Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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50 views

What's the grammatical subject of this sentence?

My classmates and I are in a bit of a disagreement on this one, so I thought I'd ask here. The sentence is as follows: 하지만 이것도 먹고사는 데 별 걱정이 없는 사람들이나 할 수 있는 일이었어요. The sentence is part of a short ...
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46 views

What is the meaning of the ~ㄹ까나 ending?

I have heard that it's (1) meaningless and (2) a more playful version of ㄹ까. Not considering pronunciation, it also seems to be somewhat similar to the Japanese ending ~かな. Examples 그래서 우리 슬로건이라고 ...
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1answer
32 views

is 명사 and 수사 a part of speech

수사 in Korean is a different part of speech with 명사,used for numberic words. ex) 하나,첫째 But as far as I can think, 수사 is only one form of 명사, which is similar to noun in English. Is 명사 defined in ...
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1answer
47 views

Why is 다 required in the sentence (like 내렸다는, 알았다면)?

In the following sentence: 지하철에서 내리자마자 물건을 놓고 내렸다는 것을 알았다면 내린 시간과 내린 곳의 정확한 위치를 확인하고서 바로 역무실에 가서 이야기하면 됩니다. 버스나 택시에 물건을 놓고 내렸을 때도 7일 이후에는 경찰 유실물 센터로 보내진다는 사실을 기억하시면 좋겠습니다. (연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 3-1 p....
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2answers
38 views

ㄴ/는이 structure in 글쓴이

In the following sentence: 이 책에서 글쓴이는 가능하면 빠른 시간 안에 사과하라고 한다. (연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 3-1 p.68) In one dictionary, I could not find an entry for the word (only found 글쓰다), while in another dictionary, I ...
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1answer
40 views

What construction is -데 대한?

As I know, 데 means "place", but -데 대한 means "about something or some act". What is the meaning of 데 here? Can it be used with 의한, 관한 or 관련한?
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34 views

What does 작긴 mean in “상영관이 좀 작긴 하지만”?

In the following conversation: 그럼 지금 진촌극장 홈페이지에 들어가 볼게요. (...) 어? 자녁 시간에는 남은 좌석이 거의 없네요. 그래요? 그럼 상영관이 좀 작긴 하지만 중앙극장에는 좌석이 있을지도 몰라요. (연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 3-1 p.44) The translation is shown as "...
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1answer
44 views

What does 인 mean in 유명한 관광지인 와이키키?

In the following sentence: 호놀룰루의 유명한 관광지인 와이키키 해변은 외국에서 여행을 오는 사람들로 복잡합니다. I think 인 is used like 의 in this sentence. But I have never seen any such usage so far and in my dictionary there seems ...
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109 views

The meaning of 있다는 것

In the following sentence: 우리가 검사를 해서 문제가 있다는 것을 깨달았어요. 근데 검사를 언제 했어요? (The example is from the following page) I don't understand why that sentence uses 다 between 있 and 는. If you strip it ...
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1answer
71 views

What does 고 mean in 많았고요?

In the following sentences: 나와 내친구들은 치맥을 사랑해요! 그래서 지난주에 대구 치맥 페스티벌에 다녀왔어요. 사람들이 정말 많았어요. 치킨도 정말 많았고요. (Source: 연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 2 - p.40) According to my dictionary, there is an entry in 고 ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there any difference between ~ㄹ/을까? and ~ㄹ/을래 to ask a question?

I'm now learning the usage of ~ㄹ/을까요 here and found the following description. Asking a Question to a Listener Shall we/Should we… In Lesson 44, you learned about ~ㄹ/을래(요) and how it can ...
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1answer
39 views

The difference between '납부할 금액' vs '납부해야 할 금액'?

So what is the difference between '납부할 금액' vs '납부해야 할 금액' in the following sentence and in general: '10월 납부하실 금액 안내드립니다' The sentence can be translated as '(we are) informing the amount to be paid ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Why does 뵙겠습니다 have 겠 in it?

If the phrase 처음 뵙겠습니다 literally means “this is the first time I’m seeing you”, why does it have 겠 in it? I thought 겠 expressed future intention. I’m asking because I like to understand the literal ...
4
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1answer
68 views

How to decide on which part to use honorifics?

I have seen that sometimes the honorific is used for only some part of the sentence, such as at the subject particle or verb. For example, 할머니가 식용유를 사려고 슈퍼마켓에 가셨어요. In this sentence, the honorific ...
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0answers
50 views

What is the difference between 과의 and just 과?

I found that sometimes 과의 is used instead of 과. For example, 대통령과의 인터뷰 The meaning seems to be the same however, in that it means "and" or "with". So what is the reason you use 과의, instead of ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the difference between 네 and 네요 to express admiration?

I'm learning about the usage of 네 to the stem of the verb to express admiration, but I don't understand the difference between 네 and 네요. What is the difference between them? Is 네요 more formal much ...
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1answer
67 views

What does 는 mean in 믿는다?

In the following sentence: 회사원이 연구를 믿는다. I don't understand what 는 means here. At least I understand that the verb is 믿다 and the meaning is "The employee believes the research.". But what does ...
2
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1answer
44 views

the difference between 형용사 and adjective

if we search adjective in korean-english dictionary, the meaning of adjective is "형용사". However, in Korean, afaik there is another "part of language" called "관형사", whose job is to qualify nouns. ...
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0answers
32 views

How to use 선물할 거다 in the grammar -게 아니라

This is the excercise Should I write “선물할 게 아니라 선물 받았어요.” Or what is the correct form of the sentence? Thanks
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1answer
92 views

Help me translate this

I need someone that can help me translate this, I understand the basic means, but need some clarify on it. 🙏🙏 여기까지가 세자르와 밀러의 첫 만남에 관한 소설의 내용이다. 그 뒤로 여러 가지 사건을 겪으며 세자르의 주인공다운 면모를 지켜본 밀러는, 세자르의 첫 번째 ...
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1answer
75 views

When to use -는 도중에 vs -는 동안(에)

Can you please explain me the difference between using -는 도중에 and -는 동안(에)? I know, that they both mean "while", but can't figure out how to use them properly.
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1answer
60 views

Whats the difference between 할 수 있다 and 할 수 있어

I dont get Whats the difference between 할 수 있다 and 할 수 있어. (다 and 어) . I want to write ‘I can do it’ I want to do tattoo but I dont know which one is proper one?
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2answers
39 views

When to add 속 to mean “in the ~”?

I find it really hard to decide when to add 속 to express "in ~" in Korean. For example, 저는 집에서 놀아요. 곰 새끼는 푸른 풀 속에서 놀아요. Can I change the sentences above to the following? 저는 집 속에서 놀아요. ...
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2answers
55 views

How to say “something is broken (in the past)”?

In Korean, to say "something is broken", you use the past form of the verb 고장나다. 텔레비전이 고장났어요. But now I wonder how to say "something got broken", meaning the malfunction happened in the past. Is ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Does the liaison always happen in Korean?

I wonder if a liaison always happens in Korean or not. I mean the last consonant in the previous word is absorbed into the next vowel. In French, there is a rule on which word the liaison happens, ...
0
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1answer
68 views

Usage of -이자 and -인 as suffix for nouns

I am using Google Translate to say the following sentence in Korean: Hello! I am Brian, a 2nd year computer science college student and a newcomer to Seoul. And this sentence came out: 안녕하세요! ...
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1answer
108 views

X기 vs X는 것 - any difference in Korean gerund?

Korean has 2 ways of forming gerunds (X is a verb stem). X기 X는 것 I wonder if there is any difference between these two usages. I think the first one is used if you want to make it to a subordinate ...
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1answer
52 views

Is the compound verb used only for the third-person subject?

According to the following explanation on the compound verb section on Duolingo: It can also mean "to act like..." For example, 슬프다="to be sad" while 슬퍼하다="to act sad." Usually this aspect of ~하다 ...
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2answers
114 views

When to use 별로 vs 그리?

In the following sentences (from duolingo): 그것은 그리 안 좋아요. I used 별로 instead of 그리 and got wrong. But I'm not sure what is the difference between them and when I should use one over the other. ...
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2answers
76 views

Can I use 안 negation along with 그리?

I found the following sentence is not correct on Duolingo: 뜨거운 아이스크림은 그리 안 맛없어요. While the following is correct: 뜨거운 아이스크림은 그리 맛없지 않아요. I wonder why the first sentence is not correct. The ...
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1answer
96 views

하나 둘씩’s meaning

What does 하나 둘씩 mean. 하나씩 means one at a time. 둘씩 means two at a time. But I don’t understand what 하나 둘씩 is. I just checked other websites. Some say it means “one by two”. But I don’t understand what “...
3
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1answer
85 views

Number+씩 (하나씩 둘씩 셋씩)

Number + Counter + 씩. 한 명씩 means person at a time. Right ? If I want to use “Number+씩” Do I not have to shorten 하나 to 한 ? I just know that If I want to use Number+Counter I have to shorten 1-4. ...
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2answers
232 views

When is it okay to mix banmal and jondetmal? (나 and -요)

Sometimes I hear people use 나(는) (which should be banmal, right?) but then use a -요 ending (which should be jondetmal) in the same sentence. Is it really okay to mix the two? If so, what are the rules ...
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2answers
107 views

Why is 간다 used in spoken conversation?

Why do people in spoken conversation sometimes say 간다 instead of 가요 when they are leaving? I thought 간다 was a written form.
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2answers
221 views

Does Korean make use of italic?

I've seen some websites automatically applying italics on quotes, and when I got a quotes italicized with Korean text, it looked weird on my eyes. Is it just me, or unwritten rules of Korean language, ...
1
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1answer
118 views

What is ~다가 보니까's most common usage?

Depending on what source you lookup, ~다가 보니까 has different definitions. My textbook says it means "having learned something after repeated actions". The page on How to Study Korean says: While ...
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2answers
103 views

Which one sounds more correct / natural?

I want to connect two adjectives, one of which is in negative form. As an example: 비싸지 않고 맛있는 식당 안 비싸고 맛있는 식당 It seems to me that 1 is more natural. But can I say 2 instead of 1 without changing the ...
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3answers
132 views

What are the mistakes in this paragraph?

I'm learning Sagang Textbook, and in the book has a homework like that: "Read the following summary, find the mistakes and correct them (3 things) 지훈 씨는 서울 식당에 가 봤어요. 서울 식당은 일식집이에요. 특히 비빔밥이 아주 맛있어요....
2
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1answer
104 views

Are particular Korean nouns (명사) also classified as determinators (관형사)?

For a project I'm doing I'm trying to figure out if the following words are determinators (관형사) or just nouns (명사)? 오늘, 각각, 모두 (not 모든), 이번, 일부 I know that 이, 그, 새, 옛, ... are determinators, but I'm ...
3
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3answers
235 views

Why do we have to say “들어가보겠습니다” when leaving the office?

I'm working in Korean Company, every worker says "들어가보겠습니다" when they are going to leave the office. In my head it is translated as "I will try to go outside". Why can't we use the more obvious words ...
4
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2answers
152 views

Grammars of Korean and Japanese

It is well known that the grammars of Korean and Japanese are very similar. So learning one from the other to an extent amounts to learning vocabulary (e.g. particles) rather than grammar proper. Are ...
3
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2answers
249 views

What constructions are considered not Korean and what's so bad about them?

Some say Korean people started to use grammatical constructions they weren't used to use as the language got influenced by many other languages, such as Japanese, Chinese, and English. What ...
4
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1answer
97 views

Is “honorific” a noun or an adjective, and what precisely does it mean?

Are honorifics things you add to a word/sentence to raise the level of politeness/respect? Or are honorifics different levels of politeness/respect of words/sentences? Or do you add things to a word/...
2
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2answers
150 views

Is it okay to use multiple particles in a compound?

대철과 나눴던 대화 = my dialogue with Dae-chul 대철과 나눴던 대화, 대철과의 대화, 대철이와의 대화 Question : Three share a same meaning. Here these are grammatically correct ? 의 is possessive form of noun or pronoun. For ...
3
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2answers
171 views

Is it true that Korean nouns and pronouns use different particles?

I've heard that there's some particle in Korean that can only be attached to nouns but never pronouns - and pronouns use some different particle instead. Is it true?
3
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1answer
92 views

a simple proverb : 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다

Newbie here. I try to decypher a simple proverb, 가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다. The global meaning is clear but I don't understand some details. Vocabulary's ok to me (see infra) but I have three questions ...
3
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3answers
417 views

Difference between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도

Can you explain the differences between ~고도 and ~아도/어도/여도. Where can I use ~고도 instead of ~아도/어도/여도 and vice versa?
1
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0answers
106 views

Its difficult to learn English because English and grammar are different, [closed]

Because English and grammar are different, 한국어가 이게 맞나요? 영어와 문법이 다르기 때문에 한국어는 어렵다
4
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3answers
191 views

The meaning of -보있다

Sometimes I face verb + 보있다 construction. E.g. 바라보있다, 들어보있다. How this construction changes the verb meanings?
6
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1answer
124 views

Construction -치 못하다

What exactly does 경탄을 금치 못하다 mean? I heard it several times in the northern propaganda documentaries and also it can be found in newspaper articles. I guess it's something like "be unable to hide the ...