Questions tagged [pronunciation]

This tag is for questions about the sounds, intonation, and stress of how words are uttered or produced.

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why does 좋아하다 pronounce as 조아하다?

I am a beginner, and with my current knowledge, when there is ㅇ after the previous final consonant, the previous final consonant combines with the vowel after ㅇ to pronounce. So, 좋아하다 is supposed to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
77 views

Is syllabic L present in Korean?

I'm a native Korean speaker. I noticed that, whenever I say "너를 나를", my tongue directly releases from the onset ㄹ to the coda ㄹ, eliminating the ㅡ in-between. To transcribe in IPA, /ɾɯl/ ...
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0 votes
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112 views

How to distinguish the sounds of the two vowels in Korean ᅭ ᅲ?

How to distinguish the sounds of the two vowels in Korean ᅭ ᅲ? Am I correct to make the following comparison in American English: ㅛ is the same as yo-yo; ㅠ is the same as "book" where 'b' ...
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1 answer
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How is the phrase 무궁화 꽃이 피었습니다 in Squid Game pronounced causally versus formally?

I found the pronunciation of 무궁화 꽃이 피었습니다 written in one article as mugunghwa kkochi piotsseumnida Google Translate showed it as mugunghwa kkoch-i pieossseubnida Is it pronounced like moo goo hwa ...
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4 votes
1 answer
172 views

I am a native French speaker and I have enormous issue to pronounce ㅏ VS ㅓ

I just started 2 weeks ago to learn Korean language (first on Duolingo then I bought a book) and I cannot figure out how to pronounce properly the vowel ㅓ which should be [uh, eo] like the "a&...
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2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Are there factors other than VOT that distinguish the three types of Korean stops?

I mean 예사소리 (plain), 된소리 (tense), and 거센소리 (aspirated) by "the three types", in regard of voiceless stops, of course. As for voice onset time (VOT), it is well-known that 된소리 (ㄲ,ㄸ,ㅃ,ㅉ) has ...
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Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography” and “rules on pronunciations?”

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography and rules on pronunciations?”
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1 vote
2 answers
227 views

Pronunciation of ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅆ, ㅉ) before ㄱ

I can't find information about right pronunciation of patchim ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅌ, ㅊ) before ㄱ. From what I can hear ㄷ should be silent. But I am not sure about it. For example in words like 웃겨 I hear 우껴 ...
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75 views

the sound change following ㄹ

According to Naver dictionary, 볼거리 [볼꺼리] vs 갈기다 [갈기다] 일당 [일땅] vs 일다 [일:다] (For this pair, I guess it is because 일 in the second one is long. If that is true, since many Koreans do not differentiate ...
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1 answer
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How is the polite particle 요 pronounced?

To me it sounds more like 여 (wider mouth) when used at the end of words, while standalone or mid-word 요 is pronounced with a more closed mouth. Example https://soundcloud.com/talktomeinkorean/ttmik-...
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1 vote
1 answer
146 views

About the pronunciation of 시

Is the pronunciation of 시 same as "x" as in Mandarin ? It's sound similar to me, but I'm not sure if they are exactly the same. Do they have the same tongue position and mouth shape, having ...
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3 votes
3 answers
215 views

Words like 호랑이/고양이/아지랭이 vs. words like 호박잎/콩잎/부엌일, what is the difference regarding the consonant(s) before the final "ㅣ"?

It all started with this song titled 호박잎 (starts at 11:02 in the video, lyrics here) on Youtube, and I noticed that the singer's pronunciation of 호박잎 is different from the supposed "standard"...
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2 votes
2 answers
165 views

What is the correct pronunciation of 호박잎?

Is it /호방닙/ or /호방깁?/ I think it is the first one because of there is an insertion of ㅅ and ㄴ: 호박+ㅅ+ㄴ+잎, the ㅅ disappears and the ㄱ nasalizes under the influence of ㄴ. But in this children's song ...
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  • 201
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3 answers
184 views

How do you properly pronounce 풀?

As a native English speaker this sound is really hard for me. It's like half an "Pu" sound and half an "ool" sound. The last bit is what trips me up, how do you pronounce that &...
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3 votes
1 answer
112 views

Particle 로 or 으로 after consonant?

I stumbled upon what seems to be a contradiction in my beginner's course textbook. The book explains that the particle which indicates direction, "로", must be replaced by its variant "...
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6 votes
1 answer
200 views

Exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants

What are the exact places of articulation of Korean coronal consonants, e.g. ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄸ, ㄹ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅌ? The passive articulators are dental, alveolar, or postalveolar, and the active articulators are apical ...
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3 votes
1 answer
154 views

Is the ㅆ in 씌 palatalized or not?

The passive form of 쓰다 is 쓰이다, whose contraction is 씌다. 씌 also appears in 씌우다, which is the causative form of 쓰다. The 표준 발음법 states that ㅢ following a consonant is pronounced as [ㅣ]. That means 씌 is ...
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0 votes
1 answer
458 views

Why does ㅗ *o* sometimes sound like ㅜ *u*?

When I listen to 오 on Naver Dict (or 오다 or 오늘), it sounds the same as 우. 오 sounds like a [u] sound, not an [o] sound like in Spanish como [komo]. (Click the speech icon with round, not vertical, sound ...
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1 answer
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Pronunciation of syllable 와

In an app I use to learn keorean, I noticed that in the sentence "사과와 바나나", the word '사과' is pronounced like '사가'(saga in the place of sagwa). Another instance where I noticed this was in ...
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1 vote
2 answers
111 views

What are the correct translations and pronunciations for "It's a lot, isn't it?"

I came across this sample for the above phrase; when I tried it on google translate, I got 많지 않나요 ... which might be right, I suppose - it looks close, but Google translate seems off. Obviously in the ...
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  • 199
1 vote
1 answer
171 views

How to pronounce -다 in dictionary form?

From what I've learnt, ㄷ is pronounced /t/ at the start of a word or end of a syllable, and /d/ if it's at the start of a syllable. So I am a bit confused as to why the -다 at the end of some verbs (in ...
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  • 259
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

What is the rule and for how "ㅏ" + "ㄹ" can sound like "ㅐ" in words like 팔각형?

Specifically in the above example, I'm referring to the syllable 팔 sounding as though it has an ㅐ - why is that, or is it just me? I'm sure there is a subtle difference that I don't understand, so I'd ...
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  • 199
2 votes
2 answers
541 views

Why is ㅂ sometimes pronounced as ㅁ? What are the rules?

I'm brand new to learning Korean -- I have studied a little bit of Hangul to learn the sounds, and I just started Lesson 1 of Elementary Korean, 2nd ed. by King & Yeon. In this lesson there is a ...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why is 우 often romanized as "woo"?

Especially with names I have often seen this romanization, but also with other words. Here is an example where the word 우리 is transliterated as "woori". Other examples are the Korean bank &...
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to translate a Chinese name 泽 to Korean?

I would like to convert my name to korean, but I am having trouble with "泽" which can be 석 or 택. I would assume the name would be 하석민 or 하택민 after conversion. Does it matter which one I use?
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0 votes
0 answers
107 views

Extended consonant sounds in Korean

I noticed that many Korean speakers in order to emphasize some words tend to make the syllables longer and more intense (pretty much just like any other language). But this applies specially some to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
195 views

Has [ʕ] ever been present in Korean?

I noticed that whenever I say 낳아, whose standard pronunciation is [나아], ㅎ assimilates to [ʕ] rather than vanishing. The exact same phenomenon occurs whenever I say 쌓아 or 닿아. I presume I add [ʕ] to ...
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0 votes
2 answers
74 views

Pronunciation of 옥류관(玉流館)

玉流館 is a famous North Korean restaurant with many overseas branches. The name of the restaurant is written in hangul as 옥류관, and transliterated as “Okryu-gwan”. If that is so, why is it pronounced ...
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1 vote
2 answers
190 views

Why are Korean females so strict about pronunciation, grammar and language is general?

Example #1: https://youtu.be/9BNN4tlBy-g?t=209 A group of people are sitting around a table in a North Korean pizzeria. An American white female says: "Picante". The (very charming and beautiful) ...
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3 votes
2 answers
348 views

What is the standard pronunciation of 닫린집합?

I asked this on 온라인가나다, but 국립국어원 said this word is not on the standard dictionary and thus it cannot be answered: here. 닫린집합 is a term in Topology, and is a translation of 'clopen set'. Just like '...
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3 votes
2 answers
330 views

Pronunciation of 받침 when speaking slowly

When you are saying a word or sentence deliberately slowly, speaking syllable by syllable in Korean (e.g., when spelling a text to students in a classroom, or talking on the phone), do the 받침 rules ...
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0 votes
1 answer
115 views

받침 and following 이응

Until recently, I was under the impression that if a syllable ended in a 받침 (e.g. 작) and the next syllable started with 이응 (e.g. 아), then the 받침 would move to the start of the next syllable (so 작아 is ...
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Vowel Harmony and Umlaut in Korean

I've been reading up about the Yanbian dialect of Korean, and came across the concept of vowel harmony in this article. https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-8.html e.g. 모두 = 모도, 배우다 = 배오다, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
234 views

기/지 in Yanbian dialect

I've heard that in Yanbian or North Korea ㅈ is pronounced as "ts" rather than "j". However, in this article about Yanbian Korean it also describes it as "j" . Which is more common in Yanbian? Is there ...
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2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Vowel for Yanbian Dialect

What are the vowels used in the Yanbian dialect of Korean? I've read in this article (https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/1998_4/8-4.html) that Hamgyeong dialect, related to Yanbian dialect, has ...
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1 vote
1 answer
303 views

Is it natural to pronounce ‘기억’ as ‘기역’?

I am just a beginner in Korean, and noticed a kind of pattern, which the following examples should suffice to illustrate: 좋아하다 sounds like 조와하다 피어나다 sounds like 피여나다 Noteworthily, even Naver ...
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1 vote
2 answers
203 views

How 꽃차례 is pronounced?

How 꽃차례 is pronounced? Kkot-charye or kkoch-charye? For example, 있다 is pronounced "itta", but 있습니다 isn't pronounced "itseumnida".
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3 votes
2 answers
710 views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
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8 votes
1 answer
575 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
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4 votes
1 answer
135 views

How should ㄱ be pronounced?

To my ears, ㄱ is pronounced as g or k depending on the word. 강남 -> k 내과 -> k 아기 -> g Is there any simple rule-of-the-thumb? Note. This is not a duplicate of this as that thread discussed ...
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  • 369
6 votes
2 answers
299 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
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1 vote
1 answer
304 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
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1 vote
0 answers
488 views

Where can I learn to pronounce Revised Romanization of Korean

I am a starter for learning Korean. From these two websites: 1) https://www.wattpad.com/37798905-learn-korean-language-reading-romanized-korean ,and, 2) https://lifeoutsideoftexas.com/2014/05/...
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4 votes
1 answer
240 views

Is the initial ㅎ not pronounced sometimes?

Sometimes I could not hear the initial "h" sound in the character ㅎ. For example, when I learned a word 회전 (rotation) in Memrise today, it sounds like "we-jheon", and I could not hear any "h" sound. (...
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  • 2,211
1 vote
1 answer
801 views

The pronunciation of ㄴ + ㄹ combination

For example, if you pronounce the word 문리, the ㄴ turned into ㄹ because it is put right before ㄹ. However, the rule of the pronunciation of ㄹ is: (according to a Reddit page) ㄹ has two different ...
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1 vote
1 answer
140 views

Is there any difference in pronunciation between 학교 and 하교?

I have very hard time in writing the words by hearing the sounds. Now when I heard the word "school", I thought the word should be written as follows: 하교 But I found out the correct spelling is: ...
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  • 2,211
2 votes
1 answer
96 views

Are consonants put at the last block of the character aspirated or tense?

Some characters have consonants parts at the last part of them. For example: 같, not 갇 갘, not 각 갔, not 갓 In these characters, do you pronounce the last consonant aspirate or tense, or just pronounce ...
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1 vote
2 answers
599 views

When to pronounce as [dz] and [dʑ] in Korean ㅈ (IPA)?

I'm looking at the Korean IPA chart and found out the two symbols for ㅈ: dz ㅈ j beds dʑ ㅈ j roughly like gee But what is the difference and when I should pronounce them over the other? ...
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  • 2,211
2 votes
2 answers
191 views

Is 최 ever pronounced like it rhymes with "boy"?

You might know of well-known Soviet musician Viktor Tsoi, whose name in Hangul is 최 and in Cyrillic is Цой. The thing is that now his name seems to be written as 초이. My guess is that it has something ...
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  • 269
2 votes
1 answer
121 views

In which dialect are 애 and 에 pronounced differently?

I found the following sentence in Duolingo: Due to recent sound changes, 애(얘) and 에(예) are pronounced the same in most Korean dialects. However, according to Wikipedia Korean IPA article, the ...
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