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Questions tagged [difference]

Questions about difference in meaning and usage.

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6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between -(어/아/여)야 하다 and -(어/아/여)야 되다?

I have learned that in order to express must/have to in Korean, you use-(어/아/여)야 하다 and -(어/아/여)야 되다 (depending on the verb stem, you might use 어). For example: 너는 밥을 먹어야 한다. vs 밥을 먹어야 된다. (You ...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

Difference between 앉으세요 and 앉으실게요

I hear very often an office (bank) clerk or a nurse say 손님 / 환자분, 여기 앉으실게요. (Literally) Customer / Patient, please sit here. Even if it sounds more polite than '앉으세요', I am not sure if it is ...
5
votes
1answer
738 views

Difference between 바랍니다 and 바라겠습니다

이번 추석 명절 잘 보내시길 바랍니다. (Literally) I hope you (will) spend this Chuseok (Korean Thanksgiving day) well. vs 이번 추석 명절 잘 보내시길 바라겠습니다. (Literally) Ditto. Colloquially, the two sentences seem to mean ...
4
votes
1answer
462 views

할 말을 잃다 vs 할 말을 잊다

"할 말을 잃다." literally translates to (Subject) loses (잃다) words (말) to say (말하다). "할 말을 잊다." is literally (Subject) forgets (잊다) words (말) to say (말하다). Both sentences sound ...
8
votes
2answers
245 views

Pronunciation of '주가 (stock price)' and '효과 (effect)'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '주가' is pronounced [주까], not [주가], but '효과' is pronounced [효ː과], not [효ː꽈]. I heard and am still hearing many native Korean speakers pronounce '효과' as [효ː꽈] and ...
11
votes
2answers
568 views

What is the difference between 지 and 걸?

I have read the following sentences: 여자는 차가 어디에 있는지 몰라요. 아이들은 아기가 자는 걸 몰라요. I guess the meaning is the following: The woman doesn't know where her car is. The children doesn't know that the infant ...
5
votes
1answer
431 views

Etymology of '띄어쓰기 (word spacing)'

There are some Korean words which use 'ㅢ' in them such as '띄어쓰기 (word spacing)'. What is the etymology of '띄어쓰기'? Why can't it be written as '띠어쓰기' and is there any difference between '띄어쓰기' and '...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

A question on '주체높임법 (subject honorific)'

How and when to use the honorific in Korean is one of the most difficult and confusing things in learning Korean. Let's imagine the below situation where your father tells you to ask your grandfather ...
10
votes
2answers
7k views

What are the differences between 힘들다 and 어렵다?

Both seems to mean 'to be difficult' or 'to be hard'. Is there a difference between them, in meaning or in usage (spoken/written, formal/informal)?
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Use of 의존명사(dependent noun) "바"

I actually don't use 네이버 국어사전 usually, but using another dictionary, as in here: http://dict.hjenglish.com/kr/ Here, the dependent noun 바 was explained like this: Matter (I think similar to 일)(Which ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between 볼 and 뺨?

My dictionary translates them both as "cheek". Can they be used more or less interchangeably?
3
votes
3answers
249 views

Function of '주리다' in '굶주리다'

According to Naver Korean dictionary, '굶주리다' means: 동사 (verb) 먹을 것이 없어서 배를 곯다. Starve without anything to eat. The verb seems to be related with '굶다' which means: 동사 (verb) 「…을」 ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between '관형사' and '형용사'?

According to Naver dictionary, '관형사' means: <언어> 체언 앞에 놓여서, 그 체언의 내용을 자세히 꾸며 주는 품사. 조사도 붙지 않고 어미 활용도 하지 않는데, ‘순 살코기’의 ‘순8’과 같은 성상 관형사, ‘저 어린이’의 ‘저4’와 같은 지시 관형사, ‘한 사람’의 ‘한1’과 같은 수 관형사 따위가 ...
7
votes
3answers
348 views

Are there equivalent to 때문에 with a positive/negative connotation?

If I am correct, the 'Noun+때문에 / Verb+기 때문에' structure is a neutral way to express a cause. For example, 비 때문에 늦었어요 (I was late because of the rain) expresses a negative cause, whereas 여자친구 때문에 행복해요 (...
6
votes
2answers
406 views

Etymology and Differences, '나래' and '날개'

There is a sentence 희망의 나래를 편다. (Literally) Spread (Open) your wings of hope. And according to Naver Korean Dictionary, 나래 means 흔히 문학 작품 따위에서, ‘날개’를 이르는 말. ‘날개’보다 부드러운 어감을 준다. How are these ...
8
votes
4answers
624 views

Double Negation in Korean "있어요" vs "없지는 않아요"

If you contrast (1) 나는 여자친구가 있어요. I have a girl friend. with (2) 나는 여자친구가 없지는 (없진) 않아요. I have a girl friend. the latter is constructed using double negation, '없지는' and '않아요'. What is the ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Difference between 대해서 and 대한?

I know there that: ~ 에 대해서 + noun or verb ~ 에 대한 + only noun but when I used: "인터뷰에 대해서 소식이 없어요?" my friend edited it like this:" 인터뷰에 대한 다른 소식 없나요?" While due to the above rule, I have used 대해서 ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the difference between ways to say "motivation", e.g. 자극 and 동기 부여?

It seems that both 자극 and 동기 부여 can be translations for "motivation". How do these words differ and what are example usages?
12
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the difference between 요즘 and 요새?

요즘 is an everyday word. 요새 means the same thing, but is used far less often, and (in my experience) people that use 요새 use it consistently. Why is this, and when should I use 요새?
6
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the difference between 싫다 and 싫어하다?

In What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? the difference between 좋다/좋아하다 can easily be explained both through "good" vs. "like" and through plentiful examples of both in daily life. However, 싫다 ...
6
votes
2answers
947 views

What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다? What is the standard language?

This is an example question in Area 51. What is the difference between 헛갈리다 and 헷갈리다?
13
votes
3answers
10k views

What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다?

This is a question from the proposal phase. What is the difference between 좋다 and 좋아하다? How do we distinguish between them?
8
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the difference between 쇠고기 and 소고기 (both 'beef') - both are correct, but when would I hear one over the other?

This is a question from the proposal phase. What is the difference between 소고기and 쇠고기 ?
24
votes
1answer
2k views

Do 같이 and 함께 mean the same thing?

Do 같이 and 함께 mean the same thing? If they are different then how do I know which one to use?
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Reference frame for come and go

What is the frame of reference for "come" (오다) and "go" (가다)? As in, if I'm outside a house, and a person I'm talking to is between myself and the house, should I tell him to "go" to the house or "...

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