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I understand 업소 as the place of the work, 근무 as office work, and 작업 as work that is related more to the physical work. The similarities between 기업, 업체, 영업 and 사업 confuses me Any example provided will be great :) 감사합니다!

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Dictionary definitions

  • 작업: 일정한 목적과 계획 아래 하는 일.
  • 근무: 직장에 적을 두고 직무에 종사함.
  • 사업: 어떤 일을 일정한 목적과 계획을 가지고 짜임새 있게 지속적으로 경영함. 또는 그 일.
  • 영업: 영리를 목적으로 하는 사업. 또는 그런 행위.
  • 업소: 사업을 벌이고 있는 장소.
  • 기업: 영리營利를 얻기 위하여 재화나 용역을 생산하고 판매하는 조직체.
  • 회사: 상행위 또는 그 밖의 영리 행위를 목적으로 하는 사단 법인. 주식회사, 유한 회사, 합자 회사, 합명 회사의 네 가지가 있다.
  • 업체: 사업이나 기업의 주체.
  • 업계: 같은 산업이나 상업에 종사하는 사람들의 활동 분야.

My explanation

What you do

  • 작업: a specific task done with a purpose and a plan, not necessarily physical, not necessarily moneymaking, possibly personal. → the verb’s “작업하다.”
    • “데이터 백업 작업” — “a data backup task
    • “윈도우즈 작업 관리자” — “Windows task manager”
    • “수리 작업” — “repair work
  • 근무: working as an employee, not necessarily office work. → the verb’s “근무하다.”
    • “그분은 다른 회사에서 근무하십니다.” — “He’s working for another company.”
  • 사업: a commercial operation; an operation that makes money; a business, nonprofit or not. → the verb’s “사업하다.”
    • “개인 사업자” — “an individual business conducted by a human being, that is not a legal person.”
  • 영업: a business conducted primarily to make a profit, usually by selling stuff; selling stuff and making money for you to rake in. → the verb’s “영업하다.”
    • 영업 끝났습니다.” — “We’re closed.”
    • “정상 영업 합니다.” — “We’re open.”
    • 영업 비밀” — “trade secret”

Places and legal entities

  • 업소: a specific place (not an area) where a business is actually performed; a place of business.

    • I ordered sandwiches today and got a can of Pepsi as well. It’s on my desk and it says “업소” — “for commercial use,” or literally, “intended to be consumed at a place of business.” Pepsi sold to restaurants is cheaper than store-bought Pepsi.
  • 기업: a company; an enterprise; a legal entity, not necessarily a legal person, representing an association of people.

    • “공기업” — “a state-owned enterprise
    • 기업용 소프트웨어” — “enterprise software”
    • “일인 기업” — “a one-person company
  • 회사: a corporation; a company that is a legal person; also means “an office.”

    • “유한 회사” — “a limited company
    • “비가 오기 시작했는데 우산을 회사에 두고 왔네요.” — “It’s started raining and I left my umbrella at the office.”
    • “그분은 다른 회사에서 근무하십니다.” — “He’s working for another company.”
  • 업체: a legally registered entity running a business, that is not a human being and not necessarily a legal person, including a company and an individual business.

    • “식품 업체” — “Food company

Others

  • 업계: the trade; an industry; the people engaged in a particular area of business; a particular branch of commercial activity.
    • “철강 업계가 전에 없는 호경기를 누리고 있다.” — “The steel industry is booming like never before.”

Useful Hanja’s

  • ”: business; operation.
  • -체”: body; entity; organization.
  • -계”: field; branch.
  • -소”: place.

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