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Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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Some questions that I had when looking through HTSK Lesson 25

When using 에서 with 아무, I noticed it was 아무 데서 not 아무 데에서. Are both of these fine to use? And also, as a general rule, when can 에서 be shortened to 서? The website states that 누구나 means “everyone”. But ...
Renee Chen's user avatar
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Correction and explanation of "Sing like a singer"

What is the difference between the two following sentences? 가수처럼 노래해요 가수와 같이 노래해요 (Please correct the sentences if they're grammatically wrong). According to Korean - A comprehensive Guide section 3....
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
87 views

Asking a store clerk to refill my T-Money card with 10,000 won

If I want to ask to a clerk in a convenience store to top up my T-Money card can I ask with the following: 사장님. 카드에 만원을 충전해 주세요/주겠어요? Is it grammatically correct? Does it sound natural to say?
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
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Korean verb to express "think/find/believe"

I wonder what are the closest Korean verbs I can use to express the equivalent of the following english verbs: think - an opinion that you are NOT sure of. find - an opinion that you are sure of ...
user8469759's user avatar
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58 views

Translate "How do I ask my girlfriend how cook pasta?"

I want to translate in korean the question: How do I ask my girlfriend how to cook pasta? I made an attempt: 제 여자친구한테 어떻게 파스타를 요리하다고 어떻게 칠문해요? The rationale behind it is How do I ask? -> 어떻게 ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why is it 가져다가 instead of 가지다가?

The suffix -다(가) is normally attached to the verb stem, not the present stem (-어/아-). But I find that in the case of 가지다 they say e.g. 가져다 놓다 (instead of 가지다 놓다), while the contracted form is regular (...
vukung's user avatar
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X wants to know when we'll receive Y

I am trying to translate the following sentence. Tom wants to know when will receive the package My attempt is 톰님이 언제 특히를 받다고 알고 싶어요 My thought on why this might be correct is because what Tom ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
77 views

What does this 알라 mean as in "거기서 내가 울고 있는 줄 알라"

I was reading a poem in Korean but could never understand this sentence. 거기서 내가 울고 있는 줄 알라 I am confused about the verb in the end 알라. Judging from its form, I think it might be either the ...
FSY's user avatar
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How to say "Which city are you from?"

How do you say "Which city are you from?" Which one below is correct? Are there any other new sentences I can use? 어느 도시에 사세요? 어디 도시에 사세요? 어디에 도시 사세요?
mattsmith5's user avatar
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2 answers
59 views

Construct object-phrases in korean

I was trying to construct a sentence like the following. Would you show me where I can throw this away? I am not a grammar expert but if I have to translate just Would you show me this I would ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

Is there the korean version of 'As' for when cause or reasonings

I was browsing ths Google to see if theres this exact word for nuance and meaning 'As' for reasons or effects rather than comparisons, but I found none, example: 'As the sun slowly sets, Shin-Hye is ...
Aaron Neville's user avatar
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71 views

Do I always have to use honorific nouns with superiors?

I know there are some nouns in Korean that have honorific forms. For example, the honorific form of 밥 is 진지, the honorific form of 집 is 댁... So do I always have to use honorific nouns with superiors? ...
Thai Trinh's user avatar
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1 answer
66 views

Is 아버님 only used in"연인사이"?

I asked a young Korean person: When I talk to a child, I want to ask "What does your father do?". This question should ask "아버님은 무슨 일을 하셔냐?/하셔니?"?. She said that i should ask "...
Thai Trinh's user avatar
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I’m practicing “journal style” writing in Korean with a new book. Is this sentence correct?

다다음 주부터 가을방학 시작한다. The examples in my book don’t use a particle next to school vacation. I also wasn’t sure if “다다음“ is week after next? Is there a different informal way to say “in two weeks”? Thanks!...
Maggie Audelle's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
313 views

Asking "Can you speak Korean?"

I was chatting to a Korean gentlemen this morning, with whom I was speaking for the first time. Because I texted "안녕하세요" his first thought was I spoke Korean. So he asked me 엇 한국어 가능하세요 ...
user8469759's user avatar
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Is 한국어를 해요correct?

I am asking this because I saw someone saying it is correct, but I don't think it is. As someone who speaks japanese I would never say 韓国語をする, but instead I'd say 韓国語ができる which is equivalent to 한국어를 할 ...
Manab's user avatar
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Does 아/어야 have more than one meaning?

As a low intermediate student, I learned that 아/어야 is used to express something as a necessary condition, it can be thought as meaning only if and is commonly used (but not exclusively) in the ...
DrOlliver's user avatar
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1 answer
76 views

When talking to 사장님 about 과장님, do we need to use 존댓말 with 과장님?

In a Korean book there is the following dialogue: enter link description here 남 :네, 총무과뚜안입니다. 아, 사장님. 안녕하십니까? 박 과장님이요? 박 과장님께서는 좀 전에 일 때문에 거래처에 가셨는데요. 네, 그럼 제가 지금 박 과장님께 전화해서 빨리 사장님께 전화하시라 고 말씀드리겠습니다....
Thai Trinh's user avatar
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1 answer
133 views

Finally as adverb and auxiliary verb (드디어 vs 어/아 버리다)

Today I came across the use of the auxiliary verb 버리다 to express (among the other things) finally. However as far as I know finally in korean is also the adverb 드디어. So I wonder for example what is ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
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I am happy that I am finally going to Seoraksan

The following two sentences sound like can be translated in the same way: 저는 설악산에 가 버리다고 행복해요 저는 설악산에 가 버려서 행복해요 Which to me means I am happy that I am finally going to Seoraksan. I wonder however ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
642 views

Thank you for the food

I had lunch yesterday in a restaurant and I wanted to say "thank you for the food" (after the meal while paying). What came out of my mouth was 음식이라서 감사합이다 The owner seems to have and ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
98 views

~단 말이지? Is this expressing a conclusion or what the speaker was actually trying to say?

I am aware that 단 말이야 is often used to confirm information that the speaker said. All of the practice examples have what the speaker said roughly verbatim. 나: 어제 10시간이나 잤어요. 가: 네? 어제 10시시간이나 잤단 말이에요?...
Ubz's user avatar
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2 answers
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How to use -에 있다/없다

When going through my book (fun fun korean 1) I noticed that the structure for using -에 있다 was different from -에 없다 . Example: The book is on top of the desk = 책이 책상 위에 있어요. The pencil case does not ...
truiz's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
63 views

I am thinking about the sentence you wrote

A wonderful lady texted me a nice sentence yesterday. 생각해서 생각이 나온다. Which seems to translate as "thoughts lead to more thought". As I've been thinking about this sentence since yesterday I ...
user8469759's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
74 views

Where is the following sentence wrong?

In a Korean book there is a sentence that goes like this: 선생님, 저와 함께 술을 드시러 가시지요 This book says that the above sentence is not entirely correct because it uses incorrect honorifics. Can you help me ...
Thai Trinh's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
301 views

Quotations - Can 라고 and 다고 be followed by any verbs?

I am learning about quotations. And in many examples the construction I've seen those is explained as follows Put the quoted utterance Follow the quoted utterance by 다고 + 하다 or 라고 + 하다 (with few ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
210 views

라떼 말이야 - meaning?

I encountered the phrase 라떼 말이야 la-tte mal-iy-a, which I might have figured as Latte is the word, but which Google and Bing translate as I mean latte (Google)/lattes (Bing). Papago momentarily shows I’...
Sydney's user avatar
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1 answer
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소방당국은 긴급 환자들을 헬기를 동원해 병원으로 옮겼습니다

This sentence is from an article here. 소방당국은 긴급 환자들을 헬기를 동원해 병원으로 옮겼습니다. Can I rewrite it like this? 소방당국은 헬기를 동원해 긴급 환자들을 병원으로 옮겼습니다.
hana's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is this translation correct in simple present tense?

I want to say "I usually eat bread" in Korea, so I translate that sentence like this: "저는 자주 빵을 막는다". I wonder if the tense of my translated sentence is "present simple" ...
Khánh Bùi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
245 views

Sentence with (으)면 하다 in past tense

I came across this sentence from a text message 금일 결과 리뷰 했으면 합니다 I found in my reference that the pattern (으)면+하다 means "would/wish" and conjugating 하다 in past tense provide a more ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
681 views

How to express "I want something" in Korean

There's a pattern in korean, V고 싶다, which is used when expressing things like: 가족이 보고 싶어요 (I want to see my family) 딸기를 먹고 싶어요 (I want to eat strawberries) 침데에서 자고 싶어요 (I want to sleep in bed) It ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
72 views

Present participle colloquial usage

So in all of my grammar resources, they say that the present participle for a verb is formed by adding 는 after the verb. E.g "the sleeping man" = "자는남자" However, a native speaker (...
Julian's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
296 views

하고 vs. 해서 vs. 하고 나서 vs. 한 채 - 비교

Could you describe nuances between these sentences and point out the one that sounds most natural? 화장을 하고 수영장에 가면 안 되죠. 화장을 하고 나서 수영장에 가면 안 되죠. 화장을 해서 수영장에 가면 안 되죠. 화장을 한 채 수영장에 가면 안 되죠. Thank you ...
Taman's user avatar
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1 answer
184 views

What is the meaning of '별로 차이가 없다'

What is the meaning of '별로 차이가 없다'? 이 한국말은 영어로 설명하면 무슨 뜻입니까? 알고 싶어요.
Lovely Coffeecan's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
59 views

Translation of "I wonder if you can buy the bread on your way home"

Related to this question where I was suggested to lookup the patterns V(으)ㄹ래요 and V(으)ㄹ게요. In my understanding, and according to one of my grammar reference these are sentence final endings expressing ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
72 views

Difference between the pattern ~아/어 보다 (auxiliary verb) and the post modifier ~(으)ㄴ 적/일

I was reading here and there about post modifiers and auxiliary verbs in korean. And recently a couple of them captured my attention namely ~아/어 보다 (auxiliary verb) and ~(으)ㄴ 적/일. Specifically I ...
user8469759's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

Translation "I always start working after exercising"

I am trying to translate: I always start working after exercising Or equivalently I always exercise before start working Or (sligthly different) I cannot work if I don't exercise My attempt: 저는 ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
69 views

Translating "Because today the weather was hot I went to the coffee shop in the afternoon"

Trying to translate the following. Because today the weather was hot I went to a coffee shop in the afternoon My attempt 오늘 날씨는 뜨겁어서 오후에 커피쑢에서 널었어요. Is it correct?
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
66 views

Translating "A: Can you buy some bread? B: I will buy it on my way home but I have to go to school now"

As exercise I am trying to translate the following: A: Can you buy some bread? B: I will buy it on my way home but I have to go to school now. My attempt. A: 빵를 사수 있어요? B: 집으로 가는 길에 사지만 지금 학교에 가요 ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
65 views

Translating "Bonnie has a cat named Tia"

I have the following sentence I'd like to translate. I'll list all the steps I did so in the correction maybe I can spot more easily what I did wrong. Bonnie has a cat named Tia In my attempt I was ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
69 views

What is the difference between a verb and a copula

I have a general grammar question. I often see the term copula as it is like different from what a normal verb is. According to one of my references Basic Korean: A Grammar and Workbook by Andrew ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
66 views

Understanding 제일 좋아하는 유튜브 채널이 뭐예요?

I have the following sentence (taken from a youtube video) 제일 좋아하는 유튜브 채널이 뭐예요? Which translates as What is your favourite Youtube channel? One thing that captured my attention in this sentence is ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
72 views

Translation of "The woman is walking downstairs with her umbrella open"

Context: I am in a coffee shop and it's rainy outside and I just saw a woman walking downstairs (outside) with her umbrella open. As exercises I'd like to try to translate: A woman is walking ...
user8469759's user avatar
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1 answer
72 views

Translation of "Can you show me where something is?"

As exercise I was trying to translate the following sentence. Can you show me where the watermelon is? (The watermelon is completely random). You can imagine as situation you're in the supermarket ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
106 views

What does 려나 하다 mean?

I am watching 삼진그룹 영어토익반 and I saw the following line with an ending that I had not seen before: 이제 일 좀 하려나 했더니 TL: I thought you'd finally be useful, and what? There is 려나 보다 which could fit, but I ...
Ubz's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
70 views

how 물음 come from 묻다?

as far as I know,in korean,if you want to turn a verb into noun,you just add one amongst 기,음 and 이 to that verb. for example,if you want to turn 듣다 into noun,you can just remove 다 and add 기 to it,like ...
CN.hitori's user avatar
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2 answers
143 views

meaning of (noun?)조차

I was watching a youtube video earlier and I found two of these "조차" particles come up in the video: 모든 인간관계의 문제, 모든 범죄조차도 저는 그 통제권을 가지려는 욕망에서 온다고 생각 하거든요. 그리고 보통 이런 사람은 본인조차도 통제하지 못하고 있을 ...
greentea's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
90 views

Distinguish Transitive/Intransitive verbs in dictionary

I am having a hard time finding this information in dictionaries. I mainly use this one: https://krdict.korean.go.kr/eng/mainAction Information that doesn't seem to appear when I look up verbs is ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

Can I have one of these as well?

Imagine you're in a coffee shop, you can ask for a coffee (whichever you want as follows): 커피 한잔 주세요 Imagine now you want also something else you see at the counter the way I would translate it ...
user8469759's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
158 views

Syllable structure rules

Recently, I've started learning Korean, so please don't get mad if my question sounds stupid. My problem is that I don't know whether a consonant is a part of a three-letter syllable or a separate ...
Lily's user avatar
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