Questions tagged [meaning]

Questions about the meaning of certain prefixes, suffixes, words, phrases, sentences, and/or texts in relation to context.

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Can (으)ㄹ바에는 and 기보다 be completely interchangeable?

i have 2 sentence as follows: 맛없는 밥을 먹을 바에는 차라리 굶는 것이 더 낫습니다.(Better to starve than to eat tasteless rice) 그 사람이랑 여행을 갈 바에는 차라리 그냥 집에 있겠어요 (If I have to go on a trip with him, I would rather just ...
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Could someone clarify the use of -(아/어)하다 with adjectives?

I know that (아/어)하다 is used for other people’s desires (3rd person). For 1st and 2nd, you would just use the regular form. However, it is acceptable to use (아/어)하다 in 1st person if you are referring ...
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Why does the indirect quotation (ㄴ/는)다고 mean "just because" in the following cases?

I have studied grammar (ㄴ/는)다고 before and know that this grammar is indirect quotation in Korean, which means "to say that/to ask that....". However, today I learned again that this grammar ...
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Difference between "중국어" and "한자어"

중국어 - Chinese language 한자 - Chinese characters 한자어 - Sino-Korean language(???)
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What does "잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차" mean?

i have a text as follows 저희는 오히려 부모님이 원하셔서 환갑잔치를 해 드렸더니 좋아하셨어요. 요즘 잔치를 잘 안 하 는 추세라서 잔치 대신 제주도 여행을 보내 드리려고 했는데, 어머님께 살짝 여쭤 보니 환갑이 되었 으면 당연히 잔치를 열게 마련이라 하시더라고요. 잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차 못 하고 있었는데 미리 여쭤 보길 잘 했어요....
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What is the difference between 온 and 모든?

I know in Korean that the word 온 means "all" that is used to modify nouns (eg 온 가족, 온 인류). I also know that the word 모든 also means "all" and is also used to modify nouns. So What ...
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What does 어느 in 화창한 어느 아침 means?

I have googled to see what does 어느 mean and what I understand is that it is used to ask questions. I am confused what does it mean in the above sentence. Please also explain the sentence structure ...
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What does 겸 mean and how is it used in a sentence?

겸 I read 겸 in my teacher's autobiography but I do not understand its meaning or how it is used. Here is the sentence: >사실 이번 달 초 약 2주간 시간을 내어 휴가 겸 한국을 다녀왔다. I searched Google translate, Collins ...
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4 answers
102 views

How did 이르다 get transformed to 이르러서는 in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 얼굴에 탈을 쓰고 추는 춤인 탈춤은 가면무용이라고도 한다. 신라시대에 유행한 처용무 등이 궁중무용으로 전해지더니, 이것이 고려· 조선 시대에 이르러서는 민속무용으로 크게 계승, 발전하 였다. As I think in this passage, 이르러서는 = 이르다 + 아/어서 + 는. However, ...
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How to say "I work for" without implying "I work at"

My language buddy asked me what I did for a living, and I told her I was a company employee. Then she asked which company and I didn't know how to answer. For context, I work for a large hospital ...
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Is (으)ㄴ/는단 a shortened form of (으)ㄴ/는다는?

i have a sentece as follows: 요즘 살을 빼기 때문에 밥을 안 먹고 과일만 먹어요. 정말 과일만 먹는단 말이에요? Can i replace the 는단 in the sentence above with 는다는 to become like this? 정말 과일만 먹는다는 말이에요?
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2 votes
2 answers
206 views

What is the difference between 아/어 노력하다 and (으)려고 노력하다?

In a Korean book, I read a sentence like this: 최선을 다해 노력하는 사람이 성공하는 법이에요 In the phrase "다해 노력하는", I think the author used the grammar 아/어서 (다하다 + 아/어서 + 노력하다). Can I replace this with &...
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What does "T moment" mean?

This might not relate directly to Korean language but I've heard this (so I assumed its a slang) when I'm watching a Korean show (I can't cite or reference it since I've long forgotten the stuff I ...
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What does "맞춰 발전시킨" mean in the following sentence?

i have a sentence as follow: 중국에서 들어온 유교를 한국의 상황에 맞춰 발전시킨 이이 선생이나 이황 선 생이 대표적인 예이다. When I use Google to transte it into English, the result are as follow: Lee Yi and Yi Hwang, who developed ...
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Tribunal and Court: Meaning of 법정 and 법원

I work at a government tribunal in Australia. I explained to my Korean-born wife that it's like a lower court, but there's a distinction in Australian law, even though I can't quite explain it even in ...
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What does the sentence below mean?

I'm reading a review of a book called "20대에 읽어야 할 인물 50인". In this review there is a passage: 처음에 50인이라고 해서 과거 역사 속의 위인이나 세계의 유명한 인사 등을 소개하는 책 인 줄 알았다. 그렇지만 읽으면서 보니 우리 주변에서 흔히 볼 수 있는 인물들이 ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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what's the difference between 바래 and 좋겠어?

I asked someone to translate "I hope you understand" in Korean and i received two answers. 니가 이해하길 바래. and 니가 이해해줬으면 좋겠어. is there a difference in intensity of formality? or is it just ...
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1 vote
3 answers
146 views

쭈꾸미: meaning "octopus"?

I'm watching Hotel del Luna, episode 6, and in that there are several lines containing the above word, eg: 나는 쭈꾸미 먹으러 가려고 나온 거야. 그렇게 차려 입고 이 밤에 쭈꾸미를 먹으러 가자고요? 이건 내가 쭈꾸미 먹으러 갈 때 차려고 사둔 귀걸이야. In the ...
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What is the similarity and difference between 든지 and 아/어도?

i have 2 sentences as follows: 저는 무슨 일이 있든지 약속을 지킵니다 (I keep my promise no matter what) and 저는 무슨 일이 있어도 약속을 지킵니다. (I keep my promise no matter what) Both sentences above have the meaning "I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is a sentence ending in 테다 any different in nuance than 텐데 or 테니까?

whilst 텐데(요) and 테니까 have their own satisfactory grammar documentation, 테다 is missing its own exhaustive coverage. I'll include the example sentence that made me curious in the first place: 죽여버릴 테다 ...
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What is the difference between 높임말 and 존댓말?

When it comes to honorifics in Korean, I see two words: 높임말 and 존댓말. Are these two words different or the same?
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What is the difference between (ㄴ/는)다지요? and (ㄴ/는)다면서요?

i have 2 sentences as follows: 민수 씨는 이번 시험에 1등을 했다지요? and 민수 씨는 이번 시험에 1등을 했다면서요? I wonder how these two structures are different? Can you help me to understand them? Thank you!
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1 answer
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What is the function of commas (쉼표) in the following sentences?

I have the following 2 paragraphs: 요즈음 세계 곳곳에서 서서히 일어나고 있는 ‘슬로푸드(slow food)’ 운동도 생활 습관 병을 고치는 데 도움이 된다. 자기 나라에서 오랫동안 내려온, 자기 민족의 전통 음식을 즐기 는 슬로푸드 운동을 통해 현대인들도 많은 병을 고칠 수 있을 것이다. and 요즘은 기업, 부자 중심의 ‘...
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3 answers
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Any subtleties I should be aware of before getting 강철의지 as a tattoo?

I had some natural Korean speakers help me pick this phrase (강철의지), but seeing as how it be will permanently marked on my body I'm coming here to double check. Thanks for any extra insight! I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Are abbreviations allowed in TOPIK Writting?

I am practicing writing TOPIK. As far as I know, in the TOPIK Writing, abbreviations are not allowed (e.g. 는 것이 can not be abbreviated to 는게, 무엇을 can not be abbreviated to 뭘), so why in the Answer ...
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1 answer
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What is the difference between (으)로 and (으)로서?

I know (으)로 has many meanings, one of which means "as". For example: 그는 신문사 특파원으로 서울에 와 있습니다: He is in Seoul as a correspondent for a newspaper and (으)로서 also means "as". For ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does the sentence in the passage below mean?

I have the following text. 그리워하는데도 한 번 만나고는 못 만나게 되기도 하고, 일생을 못 잊으면서 아니 만나고 살기도 한다. 아사코와 나는 세 번 만났다. 세 번째는 아니 만났어야 좋았을 것이다. 오는 주말에는 아사코가 살았던 춘천에 갔다 오려고 한다.소양강 가을 경치가 아름다울 것이다. In the passage above, ...
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1 vote
2 answers
148 views

What does 머가여~ mean?

I told a friend of mine that he looks good and he answered: 머가여~ What does this mean?
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1 answer
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What does 티격태격 mean?

It's from a song and I don't really understand every translation I've seen. The whole verse/sentence goes like 막상 티격태격 서로를 향해 겨누지만 고마운 줄 모르고 배부른 거지 뭐. (for context) I'd be glad if someone helped me!
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What does 홀홀 웃으며 mean in English?

나 지금 친구에게 문자하고있어. "홀홀 웃으며" I don't understand what it means. If anyone can translate for me, I would really appreciate it, thank you.
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1 answer
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What does the word "란" mean in TOPIK exam?

I read in the answer section of the TOPIK exam that there are a few words "답란" and "결시 확인란". Why is there the word "란" in these words? What does this word "란" ...
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1 answer
162 views

What is the difference between 가게 됐어요, 가게 돼요 and 게 될 거예요?

i have 3 sentences as follows: 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 됐어요 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 돼요 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 될 거예요. How are the 3 sentences above different? I understand the "게 되다" structure, but still don't ...
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2 votes
1 answer
205 views

What is the difference between "이곳" and "여기"?

I came across this video, [Basic Korean Grammar] Most frequent Korean word 이, 그, 저 in my early study of Korean language. At around 5:23, Kim mentioned that "이곳" and "여기" are ...
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1 answer
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What does ""바빠도 되도록" mean in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 아무리 바빠도 되도록 저녁 식사는 가족과 함께해야 한다고 생각합니다 I already know about the structure 아/어도 되다 and 도록 in Korean, but I still can't understand the phrase "바빠도 되도록". What ...
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4 votes
2 answers
114 views

How is 멘탈 잡아 used?

I was watching this show, and the situation starts at 7:06. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5gowWjwlm10&t=555s I understand that they're embarassed but I don't get the nuance of this expression... ...
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1 vote
2 answers
62 views

When can "아/어서" mean "to"?

I've found that "아/어서" can be used to mean "to" in a number of examples, such as: 저는 학교에 가서 공부할 거예요: I go to school to study 나는 친구들을 만나서 이야기했어요: I met my friends to talk Now, I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
201 views

What does "있어" mean in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 직장인에게 있어 재충전을 위한 여가 활동은 매우 중요하다 What does "있어" mean? I translated 있어 into english using google translate and it says that 있어 means "for (직장인에게)", ...
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1 vote
1 answer
98 views

what does 게 mean in this sentence - 네가 내 친구란 행운이야?

네가 내 친구란 게 행운이야. I'm happy that you are my friend. I think 란 works as that. What is this "게"?
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3 votes
3 answers
175 views

Why this sentence are wrong?

I read in a Korean textbook the following sentence: 그는 대학교에 합격해서 정말 기쁘다 The textbook said this is correct. But to the next sentence 그는 대학교에 합격해서 정말 기뻤어? This textbook said that the sentence is ...
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0 votes
2 answers
192 views

How to change the following sentences into ㄴ/는대요?

I know in Korean, ㄴ/는다고 하다 can be shortened to ㄴ/는대요. However, what about sentences ending in past tense or honorifics? For example, I have the following 2 sentences: 흐어 씨는 어제 도서관에 갔다고 했어요:Huong said ...
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1 vote
2 answers
105 views

What does "디엠 씨도 멋쟁이가 되어 보라고 드리는 거예요" mean?

I have a short dialogue like this: 와, 스카프네요 올가을에 유행한다고 해요. 디엠 씨도 멋쟁이가 되어 보라고 드리는 거예요. What does "디엠 씨도 멋쟁이가 되어 보라고 드리는 거예요" mean? I can't understand this sentence because it has the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
36 views

Translation of "Pledge"

I have to write a text in Korean. In this text I must have a "Pledge" section where I must promise that I take full responsibility for what is presented in this text, however I don't know ...
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4 votes
3 answers
204 views

How do I read a tilde “~” in Korean?

I'm learning Korean and noticed that Korean contains a lot of phrases with the Tilde "~" . For example the sentence: 여행지의 기본 정보를 알아본 후 여행 상품을 2~3개 정도 고릅니다. I see this Tidle "~" ...
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1 vote
2 answers
271 views

What does 덩그러니 mean in the sentence 또 덩그러니 내게 남겨져있어?

I'm searching for the meaning of 덩그러니 word as I'm not able to find any correct meaning for this word. So can you please help me?
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6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why does Samsung company name means "Three stars" and not "Three castle"?

From Wikipedia: "The Samsung Group (Korean: 삼성)" I went to Google Translate and pasted the two words: 삼 = three 성 = castle (and other options, none of them being star) If I paste them together, 삼성,...
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1 vote
1 answer
195 views

Meaning of 애써 아무렇다

In Sunmi's Who Am I, the first words of the song are 애써 아무렇지 않은 척 / 쿨한 척 센 척은 필요 없어 which is apparently translated as "You don't need to pretend nothing's wrong, you don't need to pretend to be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
72 views

Translating and comparing the sentences

I need some examples of how to translate the two sentences below: 다음에 연습 좀 해와요. 박서준 씨나 제대로 연습해 오세요. Would you translate the first one as ‘Next time you should come and get more practice’? What else ...
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3 votes
2 answers
312 views

What does 꿀잠각 mean?

Based on the Google results of 꿀잠각 뜻, there is no relevant page to explain how it is. But the search result shows it is the word that people actually use, with the hashtag #꿀잠각 seen on Instagram. I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
107 views

What does "오직 운전만 하세요" mean in this paragraph?

I am studying Kyunghee Listening and there is an advertisement in the book that looks like this: 예쁜 딸아이에게 보고 싶다는 말을 하지 마세요. 따뜻한 밥을 차려 준 아내에게 고맙다는 전화도 하지 마세요 [...]아무것도 하지 마세요. 오직, 운전만 하세요. 세상 그 어떤 ...
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0 votes
1 answer
235 views

What does the -기는 하다 grammar signify in this sentence?

My language book has the following conversation (excerpt): 모레까지 꼭 해야 하는데. 친구 중에 번역을 많이 해 본 친구가 있기는 해. 소개해 줄까? I'd assume the somewhat literal translation of the relevant sentence would be: "...
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