Questions tagged [grammar]

Questions about the rules that govern and structure the language, and the composition of clauses, phrases and sentences. Also pertains to the syntax and morphology of the Korean language.

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49 views

How to use the grammar 을/ㄹ 게 아니라?

It looks like the future form of 는 게 아니라, I just want to know how different are its nuances compared to 는 게 아니라. It's difficult to find examples, so that's something that has kept me from fully ...
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1answer
52 views

Why does 오다 turn into 와요?

Sorry if it's a stupid question, I've picked up the Talk To Me In Korean Real Life Conversations E-Book as previously advised in my first question on here. There could just be several grammatical ...
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1answer
32 views

Is it possible to use the honorific 으시 in the plain form?

I'm aware the plain form or 해라체 is an impersonal form, so it would be rarely correct to use honorifics in plain form. However, I've found some instances in some textbooks in which saying (으)신다 is ...
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I want to translate the title of a Korean children's reader into English

The title is 떼쓰지말고 말하렴. I searched several dictionaries fruitlessly to find a verb spelled 떼쓰다.
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3answers
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I am studying from Yonsei University textbook which has no answers and I need to know which sentence is correct: 창문을 닫아주십시오 or 창문을 닫어주십시오?

Which sentence is correct: 창문을 닫아주십시오 or 창문을 닫어주십시오?
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1answer
54 views

Meaning of 난 in 해가지고난후

I just encountered the phrase: 해가지고난후 In which I interpreted as After the sun sets. 해가지다 means sunset, and 후 means after. I also understand that the connecting particle 고 is like "and" in English. ...
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3answers
104 views

Does removing 요 makes the sentence informal?

I am just confused with the role of 요 in the sentence, does removing it makes it informal? Example: 나는 사과를 샀어. 저는 사과를 샀어요. I assume both of the sentence is correct? Thank you!
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70 views

What grammar is being used in “자나 깨나”

So in a film I am watching, a teacher is warning another male teacher to be careful while working at an all-girls high school: 자나 깨나 여자 조심 "Whether Asleep or awake, be careful of girls" ...
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104 views

전공한 or 전공하는 - Present tense modifier

I am wondering whether 중국어을 전공한 학생 or 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be more correct? Is -는 used in verbs, so 중국을 전공하는 학생 would be right?
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38 views

Attaching topic marker to noun that appears as object in sentence

it seems that most questions about the topic marker 은/는 relate to its distinction from subject markers. I would like to ask if the following sentence attaching the topic marker to the object is ...
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1answer
59 views

Meaning of '몇' in this example

Below is an extract from some blog I was reading today: '십몇 년 살면서' I'm curious about the usage of 몇 here. Does this literally mean 'whilst living for over ten years'? In which case can 몇 be used ...
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Is “열심히 일할 것을 약속 드리겠습니다” correct?

I have a sentence as follow: 연세 여행사에서 저에게 기회를 주시면 열심히 일할 것을 약속 드리겠습니다. I think "열심히 일할 것을 약속 드리겠습니다" is not correct, because as i know, following 을/를 must be a verb, not a noun like 약속, so the ...
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2answers
73 views

Meaning/usage of 확실치/확실친

I've recently seen sentences that include 확실치, which I could roughly translate as "certainty" . For example 확실치 않다. (It is not certain). Where does the ending 치 come from? I tried to search in ...
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98 views

What is the difference in nuance between 지루한 건 and 지루한 걸?

What is the difference in nuance between 지루한 건 and 지루한 걸 in this case? Why is 지루한 건 better in this case? 부탁이 하나 있는데요. 제가 한국어로 한 얘기에 좀 대답해 주실 수 있어요? 고쳐주시는 건 감사한데 저한테는 제 문자의 내용이 더 중요하거든요. 대부분 (...
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usage of 은/는 and 이/가 [duplicate]

In one of my lessons, in response to asking if they had an umbrella they responded "우산 없어요." They asked "그럼 이것은요?" I don't understand why they used 은 instead of 이 or an object particle.
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56 views

What is this 이 in the sentence?: 한두 시간이면 끝나니까 기다려 주세요

한두 시간이면 끝나니까 기다려 주세요. Is it 이다 in 이면 in this sentence? If not what is that 이? I know what the sentence means just curious about this 이 that I couldn't find in Naver dictionary. I also found some ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the dictionary form of 깁니다?

I'm learning on Duolingo, and the sentence is 영화가 깁니다. I also use a Memrise deck to help me remember the words, but I always put verbs in their dictionary form. To make sure I'm using the right ...
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80 views

Grammar: -러 가다 with 가러 가다?

I have a question about -러 가다 grammar. I wanted to write a small text and one sentence sounds 사람들은 바다에 가러 여행을 자주 가요. Is this possible? or do I need to change the form of 가러 to 가려 and 가요 to 해요? Thank ...
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1answer
70 views

What does 되다 mean exactly in this sentence?

I'm looking for the exact definition of 되다 in this sentence. Can anyone tell me which definition of 되다 here from this krdict dictionary? 그곳은 우리 집에서 조금만 걸으면 됩니다
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62 views

How to say 'Is this you in this photo'?

Is it '이 사진을 너는 예요?'or '이 너의 사진 예요'? I also read somewhere that's it's '사진에 넌 예요?' If yes why 에?
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81 views

What is the use of (으)로 here?

'오늘 그사람을 만나면 낯선 사람으로 대할 거예요' The only confusion I have here is 으로 which has the meaning of with, by or towards(a place).This sentence means 'If I meet that person today I am going to treat him like a ...
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1answer
53 views

목표를 이루려면 /달성하고자, why is 달성하고자 wrong?

2 is correct but can anyone explain why 3 is wrong in this case?
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2answers
49 views

Is “입교식은 4월 초에 시작됩니다” correct?

i have to write a sentence with each new word ive found, so i want to ask if the sentence "입교식은 4월 초에 시작됩니다" correct? at "시작됩니다" the word "시작" means "start" so im so confused. Because i think it is ...
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186 views

Please explain this sentence '요즘 뭐하고 지내세요?'

'요즘 뭐하고 지내세요?'..I know that it means how are doing but if this sentence is 뭐(what) + 하고 (and/with)+지내다(spend time)..it should mean what do you do to spend your time? Then why is 하고 added? And is this ...
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111 views

Why is 있는 added here?

I understood that 있는 + noun means 'having the noun mentioned' ,however this sentence is not making sense which I saw in a video: 또한 프랑스에 있는 한국 회사에서 일을 하고 있습니다.
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31 views

Are both these sentences correct?

'벌써 추운 겨울이 가고 따뜻한 봄이 왔습니다' and '벌써 추운 겨울이 갔고 따뜻한 봄이 벌써 추운 겨울이 가고 따뜻한 봄이 왔습니다' In an example the first sentence was givem.. However when 오다 is in past form shouldn't we be using the past form of 가다?
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'서울에는 인사동 있어요 ' can this also be the correct sentence for Insadong in in Seoul or I should just say ' 인사동은 서울에 있어요'?

Are both the sentences correct and can be used? I did the translation on several apps and '서울에는 인사동 있어요 ' was translated as There is Insadong in Korea.
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56 views

그렇지만 공부하는 걸/건/ 싫어해요/싫어요

글을 쓰는 건 좋아해요. 그렇지만 공부하는 건 싫어해요. What's the difference in meaning and nuance among the original sentence 1 and sentences 2,3? 글을 쓰는 건 좋아해요. 그렇지만 공부하는 걸 싫어해요. 글을 쓰는 건 좋아해요. 그렇지만 공부하는 건 싫어요.
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29 views

What is the reason to use 결합한 instead of 결합하는 in this case?

敎자는 爻(효 효)자와 子(아들 자)자, 攵(칠 복)자가 결합한 모습이다. What is the reason to use 결합한 instead of 결합하는 in this case? The sentence is like a definition so I thought that 결합하는 would be fit with that general thing ...
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55 views

Translation check - exam question

I need to make sure I have translated this passage correctly. 잘 부탁드립니다! How does this text explore the issue of discrimination? 이 텍스트는 차별 문제를 어떻게 탐구합니까? Evaluate/explain the content of the article....
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Why is it `있잖아요` not `이잖아요`?

This is a sentence from a video on VLIVE with the English translation. Why is it 있잖아요 not 이잖아요? The translation "that IS" so it makes more sense to me to use 이다 there instead. VLIVE 하면 하는 거 있잖아요. ...
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Why is 숙제를 할 수 없어요 weird?

Why is #1 weird while #2 natural? 비록 그 수업을 이해했지만 숙제를 할 수 없어요. 비록 그 수업을 이해했지만 숙제를 하지 못 할것 같아요.
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40 views

Why is it 쓰는, 읊은 in #1 and #2 not 쓴 , 읊는 respectively?

Here are the definitions of two words from Naver dictionary. 표제: 서책의 겉에 쓰는 그 책의 이름 정가: 사랑을 읊은 노래 Why is it 쓰는, 읊은 in #1 and #2 not 쓴 , 읊는 respectively? Another example about 가진, 가지는: ...
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1answer
41 views

What does 면서 있다 mean in this case?

What does 면서 있다 mean in this case? Why not just TV를 봐 or TV를 보고 있어? 가 : 뭐하고있냐? 나 : 그냥 TV를 보면서 있지
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2answers
152 views

How can the phrase “그런가 하면” is translated as “furthermore”?

How can the phrase 그런가 하면 is translated as furthermore? Does it relate to "은/는가 하면" grammar? 시골 장터에는 물건을 파는 사람들이 많았다. 그런가 하면 물건을 사지 않고 그저 구경하는 사람도 적지 않았다.
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65 views

Usage of subject markers and topic markers

Q1: In certain sentences, either the subject or topic marker can be used for a particular noun, depending on the context and nuance. For example: 내 남동생이 예전에 노란 카나리아 한 마리를 키웠었는데, 아빠가 실수로 죽였어. 왜냐면 ...
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93 views

Do we have to add (으)시 in 반말체?

I know I can add (으)시 in the honorific structure to someone whose age or status is higher than me. Example: 아빠, 밥을 드셨어요?: Dad, have you eaten yet? 누나, 저한테 이거 가르쳐 주세요: Sister, please teach this ...
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88 views

How to write the shortened form of (느)ㄴ다고 했다 in this sentence: “윤정 씨는 매운 음식을 안 먹는다고 했어요”?

I'm learning Indirect Quoting in Korean. On a website called funkorean4u.com, the following is written: 해요‘ is used for when you hear a sentence indirectly such as from news, rumors, a lot of ...
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52 views

Why is it `하던 일` not `하고 있는 일` in this case?

This is the definition of 휴식 from Naver dictionary. Why is it 하던 일 not 하고 있는 일 in this case?
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64 views

What is the usage of 고 있다 in this example?

What's the usage of 고 있다 in this case? The normal usage is to state that the act mentioned in the preceding statement is continued but it doesn't seem fit this example.
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77 views

Why is 3시가 안 돼요 unnatural in this case?

What is the reason making 3시가 안 돼요 unnatural here? However someone said that 3시가 안 될 것 같아요 is natural in that case. 미영 씨, 우리 내일 3시에 백화점 앞에서 만나기로 했찮아요. 그런데 (3시가 안 돼요). 내일 아르바이트가 3시에 끝나거든요.
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2answers
410 views

How come 말이야 is translated as “especially”?

Someone said that 말이야 is translated as "especially" in the sentence. However, how can it be translated like that? 말 literally means "words, speech".
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1answer
70 views

Why 라고 전해 주세요 can be used in this sentence?

I'm learning Indirect quotations in the book Korean Grammar in Use, and I know that in the indirect Imperative clauses, we use the structure S + O + (으)라고 하다 as in the following example: 제가 흐엉 씨한테 ...
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2answers
115 views

있다던데 vs 있다기에: why is 있다던데 wrong in this case?

The answer is 4 (있다기에) but why is 3 (있다던데) wrong here? EDIT: why can't -다던데 be used like this?
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2answers
49 views

Reason for mix of 해체 and 하십시오체 in the phrase 만나서 반갑습니다

Why is it 만나서 반갑습니다 and not 만나니 반갑습니다? The verb is clearly in 하십시오체, so shouldn't the 'Cause/Reason Connective Form' (as wiktionary calls it) 서 also be of the form 니?
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1answer
271 views

기는 하다 grammar used in a question

This 살긴 살아요 is from grammar structure 기는 하다 (acknowledging something in the first clause before contrasting it in the second) but I've ever seen it used in a question like that, so I can't quite get ...
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1answer
86 views

Can 이자 mean “or” (like: 친구이자, 동료예요, 바로 여자예요)?

In the following sentence: 내가 원하는 것이 있습니다. 친구이자, 동료예요, 바로 여자예요. According to this question and answer, 이자 seems to mean "and" or "as well as". My dictionary also has 자 as "as well as ~". But when ...
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3answers
75 views

How does 해서 work in 우리와 다른 사람을 차별해서는 안 된다?

In the following sentence: 우리와 다른 사람을 차별해서는 안 된다. (Source: 대학 강의 수강을 위한 한국어 읽기 중급 2) I don't understand how ~아/어서 construction works in this context. If the meaning is "It is not correct to ...
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4answers
88 views

why is it weird to use 도록 in this case?

Why is it weird with 도록 in this case? 도록: (목적) so that, in order that, that, (so as) to, in order to 이 꽃을 잘 키우도록 하루에 한 번 물을 줘야 한다.
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2answers
156 views

I'm confused about subject and topic markers

As the title says, I'm confused about subject/topic markers. So I have a few questions about how they are used. Q1. Why is 출구는 used for A1, A3-5, but 출구가 is used for A2? A: (1)“Where should I go to ...

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