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Questions tagged [passive]

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3
votes
1answer
48 views

Passive form of verbs which end in 하다 and 주다

In general, how can we build the passive forms from verbs which end in 하다 and 주다? Can we always use 되다 as passive of 하다? E.g. 시작하다-시작되다 or 청소하다-청소되다? What will be the passive of 영향 주다? Can we use 영향 ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Passive voice with -게 되다

As I know, the -게 되다 ending changes the verb into passive. Also, the passive verbs can be formed by adding -되다 or -아지다, -어지다, -여지다. But I faced some uses of -게 되다 in addition to these 2 passive forms....
0
votes
1answer
151 views

봄이 되어 grammar: 봄이 되어 산에 올라가 봤습니다

봄이 되어 산에 올라가 봤습니다. Could anyone explain the grammar point relating to 되어 here? I read that when dealing with 하다 verbs, most of the time you can simply exchange 하다 with 되다, to make that verb passive. ...
5
votes
1answer
175 views

How to make passives with the 에게 form

In these passive sentences, 에게 means "by" (by the policeman, by me) 범죄자가 경찰에게 잡혔다. 내 여자친구가 나에게 차였다. However, when I tried to make some more sentences like this, using passive verbs, I have had ...
9
votes
1answer
305 views

Verbs that flip their meaning when '이' is inserted (e.g 죽다 vs 죽이다)

There's a pattern in Korean where one verb changes from passive to active or vice versa when '이' is inserted. For example, 죽다 (to die) : 죽이다 (to kill) 먹다 (to eat) : 먹이다 (to feed) 살다 (to live) : 살리다 (...
5
votes
2answers
174 views

In passive forms, is there any difference between '에' and '에 의해' to denote an actor?

물이 고양이에 의해 엎질러졌어요 – the water was split by the cat. Here, 에 의해 denotes the cause of what happened. However, it seems that we can just use '에' for a similar meaning, e.g. 도둑이 경찰에게 잡혔어요 – the thief was ...