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I'm brand new to learning Korean -- I have studied a little bit of Hangul to learn the sounds, and I just started Lesson 1 of Elementary Korean, 2nd ed. by King & Yeon.

In this lesson there is a list of basic expressions. I am confused in a couple of places where I see the letter ㅂ but the pronunciation guide clearly shows the pronunciation as "m". But in other places, the pronunciation of the same character is "p" or "b" as I would expect.

For example, in Lesson 1, basic expression 5:

...입니다. (English: I'm...)

the pronunciation is shown as "...imnida"

I looked in Sounds of Korean (Choo & O'Grady), but didn't find any rules for when ㅂ should be pronounced as "m" -- maybe I just missed it?

Note: I am trying to avoid Romanization; I only consulted it here when I noticed the discrepancy between what I was hearing on the audio and what I was seeing in Hangul.

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    There are the standard pronunciation rules written in Korean. Please refer to this table. – Klmo Aug 16 at 16:18
  • @Klmo perfect, those are exactly the kind of rules I was looking for -- thanks! – Chad Aug 16 at 16:33
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This is an example of nasalization: when ㅂ or ㅍ as the final consonant of a syllable is followed by an initial ㄴ or ㅁ in the next syllable, the ㅂ or ㅍ is pronounced as ㅁ.

See this table for additional rules that show how pronunciation can change. See also section 4.9 and 4.9.1 in Sounds of Korean for more information on nasalization.

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As I studied about phonetic when ㅂ or ㅍ meet ㄴ or ㅁ pronunciation chang to ㅁ like this word 앞문 but the way we pronunce is 암문.

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