Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
162 views

the difference between 형용사 and adjective

if we search adjective in korean-english dictionary, the meaning of adjective is "형용사". However, in Korean, afaik there is another "part of language" called "관형사", whose job is to qualify nouns. ...
0
votes
0answers
119 views

How to use 선물할 거다 in the grammar -게 아니라

This is the excercise Should I write “선물할 게 아니라 선물 받았어요.” Or what is the correct form of the sentence? Thanks
-1
votes
1answer
116 views

Help me translate this

I need someone that can help me translate this, I understand the basic means, but need some clarify on it. 🙏🙏 여기까지가 세자르와 밀러의 첫 만남에 관한 소설의 내용이다. 그 뒤로 여러 가지 사건을 겪으며 세자르의 주인공다운 면모를 지켜본 밀러는, 세자르의 첫 번째 ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

When to use -는 도중에 vs -는 동안(에)

Can you please explain me the difference between using -는 도중에 and -는 동안(에)? I know, that they both mean "while", but can't figure out how to use them properly.
0
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the difference between 할 수 있다 and 할 수 있어?

I don't get the difference between 할 수 있다 and 할 수 있어. (다 and 어). I want to write ‘I can do it’. I want to do a tattoo but I don't know which one is proper one?
1
vote
2answers
306 views

When to add 속 to mean "in the ~"?

I find it really hard to decide when to add 속 to express "in ~" in Korean. For example, 저는 집에서 놀아요. 곰 새끼는 푸른 풀 속에서 놀아요. Can I change the sentences above to the following? 저는 집 속에서 놀아요. 곰 ...
1
vote
2answers
447 views

How to say "something is broken (in the past)"?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
274 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Usage of -이자 and -인 as suffix for nouns

I am using Google Translate to say the following sentence in Korean: Hello! I am Brian, a 2nd year computer science college student and a newcomer to Seoul. And this sentence came out: 안녕하세요! ...
2
votes
2answers
755 views

X기 vs X는 것 - any difference in Korean gerund?

Korean has 2 ways of forming gerunds (X is a verb stem). X기 X는 것 I wonder if there is any difference between these two usages. I think the first one is used if you want to make it to a subordinate ...
1
vote
1answer
389 views

Is the compound verb used only for the third-person subject?

According to the following explanation on the compound verb section on Duolingo: It can also mean "to act like..." For example, 슬프다="to be sad" while 슬퍼하다="to act sad." Usually this aspect of ~하다 ...
0
votes
2answers
862 views

When to use 별로 vs 그리?

In the following sentences (from duolingo): 그것은 그리 안 좋아요. I used 별로 instead of 그리 and got wrong. But I'm not sure what is the difference between them and when I should use one over the other. ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Can I use 안 negation along with 그리?

I found the following sentence is not correct on Duolingo: 뜨거운 아이스크림은 그리 안 맛없어요. While the following is correct: 뜨거운 아이스크림은 그리 맛없지 않아요. I wonder why the first sentence is not correct. The ...
4
votes
1answer
364 views

하나 둘씩’s meaning

What does 하나 둘씩 mean. 하나씩 means one at a time. 둘씩 means two at a time. But I don’t understand what 하나 둘씩 is. I just checked other websites. Some say it means “one by two”. But I don’t understand what “...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Number+씩 (하나씩 둘씩 셋씩)

Number + Counter + 씩. 한 명씩 means person at a time. Right ? If I want to use “Number+씩” Do I not have to shorten 하나 to 한 ? I just know that If I want to use Number+Counter I have to shorten 1-4. ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

When is it okay to mix banmal and jondetmal? (나 and -요)

Sometimes I hear people use 나(는) (which should be banmal, right?) but then use a -요 ending (which should be jondetmal) in the same sentence. Is it really okay to mix the two? If so, what are the rules ...
1
vote
2answers
306 views

Why is 간다 used in spoken conversation?

Why do people in spoken conversation sometimes say 간다 instead of 가요 when they are leaving? I thought 간다 was a written form.
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Korean make use of italic?

I've seen some websites automatically applying italics on quotes, and when I got a quotes italicized with Korean text, it looked weird on my eyes. Is it just me, or unwritten rules of Korean language, ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

What is ~다가 보니까's most common usage?

Depending on what source you lookup, ~다가 보니까 has different definitions. My textbook says it means "having learned something after repeated actions". The page on How to Study Korean says: While ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Which one sounds more correct / natural?

I want to connect two adjectives, one of which is in negative form. As an example: 비싸지 않고 맛있는 식당 안 비싸고 맛있는 식당 It seems to me that 1 is more natural. But can I say 2 instead of 1 without changing the ...
5
votes
3answers
182 views

What are the mistakes in this paragraph?

I'm learning Sagang Textbook, and in the book has a homework like that: "Read the following summary, find the mistakes and correct them (3 things) 지훈 씨는 서울 식당에 가 봤어요. 서울 식당은 일식집이에요. 특히 비빔밥이 아주 맛있어요....
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Are particular Korean nouns (명사) also classified as determinators (관형사)?

For a project I'm doing I'm trying to figure out if the following words are determinators (관형사) or just nouns (명사)? 오늘, 각각, 모두 (not 모든), 이번, 일부 I know that 이, 그, 새, 옛, ... are determinators, but I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
873 views

Why do we have to say "들어가보겠습니다" when leaving the office?

I'm working in Korean Company, every worker says "들어가보겠습니다" when they are going to leave the office. In my head it is translated as "I will try to go outside". Why can't we use the more obvious words ...
4
votes
2answers
178 views

Grammars of Korean and Japanese

It is well known that the grammars of Korean and Japanese are very similar. So learning one from the other to an extent amounts to learning vocabulary (e.g. particles) rather than grammar proper. Are ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

What constructions are considered not Korean and what's so bad about them?

Some say Korean people started to use grammatical constructions they weren't used to use as the language got influenced by many other languages, such as Japanese, Chinese, and English. What ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Is “honorific” a noun or an adjective, and what precisely does it mean?

Are honorifics things you add to a word/sentence to raise the level of politeness/respect? Or are honorifics different levels of politeness/respect of words/sentences? Or do you add things to a word/...
2
votes
2answers
411 views

Is it okay to use multiple particles in a compound?

대철과 나눴던 대화 = my dialogue with Dae-chul 대철과 나눴던 대화, 대철과의 대화, 대철이와의 대화 Question : Three share a same meaning. Here these are grammatically correct ? 의 is possessive form of noun or pronoun. For ...
3
votes
2answers
288 views

Is it true that Korean nouns and pronouns use different particles?

I've heard that there's some particle in Korean that can only be attached to nouns but never pronouns - and pronouns use some different particle instead. Is it true?
3
votes
1answer
255 views

a simple proverb : 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다

Newbie here. I try to decypher a simple proverb, 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다. The global meaning is clear but I don't understand some details. Vocabulary's ok to me (see infra) but I have three questions ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도

Can you explain the differences between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도. Where can I use ~고도 instead of ~아도/어도/여도 and vice versa?
1
vote
0answers
119 views

Its difficult to learn English because English and grammar are different, [closed]

Because English and grammar are different, 한국어가 이게 맞나요? 영어와 문법이 다르기 때문에 한국어는 어렵다
4
votes
3answers
389 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
6
votes
1answer
406 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
5
votes
4answers
471 views

Present progressive

Just a flash of thought. Which one is right to use to make present progressive sentences, and why? “-고 있는다” and “-고 계신다” (honorific) 나는 질문하고 있는다. 다른 분들은 답하고 계신다. “-고 있는다” and “-고 계시다” (honorific) ...
4
votes
1answer
326 views

Past continuous

How can we describe some cases, in which an act occurs during some process? Can we use -았고/-었고/-였고 + 있다 or -고 + 있었다? e.g. When I entered, he was jumping on the floor.
4
votes
2answers
683 views

The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I try to understand how will "I know that you know" and "I know what you know" be translated. In both cases I would say 나는 네가 아는것을 안다, but as I am a newbie, I guess I am wrong. How these kind of ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What does "지" mean in the following sentence?

The sentence is: 인터넷으로 사지 뭐하러 여기에 와? I would paraphrase this as: 인터넷으로 사면 여기 올 필요 없으니까 왜 오려고 해? Is this right? i think the 지 has some sort of connecting function, like 고 or 서.. but i couldn't find ...
3
votes
3answers
651 views

What does 뜨겁게 mean?

I'm trying to learn Korean using series titles, so excuse my ignorant question here is the Title: 일단 뜨겁게 청소하라 The translation of 뜨겁게 is hot which it doesn't make sense to me, I think it means ...
5
votes
1answer
521 views

Is “춥다” an irregular adjective?

I’m learning to conjugate into past tense in formal language (합쇼체). From what I’ve learned, if a stem ends in a consonant, you add “았습니다” or “있습니다” after it depending on the vowel before. However, I’...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

The relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language

Though it is just a guess, is there any historical relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language? Attributive ...
4
votes
2answers
290 views

Is there an opposite expression for 괜히?

I feel like I learned a word that’s somewhat an opposite for 괜히 but I cannot remember what it was. The specific situation is... For 괜히... after being invited by a friend to a party and realizing it ...
3
votes
1answer
929 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
2
votes
2answers
961 views

What does it mean to combine the past (았) and future (겠) in a question?

This example contains he past (았) and future (겠) in the same verb form. In the past I've heard this used for supposition. I could understand this as a statement - meaning someone 'must have' or '...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
5
votes
2answers
358 views

"그대로 하세요" vs "이렇게 하세요."

• 그대로 하세요. • 이렇게 하세요. Both mean "do it like this", but I am told that they are used in different situations. Can you please explain the different situations these are used in and any other ...
4
votes
1answer
324 views

What does 이나 mean in this sentence?

국립공원은 산이나 바다로 이루어져 있어요 Both Naver and Google translate translate it as: - "National parks consist of mountain AND ocean" 이나 means "OR" though: Shouldn't it be "Mountain OR ocean". ?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between 에 비해서 and 보다?

Both ~에 비해서 and ~보다 are attached to nouns and used to compare things, such as: 지난 주에 비해서 바쁜 편이에요. 지난 주보다 바쁜 편이에요. We are somewhat busier compared to last week. When is one preferred over the other? ...
4
votes
2answers
495 views

How to say "to" as a linking word between verbs in Korean?

I've been learning both English and Korean, and as I know, we can use "to" to link two verbs in English. Ex: Alex is lost. We must go to find her. I would like to invite Kim professor to ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

What does 서 mean in this sentence?

저는 시장에 가서 딸기를 사요. Does 서 mean "and"? If so, why not just use 고 instead Does 서 mean "in order to". If so how is it different to using 러 e.g. "저는 시장에 딸기를 사러 가요" (I go to the market in order to buy ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Sentences with two subject markers [duplicate]

For example, the sentence: 내가 애기가 있어요. has two subject markers (가). What are rules or situations to know about when two subject markers are used and why?

1 2 3
4
5
9