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Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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0
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1answer
25 views

What is the difference between 가게 됐어요, 가게 돼요 and 게 될 거예요?

i have 3 sentences as follows: 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 됐어요 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 돼요 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 될 거예요. How are the 3 sentences above different? I understand the "게 되다" structure, but still don't ...
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1answer
26 views

What does ""바빠도 되도록" mean in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 아무리 바빠도 되도록 저녁 식사는 가족과 함께해야 한다고 생각합니다 I already know about the structure 아/어도 되다 and 도록 in Korean, but I still can't understand the phrase "바빠도 되도록". What ...
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2answers
30 views

When can "아/어서" mean "to"?

I've found that "아/어서" can be used to mean "to" in a number of examples, such as: 저는 학교에 가서 공부할 거예요: I go to school to study 나는 친구들을 만나서 이야기했어요: I met my friends to talk Now, I ...
1
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1answer
87 views

What does "있어" mean in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 직장인에게 있어 재충전을 위한 여가 활동은 매우 중요하다 What does "있어" mean? I translated 있어 into english using google translate and it says that 있어 means "for (직장인에게)", ...
0
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1answer
29 views

내다 놓다 change of 내다?

I have recently learned the vocabulary 쓰레기를 내다 놓다 as to take out the trash. However in the book the following sentence occurs: 다림질이나 쓰레기도 분리해서 내어 놓아야 한다. My question would be: why did they change the ...
0
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1answer
49 views

이도 and 도 are both correct or only 도?

I am studying the particle 도 which means too or also. In my book if the last syllable ends with consonant 이도 is used and 도 with vowels. But when I look at the internet only 도 is used. So, 이도 and 도 ...
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2answers
44 views

What grammar form is 전담해서 해요?

I have this sentence in my textbook: 이제부터 나는 주말엔 손도 까딱 안 할 테니까 당신이 아예 집안일을 전담해서 해. What is the grammar of 전담해서 해? Or what is the concrete logic behind this?
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1answer
70 views

Is my understanding of 는지(도) correct?

I have been following cine21's twitter and came across this tweet and am interested in this use of 는지도 모르다. I have read howtostudykorean.com's entry on 는지(도) 모르다 but am slightly confused when the ...
3
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3answers
142 views

Why this sentence are wrong?

I read in a Korean textbook the following sentence: 그는 대학교에 합격해서 정말 기쁘다 The textbook said this is correct. But to the next sentence 그는 대학교에 합격해서 정말 기뻤어? This textbook said that the sentence is ...
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2answers
74 views

Does 은/는 always imply contrast? How do you know when it doesn’t?

I have looked at many different sources and they seem to be saying similar things. That these particles are used for emphasis on the predicate, contrast, and old information. What I’m confused about ...
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2answers
77 views

How to change the following sentences into ㄴ/는대요?

I know in Korean, ㄴ/는다고 하다 can be shortened to ㄴ/는대요. However, what about sentences ending in past tense or honorifics? For example, I have the following 2 sentences: 흐어 씨는 어제 도서관에 갔다고 했어요:Huong said ...
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1answer
50 views

How is the honorific informal form of verbes created?

From what I understood, if I want to talk about my teacher with my friend I have to use the honorific informal form, but how do I create this form? Do I just remove 다 from the verb to then make it ...
1
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1answer
71 views

Using the subject marker with 있어요

I have seen these sentences in my textbook (Korean Made Easy for Beginners): 이 근처에 화장실 있어요? 마크 씨, 동생 있어요? So, I wonder if we could use the subject marker here: 이 근처에 화장실이 있어요? 마크 씨, 동생이 있어요? If ...
1
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1answer
50 views

About 게 and 거예요

I know that when 게 is used in a sentence, it means the speaker is somehow being affected and then decides what is going to do. But how about when 게 is used in a question. What is the difference ...
2
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1answer
192 views

불안(不安) 부(不), 안(安) why is this liul inserted?

I know hangul was originally written as Kanji. 불안 should be written as 부안, because 부 is "不", 안 is "安". Why is 부안 written as 불안?
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2answers
130 views

Pronunciation of ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅆ, ㅉ) before ㄱ

I can't find information about right pronunciation of patchim ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅌ, ㅊ) before ㄱ. From what I can hear ㄷ should be silent. But I am not sure about it. For example in words like 웃겨 I hear 우껴 ...
4
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3answers
134 views

How do I read a tilde “~” in Korean?

I'm learning Korean and noticed that Korean contains a lot of phrases with the Tilde "~" . For example the sentence: 여행지의 기본 정보를 알아본 후 여행 상품을 2~3개 정도 고릅니다. I see this Tidle "~" ...
0
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1answer
64 views

What is wrong with: 저는 펜을 있어요

The sentence in the subject line is one of the four choices given in Question #1 of the the first mini-test of HTSK - the objective is identify the one and only one sentence with correct particle ...
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1answer
75 views

제 번역을 확인해 주시길 바랍니다~

한국인 분들~ 다음 내용의 문법, 어휘 이용, 조사 등을 확인해 주시길 바랍니다!!!~ 감사합니다~ 베트남-한국: 25년간의 성공적인 협력 1992년 12월 22일에 베트남과 한국은 공식적으로 외교관계를 수립했습니다. 이는 양국 관계의 기반을 다지는 중요한 계기입니다. 지난 25년간 베트남과 한국은 강력한 발전을 달성했으며 모든 분야에서 큰 성과를 ...
0
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1answer
179 views

Difference between 타다 and 타고 가다

I have learnt that 타다 means "to take" and "타고 가다" means "to take and go". But sometimes I see that these two are used interchangeably. e.g. Is the following translation ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Does 면서 need both subjects to be the same?

가스를 사용하는 가정이 늘면서 가스 사고가 많이 발생하고 있다. 이것은 경제 상황이 나빠지면서 대학생들이 안정적인 직장을 원하게 된 것으로 보인다. 주식 시장이 활성화되면서 국내 경기가 더욱 호황을 누리고 있다. According to all articles teaching Korean I have seen so far, and my textbooks, ...
2
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2answers
63 views

Confusion with 대 for quoted speech (please correct my sentences!)

She said she'll come later 나중에 온대 She said she was late 늦었대 She said she wasn't feeling well so she won't be going to class tomorrow 얘가 아파서 내일에 학교에 안 간대 I said I'm eating 먹는대 먹는다고 He said he ate it ...
1
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2answers
176 views

Future tense for “buy”

I started learning Korean recently and I’m learning future tense. I need some help regarding my approach to a word. 사다 - to buy Since 사 ends with a vowel, I assume it’s future tense would be: 살 거예요 ...
1
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1answer
91 views

쓰다 + ㄴ 채 in use?

Can somebody help me with the translation of this sentence: 그런데 좀 급하게 보내느라고 모임 장소도 안 쓴 채 보냈어요. I further do not quite understand the use of ㄴ채 with 쓰다 in this case.
1
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1answer
120 views

사람들에 대한 조사를 했다 vs 사람들에 대해 조사했다

사람들에 대한 조사를 했다 Made investigation about people 사람들에 대해 조사했다 Investigated about people Are both sentences correct? In first 대한 used like modificator, and in second 대해 acts like conjuction. Which ...
2
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1answer
95 views

ㄴ지 as unsure reason?

"너무 피곤한지 옷을 입은 채 자고 있는데 깨울까요? " is translated as He fell a sleep wearing his clothes on maybe because he is too tired. Should we wake him up? Can the ㄴ지 form can also be used as an unsure ...
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1answer
185 views

Difference between 었어 and 였어

What is the difference between 었어 and 였어? Does it have anything to do with the ending sound of the word being conjugated? When should I use which one?
1
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1answer
69 views

Can someone make this text more "native"?

I don't know Korean very well, but it's my korean friend's birthday and I want to make a surprise to her writing this in Korean. Can any korean make this little text sound more like a native? I ...
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2answers
97 views

Can particles be used with (이)라고 하다?

(이)라고 하다 is used after a noun to make an indirect quotation. For example, 저는 외국인이라고 했어요. I said that I am a foreigner. Can particles (like 도, 부터,...) be used right before (이)라고 하다? For example, are ...
4
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1answer
110 views

What is the meaning of the difference in word form between 어려 and 어린 for "young"?

I came across "어린" in some flashcards I've been using, but am not sure how I'd use it in a sentence. I came across "어려" in an audiobook, and eventually, my brain realized these two ...
4
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4answers
218 views

Usage of object marking particle '을'

What meaning does the object marking particle(을) give in the sentence : "그가 중국에서 2년을 살았습니다."? If the sentence translates to "He lived in China for 2 years" in English, why is 을 ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Translation Help 2

I’m translating a romance comic and there’s a scene that shows an interaction between two characters, let’s call them character A and character B. Character A says to character B the following (B is ...
2
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3answers
202 views

Examples with the phrase "웃기는 소리 하고 있네"

I'm translating a short comic and I need to understand the phrase "웃기는 소리 하고 있네". My korean's that of a beginner so it's kinda advanced for me. I understand that 웃기는 소리 means 'funny sounds' ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Translating and comparing the sentences

I need some examples of how to translate the two sentences below: 다음에 연습 좀 해와요. 박서준 씨나 제대로 연습해 오세요. Would you translate the first one as ‘Next time you should come and get more practice’? What else ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Is 테니스를 같이 칩시다 gramatically incorrect? In a sentence should the adverb only be placed before the object if there is one?

Is object+adverb+verb an acceptable sentence structure in korean or should it be only adverb+object+verb as in the sentence : 테니스를 같이 칩시다
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1answer
99 views

What is the meaning of ~에를 and how is it different from just ~에?

In the following sentence: 오늘은 날씨가 너무 더워서 밖에를 못 나가겠어요. According to my dictionary, it seems to mean the location to which the verb does an action. But then what it the difference from just using 에? ...
0
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1answer
81 views

People that don't do anything wrong

How to say in Korean: People that don't do anything wrong. How to negate relative clauses? Thank you in advance!
0
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0answers
57 views

How can I tell if a sentence is missing an optional subject marker?

I am reading BillyGo book and stumbled across the sentence 저는 오늘 기쁩니다. I am a little confused when reading it, "today" is just kind of slipping in there without any particle, so is "...
1
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1answer
82 views

"Must not" and "don't have to"

Could someone tell me how to say in Korean: mustn't [it is forbidden] {One mustn't kill people.} don't have to [it isn't forbidden but unnecessary] {I don't have to clean my room.}
1
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1answer
77 views

What does "오직 운전만 하세요" mean in this paragraph?

I am studying Kyunghee Listening and there is an advertisement in the book that looks like this: 예쁜 딸아이에게 보고 싶다는 말을 하지 마세요. 따뜻한 밥을 차려 준 아내에게 고맙다는 전화도 하지 마세요 [...]아무것도 하지 마세요. 오직, 운전만 하세요. 세상 그 어떤 ...
1
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4answers
214 views

what is the difference between ~적인, ~스럽다 (~스러운) and ~답다 (~다운)?

They are all postfixes that can be used to say X~ like, but what is the difference between them? Do some have more positive or negative connotations associated with them? Is saying ~답다 more poetic? ...
0
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1answer
154 views

What does the -기는 하다 grammar signify in this sentence?

My language book has the following conversation (excerpt): 모레까지 꼭 해야 하는데. 친구 중에 번역을 많이 해 본 친구가 있기는 해. 소개해 줄까? I'd assume the somewhat literal translation of the relevant sentence would be: "...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

-라고 with (으)면 되다?

In my textbook I got the following phrase: "뭐라고?"라는 말을 대산하려면 "어?"라고 끝을 올리면 됩니다. I understand what the sentence wants to tell me, but can somebody explain it in more details to me, ...
1
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1answer
151 views

아랜 문장안에 "지" 왜 그래?

"어머니는 자신이 어떻게 그런 교육을 받았는지 다른 개들이 놀라워하고 부러워하는 것을 보길 좋아했다." Tandem, Kakao Talk, How to Study Korean, 그리고 Korean Class 101에게 무러봤고 아무도 도움을 해줬어요. 그뿐만아니라 Zoom 한국어 교실에 갔고 선생님은 설명하러 너무 어려워하겠다고 했다.
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Do I use the 해라체 for personal notes?

I know that the 해라체 is used in diaries, books, newspapers and so forth, but is it also used for casual personal notes to myself? Like "water the flowers" or statements like "password is ...
1
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1answer
62 views

떠들고 다니다 meaning

The sentence is: 벌써 2학년 1학기가 지나 버렸고 더 이상은 기다릴 수 없다고 마음먹자, 갑자기 웬 농구부 주장이 오늘 혜현에게 고백을 하겠다고 공공연히 떠들고 다녔다. And like, I get what it's saying, but does 떠들고 다니다 mean something specific as a phrase? I get ...
1
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1answer
101 views

Is it a metaphor? 장마철의 보충수업 기간

I'm trying to read 보건교사 안은영 by 정세랑. Aaaand I got stuck on the first sentence. 장마철의 보충수업 기간, 학교에 들어서는 순간 신발장 냄새가 진했다. So the papago translation is: During the rainy season, the smell of shoe rack ...
1
vote
2answers
169 views

Separation in verbs with 고

Now that I'm a bit more into the Korean language I've noticed that some verbs that have 고 in the middle are separated there. For instance, I've seen 보고싶다 used like 보고 싶다 or 보고 싶어. I was wondering, ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

is 'ㄹ' from 'ㅌ' in korean creation?

I have read an article of how the Korean letters were created, and according to that article, Korean consonants are created with the mechanism of "가획", which is making letters by adding a ...
4
votes
3answers
717 views

Can someone please explain how to use 는 at end of verbs and give many examples? Ex. what does 있는 mean and how is it used?

What does mean 는 when it comes after a verb and how do you use it in sentences? I know it comes after nouns but what does it mean when 는 comes AFTER verbs and how do you use it? Can you provide ...

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