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보기와 같이 ____에 들어갈 가장 알맞은 것을 고르싶시오

I know the general meaning,but I don't know how the part 들어갈 works,can you explain the sentence from grammatical perspective?

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보기와 같이 ____에 들어갈 가장 알맞은 것을 고르십시오 = Pick the most suitable one to go in ____ as shown in the example.

들어갈 is 들어가다 in the -(으)ㄹ ending form (it becomes 을 after a syllable ending with a consonant). This ending represents 1) future tense or what is expected to happen, or 2) tenseles noun-modifying form.

Here are examples of #1 meaning:

  • 내가 해야할 일 = work for me to do / work that I have to do.
  • 먹을 것이 없다 = There is nothing to eat.
  • 세 시에 도착할 열차 = The train to arrive at three / The train that will arrive at three.

And for #2:

  • 해가 질 때 = when the sun sets.
  • 경쟁에서는 이길 때도 있고 질 때도 있다 = In competition, there are times that you win and times you lose.

In each of the examples, the -(으)ㄹ ending modifies a noun that follows it, like the to-infinitive phrase or a "that/which/when" clause in English. It can create a future form (like "am/are/is to VERB", "will/would VERB") or an expectation or obligation ("work to do", "schedule to meet").

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  • so 들어갈 modify 것?
    – CN.hitori
    Dec 28, 2022 at 13:35
  • Yes, both 들어갈 and 가장 알맞은 modify 것. Since any word or phrase modifying a noun always comes before the noun in Korean, there can be two phrases like these modifying the same noun.. Another example: 나라를 구한 아주 용감한 군인들, where both 나라를 구한 and 아주 용감한 modify 군인들.
    – Tony
    Dec 28, 2022 at 16:27

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