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In the following sentence:

내가 원하는 것이 있습니다. 친구이자, 동료예요, 바로 여자예요.

According to this question and answer, 이자 seems to mean "and" or "as well as".

My dictionary also has 자 as "as well as ~". But when at first I showed the sentence to a native Korean speaker and asked what 이자 means, she said "혹은".

But 혹은 means "or", not "and". So I wonder if 이자 construction can also mean "or" (friend or colleague), or does the sentence only mean "friend and colleague"?

  • It does not mean 혹은. – Klmo Mar 3 at 6:38
  • I think she was not particularly correct on this. It means "and". – krim Mar 3 at 17:01
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  • '이자' = ~이다 + -자

-자 is a conjunctive ending that indicate having another qualification in addition to the one.

그는 시인이자 소설가이다. He is a poet and a novelist at the same time.

그는 친구이자 스승이다. He is a friend and a teacher as well.

  • 혹은 means either and or.

아들 혹은 딸 son or daughter

나는 기차 혹은 버스로 갈 거야. I'm going to leave by train or bus.

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