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Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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2
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2answers
104 views

Different forms of the same word/verb?

This is my first time asking a question here so I hope I’m doing everything right. I’m wondering, what is the difference between these forms of the same word: 1) 깨끗 2) 깨끗다 3) 깨끗하다 4) 깨끗습니다 I know ...
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1answer
138 views

How do I use '더라도'?

클라라는 가더라도 저는 안 올 거예요. Please tell me if my use of '더라도' is right. If it's not, then please explain to me how to use it. Thank you.
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2answers
422 views

Similarities in Korean and Japanese grammar

While Korean and Japanese don't have the same language ancestry, I have been told, that they have quite a few similarities in grammar. Someone even said, that the grammar equals each other to 60-70%. ...
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1answer
1k views

How do you know what a korean word says in english when reading it

What I mean by this is that I know how to read korean but I dont understand what it actually says or what it says in english. I need help
3
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1answer
40 views

Understanding the possessive without a pronoun

My Korean brother-in-law was going to be flying back to Gimpo yesterday from Busan the same time I was flying in to visit my sister. We were supposed to be on the same flight, but he was running late. ...
2
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1answer
78 views

은 in 할 줄은 몰랐죠 structure

I know it is not good to study grammar from songs. However, I am curious if this structure below is some kind of grammar. 7년을 만났죠 아무도 우리가 이렇게 쉽게 이별 할 줄은 몰랐죠 I know the structure "ㄹ 줄 모르다" but in ...
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2answers
1k views

Asking a formal question: nuance differences -있으세요?, -있습니까?, -있어요?

I'm having difficulties asking "Before I start, do I need to prepare anything?" to someone with a higher position than me. Do you normally use -있으세요 when you're referring to yourself to someone ...
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1answer
469 views

Can someone explain the difference between ~(으)ㄹ 정도로 and ~만큼?

As far as I know, both can be used in the ~는 것 construction. However, despite having searched about these topics, I still have trouble differentiating between them. Can someone explain cases where one ...
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2answers
4k views

How do I use 도 (also, too)?

So I somewhat know how to use 도 without changing verbs to their noun form but when it comes to using it to change verbs into their noun form, that's where any understanding goes out the window. I ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Is 들어갈 just the future tense of 들어가다 in this sentence?

빈칸에 들어갈 가장 알맞은 말을 고르세요. Is 들어갈 just the future tense of 들어가다 in this sentence?
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2answers
7k views

Difference between 보고싶어 and 보고싶다

I know this question gets asked a lot but, I've yet to find an answer which really gives me an explanation. My understanding of korean grammar is a bit basic but here's what I know: 보고싶다 = Dictionary ...
3
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1answer
898 views

How can one use the post position -(이)라든지?

Most uses of -(이)라든지 that I have seen are used in the context of "either this or that" 치킨이라든지 피자라든지 미국 음식을 먹고 싶다. (I want to eat American food, whether it be chicken or pizza). However, it ...
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2answers
230 views

How do you know which words 하고 is connecting?

Take the sentence: 여자가 동물하고 한국어로 대화합니다 It translates to 'The woman has a conversation with an animal in Korean.' The connector 하고 is supposed to express that it's connecting 2 words together, right? ...
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4answers
4k views

What's the difference between 이 and 이거?

So I'm still really confused on the difference between them and how to use them in sentence. When should I use 이 or 이거 in a sentence or one instead of the other? How is one a pronoun and one a ...
2
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3answers
117 views

A subject marker question

A. 저는 여기가 처음이에요. B. 저는 이전에 여기 온 적있어요. Questions 여기 has a subject marker in the first sentence. Why is 여기 the subject? Shouldn't "I"(저) be the subject? Why is 여기 a subject in sentence A but not the ...
3
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2answers
973 views

How to understand the -하다고 suffix?

I found myself completely unable to explain the -하다고 suffix to someone. For example, 행복하다고 느낍니까? which means, "Do you feel that you're happy?" Actually, no, there's a nuance there. I think ...
3
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2answers
344 views

Help translating "Do you feel <noun> is <adjective>?"

I'm trying to translate the lyrics of a song to Korean. Here's the line I'm working on: Do you feel the world is broken? ... and here's my attempt at translating it: 세상의 깨지기는 느낍니까? Did I ...
3
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2answers
138 views

Grammar/vocab to introduce a better alternative (sounds like 차다리 or 자다리)

There is a grammar/word in Korean to introduce (and emphasize) a better alternative. It sounds like "차다리" or "자다리." What am I thinking of? I hear it often in conversation, but am having trouble ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Are ‘건강해라.’ and ‘아프지 말고 행복하자.’ grammatically correct?

This is a part of the lyrics of a famous Korean song: Kim Haesol (Zion.T)'s <양화대교 (楊花大橋; Yanghwa bridge.)>. 행복하자, 우리. Let's be happy, let us. 행복하자, Let's be happy, 아프지 말고, not get sick; 아프지 말고, ...
2
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1answer
580 views

How and when to use "거야" in Korean?

i see that people often use "거야" in Korean. Such as 집을 좀 알아봤는데 방이 다 손바닥만 한 거야 i think the sentence can write as "집을 좀 알아봤는데 방이 다 손바닥만 해". That's enough. So why we need to write "집을 좀 알아봤는데 방이 다 ...
3
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2answers
862 views

Which way to write ㅊ

Which is the better way to write ㅊ? I've seen it written in 3 different ways like in the picture.
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2answers
87 views

How do we use 죠 at the end of question ?

I know it's short of 지요 but how do you use it in questions and what else do you use at the end of the questions if not this ?
2
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1answer
102 views

획순에 맞게 쓰기 - what does 에 mean and function as?

What does 에 mean or function as in the sentence below? Why use 에 and not 은 or 을? "획순에 맞게 쓰기"
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2answers
135 views

How can I break down this sentence to translate it 'literally' one piece at a time?

I would appreciate if you could help me to translate this and also if you could refer me to any important grammatical structures in here that I should learn. I understand the meaning - but I want to ...
2
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1answer
674 views

how to use 하네요?

What is the usage of 하네요? Does the english equivalent of I'm just saying similar to 하네요? For example, 하네요 여기가 아파. loosely translates to I'm just saying, it hurts here. Another example: 정말 날 ...
3
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1answer
664 views

Can `걸까요` be put under every kind of sentence to make it a question?

Can 걸까요 be put under every kind of sentence to make it a question? Is it like the rising intonation that we use at the end of the sentence to denote that it's a question? For e.g. in 여기에 걸까요, we ...
2
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1answer
689 views

What does 줬는데요 mean?

What does 줬는데요 mean? What's the root word for 줬는데요? For example in this sentence from the vlive video 유니콘 인형도 있어요. 제가 이름도 붙여줬는데요. I have a unicorn doll. I gave a name to it. 이름도 붙여줬는데요 here means ...
3
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1answer
391 views

What do "졌다고" and "없기다" mean in this paragraph?

남자 : 누나, 뭐 해? 심심한데 나가서 배드민턴 치자 여자 : 좋아. 그런데 지난번처럼 졌다고 화내기 없기다. The sentence is difficult for me to understand because of "졌다고" and "없기다". i think 졌다고 = 졌다고해서, but as i know, "...
4
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3answers
638 views

"더러" grammar in 알더러 새가 되라는 말처럼 어려울 수 있다 (translation)

I get that "~라는 말처럼 어려울 수 있다" is "it's as hard as saying ~", but 더러 is something I've never encountered before. I'm not even sure what part of speech it is. I do well know that 알 is egg and 섀 is ...
2
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1answer
344 views

What role does 어 버리다 play with the verb 되다?

Here is the reference phrase : 긴 하루가 되어 버렸어 where : 되: become 어 버렸어: do completely Which is clear in meaning, but i hope can you explain for me this grammatical case. Thanks for your ...
4
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1answer
541 views

Why should we use "라고" in these situation?

i am learning Korean from Talktomeinkorean, and i met 2 situation about "라고" usage: There was a friend telling me that I just got a phone call, and I asked "누구라고 해요? " Why should not I ask "누구예요?". ...
2
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1answer
233 views

I don't get it S + Verb + Verb +고싶어!! : "말해 보고싶어"

While trying to understand a Korean lyric, i was faced with this strange case, were the desire expression "고싶어" is preceded by 2 verbs, ex : 말해 보고싶어 나 불러 보고싶어 So i want to see what exactly ? ...
4
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2answers
326 views

What's the usage of 야 between a verb and past perfect marker "했었던"?

There is a Korean song that i get addicted to it these day, so i said way not try to get what it says, so i started to analyse it, and i had to say Korean is truly a hard one. well here is where i ...
4
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3answers
278 views

How to understand the asymmetry between 포함하다 and 제외하다?

I was looking into how to express "except" or "including" in Korean and my main source for this question is How to study Korean Lesson 71. The word 포함하다 means "to include" whereas 제외하다 means "to ...
4
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1answer
643 views

Structure of a Korean maths question (단, 대하여)

While looking at some 수능 maths questions, I noticed some common pattern using the words 단 and 대하여. Here is an example: 전체집합 U={1,2,3,4,5,6}에 대하여 두 부분집합 A, B는 다음 조건을 만족시킨다. 두 지합 A화 B를 정하는 경우의 수는? (단, ...
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2answers
464 views

How do i conjugate 공부하다?

I am learning Korean and am practicing verb conjugation. I decided to write "I study a book". Following the conjugation for "하다" verbs, i wrote: 나는 책을 공부해. But when i checked a translation ...
1
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2answers
355 views

Personification in Korean written/spoken language

While at a coffee shop, I said to my native korean friend 돈이 왔어 The money came in (by itself) ...and the reply was a bewildered, "어?"; however, when the armored car guard passed by our table with ...
1
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1answer
57 views

How to choose a conjunctive particle: 와/과, 하고, (이)랑?

(Of course 와/과 is determined by the final consonant of the preceding noun, or lack of it). But, other than that, are these completely interchangeable? Can 와/과, 하고, (이)랑 be chosen regardless of ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What does "가가가가가." (the sentence) mean?

I heard tale of a sentence which is odd but grammatically correct where every word is 가, but each 가 is a different part of speech. I'm also not sure if it's five or six 가s, but I would love to ...
3
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1answer
7k views

Online Resources for Korean Spelling and Grammar Check

What are your recommendations for tools that can help save time and headache when checking your Korean spelling, vocabulary, grammar, etc? I believe a well made utility can be productive in getting ...
1
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1answer
2k views

~고 as a conjunctive ending

It was said on this question in a comment that 조사 "하고(and)" cannot occur together with to 을/를. So if you want to use "하고(and)", it must be "이것하고 저것을 해" Summarized from a book I have from 연세 ...
4
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3answers
317 views

What is ~없어서는, how is it used?

This sentence seemes to say the opposite of what it "should" mean. 찬양과 예배의 삶은 신앙인들에게 없어서는 하나님과의 관계이자 생명 그 자체이다 Just to clarify, I'm not confused (hopefully) on these items: 찬양과 예배의 삶은 = a life of ...
5
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2answers
507 views

하고 _는 Grammatical Structure

I started reading a 만화 and came across a sentence that looked like this: 오늘 아침도 바압 하고 우는 나초의 보챔으로 눈을 뜹니다. I understand most of this sentence (talking about how she is waking up to the cries of her ...
3
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4answers
5k views

What is the difference between ~다면서 and ~다며

Lately I have been listening to the song 좋아 that 민서 sings. The first part of the song goes: 이제 괜찮니 너무 힘들었다며 너의 그 마무리가 고작 이별뿐일 거라 우린 괜찮다면서 I was wondering if someone could explain to me the usage ...
4
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1answer
806 views

Does ~ 스럽다 mean "worthy of ~"?

Does ~ 스럽다 mean "worthy of ~"? I'm familiar with and use with some frequency the verb ending 스럽다. I'm trying to contend with and understand the English sentence "I am proud of you" ...
3
votes
2answers
259 views

Meaning of 지 in 우유와 요거트 중 무엇으로 겨울 준비를 할지 골라보세요! [duplicate]

From a promotion for 서울우유: 우유와 요거트 중 무엇으로 겨울 준비를 할지 골라보세요! I'm slightly confused by the meaning of 지 in 할지 골라보세요. Is it similar to 할지 몰라요, in that it's referring to something that's unknown?
1
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1answer
161 views

Restrictive and non-restrictive modification in Korean

Modification in English can be restrictive or not. In the sentence “This is a white grape, whose color is green.”, for example, “whose color is green” non-restrictively modifies “a white grape,” ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Usage of N+(으)로 하여금 to show causation

I am trying to better understand how to use the form N+(으)로 하여금 to show causation. In many usages I've seen, N+(으)로 하여금 seems to emphasize a causation being effected on a grammatical object. Two ...
3
votes
6answers
648 views

Is it possible to say "환영드립니다"?

To say "congratulations," it's possible to say 축하합니다 or 축하드립니다, the latter being more polite. Is it possible to say 환영드립니다 instead of 환영합니다? If not, why not?
2
votes
1answer
514 views

Which form is correct, 책 읽기 or 책을 읽기?

Adding ~기 to the stem of a verb changes that verb into a noun. I read somewhere that when the verb phrase has an object we have to omit the object particle(을/를) before adding 기. Let's look at the ...

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