The Chinese word of 형편 (situation) in Korean is 形便. Can anyone explain what 形 and 便 mean and how can they combine to make the meaning "situation"?

  • Thank you for shifting your question here. 形便 doesn't really mean "situation" in Chinese, and it would be better to ask the meaning of Korean words at Korean SE. FYI, 形便 means improvements or opportunity for improvements in one's situation (形勢 + 便利) in Chinese, so its usage in Korean must be some kind of semantic extension.
    – dROOOze
    Commented Jan 26, 2020 at 6:38
  • @dROOOze thank you. I just found the answer here. kid.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2018/11/13/2018111302543.html
    – emnha
    Commented Jan 26, 2020 at 7:06
  • There is a paid Android app called 우리말 속뜻사전. It will show the same meaning of 형편 and also help you a lot for other Korean words as well. // There is a list of some Korean own Hanja words.
    – Klmo
    Commented Jan 31, 2020 at 8:50
  • @Klmo I just purchased the app several days ago after seeing the ads.
    – emnha
    Commented Feb 2, 2020 at 5:36

1 Answer 1


形 directly means shape(형태) <- "external" situation

便 directly means relax(편하다) <- "internal(emotional)" situation

So, 형편 means (my) (internal or external) situation.

In Korean, situation(상황) very similar to status(상태).

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