I understand that this is not an easy question to answer, so I am going to list the ones I've found.

  1. ~어서, ~아서, ~어 and ~아
  2. ~때문에, ~기 때문에 and ~기 때문이다
  3. ~으니까, ~니까, ~으니 and ~니
  4. ~ㄹ까 봐서, ~ㄹ까 봐, ~을까 봐서 and ~을까 봐
  5. ~에 의해 and ~에 의해서
  6. ~으로 인해서, ~으로 인해, ~으로 인하여, ~로 인해서, ~로 인해 and ~로 인하여
  7. ~다가 and ~다
  8. ~ㄴ데, ~은데 and ~는데
  9. ~다 보니, ~다 보니까 and ~다가 보니까
  10. ~으므로 and ~므로
  11. ~기에
  12. ~길래
  13. ~거든 and ~거든요
  14. ~ㄹ 텐데 and ~을 텐데
  15. ~ㄹ 테니까 and ~을 테니까
  16. ~더니
  17. ~느라고 and ~느라
  18. ~는 바람에
  19. ~ㄴ다고, ~는다고, ~이라고 and ~다고
  20. 왜냐하면…~기 때문이다, 왜냐하면…~거든(요) and 왜냐하면…~(으)니까(요)

It astounds me that Korean has so many ways to say “because”, “so” and “therefore”. I don't think English has nearly as many!

So if there are any other expressions that I've missed, please don't hesitate to list them. Also, please tell me as many differences and usages as you can.

  • 1
    You're comparing an agglutinative language with a flexive (tending to isolating) one. It doesn't make much sense as many of those, especially suffixes, are composed from simpler oner. Mar 15 at 1:33
  • 1
    English as just as many: so, this, to that end, to this end, hence, then, thus, accordingly, consequently, as a result, thereby, ergo, therefore, because, because of, just because, since, for, as, inasmuch as, 'cause, coz, cuz
    – MujjinGun
    Mar 16 at 1:57
  • I never thought there were so many of them like this even though I've spoken the language throughout my life lol.....
    – fosinsight
    Apr 26 at 6:01

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