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Is it correct to say "이거는 사괍니다?

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    By "say," if you mean "pronounce": yes, it often gets contracted. If you mean "spell": officially no, except for a direct transcription of what was actually spoken. Jul 1 at 19:12
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사과 is a noun

ㅂ니다 is used to end a formal sentence by adding it to a verb without 받침

ㅂ니다 is never added to a noun

The correct form of your question is 이것은 사과입니다.

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  • Thank you but what do you mean when you say "by adding it to a very"? And in the correct form of my question that you've written, shouldn't 사과 and 입니다 be in the same word?
    – Ema Tavox
    Jun 30 at 20:33
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    @ematavox see edit
    – user17915
    Jul 1 at 0:06
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It is correct, though I think it's less common in writing. The root "-이-" if the copula is frequently omitted after a vowel, though exactly how often depends on what follows after that. E.g.,

저것은 책이다 / 저것은 학교다 (OK) / 저것은 학교이다 (OK?)

저게 책이냐? / 저게 학교냐? (OK) / 저게 학교이냐? (weird)

In both case, "학교이다" and especially "학교이냐" sound less natural to me. So, in the same vein, "사과입니다" can become "사괍니다" - however, unlike the examples above, in this case I think "사과입니다" is considered "better", especially when writing.

Also there are cases where -이- cannot be omitted at all, even after a vowel:

일등인 사람 / 둘째인 사람 (OK) / 둘짼 사람 (X: can only mean "둘째는 사람이다")

See also: 국립국어원, 나무위키

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  • I don't know if you've considered it, but remember that I'm talking only abiut the specific formal 입니다\ㅂ니가 form.
    – Ema Tavox
    Jul 2 at 11:17
  • I believe the best way to understand a specific form is to compare it with other similar forms and see how they behave similarly or differently.
    – jick
    Jul 2 at 17:53
  • Ok, but instead I asked you 😅
    – Ema Tavox
    Jul 3 at 7:15
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    I think they’re different cases. Unlike “-이다” and “-다,” the ending “-ᆸ니다” cannot be appended to a noun, according to its official (the NIKL’s) definition. Jul 4 at 5:14

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