Questions tagged [hanja]

Questions pertaining to Hanja: the Korean name for Chinese characters. The Korean language has borrowed Chinese characters that have been incorporated into the Korean language.

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1answer
79 views

Why are 댜 뱌 챠 탸 퍄 햐 됴 툐 not used?

I am learning Hangeul and found this image on the Internet (I cannot locate the original source): It seems like some of the syllable blocks are greyed out, which I think means it's not used. There's ...
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3answers
624 views

Unusual hangeul syllables in 1920's handwritten Korean?

(This is a question about handwritten Korean, I don't have enough reputation to create a new tag for handwriting.) My Korean grandfather's notebook contains a chronology of the places he went while ...
2
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1answer
267 views

Why 방금(方今) means just now in Korean while “方今” means nowadays in Chinese?

방금 has its hanja "方今", which doesn't means "just now" but nowadays in neither ancient Chinese nor modern Chinese.
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1answer
145 views

What is written in that big bracket?

I was looking up the Korean word for “together”, when I came across its entry in the pure Korean dictionary on my iPhone. There’s this big bracket which seems to provide the etymology of the word. I ...
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1answer
139 views

what do 形 and 便 mean and how can they combine to make the meaning “situation”?

The Chinese word of 형편 (situation) in Korean is 形便. Can anyone explain what 形 and 便 mean and how can they combine to make the meaning "situation"?
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1answer
251 views

Why do some hanja characters have multiple hangul?

I found that some hanja words have multiple equivalent hangul. For example, 력 and 역량 (力 and 力量) (I could not come up with other words but there were more such words but once I find I will add more) ...
2
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1answer
115 views

Synonymous hanjas list (most frequent ones)

We know that there are at least 2500 hanjas that are used in modern Korean. I want to know synonymous hanjas like 불 and 무 (무료 and 불합격). These two hanjas are kind of negation prefixes. There might be ...
8
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1answer
222 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
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1answer
95 views

What is the pure Korean version of 동생?

I wonder why some words have or do not have pure Korean version. One explanation I found is that everyday basic usage words have Korean version because they originated long time ago. The more modern a ...
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1answer
133 views

What is 훈음 in a layman's words?

In learning Korean hanja, I come accross to the word 훈음. So what does it mean in a layman's word? An example from wikitionary: '國'의 음은 '국'이며 훈은 '나라'이다 Or an excerpt from Naver dict for 훈: ...
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1answer
92 views

Any good online alternative for “Handbook of Korean Vocabulary”

I am referring to this book titled "Handbook of Korean Vocabulary: A Resource for Word Recognition and Comprehension": https://www.amazon.com/Handbook-Korean-Vocabulary-Recognition-Comprehension/dp/...
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2answers
2k views

The true meaning of Korean workplace titles

I was referring to words such as 사원, 주임, 대리, 과장, 차장, 부장, 실장, 수석부장, 이사, 상무, 전무, 사장, 회장 So it was always bothering me what the true meaning of these workplace titles mean and what's their etymology. ...
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3answers
673 views

Does 단비 (sweet rain) have Hanja?

Hanja (Korean Hanzi) Dic gives some possible Hanja for 단비: 單婢 團匪 單比 斷碑 斷臂 短臂 None of these seem to match the meaning "sweet rain." Does 단비 (sweet rain) have Hanja?
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2answers
1k views

Do all Sino-Korean words have exactly one reading?

In Mandarin, if you see "風車", you know it says "fēngchē". But in Japanese, if you see the same two characters, you don't know if it's "kazaguruma" or "fūsha". Roughly, those Japanese words are two ...
6
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2answers
121 views

When should Native Numbers be used?

When you are numbering things, like pages, which set of Korean numbers would one use? Also, when counting objects, which are you supposed to use? I have seen people specify months, phone numbers, ...
3
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1answer
177 views

What do the characters I've found on this old gun mean?

On an antique shotgun I was told had Korean origin I found the following (what I presume are Hanja?) characters. Four out of five I believe I have correctly identified. One character I could not find ...
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2answers
102 views

What is the hangeul for the personal name 金知桓?

What is the hangeul for the personal name 金知桓? I understand that the family name is 김 but what is the given name? I have searched all the dictionaries I have and google doesn't give me anything.
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1answer
232 views

Is this underlining and quoting a standard way of marking names and nicknames in text?

In an online version of the Bible, 요한 is underlined in 그 이름은 요한이었다. (His name is John.) Is that a common thing?  Is it because it is a name, or because it is a foreign word? One of the answers ...
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2answers
336 views

What's the etymology of 점심 (點心) meaning 'lunch'?

The characters for 점심 (點心) mean something like: 點 - 'point' or 'dot'心 - 'heart' Those characters have other meanings too, but I can't see from any of them how the characters come to make a word that ...
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1answer
388 views

Does the character 韓(한) refer both to Korea, and to a geographically distinct Chinese 'Han'?

According to Wikipedia, the character 韓(한) used in 한국 and 대한민국 can also refer to: (historical) Han, an ancient Chinese county, viscounty, and kingdom of the Zhou Dynasty and the Qin–Han interregnum....
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1answer
417 views

Is the use of Hanja in Korean associated with Traditional (rather than simplified) Chinese characters?

Is the use of Hanja in Korean associated with Traditional (rather than simplified) Chinese characters? Or, in written Korean, would it seem normal to render Sino-Korean words using simplified Chinese ...
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1answer
119 views

Meaning of 梛 (나무 이름 나)

梛 (나) has the meaning of "나무 이름" in the dictionary, but does this mean the name of some particular tree or just the "나" in 나무? If the former, which tree name? If the latter, it seems strange to me ...
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1answer
166 views

Why are Hanja described with -ㄹ/을?

When describing the meaning of Hanja, adjectives and verbs use the -ㄹ/을 ending. For example: 美: 아름다울 미 用: 쓸 용 I've always just kind of accepted this, but recently was thinking why is the -ㄹ/을 ending ...
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4answers
207 views

Origin of character 威 (위)

chineseetymology.org briefly states that this is "From woman 女 and weapon 戌. Meaning to dominate." Arch Chinese states that this is an ideograph composed of 女(Woman) and 威(kill) - though I think the ...
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1answer
110 views

Pronunciation of 不: 불 vs 부

不 can be pronounced either 불 or 부 depending on the word (examples). Is there a rule or pattern when to which one or is it just a matter of memorizing word by word?
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1answer
185 views

Does Korean have something like Japanese Ateji (当て字)?

That is: are there Korean words in which Hanja is used just to represent sounds regardless of the meaning of the characters employed?
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1answer
605 views

Why do some Korean given names use the letter 漢?

I have noticed that some South Korean/North Korean given names use the letter 漢 (e.g. 漢宰, 漢率). This seemed a bit odd to me, since 漢 is usually strongly linked to the Han dynasty of China. Why do these ...
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5answers
428 views

Country 한자 characters used in headlines

I just ran across the 한자 伊(저 이) used in a headline to mean "Italy". It's the first time I'd seen it, so I was wondering if there are other characters actively used to represent countries in headlines ...
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1answer
278 views

기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計 (what else?)

en.wiktionary.org is great for Hangul Super- Newbie learners. For example, en.wiktionary.org 기계 gives me 3 Kanji (Hanja) meanings/readings for 기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計 ( btw, in Jp ( Japanese ),...
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2answers
109 views

Is there any Korean word in use that uses 藍 / '남' to mean 바구니 / basket?

When looking at the hanja for '남' on my Windows IME I was surprised to see '바구니 남' as the third entry. I couldn't find a Korean word that uses 藍 / '남' to mean 바구니 / basket. Are there any examples of ...
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2answers
3k views

When using the Korean IME In Windows 10, how do I type hanja (한자) characters?

Sometimes when I'm using the Korean IME in Windows 10, I somehow accidentally trigger a menu to type hanja - but when I want to type hanja, I can't think how I did it! How do I trigger the hanja ...
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1answer
460 views

Why do product labels often have emphasized 한자?

헛개차 uses 茶 instead of 차 for 'tea', and there is also an exaggerated 男 (남) meaning man: 백세주 has a stylised 百 meaning 100: I've heard that 한자 are often used to disambiguate 한글 representing Chinese ...
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2answers
244 views

Change in pronunciation from 한자 to 한자어

I've been recently studying 한자어 and have seen that many times the pronunciation of the Chinese word is different (sometimes very) than the equivalent Korean word. I was wondering if this is due to ...
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1answer
325 views

Why is 金 differentially written as 김 and 금?

Everyone knows the surname 김, which is 金 in hanja. However, 金 is written as 금 everywhere except the surname, e.g. 금요일 Friday, 금성 Venus, 백금 platinum, 합금 alloy, 기금 fund. Why is the surname 김 written ...
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1answer
577 views

Dropping of initial ㄹ and ㄴ before /j/ and /i/ in hanja

In many hanja words, initial 리을 and 니은 are dropped before a "y" /j/ or "i" /i/ sound, which correspond to the vowels ㅣ ㅕ ㅑ ㅖ ㅠ ㅛ. This often happens if the hanja constitutes the first syllable of a ...
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2answers
237 views

Are all words from Chinese characters (한자어) nouns?

It seems to me like all the common Chinese character-based words in Korean I've encountered are, in themselves, nouns (though many of them can be used with 하다 to create verbs). Even 'sayings' like ...
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1answer
562 views

Is hanja opposed in North Korea?

I've heard here and there that hanja was opposed in North Korea for some ideological reason or another, but the English language Wikipedia article on hanja seems to present a more nuanced situation, ...
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2answers
300 views

Are ordinary native Korean speakers capable of understanding individual Japanese kanji words in written form?

While learning Japanese, I've learnt some individual Chinese characters, and some Japanese words made out of Chinese characters. Are ordinary native Korean speakers, as opposed to someone who has ...
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4answers
4k views

When should I use Hanja instead of Hangul?

How can I know when to use Hanja over Hangul, or vice-versa? Answers giving a bit of history/thorough explanation would be greatly appreciated.
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4answers
838 views

Is there any word that varies in length when written in hanja or hangul?

I've learned that due to Korean syllable structure, every hanja has exactly one hangul block long. Is there any Sino-Korean word (한자어) deviates from the rule (by colloquial sound change etc.) that ...