronunciation.
2
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1answer
129 views

Pronunciation of Two-Consonant patchim

I have just come across the link about pronunciation of two-consonant patchim in Korean. Does anyone know any basics for the rules such as why do the rules exist? Also is there a simple way to ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Pronunciation differences between 어 and 오, 애 and 에 in DPRK

Is there any difference in pronunciation between 어 and 오, 애 and 에 in DPRK? As I hear from news or documentary films, the announcer speech spells these vowels in different way. Anyway, is there any ...