Questions tagged [particle]

Particles (조사, 토씨) are function words attached to nouns to mark their roles in a sentence, e.g. subject, object, direction, location, instrumentation, etc. Examples include 이/가, (ㄹ)을, (ㄴ)은, (으)로 and 에서. 체언이나 부사, 어미 따위에 붙어 그 말과 다른 말과의 문법적 관계를 표시하거나 그 말의 뜻을 도와주는 품사. 크게 격 조사, 접속 조사, 보조사로 나눈다.

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76 views

Question about using particle 에 with Korean adverb 이제?

So I'm using the website, 'howtostudyKorean' and I have a question about a sentence I recently encountered. Here's the sentence. 저는 이제 수업을 시작할 거예요. Now this sentence is supposed to say, according to ...
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Usage of -이자 and -인 as suffix for nouns

I am using Google Translate to say the following sentence in Korean: Hello! I am Brian, a 2nd year computer science college student and a newcomer to Seoul. And this sentence came out: 안녕하세요! ...
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Is it true that Korean nouns and pronouns use different particles?

I've heard that there's some particle in Korean that can only be attached to nouns but never pronouns - and pronouns use some different particle instead. Is it true?
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Sentences with two subject markers [duplicate]

For example, the sentence: 내가 애기가 있어요. has two subject markers (가). What are rules or situations to know about when two subject markers are used and why?
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Strange use of (으)로

I want to ask about the use of (으)로 in the baduk (Go) book I'm reading now (이창호 타이틀 명국집2). The numbers (e.g. 백50) refer to the moves as they are labeled on the diagrams in the book. I'm used to the ...
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How do I use 도 (also, too)?

So I somewhat know how to use 도 without changing verbs to their noun form but when it comes to using it to change verbs into their noun form, that's where any understanding goes out the window. I ...
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A subject marker question

A. 저는 여기가 처음이에요. B. 저는 이전에 여기 온 적있어요. Questions 여기 has a subject marker in the first sentence. Why is 여기 the subject? Shouldn't "I"(저) be the subject? Why is 여기 a subject in sentence A but not the ...
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Linguistic related question: 한국어 어절

I am majoring in Korean language and now stuck with the word 한국어 어절. While searching I found that 어절 is a combination of word and particle(조사) but so far it is not very clear. Could anyone help to ...
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257 views

What is the difference between ‘만’, ‘뿐’, ‘밖에’?

What is the difference in part of speech, meaning, and usage between ‘만’, ‘뿐’, and ‘밖에’?
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meaning of 입니까?

I saw this post where someone asked about the meaning of 지금 다른 나라는 며칠입니까. And I was wondering what does 입니까 mean and is it okay to use 지금 다른 나라는 며칠이에요? And can you also say 나라에 or 나라에서 (not sure when ...
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What does the particle -이자 mean?

If you pass 이자 (alone or attached to a noun) to Google Translate or Naver Translate, they both translate it as "interest" but the same two apps also use it as a particle (a postfix) that seems to mean ...
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Using 은/는 or 에 for a place

Question and answer: 백화점은 어땠습니까? 1.백화점에 사람 아주 많았습니다. 2.백화점은 사람 아주 많았습니다. The question and the answer #1 is from a Korean textbook (not written by a native Korean). I am not sure if the answer #2 is ...
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I do not understand the need of two subject particles in 사람의 이름이 생각이 안 나요

I do not understand the need of two subject particles in 사람의 이름이 생각이 안 나요. There is only one verb but two subjects. Is it because 생각이 나다 is a fixed expression ? TIA.
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two subjects in 당신은 이름이 뭐예요?

I have just studied Korean for a short time. I am having problem with the sentence below. 당신은 이름이 뭐예요? = What is your name? My friend told me that there are two subjects in that sentence (당신 marked ...
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How to make passives with the 에게 form

In these passive sentences, 에게 means "by" (by the policeman, by me) 범죄자가 경찰에게 잡혔다. 내 여자친구가 나에게 차였다. However, when I tried to make some more sentences like this, using passive verbs, I have had ...
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Why use 가 in 의사가 되세요?

I'm learning about the usage on (으)세요, but my textbook explains that you cannot use 이다 in (으세요) form. So the following sentence is invalid: 의사이세요 However, the textbook says the correct form is ...
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The use of 는 after 에

I have read the following sentence: 휴게실에는 누가 있습니까? However, I don't understand why 는 is required here. Isn't it that 에 is enough to express the location, right? What is the difference between 에 ...
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The particle (이)야 and its exact meaning

I am new to this particle and I found that its meaning varies. Currently, here is my interpretation: Emphasizing a difference (Please explain this one, I don't quite get it) Ex. 남이야 하나 마나 우린 꼭 합시다. -...
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Why 아무도, not 아무가 to express “nobody”?

In the following sentences: 아무도 안 앉아 있어요 아무도 안 뛰어올라요 Why does it require 도 to express nobody...? In the dictionary, 아무 means no one or nobody, so why is it not something like 아무가, which ...
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Expressing “from A to B” in a more concise way

In Korean, the simplest way to express 'from A to B' is no doubt 'A부터 B까지', or '부터' could be replaced by '에서' as in "A에서 B까지'. However, this requires adding a particle to both nouns. Is there a ...
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When should I use 이/가 as a 'copular complement particle'?

I've read that 이/가 can be used as a particle to mark the complement of the particle 이다, its negative counterpart 아니다, and the verb 되다. I have seen examples with 아니다 : 나는 아이가 아닙니다 – I am not a ...
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How can I use ~(이)ㄹ랑 (or should I avoid it)? Is it only used for people?

너일랑 참견하지 말고 저리 가 있거라. – you stop interfering and go away! What meaning does this particle add? Is it just making the tone more aggressive, and if so, how aggressive is it? What would be some other ...
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Are both 집에 있다 and 집에서 있다 correct? Is there a difference in meaning?

I believe that as well as meaning 'from', -에서 is used to mean 'doing an action in a place', while 에 is used to denote motion 'to' or 'into'. By this logic, 집에서 있다 seems more correct than 집에 있다, but ...
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Does 즉슨 have any literal meaning on its own? What should I understand by the (이)ㄴ즉(슨) construction?

Here are three example sentences I have read with this construction, with possible translations: 사실인즉 : to tell the truth 말인즉 옳소 : what he says is true. 기회인즉 좋은 기회다 : about the ...
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1answer
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When listing many objects, use one 과/나 or many?

When I have a sentence where I want to list many objects using and/or, like I have an apple, an orange, a pear, a watermelon, and a papaya. should the (ㄱ)와 or (이)나 be used after each object, or ...
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What does it mean when we add 이/가 on to the object of the verb?

I've seen 그 것이 알고 싶다 translated as 'that's what I want to know', and 사과가 먹고 싶어요 translated as 'It’s the apple (in particular) that I want to eat'. In both of these sentences, it looks like 이/가 is ...
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626 views

Is there a special meaning of '이' when added on to names?

I saw this example sentence: 만철이는 중국에 사는 조선족이랍니다 (They say that) Mancheol is a Korean who lives in China. is '이' here the subject particle '이'? I think I have also heard people say things ...
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646 views

Are there any other honorific particles apart from 께서 and 께?

께서 is an honorific version of 이/가 : 아버님께서는 무엇을 하세요? What does your father do? 께 is an honorific version of 에게/한테: 할머님께 편지를 썼습니다. I wrote Grandmother a letter. examples from http://...
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1answer
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What are different causal connectives and how do they differ in nuance?

I keep coming across new conjunctive particles (접속사) all the time. Especially for giving reason there seems to me an endless number of particles that all differ in nuance. What are the most common ...
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501 views

What are the differences between 는 / 은 and 가 / 이?

I know that both are considered subject particles but when do you use one over the other?