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They both mean "most" (I think?) so what's the difference between them? Are they interchangeable?

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Yes, they both mean "most" and are almost interchangeable. But sometimes 제일第一 can be used as a noun, meaning "the best", while 가장(pure korean) is never used as a noun. There is a different word 가장家長 which is a noun, but it has completely different meaning.

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  • One note, "가장" can also be a noun, just a different meaning (a person who is leading the family; husband). However, I know that that's not what Kasturi Mone asked for. – David Lee Jul 25 at 20:31
  • @David Lee Well, I already mentioned that in my answer, probably you didn't read the last line? Also, there are yet another word 가장假裝, which means "to pretend (to be someone else/to have certain authority)" this is almost always used as a verb 가장하다. – Absol Jul 27 at 2:15
  • My bad, should have read your answer more carefully. – David Lee Jul 27 at 5:03

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