Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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1 answer
38 views

Would this make sense in a religious context?

I want to say in a prayer to God "It's worth it, right? I want to see you." Based on some YouTube videos I have pieced this together: "힘들었지만 값진 일이었어, 지요? 보고싶습니다." The context of ...
2 votes
2 answers
41 views

In the following sentences, are the pairs of prepositions 와/과 and 에게, 을/를 and 에게 correct and completely interchangeable, right?

I have sentence as follows: 저는 친구들과 연락을 해요 and 저는 친구들에게 연락을 해요 (I'm in touch with my friends) 나는 친구들을 도와줬어요 and 나는 친구들에게 도와줬어요 (I helped my friends) In this sentences, are the pairs of ...
1 vote
2 answers
143 views

Why do you say 먹었을 때 instead of 먹은 때

I am trying to make sense of the grammar behind ~ㄹ/을 때 for past sentences. As far as I know, ~ㄹ/을 때 is making use of the future tense modifier, used for example for the common construction ~(으)ㄹ 거예요, ...
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2 answers
101 views

What does "다며" mean in this text

I have a text as follows: 오랜만에 고등학교 때 단짝이었던 친구를 만났다. 이런저런 이야기를 하던 중 그 친구는 나에게 볼 만한 사진 전시회가 있다며 같이 가 보지 않겠냐고 물었다 What does "다며" mean in this text
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1 answer
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Can the 는 be replaced in 는 동안(에)?

Can the 는 be replaced with ㄴ/은/던 for past and ㄹ/을 for future? The way I see it, it’s (noun)+동안, and the 는 makes the verb a noun. So the other ways should work, right? However, I haven’t been able to ...
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

열 짱라고요? (열 + 장 = 열 짱?)

I was watching a drama and the character who was buying lottery tickets said: 열 장이요 but it sounded to my ears like /열 짱이요/. I have never seen fortis (i.e. tensing) happen this way and would like ...
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1 answer
51 views

What do 인 사상 and 다 싶으리 mean in the passage below?

I have a text as follows: 그러나 이 중에서 현대 한국인들의 사고에 큰 영향을 끼치고 있는 사상은 뭐니 뭐니 해도 조선 시대의 국교였던 유교라고 할 수 있다. 유교는 중국의 춘추 시대에 살았던 사상가 공자(기원전 551~479년)의 사상을 기본으로 한다. 공자는 첫째로, 항상 어진 마음을 가지고 생활해야 한다는 인 사상과 둘째로, ...
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1 answer
43 views

When to use ㄴ/은 듯이 and when to use 았/었듯이?

I have been learning about the 듯이 structure. However, when I use it with the past tense, I see two expressions: ㄴ/은 듯이 and 았/었듯이. For example I have the following sentences: 친구가 화가 난 듯이 나를 쳐다보았다 친구가 ...
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1 answer
37 views

why does the author use the 아/어라 structure in the commands highlighted below?

I'm studying an advanced Korean book. The book contains the following passage: 돈을 모으는 가장 쉬운 재테크는 자신이 가지고 있는 통장 관리를 어떻게 하느냐에 있다. 통장 관 리가 재테크의 기본이 되는 것이다. 자신의 통장을 용도별, 유형별로 잘 나누거나 합칠 필요가 있다. 통장 관리만 잘해도 ...
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2 answers
89 views

"재 한구거는 안 좋아요." Can I say it like this?

I know I can say "재 한구거는 좋지 않아요", but can I also use 안?
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3 answers
162 views

Difference between 혼자서 and 혼자

I am trying to understand the difference in usage between 혼자서 and 혼자. In particular, I have come across this sentence "아이가 혼자서 잘 놉니다" which is translated as "The girl plays well by ...
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1 answer
71 views

Differentiating-아/어서

This can be used as a temporal particle for related events—e.g. I cut the apples and then ate them—or as a particle to express cause—e.g. I am hungry so I want to eat. Thus, is there a reliable way to ...
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1 answer
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-기 vs -음 vs -은/는/을것

There doesn't seem to be a full elaboration of the nuances and uses between these three anywhere on the internet (in English for English → Korean learners). So I would like to ask here if someone more ...
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1 answer
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Is this Internet comment on how to distinguish 은/는 and 이/가 correct?

Like many other Korean learners, I also have a hard time distinguishing 은/는 and 이/가. Then I researched on the internet about this problem and found a video about it. You can watch that video below: ...
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1 answer
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The native understanding of 이/그/저-러/렇-다

I’ve been very interested in figuring out how natives understand these words. How being by what way are they conceptually understood and used. That is to say, when reading—or saying—something like 그런데 ...
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1 answer
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형이다마는 in this sentence is wrong, right?

I am learning the ㄴ/는다마는 structure, and i have a sentence as follows: 그 사람이 내 형이다마는 서로 얼굴을 안 본 지 오래되었어요. (That person is my brother, but we haven't seen each other for a long time) As far as I ...
0 votes
1 answer
44 views

Can (으)ㄹ바에는 and 기보다 be completely interchangeable?

i have 2 sentence as follows: 맛없는 밥을 먹을 바에는 차라리 굶는 것이 더 낫습니다.(Better to starve than to eat tasteless rice) 그 사람이랑 여행을 갈 바에는 차라리 그냥 집에 있겠어요 (If I have to go on a trip with him, I would rather just ...
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Could someone clarify the use of -(아/어)하다 with adjectives?

I know that (아/어)하다 is used for other people’s desires (3rd person). For 1st and 2nd, you would just use the regular form. However, it is acceptable to use (아/어)하다 in 1st person if you are referring ...
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

How is the word '등' used in this sentence?

등's definition is: a bound noun used to indicate that there are other things of the same kind as the thing that was just mentioned. 우크라이나 수도 키우프 제2 도시 하리코프에 집중 포격을 가하는 등 공격의 고삐를 늦추지 않았습니다. I can't ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why does the indirect quotation (ㄴ/는)다고 mean "just because" in the following cases?

I have studied grammar (ㄴ/는)다고 before and know that this grammar is indirect quotation in Korean, which means "to say that/to ask that....". However, today I learned again that this grammar ...
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1 answer
87 views

Difference between 에게는 and 는

Sentence: 그런데 부족함이라고는 전혀 없는 더즐리 부부에게는 누구에게도 알리고 싶지 않은 비밀이 하나 있었다 Why is it 부부에게는 and not just 부부는 ?
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2 votes
1 answer
110 views

why does 좋아하다 pronounce as 조아하다?

I am a beginner, and with my current knowledge, when there is ㅇ after the previous final consonant, the previous final consonant combines with the vowel after ㅇ to pronounce. So, 좋아하다 is supposed to ...
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

Why is the use of 니까 not correct in this sentence?

I have come across the following sentences where the first one is correct and second is not correct 어제 아파서 못 왔어요. (O) 어제 아프니까 못 왔어요. (X) I can understand that 아/어/여서 can't be used for imperative or ...
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0 votes
2 answers
41 views

Can I used 위해 with "event" type nouns?

I was wondering if it's appropriate to use 위해 in this context: Study FOR an exam -- 시험을 위해 공부해요 Is this an accurate translation? Perhaps it might be more natural to say 준비하다?
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2 answers
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What does "잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차" mean?

i have a text as follows 저희는 오히려 부모님이 원하셔서 환갑잔치를 해 드렸더니 좋아하셨어요. 요즘 잔치를 잘 안 하 는 추세라서 잔치 대신 제주도 여행을 보내 드리려고 했는데, 어머님께 살짝 여쭤 보니 환갑이 되었 으면 당연히 잔치를 열게 마련이라 하시더라고요. 잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차 못 하고 있었는데 미리 여쭤 보길 잘 했어요....
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

What is the difference between 온 and 모든?

I know in Korean that the word 온 means "all" that is used to modify nouns (eg 온 가족, 온 인류). I also know that the word 모든 also means "all" and is also used to modify nouns. So What ...
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

비다민 한국어 Review Question Number 17

I just started learning Korean today and I tried to do the review section of chapter 2 in Vitamin Korean 1 but got stuck in question number 17. In this question, it asks to choose the wrong choice ...
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1 answer
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What does 어느 in 화창한 어느 아침 means?

I have googled to see what does 어느 mean and what I understand is that it is used to ask questions. I am confused what does it mean in the above sentence. Please also explain the sentence structure ...
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1 vote
2 answers
92 views

는 at the end of a sentence?

I'm watching a video on 부산사투리 (https://youtu.be/jtlodca6UN4) and a couple of people have used 는 at the end of a sentence. Here are the exact phrases: 주변에 시선이 좀 느껴지는? 산맥이나 큰 강같이 교통과 교류의 장애가 되는. 그런 ...
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1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Is "껍질은 칼로 깎으시오." a wrong sentence? Should it be written "껍질은 칼으로 깎으시오."

When I read this sentence, I thought this might be wrong. "껍질은 칼로 깎으시오." Should it be written "껍질은 칼으로 깎으시오." because "칼" has patim. My text book is an old book , so it ...
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0 votes
4 answers
133 views

How did 이르다 get transformed to 이르러서는 in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 얼굴에 탈을 쓰고 추는 춤인 탈춤은 가면무용이라고도 한다. 신라시대에 유행한 처용무 등이 궁중무용으로 전해지더니, 이것이 고려· 조선 시대에 이르러서는 민속무용으로 크게 계승, 발전하 였다. As I think in this passage, 이르러서는 = 이르다 + 아/어서 + 는. However, ...
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Idiomatic meaning of 귀가 번쩍 뜨였지

I was reading a children book called "흰곰한테 시집갈게요" when I came across this passage: 깜짝 놀란 농부가 비쭉 문을 열고 나가자, 웬 흰곰이 넙죽 인사를 하는 거야. “안녕하세요?" 순간 농부는 덜컥 겁이 났지만, 흰곰이 순해 보여 안심하고 물었어. “대체 무슨 일이냐?...
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1 vote
2 answers
129 views

What does "지" mean here?

This sentence is from the first page of the book "흰곰한테 시집갈게요": 성탄절 이브, 모야모와 아누는 흥겹게 캐럴을 부르며 반짝반짝 예쁜 크리스마스트리로 장식된 거리를 걷고 있었지. From my research, 지 could be used for emphasis (a bit like tag ...
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2 votes
1 answer
69 views

How to say "I work for" without implying "I work at"

My language buddy asked me what I did for a living, and I told her I was a company employee. Then she asked which company and I didn't know how to answer. For context, I work for a large hospital ...
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1 answer
71 views

Is (으)ㄴ/는단 a shortened form of (으)ㄴ/는다는?

i have a sentece as follows: 요즘 살을 빼기 때문에 밥을 안 먹고 과일만 먹어요. 정말 과일만 먹는단 말이에요? Can i replace the 는단 in the sentence above with 는다는 to become like this? 정말 과일만 먹는다는 말이에요?
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1 answer
107 views

Why does 있는 have to be used here?

I have been self-teaching myself Korean and today I learned the adjectives this and that. I practiced making some sentences using these adjectives. These are what I came up with: 저는 이 샌드위치를 먹고 싶어요. - ...
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2 votes
2 answers
294 views

What is the difference between 아/어 노력하다 and (으)려고 노력하다?

In a Korean book, I read a sentence like this: 최선을 다해 노력하는 사람이 성공하는 법이에요 In the phrase "다해 노력하는", I think the author used the grammar 아/어서 (다하다 + 아/어서 + 노력하다). Can I replace this with &...
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

What does "맞춰 발전시킨" mean in the following sentence?

i have a sentence as follow: 중국에서 들어온 유교를 한국의 상황에 맞춰 발전시킨 이이 선생이나 이황 선 생이 대표적인 예이다. When I use Google to transte it into English, the result are as follow: Lee Yi and Yi Hwang, who developed ...
1 vote
1 answer
54 views

What is the similarity and difference between 든지 and 아/어도?

i have 2 sentences as follows: 저는 무슨 일이 있든지 약속을 지킵니다 (I keep my promise no matter what) and 저는 무슨 일이 있어도 약속을 지킵니다. (I keep my promise no matter what) Both sentences above have the meaning "I ...
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

Is a sentence ending in 테다 any different in nuance than 텐데 or 테니까?

whilst 텐데(요) and 테니까 have their own satisfactory grammar documentation, 테다 is missing its own exhaustive coverage. I'll include the example sentence that made me curious in the first place: 죽여버릴 테다 ...
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0 votes
1 answer
279 views

What is the difference between 높임말 and 존댓말?

When it comes to honorifics in Korean, I see two words: 높임말 and 존댓말. Are these two words different or the same?
0 votes
1 answer
51 views

Does this sentence sound natural? how can it be further improved?

남동생을하고 같이 공원에서 운동했어요. I mean to say that my younger brother and I went to a park and exercised together. Thanks sm!
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1 answer
258 views

What is the difference between (ㄴ/는)다지요? and (ㄴ/는)다면서요?

i have 2 sentences as follows: 민수 씨는 이번 시험에 1등을 했다지요? and 민수 씨는 이번 시험에 1등을 했다면서요? I wonder how these two structures are different? Can you help me to understand them? Thank you!
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

What is the function of commas (쉼표) in the following sentences?

I have the following 2 paragraphs: 요즈음 세계 곳곳에서 서서히 일어나고 있는 ‘슬로푸드(slow food)’ 운동도 생활 습관 병을 고치는 데 도움이 된다. 자기 나라에서 오랫동안 내려온, 자기 민족의 전통 음식을 즐기 는 슬로푸드 운동을 통해 현대인들도 많은 병을 고칠 수 있을 것이다. and 요즘은 기업, 부자 중심의 ‘...
1 vote
3 answers
130 views

How to add adjectives to counter words

I am currently learning about counter words in Korean and I was wondering how you would add an adjective to sentences that use these counters. I understand that you would, for example, translate the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
52 views

Are abbreviations allowed in TOPIK Writting?

I am practicing writing TOPIK. As far as I know, in the TOPIK Writing, abbreviations are not allowed (e.g. 는 것이 can not be abbreviated to 는게, 무엇을 can not be abbreviated to 뭘), so why in the Answer ...
1 vote
2 answers
106 views

Which pairs of parts of speech are allowed and not allowed in grammatically correct sentences?

I found the names of the 9 parts of speech in Korean from here: Parts of Speech Which word pairs can be found in grammatically correct sentences? I made the text bold if I thought it was allowed and ...
0 votes
1 answer
211 views

What is the difference between (으)로 and (으)로서?

I know (으)로 has many meanings, one of which means "as". For example: 그는 신문사 특파원으로 서울에 와 있습니다: He is in Seoul as a correspondent for a newspaper and (으)로서 also means "as". For ...
0 votes
1 answer
270 views

What is the difference between 전까지 and 까지?

So what are the different use cases for ~까지 and ~전까지, both meaning 'until'? When can one be used but not the other? Example: "내 문제가 되기 전까진 본 적도 없어요" I had not seen it until it was my problem....
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0 votes
1 answer
104 views

What does the word "란" mean in TOPIK exam?

I read in the answer section of the TOPIK exam that there are a few words "답란" and "결시 확인란". Why is there the word "란" in these words? What does this word "란" ...

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