0

Here is a short quote from TTMIK's iyagi #23:

현우: 다 경은 씨처럼 친구가 없는 사람들.

경은: 아니요. 두 명이서 온 사람들도 있어요.

What is this "이서" and how does it work? My gut feeling is it has something to do with the state-of-being 이다, but does not follow the conjugational rules to my knowledge (would be 이라서/이어서).

2 Answers 2

1

(이)서 is a particle indicating number as the agent of an action. It is used after a word indicating number of people. 이서 comes after a consonant-ending syllable (둘이서) and 서 after vowel-ending one (혼자서).

  • 혼자서 = by oneself. 그는 혼자서 싸워야 했다 = He had to fight by himself.
  • 둘이서 / 두 명이서 = in twos. 둘이서 하면 쉽다 = It's easier if two people do it.
  • 셋이서 / 세 명이서 = in threes. 세 명이서 온 손님 = Customers who came in threes.

아니요. 두 명이서 온 사람들도 있어요 = No. There are also those who came in twos.

0

이 in 이서 is 파생접미사(derived suffix) which means doing something together and 서 is 보조사(auxiliary postional particle). The combined form '이서' works as a 주격조사 (postional particle for nominative)

Reference: https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART002020505

1
  • could you say what it means, or give some examples?
    – coconochao
    Feb 22, 2023 at 21:45

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.