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Questions tagged [phonology]

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How does vowel length work?

So I know that vowel length isn't important to learn, and that most people don't need it. I'm just curious about the rules that dictate when they can appear. Take 사람 for instance, the 사 is long when ...
Tosaku's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Did medieval Korean phonologists consider sibilants as a separate place of articulation?

Recall the medieval classification of Korean consonants: 순음(脣音): ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅍ 설음(舌音): ㄴ, ㄷ, ㅌ 치음(齒音): ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ 아음(牙音): ㄱ, ㅋ, ㆁ 후음(喉音): ㅇ, ㆆ, ㅎ 반설음(半舌音): ㄹ 반치음(半齒音): ㅿ 순음 is bilabial, 설음 is coronal, 아음 is ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
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1 answer
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"Admitted" pronunciations for letters whose genuine pronunciation is too hard for a learner

Even though I've asked a similar question regarding phonetics, here's my second go at it. I've listened to a few audio samples, consisting of textbook dialogues spoken aloud, which allowed me to ...
swrutra's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
74 views

What is 운소 in english?

I just started taking phonology class and have trouble translating some term used in the material. one of those term is 운소. What is it in english?
arrqa's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
384 views

I am a native French speaker and I have enormous issue to pronounce ㅏ VS ㅓ

I just started 2 weeks ago to learn Korean language (first on Duolingo then I bought a book) and I cannot figure out how to pronounce properly the vowel ㅓ which should be [uh, eo] like the "a&...
Chookitypok's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

How can I find IPA charts that pairs each Modern Korean phoneme, with a common Korean word feat. that phoneme?

How can I find equivalents to the following chart for Modern Korean? Scilicet, the chart for Korean must SCHEMATICALLY map out each of Modern Korean's phonemes, and each phoneme must be escorted by a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
191 views

Why was 不 (etymon of 아) pronounced *An in Old Korean?

The IPA for 不 in 2021 Mandarin is pʷu4, and in 2021 Cantonese is /pɐt5. These don't sound like *An. From what did An phonologically change? Can you please expound the steps of 不's phonological ...
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2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Are there factors other than VOT that distinguish the three types of Korean stops?

I mean 예사소리 (plain), 된소리 (tense), and 거센소리 (aspirated) by "the three types", in regard of voiceless stops, of course. As for voice onset time (VOT), it is well-known that 된소리 (ㄲ,ㄸ,ㅃ,ㅉ) has ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
1 vote
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Distinguish length of vowels?

I'm a native Korean speaker and have lived almost all my life in Seoul. I have thought that distinguishing meanings of words by the lengths of vowels have almost disappeared. But I recently heard that ...
user67275's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is the ㅆ in 씌 palatalized or not?

The passive form of 쓰다 is 쓰이다, whose contraction is 씌다. 씌 also appears in 씌우다, which is the causative form of 쓰다. The 표준 발음법 states that ㅢ following a consonant is pronounced as [ㅣ]. That means 씌 is ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
172 views

Is it really impossible to speak [쳐]?

Phonetically, the IPA transcription of [처] and [치어] is [ʨʰʌ] and [ʨʰi.ʌ]. Their phonetical difference is the number of syllables and the presence of [i]. But what is the phonological difference? ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
177 views

Is there a name for the 시옷 in words like 오랫동안 and 어젯밤?

I´ve noticed that there are compound words like 오랫동안 and 어젯밤 that have a 시옷 between the original words (maybe also the case in 소릿값). Is there a proper name for this grammatical feature? And are ...
Charles Reis Ribeiro's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
179 views

Is there a name for the vowel change 아+이=애?

I had heard that in Korean, 애 used to be pronounced like 아이. This kind of makes sense as the glyph ㅐ looks like it's made out of ㅏ and ㅣ. In addition, in Japanese, some people pronounce the diphthong ...
Okoyos's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
Hayk Abelyan's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

두음법칙 - When did North and South diverge in pronunciation of initial ㄹ?

According to Wikipedia, North and South Korean treat word-initial ㄹ in Sino-Korean vocabulary differently: In South Korea, ㄹ is silent in initial position before /i/ and /j/, pronounced [n] before ...
Stumpy Joe Pete's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
158 views

Why is the initial consonant of the second syllable of 현장 not tensed (된소리)?

Early on in my Korean studies, I learned that in multi-syllabic words, the first consonant of a subsequent syllable is typically tensed (된소리) if the preceding syllable ends in a consonant (받침). For ...
vievievie's user avatar
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