Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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20 views

Whats the difference between 할 수 있다 and 할 수 있어

I dont get Whats the difference between 할 수 있다 and 할 수 있어. (다 and 어) . I want to write ‘I can do it’ I want to do tattoo but I dont know which one is proper one?
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26 views

When to add 속 to mean “in the ~”?

I find it really hard to decide when to add 속 to express "in ~" in Korean. For example, 저는 집에서 놀아요. 곰 새끼는 푸른 풀 속에서 놀아요. Can I change the sentences above to the following? 저는 집 속에서 놀아요. ...
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1answer
19 views

How to say “something is broken (in the past)”?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
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1answer
25 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
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1answer
28 views

Usage of -이자 and -인 as suffix for nouns

I am using Google Translate to say the following sentence in Korean: Hello! I am Brian, a 2nd year computer science college student and a newcomer to Seoul. And this sentence came out: 안녕하세요! ...
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1answer
55 views

X기 vs X는 것 - any difference in Korean gerund?

Korean has 2 ways of forming gerunds (X is a verb stem). X기 X는 것 I wonder if there is any difference between these two usages. I think the first one is used if you want to make it to a subordinate ...
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1answer
39 views

Is the compound verb used only for the third-person subject?

According to the following explanation on the compound verb section on Duolingo: It can also mean "to act like..." For example, 슬프다="to be sad" while 슬퍼하다="to act sad." Usually this aspect of ~하다 ...
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2answers
77 views

When to use 별로 vs 그리?

In the following sentences (from duolingo): 그것은 그리 안 좋아요. I used 별로 instead of 그리 and got wrong. But I'm not sure what is the difference between them and when I should use one over the other. ...
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49 views

Can I use 안 negation along with 그리?

I found the following sentence is not correct on Duolingo: 뜨거운 아이스크림은 그리 안 맛없어요. While the following is correct: 뜨거운 아이스크림은 그리 맛없지 않아요. I wonder why the first sentence is not correct. The ...
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1answer
72 views

하나 둘씩’s meaning

What does 하나 둘씩 mean. 하나씩 means one at a time. 둘씩 means two at a time. But I don’t understand what 하나 둘씩 is. I just checked other websites. Some say it means “one by two”. But I don’t understand what “...
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1answer
74 views

Number+씩 (하나씩 둘씩 셋씩)

Number + Counter + 씩. 한 명씩 means person at a time. Right ? If I want to use “Number+씩” Do I not have to shorten 하나 to 한 ? I just know that If I want to use Number+Counter I have to shorten 1-4. ...
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2answers
170 views

When is it okay to mix banmal and jondetmal? (나 and -요)

Sometimes I hear people use 나(는) (which should be banmal, right?) but then use a -요 ending (which should be jondetmal) in the same sentence. Is it really okay to mix the two? If so, what are the rules ...
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100 views

Why is 간다 used in spoken conversation?

Why do people in spoken conversation sometimes say 간다 instead of 가요 when they are leaving? I thought 간다 was a written form.
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2answers
153 views

Does Korean make use of italic?

I've seen some websites automatically applying italics on quotes, and when I got a quotes italicized with Korean text, it looked weird on my eyes. Is it just me, or unwritten rules of Korean language, ...
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1answer
112 views

What is ~다가 보니까's most common usage?

Depending on what source you lookup, ~다가 보니까 has different definitions. My textbook says it means "having learned something after repeated actions". The page on How to Study Korean says: While ...
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2answers
102 views

Which one sounds more correct / natural?

I want to connect two adjectives, one of which is in negative form. As an example: 비싸지 않고 맛있는 식당 안 비싸고 맛있는 식당 It seems to me that 1 is more natural. But can I say 2 instead of 1 without changing the ...
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121 views

What are the mistakes in this paragraph?

I'm learning Sagang Textbook, and in the book has a homework like that: "Read the following summary, find the mistakes and correct them (3 things) 지훈 씨는 서울 식당에 가 봤어요. 서울 식당은 일식집이에요. 특히 비빔밥이 아주 맛있어요....
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1answer
103 views

Are particular Korean nouns (명사) also classified as determinators (관형사)?

For a project I'm doing I'm trying to figure out if the following words are determinators (관형사) or just nouns (명사)? 오늘, 각각, 모두 (not 모든), 이번, 일부 I know that 이, 그, 새, 옛, ... are determinators, but I'm ...
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3answers
154 views

Why do we have to say “들어가보겠습니다” when leaving the office?

I'm working in Korean Company, every worker says "들어가보겠습니다" when they are going to leave the office. In my head it is translated as "I will try to go outside". Why can't we use the more obvious words ...
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2answers
149 views

Grammars of Korean and Japanese

It is well known that the grammars of Korean and Japanese are very similar. So learning one from the other to an extent amounts to learning vocabulary (e.g. particles) rather than grammar proper. Are ...
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2answers
243 views

What constructions are considered not Korean and what's so bad about them?

Some say Korean people started to use grammatical constructions they weren't used to use as the language got influenced by many other languages, such as Japanese, Chinese, and English. What ...
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1answer
92 views

Is “honorific” a noun or an adjective, and what precisely does it mean?

Are honorifics things you add to a word/sentence to raise the level of politeness/respect? Or are honorifics different levels of politeness/respect of words/sentences? Or do you add things to a word/...
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127 views

Is it okay to use multiple particles in a compound?

대철과 나눴던 대화 = my dialogue with Dae-chul 대철과 나눴던 대화, 대철과의 대화, 대철이와의 대화 Question : Three share a same meaning. Here these are grammatically correct ? 의 is possessive form of noun or pronoun. For ...
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2answers
154 views

Is it true that Korean nouns and pronouns use different particles?

I've heard that there's some particle in Korean that can only be attached to nouns but never pronouns - and pronouns use some different particle instead. Is it true?
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1answer
72 views

a simple proverb : 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다

Newbie here. I try to decypher a simple proverb, 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다. The global meaning is clear but I don't understand some details. Vocabulary's ok to me (see infra) but I have three questions ...
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3answers
284 views

Difference between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도

Can you explain the differences between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도. Where can I use ~고도 instead of ~아도/어도/여도 and vice versa?
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103 views

Its difficult to learn English because English and grammar are different, [closed]

Because English and grammar are different, 한국어가 이게 맞나요? 영어와 문법이 다르기 때문에 한국어는 어렵다
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3answers
179 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
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1answer
105 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
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4answers
158 views

Present progressive

Just a flash of thought. Which one is right to use to make present progressive sentences, and why? “-고 있는다” and “-고 계신다” (honorific) 나는 질문하고 있는다. 다른 분들은 답하고 계신다. “-고 있는다” and “-고 계시다” (honorific) ...
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1answer
83 views

Past continuous

How can we describe some cases, in which an act occurs during some process? Can we use -았고/-었고/-였고 + 있다 or -고 + 있었다? e.g. When I entered, he was jumping on the floor.
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159 views

The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I try to understand how will "I know that you know" and "I know what you know" be translated. In both cases I would say 나는 네가 아는것을 안다, but as I am a newbie, I guess I am wrong. How these kind of ...
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1answer
240 views

What does “지” mean in the following sentence?

The sentence is: 인터넷으로 사지 뭐하러 여기에 와? I would paraphrase this as: 인터넷으로 사면 여기 올 필요 없으니까 왜 오려고 해? Is this right? i think the 지 has some sort of connecting function, like 고 or 서.. but i couldn't find ...
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3answers
255 views

What does 뜨겁게 mean?

I'm trying to learn Korean using series titles, so excuse my ignorant question here is the Title: 일단 뜨겁게 청소하라 The translation of 뜨겁게 is hot which it doesn't make sense to me, I think it means ...
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1answer
152 views

Is “춥다” an irregular adjective?

I’m learning to conjugate into past tense in formal language (합쇼체). From what I’ve learned, if a stem ends in a consonant, you add “았습니다” or “있습니다” after it depending on the vowel before. However, I’...
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1answer
56 views

The relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language

Though it is just a guess, is there any historical relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language? Attributive ...
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2answers
90 views

Is there an opposite expression for 괜히?

I feel like I learned a word that’s somewhat an opposite for 괜히 but I cannot remember what it was. The specific situation is... For 괜히... after being invited by a friend to a party and realizing it ...
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1answer
170 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
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2answers
123 views

What does it mean to combine the past (았) and future (겠) in a question?

This example contains he past (았) and future (겠) in the same verb form. In the past I've heard this used for supposition. I could understand this as a statement - meaning someone 'must have' or '...
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1answer
71 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
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2answers
134 views

“그대로 하세요” vs “이렇게 하세요.”

• 그대로 하세요. • 이렇게 하세요. Both mean "do it like this", but I am told that they are used in different situations. Can you please explain the different situations these are used in and any other ...
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1answer
128 views

What does 이나 mean in this sentence?

국립공원은 산이나 바다로 이루어져 있어요 Both Naver and Google translate translate it as: - "National parks consist of mountain AND ocean" 이나 means "OR" though: Shouldn't it be "Mountain OR ocean". ?
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1answer
686 views

What is the difference between 에 비해서 and 보다?

Both ~에 비해서 and ~보다 are attached to nouns and used to compare things, such as: 지난 주에 비해서 바쁜 편이에요. 지난 주보다 바쁜 편이에요. We are somewhat busier compared to last week. When is one preferred over ...
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2answers
152 views

How to say “to” as a linking word between verbs in Korean?

I've been learning both English and Korean, and as I know, we can use "to" to link two verbs in English. Ex: Alex is lost. We must go to find her. I would like to invite Kim professor to teach ...
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2answers
114 views

What does 서 mean in this sentence?

저는 시장에 가서 딸기를 사요. Does 서 mean "and"? If so, why not just use 고 instead Does 서 mean "in order to". If so how is it different to using 러 e.g. "저는 시장에 딸기를 사러 가요" (I go to the market in order to buy ...
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0answers
35 views

Sentences with two subject markers [duplicate]

For example, the sentence: 내가 애기가 있어요. has two subject markers (가). What are rules or situations to know about when two subject markers are used and why?
4
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1answer
78 views

What does 에 mean here?

In this expression: "한국에서, 지켜야 할 예절에는, 어떤 것이 있을까요?" Question: 1. Why is ~에 attached to 예절? What meaning does it add?
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2answers
259 views

Confusion over subject/object/topic particles with 이다

I'm a bit confused over the subject/object particles. Im very early on in learning but I'm just practicing constructing small sentences with the few words I know. I wrote this sentence and then threw ...
3
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3answers
139 views

What is the meaning of 만 in 빠져들고만 싶은?

I'm still new to learning Korean so my apologies if I'm misunderstanding something here but, I was curious about how the grammar worked for the phrase "빠져들고만 싶은". If I understand it correctly, you ...
2
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1answer
67 views

analysis of 도 in 아/어도 되다

I am studying about 아/어도 되다 pattern from this site. I understand this structure and how it is used in a sentence. However, I am really curious about the word 도. Does anyone have a deep analysis why ...