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Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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71 views

What are the mistakes in this paragraph?

I'm learning Sagang Textbook, and in the book has a homework like that: "Read the following summary, find the mistakes and correct them (3 things) 지훈 씨는 서울 식당에 가 봤어요. 서울 식당은 일식집이에요. 특히 비빔밥이 아주 맛있어요....
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1answer
97 views

Are particular Korean nouns (명사) also classified as determinators (관형사)?

For a project I'm doing I'm trying to figure out if the following words are determinators (관형사) or just nouns (명사)? 오늘, 각각, 모두 (not 모든), 이번, 일부 I know that 이, 그, 새, 옛, ... are determinators, but I'm ...
3
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3answers
121 views

Why do we have to say “들어가보겠습니다” when leaving the office?

I'm working in Korean Company, every worker says "들어가보겠습니다" when they are going to leave the office. In my head it is translated as "I will try to go outside". Why can't we use the more obvious words ...
3
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2answers
143 views

Grammars of Korean and Japanese

It is well known that the grammars of Korean and Japanese are very similar. So learning one from the other to an extent amounts to learning vocabulary (e.g. particles) rather than grammar proper. Are ...
3
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1answer
156 views

What constructions are considered not Korean and what's so bad about them?

Some say Korean people started to use grammatical constructions they weren't used to use as the language got influenced by many other languages, such as Japanese, Chinese, and English. What ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Is “honorific” a noun or an adjective, and what precisely does it mean?

Are honorifics things you add to a word/sentence to raise the level of politeness/respect? Or are honorifics different levels of politeness/respect of words/sentences? Or do you add things to a word/...
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2answers
117 views

Is it okay to use multiple particles in a compound?

대철과 나눴던 대화 = my dialogue with Dae-chul 대철과 나눴던 대화, 대철과의 대화, 대철이와의 대화 Question : Three share a same meaning. Here these are grammatically correct ? 의 is possessive form of noun or pronoun. For ...
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2answers
146 views

Is it true that Korean nouns and pronouns use different particles?

I've heard that there's some particle in Korean that can only be attached to nouns but never pronouns - and pronouns use some different particle instead. Is it true?
3
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1answer
67 views

a simple proverb : 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다

Newbie here. I try to decypher a simple proverb, 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다. The global meaning is clear but I don't understand some details. Vocabulary's ok to me (see infra) but I have three questions ...
3
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2answers
157 views

Difference between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도

Can you explain the differences between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도. Where can I use ~고도 instead of ~아도/어도/여도 and vice versa?
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0answers
100 views

Its difficult to learn English because English and grammar are different, [closed]

Because English and grammar are different, 한국어가 이게 맞나요? 영어와 문법이 다르기 때문에 한국어는 어렵다
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3answers
166 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
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1answer
91 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...
4
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2answers
103 views

Present progressive

Just a flash of thought. Which one is right to use to make present progressive sentences, and why? “-고 있는다” and “-고 계신다” (honorific) 나는 질문하고 있는다. 다른 분들은 답하고 계신다. “-고 있는다” and “-고 계시다” (honorific) ...
4
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1answer
66 views

Past continuous

How can we describe some cases, in which an act occurs during some process? Can we use -았고/-었고/-였고 + 있다 or -고 + 있었다? e.g. When I entered, he was jumping on the floor.
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2answers
120 views

The meaning of 나는 네가 아는것을 안다

I try to understand how will "I know that you know" and "I know what you know" be translated. In both cases I would say 나는 네가 아는것을 안다, but as I am a newbie, I guess I am wrong. How these kind of ...
3
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1answer
116 views

What does “지” mean in the following sentence?

The sentence is: 인터넷으로 사지 뭐하러 여기에 와? I would paraphrase this as: 인터넷으로 사면 여기 올 필요 없으니까 왜 오려고 해? Is this right? i think the 지 has some sort of connecting function, like 고 or 서.. but i couldn't find ...
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3answers
247 views

What does 뜨겁게 mean?

I'm trying to learn Korean using series titles, so excuse my ignorant question here is the Title: 일단 뜨겁게 청소하라 The translation of 뜨겁게 is hot which it doesn't make sense to me, I think it means ...
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1answer
135 views

Is “춥다” an irregular adjective?

I’m learning to conjugate into past tense in formal language (합쇼체). From what I’ve learned, if a stem ends in a consonant, you add “았습니다” or “있습니다” after it depending on the vowel before. However, I’...
2
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1answer
56 views

The relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language

Though it is just a guess, is there any historical relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language? Attributive ...
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2answers
83 views

Is there an opposite expression for 괜히?

I feel like I learned a word that’s somewhat an opposite for 괜히 but I cannot remember what it was. The specific situation is... For 괜히... after being invited by a friend to a party and realizing it ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
2
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2answers
101 views

What does it mean to combine the past (았) and future (겠) in a question?

This example contains he past (았) and future (겠) in the same verb form. In the past I've heard this used for supposition. I could understand this as a statement - meaning someone 'must have' or '...
4
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1answer
63 views

'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
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2answers
115 views

“그대로 하세요” vs “이렇게 하세요.”

• 그대로 하세요. • 이렇게 하세요. Both mean "do it like this", but I am told that they are used in different situations. Can you please explain the different situations these are used in and any other ...
4
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1answer
118 views

What does 이나 mean in this sentence?

국립공원은 산이나 바다로 이루어져 있어요 Both Naver and Google translate translate it as: - "National parks consist of mountain AND ocean" 이나 means "OR" though: Shouldn't it be "Mountain OR ocean". ?
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1answer
452 views

What is the difference between 에 비해서 and 보다?

Both ~에 비해서 and ~보다 are attached to nouns and used to compare things, such as: 지난 주에 비해서 바쁜 편이에요. 지난 주보다 바쁜 편이에요. We are somewhat busier compared to last week. When is one preferred over ...
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2answers
131 views

How to say “to” as a linking word between verbs in Korean?

I've been learning both English and Korean, and as I know, we can use "to" to link two verbs in English. Ex: Alex is lost. We must go to find her. I would like to invite Kim professor to teach ...
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2answers
81 views

What does 서 mean in this sentence?

저는 시장에 가서 딸기를 사요. Does 서 mean "and"? If so, why not just use 고 instead Does 서 mean "in order to". If so how is it different to using 러 e.g. "저는 시장에 딸기를 사러 가요" (I go to the market in order to buy ...
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0answers
34 views

Sentences with two subject markers [duplicate]

For example, the sentence: 내가 애기가 있어요. has two subject markers (가). What are rules or situations to know about when two subject markers are used and why?
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1answer
69 views

What does 에 mean here?

In this expression: "한국에서, 지켜야 할 예절에는, 어떤 것이 있을까요?" Question: 1. Why is ~에 attached to 예절? What meaning does it add?
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2answers
183 views

Confusion over subject/object/topic particles with 이다

I'm a bit confused over the subject/object particles. Im very early on in learning but I'm just practicing constructing small sentences with the few words I know. I wrote this sentence and then threw ...
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3answers
104 views

What is the meaning of 만 in 빠져들고만 싶은?

I'm still new to learning Korean so my apologies if I'm misunderstanding something here but, I was curious about how the grammar worked for the phrase "빠져들고만 싶은". If I understand it correctly, you ...
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1answer
65 views

analysis of 도 in 아/어도 되다

I am studying about 아/어도 되다 pattern from this site. I understand this structure and how it is used in a sentence. However, I am really curious about the word 도. Does anyone have a deep analysis why ...
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2answers
76 views

사흘 있으면: how 면 is used in the sentence?

Could anyone explain the usage of 면 in the sentence below? Also how would you translate it? 사흘 있으면 명절이므로 길이 막힐 거다.
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1answer
154 views

이 문은 잘 안 닫혀요: is this sentence natural?

Is the sentence below natural to native speaker? I am confused because it is somewhat strange as 잘 and 안 are used together in the same sentence. 이 문은 잘 안 닫혀요. Translation:This door does not close ...
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2answers
71 views

Negatives: 안- vs -지 못하다

I haven't met my colleagues yet: My attempt: 내 동료들이 아직 안만(난/나요) Naver: 아직 동료들을 만나지 못했어 This I kind of don't get why you use 못하다... To be honest, I'm really puzzled by the use of this verb. I see it ...
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2answers
58 views

Translation of “My colleagues have never been to Europe”

I've recently come back to Korean after a (fairly) long break and I'm surprised by how much I've forgotten. I got back into some vocab word lists and making sentences with them. I had a few questions ...
2
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1answer
65 views

당신의 이면에 관한 이야기입니다

What does this sentence mean? I am stuck with 당신의 이면 part. If it is translated as "if it is a story about you" then why don't we why it as "당신에 관한 이야기입니다"? 당신의 이면에 관한 이야기입니다. This sentence is from ...
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2answers
52 views

Different forms of the same word/verb?

This is my first time asking a question here so I hope I’m doing everything right. I’m wondering, what is the difference between these forms of the same word: 1) 깨끗 2) 깨끗다 3) 깨끗하다 4) 깨끗습니다 I know ...
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1answer
96 views

How do I use '더라도'?

클라라는 가더라도 저는 안 올 거예요. Please tell me if my use of '더라도' is right. If it's not, then please explain to me how to use it. Thank you.
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2answers
109 views

Similarities in Korean and Japanese grammar

While Korean and Japanese don't have the same language ancestry, I have been told, that they have quite a few similarities in grammar. Someone even said, that the grammar equals each other to 60-70%. ...
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1answer
113 views

How do you know what a korean word says in english when reading it

What I mean by this is that I know how to read korean but I dont understand what it actually says or what it says in english. I need help
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1answer
32 views

Understanding the possessive without a pronoun

My Korean brother-in-law was going to be flying back to Gimpo yesterday from Busan the same time I was flying in to visit my sister. We were supposed to be on the same flight, but he was running late. ...
2
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1answer
53 views

은 in 할 줄은 몰랐죠 structure

I know it is not good to study grammar from songs. However, I am curious if this structure below is some kind of grammar. 7년을 만났죠 아무도 우리가 이렇게 쉽게 이별 할 줄은 몰랐죠 I know the structure "ㄹ 줄 모르다" but in ...
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2answers
171 views

Asking a formal question: nuance differences -있으세요?, -있습니까?, -있어요?

I'm having difficulties asking "Before I start, do I need to prepare anything?" to someone with a higher position than me. Do you normally use -있으세요 when you're referring to yourself to someone ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Can someone explain the difference between ~(으)ㄹ 정도로 and ~만큼?

As far as I know, both can be used in the ~는 것 construction. However, despite having searched about these topics, I still have trouble differentiating between them. Can someone explain cases where one ...
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vote
2answers
186 views

How do I use 도 (also, too)?

So I somewhat know how to use 도 without changing verbs to their noun form but when it comes to using it to change verbs into their noun form, that's where any understanding goes out the window. I ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Is 들어갈 just the future tense of 들어가다 in this sentence?

빈칸에 들어갈 가장 알맞은 말을 고르세요. Is 들어갈 just the future tense of 들어가다 in this sentence?
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Difference between 보고싶어 and 보고싶다

I know this question gets asked a lot but, I've yet to find an answer which really gives me an explanation. My understanding of korean grammar is a bit basic but here's what I know: 보고싶다 = Dictionary ...