Questions tagged [orthography]

Please use this tag for questions on "spelling". This tag is for questions concerning spelling and the written representation of the Korean language, especially spelling and word breaks.

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Were 치두음 and 정치음 ever written iotated?

Sejong the Great created 치두음 (ᄼ, ᄽ, ᅎ, ᅏ, ᅔ) and 정치음 (ᄾ, ᄿ, ᅐ, ᅑ, ᅕ) to distinguish sibilants. 치두음 were alveolar, and 정치음 were alveolo-palatal. These letters were not used in Korean orthography ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
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Does North Korean have a minimal pair with palatalization of ㅈ/ㅉ/ㅊ amongst Sino-Korean words?

By "North Korean" I mean the standard 문화어, of course. In South Korean 표준어, all ㅈ/ㅉ/ㅊ are palatalized. It is often said that if a South Korean says "자동차", a North Korean will hear &...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

What are some examples of reforms to Hangul proposed in the past?

Wikipedia mentions how historically, several spelling changes and even new characters were proposed for Hangul. What other changes have been suggested throughout the history of Korea?
kaster990's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography” and “rules on pronunciations?”

Where can I find the official “Hangul orthography and rules on pronunciations?”
Константин Ван's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
gaeguri's user avatar
  • 6,004
2 votes
1 answer

What is the difference between 설렁탕 and 설농탕?

tl;dr: what is the difference between 설렁탕 and 설농탕? They seem to design the same kind of beef-based soup. Is it a difference of meaning (similar albeit different dishes)? Or the same dish in ...
Taladris's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer

Is this underlining and quoting a standard way of marking names and nicknames in text?

In an online version of the Bible, 요한 is underlined in 그 이름은 요한이었다. (His name is John.) Is that a common thing?  Is it because it is a name, or because it is a foreign word? One of the answers ...
WGroleau's user avatar
  • 193
5 votes
1 answer

-럽다 vs -롭다 Suffix Spelling

Many adjectives end in -럽다 and -롭다, but is there any rhyme or reason when which spelling is used? Is there a difference in meaning or some phonetic pattern? I always seem to spell these wrong, so ...
ryanbrainard's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers

How to spot English loanwords and Hanja words in a text?

While studying Japanese, it's very helpful that nearly all words of foreign origin are marked by using katakana (a syllabary separate from the usual mix of hiragana and Chinese characters) and words ...
Dominik's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer

Chronology of orthography before and after the separation of North and South Korea

In another question some differences in orthography between North and South Korea were treated. But more precisely, what is the chronology of orthography changes in Korean before the separation in the ...
TripleDragonVolant's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

Is 모자라다 a verb or an adjective

I learned that 모자라다 is an adjective, which means that it should be conjugated as such, e.g., 시간이 모자라서 빨리 빨리 해야돼. 전 모자란 것들이 많은데 열심히 하겠습니다. But on the internet I sometimes find it written with a verb ...
Qbert23's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers

Spelling : how can I remember if a consonant is placed as a final '받침' in a block (followed by a null), or as an initial on the next block?

In this question, another user kindly fixed my misspelling - 움지기다 - to the correct form - 움직이다. When I misspell a word using the wrong consonant or vowel, I think - OK, I just have to listen more ...
Нет войне's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

Can you use -ㄹ려고 instead of -려고?

Recently, a Korean woman insisted to me that these are correct sentences: 한국어를 배울려고 했어요 (I intended to learn Korean) 카페에 갈려고 했어요 (I intended to go to a cafe) As far as I learned, the grammar is -...
파울울's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer

"단어를 쓰려고 or 쓸려고 합니다" [duplicate]

I saw this sentence while surfing websites: 유의어를 짜내서라도 다른 단어를 쓸려고 합니다. Is this sentence grammatically and orthographically correct?
choco_addicted's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers

Why do the pronunciation for Vowels assume the Consonant ㅇ?

Pronunciation for vowels such as ㅐ, ㅡ, and ㅏ assume the consonant ㅇ, sounding identical to 애, 으, and 아. In what way is the consonant ㅇ special from others?
Phonics The Hedgehog's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer

How to spell final "shhhh!" in gangster speak?

South Korean movies that deal with or involve gangsters, often feature gangter-speak, where every sentence ends with -shh!. I always thought that stood for an expletive, shibal, is that correct? In ...
Dima Tisnek's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers

What is the difference between 쇠고기 and 소고기 (both 'beef') - both are correct, but when would I hear one over the other?

This is a question from the proposal phase. What is the difference between 소고기and 쇠고기 ?
user17915's user avatar
  • 2,954
16 votes
5 answers

Is there any word that varies in length when written in hanja or hangul?

I've learned that due to Korean syllable structure, every hanja is exactly one hangul block long. Is there any Sino-Korean word (한자어) that deviates from this rule (by colloquial sound change etc.) ...
broccoli forest's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer

How are words in Korean alphabetized/sorted?

This was one of our definition questions. How are things like dictionaries sorted, and what is equivalent to our A-Z or Z-A lists?
Colbi's user avatar
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