Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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Why does the indirect quotation (ㄴ/는)다고 mean "just because" in the following cases?

I have studied grammar (ㄴ/는)다고 before and know that this grammar is indirect quotation in Korean, which means "to say that/to ask that....". However, today I learned again that this grammar ...
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Difference between 에게는 and 는

Sentence: 그런데 부족함이라고는 전혀 없는 더즐리 부부에게는 누구에게도 알리고 싶지 않은 비밀이 하나 있었다 Why is it 부부에게는 and not just 부부는 ?
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why does 좋아하다 pronounce as 조아하다?

I am a beginner, and with my current knowledge, when there is ㅇ after the previous final consonant, the previous final consonant combines with the vowel after ㅇ to pronounce. So, 좋아하다 is supposed to ...
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Why is the use of 니까 not correct in this sentence?

I have come across the following sentences where the first one is correct and second is not correct 어제 아파서 못 왔어요. (O) 어제 아프니까 못 왔어요. (X) I can understand that 아/어/여서 can't be used for imperative or ...
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Can I used 위해 with "event" type nouns?

I was wondering if it's appropriate to use 위해 in this context: Study FOR an exam -- 시험을 위해 공부해요 Is this an accurate translation? Perhaps it might be more natural to say 준비하다?
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What does "잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차" mean?

i have a text as follows 저희는 오히려 부모님이 원하셔서 환갑잔치를 해 드렸더니 좋아하셨어요. 요즘 잔치를 잘 안 하 는 추세라서 잔치 대신 제주도 여행을 보내 드리려고 했는데, 어머님께 살짝 여쭤 보니 환갑이 되었 으면 당연히 잔치를 열게 마련이라 하시더라고요. 잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차 못 하고 있었는데 미리 여쭤 보길 잘 했어요....
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What is the difference between 온 and 모든?

I know in Korean that the word 온 means "all" that is used to modify nouns (eg 온 가족, 온 인류). I also know that the word 모든 also means "all" and is also used to modify nouns. So What ...
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비다민 한국어 Review Question Number 17

I just started learning Korean today and I tried to do the review section of chapter 2 in Vitamin Korean 1 but got stuck in question number 17. In this question, it asks to choose the wrong choice ...
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What does 어느 in 화창한 어느 아침 means?

I have googled to see what does 어느 mean and what I understand is that it is used to ask questions. I am confused what does it mean in the above sentence. Please also explain the sentence structure ...
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는 at the end of a sentence?

I'm watching a video on 부산사투리 (https://youtu.be/jtlodca6UN4) and a couple of people have used 는 at the end of a sentence. Here are the exact phrases: 주변에 시선이 좀 느껴지는? 산맥이나 큰 강같이 교통과 교류의 장애가 되는. 그런 ...
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Is "껍질은 칼로 깎으시오." a wrong sentence? Should it be written "껍질은 칼으로 깎으시오."

When I read this sentence, I thought this might be wrong. "껍질은 칼로 깎으시오." Should it be written "껍질은 칼으로 깎으시오." because "칼" has patim. My text book is an old book , so it ...
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How did 이르다 get transformed to 이르러서는 in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 얼굴에 탈을 쓰고 추는 춤인 탈춤은 가면무용이라고도 한다. 신라시대에 유행한 처용무 등이 궁중무용으로 전해지더니, 이것이 고려· 조선 시대에 이르러서는 민속무용으로 크게 계승, 발전하 였다. As I think in this passage, 이르러서는 = 이르다 + 아/어서 + 는. However, ...
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Idiomatic meaning of 귀가 번쩍 뜨였지

I was reading a children book called "흰곰한테 시집갈게요" when I came across this passage: 깜짝 놀란 농부가 비쭉 문을 열고 나가자, 웬 흰곰이 넙죽 인사를 하는 거야. “안녕하세요?" 순간 농부는 덜컥 겁이 났지만, 흰곰이 순해 보여 안심하고 물었어. “대체 무슨 일이냐?...
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What does "지" mean here?

This sentence is from the first page of the book "흰곰한테 시집갈게요": 성탄절 이브, 모야모와 아누는 흥겹게 캐럴을 부르며 반짝반짝 예쁜 크리스마스트리로 장식된 거리를 걷고 있었지. From my research, 지 could be used for emphasis (a bit like tag ...
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2 votes
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How to say "I work for" without implying "I work at"

My language buddy asked me what I did for a living, and I told her I was a company employee. Then she asked which company and I didn't know how to answer. For context, I work for a large hospital ...
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Is (으)ㄴ/는단 a shortened form of (으)ㄴ/는다는?

i have a sentece as follows: 요즘 살을 빼기 때문에 밥을 안 먹고 과일만 먹어요. 정말 과일만 먹는단 말이에요? Can i replace the 는단 in the sentence above with 는다는 to become like this? 정말 과일만 먹는다는 말이에요?
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Why does 있는 have to be used here?

I have been self-teaching myself Korean and today I learned the adjectives this and that. I practiced making some sentences using these adjectives. These are what I came up with: 저는 이 샌드위치를 먹고 싶어요. - ...
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What is the difference between 아/어 노력하다 and (으)려고 노력하다?

In a Korean book, I read a sentence like this: 최선을 다해 노력하는 사람이 성공하는 법이에요 In the phrase "다해 노력하는", I think the author used the grammar 아/어서 (다하다 + 아/어서 + 노력하다). Can I replace this with &...
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What does "맞춰 발전시킨" mean in the following sentence?

i have a sentence as follow: 중국에서 들어온 유교를 한국의 상황에 맞춰 발전시킨 이이 선생이나 이황 선 생이 대표적인 예이다. When I use Google to transte it into English, the result are as follow: Lee Yi and Yi Hwang, who developed ...
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What is the similarity and difference between 든지 and 아/어도?

i have 2 sentences as follows: 저는 무슨 일이 있든지 약속을 지킵니다 (I keep my promise no matter what) and 저는 무슨 일이 있어도 약속을 지킵니다. (I keep my promise no matter what) Both sentences above have the meaning "I ...
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1 answer
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Is a sentence ending in 테다 any different in nuance than 텐데 or 테니까?

whilst 텐데(요) and 테니까 have their own satisfactory grammar documentation, 테다 is missing its own exhaustive coverage. I'll include the example sentence that made me curious in the first place: 죽여버릴 테다 ...
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What is the difference between 높임말 and 존댓말?

When it comes to honorifics in Korean, I see two words: 높임말 and 존댓말. Are these two words different or the same?
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Does this sentence sound natural? how can it be further improved?

남동생을하고 같이 공원에서 운동했어요. I mean to say that my younger brother and I went to a park and exercised together. Thanks sm!
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What is the difference between (ㄴ/는)다지요? and (ㄴ/는)다면서요?

i have 2 sentences as follows: 민수 씨는 이번 시험에 1등을 했다지요? and 민수 씨는 이번 시험에 1등을 했다면서요? I wonder how these two structures are different? Can you help me to understand them? Thank you!
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What is the function of commas (쉼표) in the following sentences?

I have the following 2 paragraphs: 요즈음 세계 곳곳에서 서서히 일어나고 있는 ‘슬로푸드(slow food)’ 운동도 생활 습관 병을 고치는 데 도움이 된다. 자기 나라에서 오랫동안 내려온, 자기 민족의 전통 음식을 즐기 는 슬로푸드 운동을 통해 현대인들도 많은 병을 고칠 수 있을 것이다. and 요즘은 기업, 부자 중심의 ‘...
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3 answers
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How to add adjectives to counter words

I am currently learning about counter words in Korean and I was wondering how you would add an adjective to sentences that use these counters. I understand that you would, for example, translate the ...
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Are abbreviations allowed in TOPIK Writting?

I am practicing writing TOPIK. As far as I know, in the TOPIK Writing, abbreviations are not allowed (e.g. 는 것이 can not be abbreviated to 는게, 무엇을 can not be abbreviated to 뭘), so why in the Answer ...
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2 answers
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Which pairs of parts of speech are allowed and not allowed in grammatically correct sentences?

I found the names of the 9 parts of speech in Korean from here: Parts of Speech Which word pairs can be found in grammatically correct sentences? I made the text bold if I thought it was allowed and ...
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What is the difference between (으)로 and (으)로서?

I know (으)로 has many meanings, one of which means "as". For example: 그는 신문사 특파원으로 서울에 와 있습니다: He is in Seoul as a correspondent for a newspaper and (으)로서 also means "as". For ...
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What is the difference between 전까지 and 까지?

So what are the different use cases for ~까지 and ~전까지, both meaning 'until'? When can one be used but not the other? Example: "내 문제가 되기 전까진 본 적도 없어요" I had not seen it until it was my problem....
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What does the word "란" mean in TOPIK exam?

I read in the answer section of the TOPIK exam that there are a few words "답란" and "결시 확인란". Why is there the word "란" in these words? What does this word "란" ...
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What is the difference between 가게 됐어요, 가게 돼요 and 게 될 거예요?

i have 3 sentences as follows: 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 됐어요 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 돼요 흐엉 씨는 한국으로 가게 될 거예요. How are the 3 sentences above different? I understand the "게 되다" structure, but still don't ...
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What does ""바빠도 되도록" mean in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 아무리 바빠도 되도록 저녁 식사는 가족과 함께해야 한다고 생각합니다 I already know about the structure 아/어도 되다 and 도록 in Korean, but I still can't understand the phrase "바빠도 되도록". What ...
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2 answers
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When can "아/어서" mean "to"?

I've found that "아/어서" can be used to mean "to" in a number of examples, such as: 저는 학교에 가서 공부할 거예요: I go to school to study 나는 친구들을 만나서 이야기했어요: I met my friends to talk Now, I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
161 views

What does "있어" mean in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 직장인에게 있어 재충전을 위한 여가 활동은 매우 중요하다 What does "있어" mean? I translated 있어 into english using google translate and it says that 있어 means "for (직장인에게)", ...
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내다 놓다 change of 내다?

I have recently learned the vocabulary 쓰레기를 내다 놓다 as to take out the trash. However in the book the following sentence occurs: 다림질이나 쓰레기도 분리해서 내어 놓아야 한다. My question would be: why did they change the ...
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이도 and 도 are both correct or only 도?

I am studying the particle 도 which means too or also. In my book if the last syllable ends with consonant 이도 is used and 도 with vowels. But when I look at the internet only 도 is used. So, 이도 and 도 ...
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1 vote
2 answers
47 views

What grammar form is 전담해서 해요?

I have this sentence in my textbook: 이제부터 나는 주말엔 손도 까딱 안 할 테니까 당신이 아예 집안일을 전담해서 해. What is the grammar of 전담해서 해? Or what is the concrete logic behind this?
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Is my understanding of 는지(도) correct?

I have been following cine21's twitter and came across this tweet and am interested in this use of 는지도 모르다. I have read howtostudykorean.com's entry on 는지(도) 모르다 but am slightly confused when the ...
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3 votes
3 answers
172 views

Why this sentence are wrong?

I read in a Korean textbook the following sentence: 그는 대학교에 합격해서 정말 기쁘다 The textbook said this is correct. But to the next sentence 그는 대학교에 합격해서 정말 기뻤어? This textbook said that the sentence is ...
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1 vote
2 answers
85 views

Does 은/는 always imply contrast? How do you know when it doesn’t?

I have looked at many different sources and they seem to be saying similar things. That these particles are used for emphasis on the predicate, contrast, and old information. What I’m confused about ...
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2 answers
165 views

How to change the following sentences into ㄴ/는대요?

I know in Korean, ㄴ/는다고 하다 can be shortened to ㄴ/는대요. However, what about sentences ending in past tense or honorifics? For example, I have the following 2 sentences: 흐어 씨는 어제 도서관에 갔다고 했어요:Huong said ...
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1 vote
1 answer
54 views

How is the honorific informal form of verbes created?

From what I understood, if I want to talk about my teacher with my friend I have to use the honorific informal form, but how do I create this form? Do I just remove 다 from the verb to then make it ...
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1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Using the subject marker with 있어요

I have seen these sentences in my textbook (Korean Made Easy for Beginners): 이 근처에 화장실 있어요? 마크 씨, 동생 있어요? So, I wonder if we could use the subject marker here: 이 근처에 화장실이 있어요? 마크 씨, 동생이 있어요? If ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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About 게 and 거예요

I know that when 게 is used in a sentence, it means the speaker is somehow being affected and then decides what is going to do. But how about when 게 is used in a question. What is the difference ...
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2 votes
1 answer
201 views

불안(不安) 부(不), 안(安) why is this liul inserted?

I know hangul was originally written as Kanji. 불안 should be written as 부안, because 부 is "不", 안 is "安". Why is 부안 written as 불안?
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1 vote
2 answers
227 views

Pronunciation of ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅌ, ㅊ, ㅆ, ㅉ) before ㄱ

I can't find information about right pronunciation of patchim ㄷ(ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅌ, ㅊ) before ㄱ. From what I can hear ㄷ should be silent. But I am not sure about it. For example in words like 웃겨 I hear 우껴 ...
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4 votes
3 answers
190 views

How do I read a tilde “~” in Korean?

I'm learning Korean and noticed that Korean contains a lot of phrases with the Tilde "~" . For example the sentence: 여행지의 기본 정보를 알아본 후 여행 상품을 2~3개 정도 고릅니다. I see this Tidle "~" ...
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0 votes
1 answer
72 views

What is wrong with: 저는 펜을 있어요

The sentence in the subject line is one of the four choices given in Question #1 of the the first mini-test of HTSK - the objective is identify the one and only one sentence with correct particle ...
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1 answer
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제 번역을 확인해 주시길 바랍니다~

한국인 분들~ 다음 내용의 문법, 어휘 이용, 조사 등을 확인해 주시길 바랍니다!!!~ 감사합니다~ 베트남-한국: 25년간의 성공적인 협력 1992년 12월 22일에 베트남과 한국은 공식적으로 외교관계를 수립했습니다. 이는 양국 관계의 기반을 다지는 중요한 계기입니다. 지난 25년간 베트남과 한국은 강력한 발전을 달성했으며 모든 분야에서 큰 성과를 ...
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