When a syllable ends with two consonants, such as 헑 or 닭, which do you pronounce?

3 Answers 3


The ㄹ is silent in these cases.

Source: 흙 is pronounced 흑. 닭 is pronounced 닥. So on and so forth.

  • 2
    This answer doesn't paint the entire picture and is true only in some circumstances. In 읽다 the 읽 is pronounced as 익, whereas in 읽어요 the 읽 is fully pronounced. To put it another way, 읽다 is pronounced as 익다, whereas is pronounced as 일거요.
    – Eilon
    Commented Jun 23, 2016 at 4:34

With the following pairs, the first consonant is pronounced:

ㄳ, ㄵ, ㅄ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, + any with ㅎ (ㄶ, ㅀ)

  • 앉다 -> 안는다,
  • 여덟 -> 여덜
  • 핥다 -> 할다

With the following pairs, the second consonant is pronounced:

ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄿ

  • 흙 -> 흑
  • 삶 -> 삼
  • 읊다 -> 읍다 [읍따]

There are a few exceptions to these:

  • 밟다 -> 밥다 [밥따]
  • 맑게 -> 말게 [말께] (but 맑다 -> 막다)


이익섭, 이상억, 채완 (1997), "한국의 언어", 서울: 신구문화사.

  • 핥다, not 햝다........
    – MujjinGun
    Commented Jun 22, 2016 at 1:59

There are certainly rules to pronounce those double consonants, as @gaeguri answered. Yet there are many interesting pronunciation rules when they combines to other words. (I'm not a linguistic expert.)

When , for example, comes with ~을, the moved and the word 닭을 pronounces 달글.

닭을[달글] 쫓다. Chases a Chicken.

, similarly with ~을, pronounces 살믈.

삶을[살믈] 살다. (Live a Life)


앉아[안자]주세요. (Please have a sit)

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