I am a beginner, and with my current knowledge, when there is ㅇ after the previous final consonant, the previous final consonant combines with the vowel after ㅇ to pronounce. So, 좋아하다 is supposed to pronounce as 조하하다, but it does not. Is there any sound change rule I don't know?

1 Answer 1


ㅎ 탈락 (H-dropping)

Standard Korean §

‘ㅎ(ㄶ, ㅀ)’ 뒤에 모음으로 시작된 어미나 접미사가 결합되는 경우에는, ‘ㅎ’을 발음하지 않는다.

A “ㅎ” (or that in “ㄶ,” “ㅀ”) followed by a conjugation/suffix that doesn’t have an initial consonant, is silent.

  • 낳은[나은]
  • 놓아[노아]
  • 쌓이다[싸이다]
  • 많아[마ː나]
  • 않은[아는]
  • 닳아[다라]
  • 싫어도[시러도]
  • The word: “좋아하다.”
  • Its morphemes: “좋-,” “-아,” “하-,” “-다.”
  • Since the conjugation “-아” has no initial consonant, the “ㅎ” followed by it is silent.
  • The pronunciation: “조아하다” (not “조하하다”).

Basically: if you see a “ㅎ”-ending stem followed by an “ㅇ,” skip the “ㅎ” when you pronounce it.

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