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What different nuisance is conveyed in the following forms:

공부하기 위해 학교에 가고 있다

공부하 학교에 가고 있다

공부하려고 학교에 가고 있다

The translations for both are: I’m going to school to study

But is there any meaning difference embedded in the forms ?

1 Answer 1

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The meaning is more or less the same since they all indicate the purpose.

The difference is in formality and usage context.

  • VERB-기 위해 = in order to VERB. Most formal, so mostly used in writing.

  • VERB-러 = to VERB. Only used with movement verbs like come, go, or attend.

  • VERB-려고 = to VERB. General, all-around phrase for "to VERB" or "wanting to VERB".

So sentences like 좋은 학교에 들어가러 열심히 공부했다 sounds a little strange. It should be 들어가려고 (or 들어가기 위해서 more formally).

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