Questions tagged [phonology]

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What is 운소 in english?

I just started taking phonology class and have trouble translating some term used in the material. one of those term is 운소. What is it in english?
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1answer
123 views

I am a native French speaker and I have enormous issue to pronounce ㅏ VS ㅓ

I just started 2 weeks ago to learn Korean language (first on Duolingo then I bought a book) and I cannot figure out how to pronounce properly the vowel ㅓ which should be [uh, eo] like the "a&...
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1answer
102 views

How can I find IPA charts that pairs each Modern Korean phoneme, with a common Korean word feat. that phoneme?

How can I find equivalents to the following chart for Modern Korean? Scilicet, the chart for Korean must SCHEMATICALLY map out each of Modern Korean's phonemes, and each phoneme must be escorted by a ...
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1answer
147 views

Why was 不 (etymon of 아) pronounced *An in Old Korean?

The IPA for 不 in 2021 Mandarin is pʷu4, and in 2021 Cantonese is /pɐt5. These don't sound like *An. From what did An phonologically change? Can you please expound the steps of 不's phonological ...
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1answer
68 views

Are there factors other than VOT that distinguish the three types of Korean occulsives?

I mean 예사소리 (plain), 된소리 (tense), and 거센소리 (aspirated) by "the three types", in regard of voiceless occulsives, of course. As for voice onset time (VOT), it is well-known that 된소리 (ㄲ,ㄸ,ㅃ,ㅉ) ...
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1answer
139 views

Distinguish length of vowels?

I'm a native Korean speaker and have lived almost all my life in Seoul. I have thought that distinguishing meanings of words by the lengths of vowels have almost disappeared. But I recently heard that ...
3
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1answer
142 views

Is the ㅆ in 씌 palatalized or not?

The passive form of 쓰다 is 쓰이다, whose contraction is 씌다. 씌 also appears in 씌우다, which is the causative form of 쓰다. The 표준 발음법 states that ㅢ following a consonant is pronounced as [ㅣ]. That means 씌 is ...
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0answers
98 views

Is it really impossible to speak [쳐]?

Phonetically, the IPA transcription of [처] and [치어] is [ʨʰʌ] and [ʨʰi.ʌ]. Their phonetical difference is the number of syllables and the presence of [i]. But what is the phonological difference? ...
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1answer
111 views

Is there a name for the 시옷 in words like 오랫동안 and 어젯밤?

I´ve noticed that there are compound words like 오랫동안 and 어젯밤 that have a 시옷 between the original words (maybe also the case in 소릿값). Is there a proper name for this grammatical feature? And are ...
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1answer
103 views

Is there a name for the vowel change 아+이=애?

I had heard that in Korean, 애 used to be pronounced like 아이. This kind of makes sense as the glyph ㅐ looks like it's made out of ㅏ and ㅣ. In addition, in Japanese, some people pronounce the diphthong ...
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2answers
590 views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
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1answer
980 views

두음법칙 - When did North and South diverge in pronunciation of initial ㄹ?

According to Wikipedia, North and South Korean treat word-initial ㄹ in Sino-Korean vocabulary differently: In South Korea, ㄹ is silent in initial position before /i/ and /j/, pronounced [n] before ...
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2answers
120 views

Why is the initial consonant of the second syllable of 현장 not tensed (된소리)?

Early on in my Korean studies, I learned that in multi-syllabic words, the first consonant of a subsequent syllable is typically tensed (된소리) if the preceding syllable ends in a consonant (받침). For ...