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What is the difference between the two following sentences?

  1. 가수처럼 노래해요
  2. 가수와 같이 노래해요

(Please correct the sentences if they're grammatically wrong).

According to Korean - A comprehensive Guide section 3.3.6.1. we have

처럼 is a one-shaped particle that operates in the same way as 'like' in English to say that something/someone is like (i.e. the same as or similar to) something/someone else.

To me therefore 1. translates as:

Sing like a singer

According to Korean - A comprehensive Guide section 3.2.6.1. we have

과/와 같이/마찬가지 makes a comparison between the two which may be quite metaphorical.

Therefore to me 2. means "sing like a singer".

Therefore the two, apart from different grammar constructions they're equivalent. Is it the case? Are the two equivalent? if not what is the difference?

1 Answer 1

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  • 가수와 같이 노래해요. (X)
  • 가수같이 노래해요. (O)

"-같이" and "과/와 같이/마찬가지" are slightly different.

"-같이" is an equivalent of "-처럼" and they're more close to "as if". "가수같이 노래해요" and "가수처럼 노래해요" are the same. The only difference is that because "-같이" originates from the adjective "같다(same)", "가수같이 노래해요" can be transformed into like: "노래하는 게 가수 같아요"

You can understand "과/와 같이/마찬가지" as "just as". "-같이" or "-처럼" is usually used to make a simile, but "과/와 같이/마찬가지" more focuses on comparison. For example:

지난 번과 같이/마찬가지 이번 회담도 헛수고로 끝났다: Just as the previous one, this summit ended in vain

공부 사이사이에 휴식이 중요한 것과 같이/마찬가지로 게임도 오랫동안 하지 않도록 유의해야 한다: Just as it is important to rest between studies, you should also be careful not to play games for a long time

모두에게 잊혀진다는 것은 죽는 것과 같다/마찬가지다: Being forgotten by everyone is the same as dying

"-같이" or "-처럼" and "과/와 같이/마찬가지" are used differently in some ways:

  • "과/와 같이/마찬가지" can be located at the end of the sentence as in the examples, while "-같이" or "-처럼" cannot.

  • When "과/와 같이/마찬가지" is not at the end of the sentence, it can be replaced with "-같이" or "-처럼". For example, you can say "지난 번처럼 이번 회담도 헛수고로 끝났다". But in this case, "-같이" or "-처럼" is used for comparison rather than simile. When "-같이" or "-처럼" is used for simile (like "가수같이 노래해요"), it cannot be replaced with "과/와 같이/마찬가지".

  • "과/와 같이/마찬가지" is formal while the "-같이" or "-처럼" is not.

And just a few more notes:

  • "마찬가지" is almost always used with particles like "마찬가지로", "마찬가지다", and "마찬가지예요". Just using "마찬가지" itself isn't grammatically wrong but it sounds condescending so it is usually used in sayings.
  • When you say "가수와 같이 노래해요", most people will understand "-와" as "with" and "같이" as "together" and the phrase becomes "sing together with a singer"
  • "과/와 같이/마찬가지" is not in the Korean dictionary. It might help you understand when you take two words separately and translate "과/와" as "with" and translate "같이/마찬가지" as "match" or "correspond".

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