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Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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The relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language

Though it is just a guess, is there any historical relationship between attributive adjective postposition(관형격 조사)'ㅅ' in medival Korean language and 사이시옷 in modern Korean language? Attributive ...
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Is there an opposite expression for 괜히?

I feel like I learned a word that’s somewhat an opposite for 괜히 but I cannot remember what it was. The specific situation is... For 괜히... after being invited by a friend to a party and realizing it ...
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1answer
63 views

Difference between 살아있다 and 살다, 앉아있다 and 앉다

What's the difference between these forms? Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?
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2answers
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What does it mean to combine the past (았) and future (겠) in a question?

This example contains he past (았) and future (겠) in the same verb form. In the past I've heard this used for supposition. I could understand this as a statement - meaning someone 'must have' or '...
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'사동' means causative, but what about '주동'?

Just like 수동(passive) is the opposite of 능동(active), 주동 is the opposite of 사동(causative). How can I say 주동 in English?
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“그대로 하세요” vs “이렇게 하세요.”

• 그대로 하세요. • 이렇게 하세요. Both mean "do it like this", but I am told that they are used in different situations. Can you please explain the different situations these are used in and any other ...
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What does 이나 mean in this sentence?

국립공원은 산이나 바다로 이루어져 있어요 Both Naver and Google translate translate it as: - "National parks consist of mountain AND ocean" 이나 means "OR" though: Shouldn't it be "Mountain OR ocean". ?
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1answer
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What is the difference between 에 비해서 and 보다?

Both ~에 비해서 and ~보다 are attached to nouns and used to compare things, such as: 지난 주에 비해서 바쁜 편이에요. 지난 주보다 바쁜 편이에요. We are somewhat busier compared to last week. When is one preferred over ...
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How to say “to” as a linking word between verbs in Korean?

I've been learning both English and Korean, and as I know, we can use "to" to link two verbs in English. Ex: Alex is lost. We must go to find her. I would like to invite Kim professor to teach ...
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What does 서 mean in this sentence?

저는 시장에 가서 딸기를 사요. Does 서 mean "and"? If so, why not just use 고 instead Does 서 mean "in order to". If so how is it different to using 러 e.g. "저는 시장에 딸기를 사러 가요" (I go to the market in order to buy ...
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Sentences with two subject markers [duplicate]

For example, the sentence: 내가 애기가 있어요. has two subject markers (가). What are rules or situations to know about when two subject markers are used and why?
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1answer
51 views

What does 에 mean here?

In this expression: "한국에서, 지켜야 할 예절에는, 어떤 것이 있을까요?" Question: 1. Why is ~에 attached to 예절? What meaning does it add?
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Confusion over subject/object/topic particles with 이다

I'm a bit confused over the subject/object particles. Im very early on in learning but I'm just practicing constructing small sentences with the few words I know. I wrote this sentence and then threw ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of 만 in 빠져들고만 싶은?

I'm still new to learning Korean so my apologies if I'm misunderstanding something here but, I was curious about how the grammar worked for the phrase "빠져들고만 싶은". If I understand it correctly, you ...
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1answer
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analysis of 도 in 아/어도 되다

I am studying about 아/어도 되다 pattern from this site. I understand this structure and how it is used in a sentence. However, I am really curious about the word 도. Does anyone have a deep analysis why ...
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사흘 있으면: how 면 is used in the sentence?

Could anyone explain the usage of 면 in the sentence below? Also how would you translate it? 사흘 있으면 명절이므로 길이 막힐 거다.
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1answer
121 views

이 문은 잘 안 닫혀요: is this sentence natural?

Is the sentence below natural to native speaker? I am confused because it is somewhat strange as 잘 and 안 are used together in the same sentence. 이 문은 잘 안 닫혀요. Translation:This door does not close ...
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Negatives: 안- vs -지 못하다

I haven't met my colleagues yet: My attempt: 내 동료들이 아직 안만(난/나요) Naver: 아직 동료들을 만나지 못했어 This I kind of don't get why you use 못하다... To be honest, I'm really puzzled by the use of this verb. I see it ...
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Translation of “My colleagues have never been to Europe”

I've recently come back to Korean after a (fairly) long break and I'm surprised by how much I've forgotten. I got back into some vocab word lists and making sentences with them. I had a few questions ...
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1answer
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당신의 이면에 관한 이야기입니다

What does this sentence mean? I am stuck with 당신의 이면 part. If it is translated as "if it is a story about you" then why don't we why it as "당신에 관한 이야기입니다"? 당신의 이면에 관한 이야기입니다. This sentence is from ...
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Different forms of the same word/verb?

This is my first time asking a question here so I hope I’m doing everything right. I’m wondering, what is the difference between these forms of the same word: 1) 깨끗 2) 깨끗다 3) 깨끗하다 4) 깨끗습니다 I know ...
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1answer
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How do I use '더라도'?

클라라는 가더라도 저는 안 올 거예요. Please tell me if my use of '더라도' is right. If it's not, then please explain to me how to use it. Thank you.
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Similarities in Korean and Japanese grammar

While Korean and Japanese don't have the same language ancestry, I have been told, that they have quite a few similarities in grammar. Someone even said, that the grammar equals each other to 60-70%. ...
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1answer
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How do you know what a korean word says in english when reading it

What I mean by this is that I know how to read korean but I dont understand what it actually says or what it says in english. I need help
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1answer
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Understanding the possessive without a pronoun

My Korean brother-in-law was going to be flying back to Gimpo yesterday from Busan the same time I was flying in to visit my sister. We were supposed to be on the same flight, but he was running late. ...
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1answer
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은 in 할 줄은 몰랐죠 structure

I know it is not good to study grammar from songs. However, I am curious if this structure below is some kind of grammar. 7년을 만났죠 아무도 우리가 이렇게 쉽게 이별 할 줄은 몰랐죠 I know the structure "ㄹ 줄 모르다" but in ...
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Asking a formal question: nuance differences -있으세요?, -있습니까?, -있어요?

I'm having difficulties asking "Before I start, do I need to prepare anything?" to someone with a higher position than me. Do you normally use -있으세요 when you're referring to yourself to someone ...
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1answer
61 views

Can someone explain the difference between ~(으)ㄹ 정도로 and ~만큼?

As far as I know, both can be used in the ~는 것 construction. However, despite having searched about these topics, I still have trouble differentiating between them. Can someone explain cases where one ...
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2answers
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How do I use 도 (also, too)?

So I somewhat know how to use 도 without changing verbs to their noun form but when it comes to using it to change verbs into their noun form, that's where any understanding goes out the window. I ...
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1answer
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Is 들어갈 just the future tense of 들어가다 in this sentence?

빈칸에 들어갈 가장 알맞은 말을 고르세요. Is 들어갈 just the future tense of 들어가다 in this sentence?
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1answer
81 views

Difference between 보고싶어 and 보고싶다

I know this question gets asked a lot but, I've yet to find an answer which really gives me an explanation. My understanding of korean grammar is a bit basic but here's what I know: 보고싶다 = Dictionary ...
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1answer
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How can one use the post position -(이)라든지?

Most uses of -(이)라든지 that I have seen are used in the context of "either this or that" 치킨이라든지 피자라든지 미국 음식을 먹고 싶다. (I want to eat American food, whether it be chicken or pizza). However, it ...
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How do you know which words 하고 is connecting?

Take the sentence: 여자가 동물하고 한국어로 대화합니다 It translates to 'The woman has a conversation with an animal in Korean.' The connector 하고 is supposed to express that it's connecting 2 words together, right? ...
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What's the difference between 이 and 이거?

So I'm still really confused on the difference between them and how to use them in sentence. When should I use 이 or 이거 in a sentence or one instead of the other? How is one a pronoun and one a ...
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3answers
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A subject marker question

A. 저는 여기가 처음이에요. B. 저는 이전에 여기 온 적있어요. Questions 여기 has a subject marker in the first sentence. Why is 여기 the subject? Shouldn't "I"(저) be the subject? Why is 여기 a subject in sentence A but not the ...
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How to understand the -하다고 suffix?

I found myself completely unable to explain the -하다고 suffix to someone. For example, 행복하다고 느낍니까? which means, "Do you feel that you're happy?" Actually, no, there's a nuance there. I think it ...
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2answers
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Help translating “Do you feel <noun> is <adjective>?”

I'm trying to translate the lyrics of a song to Korean. Here's the line I'm working on: Do you feel the world is broken? ... and here's my attempt at translating it: 세상의 깨지기는 느낍니까? Did I ...
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Grammar/vocab to introduce a better alternative (sounds like 차다리 or 자다리)

There is a grammar/word in Korean to introduce (and emphasize) a better alternative. It sounds like "차다리" or "자다리." What am I thinking of? I hear it often in conversation, but am having trouble ...
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1answer
227 views

Are ‘건강해라.’ and ‘아프지 말고 행복하자.’ grammatically correct?

This is a part of the lyrics of a famous Korean song: Kim Haesol (Zion.T)'s <양화대교 (楊花大橋; Yanghwa bridge.)>. 행복하자, 우리. Let's be happy, let us. 행복하자, Let's be happy, 아프지 말고, not get sick;...
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1answer
154 views

How and when to use “거야” in Korean?

i see that people often use "거야" in Korean. Such as 집을 좀 알아봤는데 방이 다 손바닥만 한 거야 i think the sentence can write as "집을 좀 알아봤는데 방이 다 손바닥만 해". That's enough. So why we need to write "집을 좀 알아봤는데 방이 다 ...
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90 views

Which way to write ㅊ

Which is the better way to write ㅊ? I've seen it written in 3 different ways like in the picture.
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How do we use 죠 at the end of question ?

I know it's short of 지요 but how do you use it in questions and what else do you use at the end of the questions if not this ?
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1answer
58 views

획순에 맞게 쓰기 - what does 에 mean and function as?

What does 에 mean or function as in the sentence below? Why use 에 and not 은 or 을? "획순에 맞게 쓰기"
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1answer
67 views

How can I break down this sentence to translate it 'literally' one piece at a time?

I would appreciate if you could help me to translate this and also if you could refer me to any important grammatical structures in here that I should learn. I understand the meaning - but I want to ...
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1answer
90 views

how to use 하네요?

What is the usage of 하네요? Does the english equivalent of I'm just saying similar to 하네요? For example, 하네요 여기가 아파. loosely translates to I'm just saying, it hurts here. Another example: 정말 날 ...
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1answer
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Can `걸까요` be put under every kind of sentence to make it a question?

Can 걸까요 be put under every kind of sentence to make it a question? Is it like the rising intonation that we use at the end of the sentence to denote that it's a question? For e.g. in 여기에 걸까요, we ...
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1answer
179 views

What does 줬는데요 mean?

What does 줬는데요 mean? What's the root word for 줬는데요? For example in this sentence from the vlive video 유니콘 인형도 있어요. 제가 이름도 붙여줬는데요. I have a unicorn doll. I gave a name to it. 이름도 붙여줬는데요 here means ...
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1answer
111 views

What do “졌다고” and “없기다” mean in this paragraph?

남자 : 누나, 뭐 해? 심심한데 나가서 배드민턴 치자 여자 : 좋아. 그런데 지난번처럼 졌다고 화내기 없기다. The sentence is difficult for me to understand because of "졌다고" and "없기다". i think 졌다고 = 졌다고해서, but as i know, "다고 하다" means "...
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3answers
130 views

“더러” grammar in 알더러 새가 되라는 말처럼 어려울 수 있다 (translation)

I get that "~라는 말처럼 어려울 수 있다" is "it's as hard as saying ~", but 더러 is something I've never encountered before. I'm not even sure what part of speech it is. I do well know that 알 is egg and 섀 is ...
2
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1answer
61 views

What role does 어 버리다 play with the verb 되다?

Here is the reference phrase : 긴 하루가 되어 버렸어 where : 되: become 어 버렸어: do completely Which is clear in meaning, but i hope can you explain for me this grammatical case. Thanks for your ...