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Questions tagged [hanja]

Questions pertaining to Hanja: the Korean name for Chinese characters. The Korean language has borrowed Chinese characters that have been incorporated into the Korean language.

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67 views

When should Native Numbers be used?

When you are numbering things, like pages, which set of Korean numbers would one use? Also, when counting objects, which are you supposed to use? I have seen people specify months, phone numbers, ...
2
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1answer
90 views

What do the characters I've found on this old gun mean?

On an antique shotgun I was told had Korean origin I found the following (what I presume are Hanja?) characters. Four out of five I believe I have correctly identified. One character I could not find ...
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2answers
50 views

What is the hangeul for the personal name 金知桓?

What is the hangeul for the personal name 金知桓? I understand that the family name is 김 but what is the given name? I have searched all the dictionaries I have and google doesn't give me anything.
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2answers
196 views

What's the etymology of 점심 (點心) meaning 'lunch'?

The characters for 점심 (點心) mean something like: 點 - 'point' or 'dot'心 - 'heart' Those characters have other meanings too, but I can't see from any of them how the characters come to make a word that ...
4
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1answer
196 views

Does the character 韓(한) refer both to Korea, and to a geographically distinct Chinese 'Han'?

According to Wikipedia, the character 韓(한) used in 한국 and 대한민국 can also refer to: (historical) Han, an ancient Chinese county, viscounty, and kingdom of the Zhou Dynasty and the Qin–Han interregnum....
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1answer
193 views

Is the use of Hanja in Korean associated with Traditional (rather than simplified) Chinese characters?

Is the use of Hanja in Korean associated with Traditional (rather than simplified) Chinese characters? Or, in written Korean, would it seem normal to render Sino-Korean words using simplified Chinese ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Meaning of 梛 (나무 이름 나)

梛 (나) has the meaning of "나무 이름" in the dictionary, but does this mean the name of some particular tree or just the "나" in 나무? If the former, which tree name? If the latter, it seems strange to me ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Why are Hanja described with -ㄹ/을?

When describing the meaning of Hanja, adjectives and verbs use the -ㄹ/을 ending. For example: 美: 아름다울 미 用: 쓸 용 I've always just kind of accepted this, but recently was thinking why is the -ㄹ/을 ...
2
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3answers
97 views

Origin of character 威 (위)

chineseetymology.org briefly states that this is "From woman 女 and weapon 戌. Meaning to dominate." Arch Chinese states that this is an ideograph composed of 女(Woman) and 威(kill) - though I think the ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Pronunciation of 不: 불 vs 부

不 can be pronounced either 불 or 부 depending on the word (examples). Is there a rule or pattern when to which one or is it just a matter of memorizing word by word?
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1answer
106 views

Does Korean have something like Japanese Ateji (当て字)?

That is: are there Korean words in which Hanja is used just to represent sounds regardless of the meaning of the characters employed?
6
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1answer
374 views

Why do some Korean given names use the letter 漢?

I have noticed that some South Korean/North Korean given names use the letter 漢 (e.g. 漢宰, 漢率). This seemed a bit odd to me, since 漢 is usually strongly linked to the Han dynasty of China. Why do these ...
9
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4answers
223 views

Country 한자 characters used in headlines

I just ran across the 한자 伊(저 이) used in a headline to mean "Italy". It's the first time I'd seen it, so I was wondering if there are other characters actively used to represent countries in headlines ...
6
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1answer
243 views

기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計 (what else?)

en.wiktionary.org is great for Hangul Super- Newbie learners. For example, en.wiktionary.org 기계 gives me 3 Kanji (Hanja) meanings/readings for 기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計 ( btw, in Jp ( Japanese ),...
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2answers
79 views

Is there any Korean word in use that uses 藍 / '남' to mean 바구니 / basket?

When looking at the hanja for '남' on my Windows IME I was surprised to see '바구니 남' as the third entry. I couldn't find a Korean word that uses 藍 / '남' to mean 바구니 / basket. Are there any examples of ...
5
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1answer
1k views

When using the Korean IME In Windows 10, how do I type hanja (한자) characters?

Sometimes when I'm using the Korean IME in Windows 10, I somehow accidentally trigger a menu to type hanja - but when I want to type hanja, I can't think how I did it! How do I trigger the hanja ...
6
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1answer
384 views

Why do product labels often have emphasized 한자?

헛개차 uses 茶 instead of 차 for 'tea', and there is also an exaggerated 男 (남) meaning man: 백세주 has a stylised 百 meaning 100: I've heard that 한자 are often used to disambiguate 한글 representing Chinese ...
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2answers
173 views

Change in pronunciation from 한자 to 한자어

I've been recently studying 한자어 and have seen that many times the pronunciation of the Chinese word is different (sometimes very) than the equivalent Korean word. I was wondering if this is due to ...
11
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1answer
179 views

Why is 金 differentially written as 김 and 금?

Everyone knows the surname 김, which is 金 in hanja. However, 金 is written as 금 everywhere except the surname, e.g. 금요일 Friday, 금성 Venus, 백금 platinum, 합금 alloy, 기금 fund. Why is the surname 김 written ...
5
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1answer
245 views

Dropping of initial ㄹ and ㄴ before /j/ and /i/ in hanja

In many hanja words, initial 리을 and 니은 are dropped before a "y" /j/ or "i" /i/ sound, which correspond to the vowels ㅣ ㅕ ㅑ ㅖ ㅠ ㅛ. This often happens if the hanja constitutes the first syllable of a ...
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2answers
176 views

Are all words from Chinese characters (한자어) nouns?

It seems to me like all the common Chinese character-based words in Korean I've encountered are, in themselves, nouns (though many of them can be used with 하다 to create verbs). Even 'sayings' like ...
6
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1answer
295 views

Is hanja opposed in North Korea?

I've heard here and there that hanja was opposed in North Korea for some ideological reason or another, but the English language Wikipedia article on hanja seems to present a more nuanced situation, ...
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2answers
186 views

Are ordinary native Korean speakers capable of understanding individual Japanese kanji words in written form?

While learning Japanese, I've learnt some individual Chinese characters, and some Japanese words made out of Chinese characters. Are ordinary native Korean speakers, as opposed to someone who has ...
14
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4answers
662 views

When should I use Hanja instead of Hangul?

How can I know when to use Hanja over Hangul, or vice-versa? Answers giving a bit of history/thorough explanation would be greatly appreciated.
14
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4answers
378 views

Is there any word that varies in length when written in hanja or hangul?

I've learned that due to Korean syllable structure, every hanja has exactly one hangul block long. Is there any Sino-Korean word (한자어) deviates from the rule (by colloquial sound change etc.) that ...